Gabriel Garcia MarquezGabriel Garcia Marquez, a novelist, shortstory writer, journalist, critic, and screenwriter, hashad international recognition for many years. He isincluded among the group of South Americanwriters who rose to prominence during the 1960s, atime often referred to as the ?boom? of LatinAmerican Literature. In his short stories andnovels, Leaf Storm, One Hundred Years ofSolitude, Chronicle of a Death Foretold, and TheAutumn of the Patriarch, he utilizes hisbackground, and personal experiences, whichmakes his novels so popular. Garcia Marquez was born in Aracataca,Colombia, on March 6, 1928.
He lived with hisgrandparents for the first eight years of his life. Thestorytelling of his grandmother and the myths andsuperstitions of the townspeople all played majorroles in shaping his imagination. He enrolled in theUniversity of Bogota in 1947 to study law, butwhen it was shut down in 1948 he transferred to theUniversity of Cartagna, working as a journalist forthe newspaper El Universal. Devoting himself tojournalism, he ended his law studies in 1950 and 2moved to Barranquilla to work for the daily paper El Heraldo. He then began to write short storiesthat were published in regional periodicals, andsoon after became acquainted with the works ofauthors such as Franz Kafa, William Faulker,Virginia Woolf, and James Joyce. Living with his grandparents had a bigeffect on his later years and in his novels, especiallythe house in which they lived.Order now
Marquez remembershis grandparents’ house as a dwelling place of thedead, rather than the living. In that house there wasan empty room where his aunt Petra and uncleLazarus had died. He said ? My grandparentswould sit me down, at six in the evening, in acorner, and say to me ?Don’t move from here,because, if you do, Aunt Petra, who is in her roomwill come or . . .
` I always stayed sitting? ( Minta 34 ) . In the same manner, his first novel,Leaf Storm, featured a little boy as a character thatthrough the whole novel sat in a small chair. 3Chronicle of a Death Foretold, deals with anepisode from Garcia Marquez past, and deals withthe murder of a friend in Sucre in 1958 ( Gabriel 23) . It tells about the ?codes that menimpose on women, and women on themselves; thecurious notions of honor that can dominate anisolated community; the irresistible impulse towardviolence; and the psychology of mass complicity? ( Marquez 1) . Garcia Marquez style of writing iswhat some call ?magical? ( Gabriel 3 19 ).
Hisworks are usually attributed to his imaginativeblending of history, politics, social realism, andfantasy. He often makes use of techniques of magicrealism in his works with descriptive events andreality which, he implies, ? define humanexistence? ( Gabriel 3 1 ). One example of that is in One Hundred Years of Solitude a baby is bornwith a ?pigs tail? ( Gabriel 1 69 ). His usualenthusiastic critical response is mostly because ofthis. In conclusion, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, makes a big impression inpeoples thoughts. He is a novelist who uses personal trials and tribulationsand mixes them with fantasy to make everyone of his books more interesting.
For these reasons the critics praise him and he remains popular. Bibliography?Gabriel Garcia Marquez. ? Encyclopedia of WorldBiography. Detroit: Gale Research, 1998. ?Gabriel Garcia Marquez .
? The Groiler Library of International Biographies. New York: The PhilipLeif Group Inc, 1996. ?Gabriel Garcia Marquez. ? Discovering AuthorsModules. Detroit: Gale Research, 1996. Marquez, Gabriel Garcia.
Chronicle of A DeathForetold. New York: Alfred A. Knoff, 1982. Minta, Stephen.
Garcia Marquez: Writer ofColumbia. New York: Harper and Row, 1987.English Essays