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harriet tubman Essay

harriet tubman Essay: Harriet Ross Tubman was an African American who escaped
slavery and then
showed runaway slaves the way to freedom in the North for longer than a
decade before the American Civil War.
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Category:
History
Paper Title:
harriet tubman
Text:
written by Shawnda Fletcher
Harriet Ross Tubman was an African American who escaped slavery and then
showed runaway slaves the way to freedom in the North for longer than a
decade before the American Civil War. During the war she was as a scout,
spy, and nurse for the United States Army. After that she kept working for
rights for blacks and women.
Harriet Tubman was originally named Araminta Ross.

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She was one of 11 children
born to Harriet Greene and Benjamin Ross on a plantation in Dorchester
County,
Maryland. She later took her mother’s first name. Harriet was working at the
age of five. She was a maid and a children’s nurse before she worked in the
field when she was 12. A year later, a white guy either her watcher or her
master smacked her on the head with a really heavy weight. The hit was so
hard it left her with permanent neurological damage.

In result of the hit she
had sudden blackouts during the rest of her life.
In 1844 she got permission from her master to marry John Tubman, a free black
man. For the next five years Harriet Tubman was a semi-slave. She was still
legally a slave, but her master let her live with her husband. In 1847 her
master
died. Followed by the death of his recipient and young son in 1849.

That made
Harriets status uncertain. In the middle of rumors that the family’s
slaves were
being sold to clear the estate, Harriet Tubman went to the North and freedom.
Her husband stayed in Maryland. In 1849 Harriet Tubman moved to
Pennsylvania. She returned to Maryland two years later hoping to get her
husband to come to The North with her. John Tubman had remarried by then.

Harriet did not marry again until after John Tubman died.
In Pennsylvania, Harriet Tubman became an abolitionist. She worked to end
slavery. She decided to become a conductor on the Underground Railroad (a
network of antislavery activists who helped slaves escape from the South). On
her first trip in 1850, Harriet Tubman brought her sister and her sister’s
two
children out of slavery in Maryland. In 1851 she rescued her brother, and in
1857
Harriet Tubman returned to Maryland and brought her parents to freedom.

Over a time period of ten years Harriet Tubman made an estimated 19 trips
into the South and brought about 300 slaves to the North. The Fugitive Slave
Law of 1850 had created federal commissioners in every county to support the
return of runaways. It gave harsh punishments for those convicted of helping
slaves to escape. The law wanted Harriet Tubman, so in 1851 she moved to St.
Catharines, a city in Ontario, Canada. That was the destination of many
escaped slaves.

By the late 1850s a number of Northern states passed
personal liberty laws that protected the rights of fugitive slaves. Harriet
Tubman
was able to buy land and move with her parents to Auburn, New York.
Harriet Tubman faced great danger guiding slaves to freedom. Southerners
offered big rewards for her to be caught. Harriet Tubman used disguises
(sometimes posing as a deranged old man and, at other times, as an old
woman) to stay away from touch when traveling in slave states. She carried
sleeping powder to stop babies from crying and always had a pistol to
prevent the people from backing out once they started going to freedom.

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Harriet Tubman always changed her route and her methods of working.
Though she almost always began her journeys on Saturday night for two
reasons. First, many masters did not make their slaves work on Sundays and
not
realize they were gone until Monday, when the slaves had already traveled a
full day and a half. Second, newspapers advertising the escape wouldnt be
published until the beginning of the week, so by the time copies reached
readers, Harriet Tubman and the fugitive slaves were likely to be near their
destination in the North.
Harriet Tubman never lost any of her control and had a weird ability to find
food and shelter during these hard missions. Among other African Americans
she came to be known as Moses (Biblical hero who led the Hebrews out of
enslavement in Egypt.

)
Harriet Tubman was an inspiration to both white and black abolitionists. She
worked closely with a black antislavery activist named William Still in
Philadelphia .

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harriet tubman Essay: Harriet Ross Tubman was an African American who escaped slavery and then showed runaway slaves the way to freedom in the North for longer than a decade before the American Civil War. -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- Category: History Paper Title: harriet tubman Text: written by Shawnda Fletcher Harriet Ross Tubman was an African American who escaped slavery and then showed runaway slaves the way to fre
2019-02-12 07:30:51
harriet tubman Essay
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