Science is a creature that continues to advance at a much higherrate than ever before. World of information adds to humans` discovery andsmoothens the path for more advances.
But never in history science will beable to deeply affect our lives as science of Genetic Engineering does. With all the respects to this new advancement, Biotechnology forceshumanity’s power over forces of nature and also carries the risks to humanhealth, the environment, animal and biodiversity. Therefore, this issue canbe looked at various ways, which includes religious views on geneticengineering, cloning human’s genes, transmission of animal and plant genes,scientific and economical views, opponent groups and supporters` views. The first step to understand genetic engineering is to have arough knowledge of its history and methods. Genetic was first been knownwhen an Austrian monk named Gregor Mendel developed the first discovery ofhuman beings and other scientists studied the characteristics of organismsfor next one hundred years. The basic knowledge about genes is that “Genesare transmitted through chromosomes which reside in the nucleus oforganism’s cells.Order now
Each chromosome is made up of fine stands ofdeoxyribonucleic acid DNA. ” (Clarke 10). And this technology of genetictransmission is called “Biotechnology”. But new signs of biotechnologyapproved when the advert of World War II brought the manufacture ofpenicillin.
The successful use of penicillin made a thought to widen thechoices to Genetically Modified Food Essay and crops. Fairly speaking, the firstreason for creating Genetic Modified foods was to help millions of starvingpeople around the world by mass production of GM food with newcharacteristics, usage and tastes. Nevertheless, this helpful dream did notlast long and human’s power changed the whole process of geneticengineering. One of the main needed considerations is to have a religious viewon genetic engineering. In the current case in genetic engineering, lifecan easily created and ruled by one’s liking.
How can a human being breakhis limits and create and alter living things that only God has had theright to do so? Don’t we know that trying to be on a same level as God hasa punishment? In an example, builders of nuclear power and atom bombindicate that God gave us knowledge to discover. If this is true, why theyuse this discovery for killing other human beings? And why did God give usthe knowledge to destroy the world in few minutes? This world is created byGod and based on natural basis, and creatures do not have the right tochange that basis. Therefore, they should not decide what sex a baby shouldhave, how intelligent he has to be or how he should look. Geneticengineering is a human made way to change the structures of God’s creaturesand to use it as a power over other humans. Biotechnology, commercialized technology of transmitted genes, isworrisome when its been said that this technology can offer cloning ofhuman’s genes.
Transferring one’s genes and submit it to another one’s bodyis the basic process of cloning. The process was first tasted on animals. For instance, in West Vancouver, Bob Devlin and his team store the livingproducts of their efforts at gene splicing. What they did was, borrowingthe growth hormone gene naturally found in trout and then inserted it intofish embryos.
The result is that the new fish grows faster and it is asmuch as thirty-seven times bigger than its normal size. This was asuccessful result in genetic engineering field but the reality was that”twenty percent of oversized fish have sprouted unexplainable bulousgrowths, signs of cartilage run awoke. “(Boyens 28). With the growth rate ofbiotechnology usage, some whispers have been heard about human cloning andits benefits in future of our children.
Their try to clone a human andcreate an intelligent, beautiful and skinny creature is their long timedream and they advertise the cloning for parents in order to have childrenwith these characteristics. But won’t it be weird for children to findthemselves different from their parents? Who will be responsible ofunlikeness of children from their own parents? Who will tell the truth tothese children that they have not been created naturally and from DNAtransmission but from labratorarical cloning by biotechnology corporationsand not by their parents. Without the doubt neither of fair parents willprefer alittle more intelligence of their kids to pure honesty with theirbeloved children. Another branch of genetic engineering is genetically modified cropsthat has .