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Harriet tubman Essay

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History

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Harriet tubman Essay

Text:

written by Shawnda Fletcher

Harriet Ross Tubman was an African American who escaped slavery and then

showed runaway slaves the way to freedom in the North for longer than a

decade before the American Civil War. During the war she was as a scout,

spy, and nurse for the United States Army. After that she kept working for

rights for blacks and women.

Harriet Tubman was originally named Araminta Ross. She was one of 11 children

born to Harriet Greene and Benjamin Ross on a plantation in Dorchester
County,

Maryland.

She later took her mother’s first name. Harriet was working at the

age of five. She was a maid and a children’s nurse before she worked in the

field when she was 12. A year later, a white guy either her watcher or her

master smacked her on the head with a really heavy weight. The hit was so

hard it left her with permanent neurological damage. In result of the hit she

had sudden blackouts during the rest of her life.

In 1844 she got permission from her master to marry John Tubman, a free black

man. For the next five years Harriet Tubman was a semi-slave. She was still

legally a slave, but her master let her live with her husband. In 1847 her
master

died. Followed by the death of his recipient and young son in 1849. That made

Harriets status uncertain.

In the middle of rumors that the family’s
slaves were

being sold to clear the estate, Harriet Tubman went to the North and freedom.

Her husband stayed in Maryland. In 1849 Harriet Tubman moved to

Pennsylvania. She returned to Maryland two years later hoping to get her

husband to come to The North with her. John Tubman had remarried by then.

Harriet did not marry again until after John Tubman died.

In Pennsylvania, Harriet Tubman became an abolitionist. She worked to end

slavery. She decided to become a conductor on the Underground Railroad (a

network of antislavery activists who helped slaves escape from the South). On

her first trip in 1850, Harriet Tubman brought her sister and her sister’s
two

children out of slavery in Maryland. In 1851 she rescued her brother, and in
1857

Harriet Tubman returned to Maryland and brought her parents to freedom.

Over a time period of ten years Harriet Tubman made an estimated 19 trips

into the South and brought about 300 slaves to the North.

The Fugitive Slave

Law of 1850 had created federal commissioners in every county to support the

return of runaways. It gave harsh punishments for those convicted of helping

slaves to escape. The law wanted Harriet Tubman, so in 1851 she moved to St.

Catharines, a city in Ontario, Canada. That was the destination of many

escaped slaves. By the late 1850s a number of Northern states passed

personal liberty laws that protected the rights of fugitive slaves.

Harriet
Tubman

was able to buy land and move with her parents to Auburn, New York.

Harriet Tubman faced great danger guiding slaves to freedom. Southerners

offered big rewards for her to be caught. Harriet Tubman used disguises

(sometimes posing as a deranged old man and, at other times, as an old

woman) to stay away from touch when traveling in slave states. She carried

sleeping powder to stop babies from crying and always had a pistol to

prevent the people from backing out once they started going to freedom.

Harriet Tubman always changed her route and her methods of working.

Though she almost always began her journeys on Saturday night for two

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reasons. First, many masters did not make their slaves work on Sundays and
not

realize they were gone until Monday, when the slaves had already traveled a

full day and a half. Second, newspapers advertising the escape wouldnt be

published until the beginning of the week, so by the time copies reached

readers, Harriet Tubman and the fugitive slaves were likely to be near their

destination in the North.

Harriet Tubman never lost any of her control and had a weird ability to find

food and shelter during these hard missions. Among other African Americans

she came to be known as Moses (Biblical hero who led the Hebrews out of

enslavement in Egypt.)

Harriet Tubman was an inspiration to both white and black abolitionists.

She

worked closely with a black antislavery activist named William Still in

Philadelphia with Underground Railroad conductor Thomas Garrett, a Quaker

who lived in Wilmington, Delaware. An abolitionist named John Brown gave her

the title "General Tubman." She discussed with John Brown his plan
to start a

revolution .

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Harriet tubman Essay
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Category: History Paper Title: Harriet tubman Essay Text: written by Shawnda Fletcher Harriet Ross Tubman was an African American who escaped slavery and then showed runaway slaves the way to freedom in the North for longer than a decade before the American Civil War. During the war she was as a scout, spy, and nurse for the United States Army. After that she kept working for rights for blacks and women. Harriet Tubman was originally named Araminta Ros
2019-02-12 07:26:23
Harriet tubman Essay
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