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Frederick Winslow Taylor: Business Management Essay

Frederick Winslow Taylor: Business Management Essay Lenoir Community College Frederick Winslow Taylor Business Management David Mercer Tuesday, February 04, 1997CONTENTS I. Introduction. . . .

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. 6 II. The Younger Years. . .

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. . . 7 III Midvale Steel Company. . .

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. . n V. Pig-Iron Handling Experiments.

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n VI. Shoveling Experiments . . .

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n APPENDI. . . . . .

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. . . . n SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY. .

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. . . n LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 1. Illustration 1. .

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. n LIST OF TABLES 1. Differential Piece Rate Wages. .

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. . . nIntroductionThis paper is in response to the assignment for a paper and short speechconcerning a person with relevant contributions to the world of management. Frederick Taylor is affectionately referred to as the Father of ScientificManagement. The modern systems of manufacturing and management would not bethe examples of efficiency that they are today, without the work of Taylor.

Frederick Taylor was instrumental in bringing industry out of the dark ages bybeginning to revolutionize the way work was approached. Taylor was able toincrease wages, productivity and reduce per piece costs at the same time. Taylor’s work was eventually adopted in a wide array of applications. Taylor’sideas had a significant influence on the industrial life of all modernizedcountries.

Even Lenin went as far as to publish an article in Pravda , Raisingthe Productivity of Labour, based on the writings of Taylor. Thus Taylorchanged the way the world conducted business. Taylor’s work was an extensionof technology. It was a marriage of human work and technology. His Priniciplesof Scientifiic Management was conceived to be free of value judgement.

The Younger YearsFrederick W. Taylor was born into a well-to-do family in Philadelphia in1856 . His family was not wealthy , but they were well exposed to the highculture of the local society. Growing up it was expected that Taylor wouldstudy to become an attorney. Taylor attended Phillips-Exeter Academy.

He was adevout student, doing very well with his studies. To achieve good grades,Taylor studied many long hours. It was quite unfortunate that Taylor was tomiss Harvard Law School due to bad eyes that doctors attrributed to studying inthe poor light of a kerosene lamp. In later years it was realized that his eyeproblem was actually caused by stress, as it improved after he left Phillips. Taylor moved back home after graduating from Phillips. He realized that heshould take up a trade and got a job as an apprentice machinist and patternmaker.

Having spent four years learning his trade, Taylor got a job as a yardlaborer at Midvale Steel Company. Taylor realized that at this point he needed to continue his education. He convinced the people at Stevens Institute of Technology to allow him toattend classes long distance. He would study in his spare time in Philadelphiaand go to the school in New Jersey to take his exams. In June of 1883, Taylorgraduated with a Mechanical Engineering degree. He subsequently joined theAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).

Midvale Steel CompanyThe Midvale Steel Company was part of the post Civil War expansion ofindustrialized Philadelphia. They made steel railroad tires. Due to poormanagement, Midvale failed in 1873. Fortunately for Taylor, the company was soldand prospered under the direction of the new owners. There were two reasons forthe success of the company.

The first was that the company was able to improvetheir scientific processes. The second reason was they were to receivecontracts to manufacture Naval gun forgings. By the 1890’s, Midvale was one ofthe countries largest defense contracters. The company was in period of rapidgrowth. Taylor advanced quickly at Midvale. In eight years he would be promotedfrom ordinary laborer through the ranks of time keeper, machinist, gang boss,foreman, assistant engineer to chief engineer of the plant.

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Taylor was promotedto gang boss due to the business turn around and the subsequent influx of orders. As gang boss Taylor was well aware that the workers could be producing at muchhigher levels than they were. As Taylor tried to increase production, he met alot of resistance from the workers. This fight to increase production gaveFrederick Taylor his first look at the unsystemized managerial methodscommonplace in industry. Typically the fly by the seat of the pants approachwas used to manage manufacturing facilities. Taylor realized that there was ascientific approach to technical problems.

Yet, the current approach to .

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Frederick Winslow Taylor: Business Management Essay
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Frederick Winslow Taylor: Business Management Essay Lenoir Community College Frederick Winslow Taylor Business Management David Mercer Tuesday, February 04, 1997CONTENTS I. Introduction. . . .. . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . .. 6 II. The Younger Years. . .. . . . .. . . . . .. . . 7 III Midvale Steel Company. . .. . . . . .. . . . n IV Inventions.. . . .. . . .. . . .. . . .
2021-02-09 12:24:32
Frederick Winslow Taylor: Business Management Essay
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