Science is a creature that continues to advance at a much higher
rate than ever before. World of information adds to humans` discovery and
smoothens the path for more advances. But never in history science will be
able to deeply affect our lives as science of Genetic Engineering does.
With all the respects to this new advancement, Biotechnology forces
humanity’s power over forces of nature and also carries the risks to human
health, the environment, animal and biodiversity. Therefore, this issue can
be looked at various ways, which includes religious views on genetic
engineering, cloning human’s genes, transmission of animal and plant genes,
scientific and economical views, opponent groups and supporters` views.
The first step to understand genetic engineering is to have a
rough knowledge of its history and methods. Genetic was first been known
when an Austrian monk named Gregor Mendel developed the first discovery of
human beings and other scientists studied the characteristics of organisms
for next one hundred years. The basic knowledge about genes is that “Genes
are transmitted through chromosomes which reside in the nucleus of
organism’s cells. Each chromosome is made up of fine stands of
deoxyribonucleic acid DNA.” (Clarke 10). And this technology of genetic
transmission is called “Biotechnology”.
But new signs of biotechnology
approved when the advert of World War II brought the manufacture of
penicillin. The successful use of penicillin made a thought to widen the
choices to Genetically Modified Food Essay and crops. Fairly speaking, the first
reason for creating Genetic Modified foods was to help millions of starving
people around the world by mass production of GM food with new
characteristics, usage and tastes. Nevertheless, this helpful dream did not
last long and human’s power changed the whole process of genetic
One of the main needed considerations is to have a religious view
on genetic engineering. In the current case in genetic engineering, life
can easily created and ruled by one’s liking.
How can a human being break
his limits and create and alter living things that only God has had the
right to do so? Don’t we know that trying to be on a same level as God has
a punishment? In an example, builders of nuclear power and atom bomb
indicate that God gave us knowledge to discover. If this is true, why they
use this discovery for killing other human beings? And why did God give us
the knowledge to destroy the world in few minutes? This world is created by
God and based on natural basis, and creatures do not have the right to
change that basis. Therefore, they should not decide what sex a baby should
have, how intelligent he has to be or how he should look. Genetic
engineering is a human made way to change the structures of God’s creatures
and to use it as a power over other humans.
Biotechnology, commercialized technology of transmitted genes, is
worrisome when its been said that this technology can offer cloning of
human’s genes. Transferring one’s genes and submit it to another one’s body
is the basic process of cloning.
The process was first tasted on animals.
For instance, in West Vancouver, Bob Devlin and his team store the living
products of their efforts at gene splicing. What they did was, borrowing
the growth hormone gene naturally found in trout and then inserted it into
fish embryos. The result is that the new fish grows faster and it is as
much as thirty-seven times bigger than its normal size. This was a
successful result in genetic engineering field but the reality was that
“twenty percent of oversized fish have sprouted unexplainable bulous
growths, signs of cartilage run awoke.”(Boyens 28).
With the growth rate of
biotechnology usage, some whispers have been heard about human cloning and
its benefits in future of our children. Their try to clone a human and
create an intelligent, beautiful and skinny creature is their long time
dream and they advertise the cloning for parents in order to have children
with these characteristics. But won’t it be weird for children to find
themselves different from their parents? Who will be responsible of
unlikeness of children from their own parents? Who will tell the truth to
these children that they have not been created naturally and from DNA
transmission but from labratorarical cloning by biotechnology corporations
and not by their parents. Without the doubt neither of fair parents will
prefer alittle more intelligence of their kids to pure honesty with their
Another branch of genetic engineering is genetically modified crops
that has .