harriet tubman Essay: Harriet Ross Tubman was an African American who escapedslavery and thenshowed runaway slaves the way to freedom in the North for longer than adecade before the American Civil War.
-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-Category:HistoryPaper Title:harriet tubmanText:written by Shawnda FletcherHarriet Ross Tubman was an African American who escaped slavery and thenshowed runaway slaves the way to freedom in the North for longer than adecade before the American Civil War. During the war she was as a scout,spy, and nurse for the United States Army. After that she kept working forrights for blacks and women. Harriet Tubman was originally named Araminta Ross.Order now
She was one of 11 childrenborn to Harriet Greene and Benjamin Ross on a plantation in DorchesterCounty,Maryland. She later took her mother’s first name. Harriet was working at theage of five. She was a maid and a children’s nurse before she worked in thefield when she was 12. A year later, a white guy either her watcher or hermaster smacked her on the head with a really heavy weight.
The hit was sohard it left her with permanent neurological damage. In result of the hit shehad sudden blackouts during the rest of her life. In 1844 she got permission from her master to marry John Tubman, a free blackman. For the next five years Harriet Tubman was a semi-slave. She was stilllegally a slave, but her master let her live with her husband. In 1847 hermasterdied.
Followed by the death of his recipient and young son in 1849. That madeHarriets status uncertain. In the middle of rumors that the family’sslaves werebeing sold to clear the estate, Harriet Tubman went to the North and freedom. Her husband stayed in Maryland. In 1849 Harriet Tubman moved toPennsylvania.
She returned to Maryland two years later hoping to get herhusband to come to The North with her. John Tubman had remarried by then. Harriet did not marry again until after John Tubman died. In Pennsylvania, Harriet Tubman became an abolitionist.
She worked to endslavery. She decided to become a conductor on the Underground Railroad (anetwork of antislavery activists who helped slaves escape from the South). Onher first trip in 1850, Harriet Tubman brought her sister and her sister’stwochildren out of slavery in Maryland. In 1851 she rescued her brother, and in1857Harriet Tubman returned to Maryland and brought her parents to freedom. Over a time period of ten years Harriet Tubman made an estimated 19 tripsinto the South and brought about 300 slaves to the North. The Fugitive SlaveLaw of 1850 had created federal commissioners in every county to support thereturn of runaways.
It gave harsh punishments for those convicted of helpingslaves to escape. The law wanted Harriet Tubman, so in 1851 she moved to St. Catharines, a city in Ontario, Canada. That was the destination of manyescaped slaves. By the late 1850s a number of Northern states passedpersonal liberty laws that protected the rights of fugitive slaves.
HarrietTubmanwas able to buy land and move with her parents to Auburn, New York. Harriet Tubman faced great danger guiding slaves to freedom. Southernersoffered big rewards for her to be caught. Harriet Tubman used disguises(sometimes posing as a deranged old man and, at other times, as an oldwoman) to stay away from touch when traveling in slave states. She carriedsleeping powder to stop babies from crying and always had a pistol toprevent the people from backing out once they started going to freedom.
Harriet Tubman always changed her route and her methods of working. Though she almost always began her journeys on Saturday night for tworeasons. First, many masters did not make their slaves work on Sundays andnotrealize they were gone until Monday, when the slaves had already traveled afull day and a half. Second, newspapers advertising the escape wouldnt bepublished until the beginning of the week, so by the time copies reachedreaders, Harriet Tubman and the fugitive slaves were likely to be near theirdestination in the North. Harriet Tubman never lost any of her control and had a weird ability to findfood and shelter during these hard missions. Among other African Americansshe came to be known as Moses (Biblical hero who led the Hebrews out ofenslavement in Egypt.
)Harriet Tubman was an inspiration to both white and black abolitionists. Sheworked closely with a black antislavery activist named William Still inPhiladelphia .