Health can be defined as the absence of disease but this is basic. Healthis not just physical but mental and emotional well being is also important. To achieve this humans need access to shelter, fresh food, clean water,income and social justice.
To achieve good health people must be living instable ecosystem with sustainable resources. To achieve this people mustlive in an organised society with a fair legal system that is ideally notat war. The healthier a nation the more productive it is and the more economicallyefficient because of this the government invests money in HealthPromotion. Health promotion is the process of enabling individuals toincrease control over their own health and discourage behaviours that mightbe harmful to health.Order now
This is done by encouraging consumer behaviours thatare most likely to improve their health. It involves the population as awhole in the context of their everyday lives, rather than focusing onpeople at risk for specific diseases, and is directed toward action on thedeterminants or causes of health. The issues discussed in this paper are about sexual health. Sexual healthis defined by the World Health Organisation as “the state of physical,emotional, mental and social well-being related to sexuality; it is notmerely the absences of disease, dysfunction and infirmity. Sexual healthrequires a positive, respectful approach to sexuality and sexualrelationships, as well as the possibility of having pleasurable and safesexual experiences, free of coercion, discrimination and violence. Forsexual health to be attained and maintained, the sexual rights of allpersons must be respected, protected and fulfilled.
” (WHO 1975)Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) are infectious diseases passed fromone person to another during sexual contact. STDs are transmitted byinfectious agents, these agents can be microscopic bacteria, viruses,parasites, fungi, and single-celled organisms called protozoa. Theseorganisms thrive in warm, moist environments in the body, such as thegenital area, mouth, and throat. Most STDs are spread while having sex, but other forms of sexual contact,such as oral sex, can also spread disease. Some STDs are passed from amother to her child before birth, when the disease enters the baby’sbloodstream, during childbirth as the baby passes through the birth canal,or after birth, when the baby drinks infected breast milk, this is known asvertical transmission. Some viral STDs, especially AIDS, may be transmitted by blood contact suchas open wounds, between people who share infected needles or receivedthrough a transfusion of infected blood.
Some people mistakenly believethat STDs can be transmitted through shaking hands or other casual contact,or through contact with inanimate objects such as clothing or toilet seats. STDs that are bacterial in origin can be cured, this to say they infectioncan be completely removed from the body, with a single dose of antibiotics. A few such as Herpes and Acquired Immunity Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)cannot be cured because they are viral. People with these diseases remaininfected for their entire lives.
Those most at risk for contracting STDs are people who have unprotected sex-that is, sex without using some form of contraceptive, those who havemultiple partners, and those whose sex partners include drug users whoshare needles. Studies like the Journal of Paediatric and AdolescentGynaecology (2004) have shown that young people between the ages of 16 and24 have the biggest risk of catching STDs than older adults do, becauseyounger people are more likely to have multiple sexual partners rather thana single, long-term relationship. Young people may also be more likely tohave unprotected sex and may be embarrassed to tell their sexual partnersthey are infected. Young people may also be embarrassed or unable to seekmedical attention for STDs. This means that they are not only more likelyto pass the disease to other young people and they also have a greater riskof suffering the long-term consequences of untreated STDs.
People who do not know they are infected risk infecting their sexualpartners and, in some cases, their unborn children. If left untreated,these diseases may cause debilitating pain or may destroy the person’sability to produce children. One trait of this disease is it can present nosymptoms until well established or not at all. Only 12% of the people whoare infected experience symptoms so individuals who are infected are oftenunaware they have Chlamydia and pass it on.
In Wales Chlamydia is the most common STD, it is a bacterial infectioncaused by the Chlamydia Trachomatis bacterium. Not only is it the mostcommonly .