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Review

Bosch
painter of fantastical landscapes and figures
Jan van Eyck
painted a portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and his wife
Gentile da Fabriano
Florentine painter in the International Gothic Style
Ambrogio Lorenzetti
painted the “peaceful city” fresco
Donatello
master of relief carving and sculpture
predella
narrow ledge where an altarpiece rests on an altar
chiaroscuro
The method of contrasting lights and darks to create volume and emotion
Fra Angelica
artist characterized by his piety
iconoclasm
image breaking
Cimabue
artist known for Byzantine influence combined with depth and volume
The Venus of Willendorf is a…
Paleolithic sculpture
What is true about the Neolithic period?
Dwellings constructed
What isn’t true about the Neolithic period?
Development of weapons, domestication of the dog, and primitive writing
The theme of patronage refers to
the commission of a work of art
What site is known for the first signs of town planning?
Catal Huyuk
The theme of propaganda refers to the
political viewpoint
What are the elements of the prehistoric cave paintings?
animal subjects, women subjects, and contour lines
The Neolithic period is categorized by
domestication of plants and dogs
What is typical of Islamic architecture?
Mosque
propaganda
art used to deliver a political message
Examples of warm color are
red, yellow, and orange
Examples of cool colors are
blue, green, and purple
color intensity
the brightness or dullness of a hue
style
characteristics of a particular artist, period, or region
megaliths
great stones
cromlech
henge
iconography
image writing
freestanding sculpture
sculpture in the round
axial plan
Egyptian temple plan
The Lion Gate is found at which complex?
Palace at Mycenae
What is true of Minoan painting?
curvilinear, lively, and sophisticated
What isn’t true of Minoan painting?
monochromatic, passive, simple, and prehistoric
The asymmetrical plan of the Erechtheion was most probably due to the fact that the structure
had to incorporate existing shrines
What is the name of the heavily columned area of an Egyptian temple?
Hypostyle hall
Which vase type was most often used a container for perfumed oil?
lekythos
The Snake Goddess sculpture belongs to which culture?
Minoan
What was the Treasury of Atreus?
a beehive tomb
Bullheaded capitals were created by what culture?
Persian
The Venus of Willendorf represents what dominant theme?
Fertility
pharaoh
king
hieroglyphics
method of documentation and record keeping
ka
life force
Imhotep
first known architect
drummed column
column composed of staked parts
engaged column
decorative column that is attached to the wall
Senmut
chief counsel to Queen Hatshepsut
Linear A
early form of the Minoan system of writing
kore
female freestanding statuary sculpture
meander
common Greek motif
What is the political message behind the Colosseum?
It was created so the king could give back the land to the people after Nero used it for himself.
How do Etruscan temples differ from Greek?
three cellas
The iconographic symbol for Saint Mark is a
Lion
The earliest well-preserved illuminated manuscript containing scenes from the Bible (the Vienna Genesis) dates from the
sixth-century CE
The Dipylon vase is from what period?
Geometric
The emperor portrayed in San Vitale is
Justinian
The iconographic symbol for Saint Matthew is an
Angel
Black-figure vases were most prominent during which period?
Archaic
What building is Ionic?
Temple of Nike, Athens
Who sculpted Weary Herakles?
Lysippos
Kallikrates
architect of the Perthenon
Hellenistic Period
the unification of society through trade, learning and language
Classical Period
Cultural and artistic growth and prosperity
fibula
large safety pin
Second Style
an illusion of an expanded room
Fourth Style
framed motifs painted on monochromatic backgrounds
Octavian
the first ruler of the Roman Imperial Period
Commodus
indulgent emperor known for his chaotic reign
sarcophagus
stone or clay coffin
The emperor portrayed in San Vitale is
Justinian
Carpet pages in manuscript illuminations are characteristic of
Hiberno-Saxon art
What structure was built over the spot from where Muhammad is believed to have ascended into heaven?
Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem
Roman Second Style painting is characterized by
illusionistic depth
How is the Byzantine portrayal of Christ unlike the Early Christian portrayal
a kingly persona
How are the Byzantine and Early Christian portrayals of Christ similar?
the presence of a halo, purple, and purple clothing
What structure contains the portraits of Justinian and Theodora?
San Vitale
What emperor’s commissions reflect the influence of Classical Greek art?
Augustus
What are examples of basilica-plan structures?
Old Saint Peter’s, Sant’Apollinare Nuovo, and Santa Sabina
What are characteristics of Middle Byzantine painting?
lacks illusionistic depth, linear, and gold backgrounds
The Roman work known as the Pont-du-Gard is an
aqueduct
codex
collection of separate sheets
Anastasis
resurrection
minbar
stepped pulpit
madrassa
place of study
jamb column
vertical element of a dorrway or window frame
tympanum
semicircular area enclosed by the arch above an arched entry
perpendicular style
vertically dominated interior space
Giotto
father of western pictorial painting
What isn’t a characteristic of the sculpture of the Hellenistic period of Greek art?
frontal
What are characteristics of sculpture in the Hellenistic period of Greek art?
deeply carved, dramatic, and emotional
The shelves on which the dead were placed in Early Christian catacombs were called
loculi
The heel stone at Stonehedge supports the theory that the ancient structure was a
solar calendar
What are characteristics of Sumerian human figure compositions?
composite perspective, oversized eyes, and stylized poses
What isn’t a characteristic of Sumerian human figure compositions?
shoulders in profile
Does the High Cross of Muiredach exhibit the Animal style?
yes
What is true of Ancient Near Eastern ethnic groups?
city centers built around temple complex, mud-brick used in construction, and political history is characterized by upheaval
What culture is credited with the first system of writing known to humanity?
Sumerians
The influence of the Amarna period is evident in the work done for which Pharaoh?
Tutankhamen
Emperor Trajan commissioned the
Forum and triumphal column
The Ebbo Gospels can be identified by the
energetic compositions
What are characteristics of the Victory Stele of Naram-Sin?
Displays absolute power of the king, king is portrayed as a divine figure, and shows hierarchy of scale
What is true of Assyrian art?
great emotion in human figures, ununified compositions, and a wide variety of subjects
What isn’t a characteristic of Assyrian art?
great emotion in animal figures
What are dominant themes in Assyrian art?
warfare and hunting
What is true of the Great Sphinx?
the colossus, in situ, and is the symbol of royal power
Which Aegean civilization’s art was known for its lively, celebratory art?
Minoan
The medium for Etruscan sculptors was
terracotta
What style of Roman painting did the Romans borrow from the Greeks?
First Style
What is the chronological order for Greek vase painting types?
Geometric, Black Figure, and Red Figure
A cross with a circle intersecting its arms is a product of which culture?
Celtic
What artist reintroduced the classical principal of contrapposto?
Donatello
What artist, along with Ghiberti, was a finalist in the famous competition for the bronze doors of the Florence Cathedral Baptistery?
Brunelleschi
What work has a king approaching the god, Shamash?
Stele of Hammurabi
What traits characterized the International Style?
naturalism, formal splendor, and illusionistic depth
What figural arrangement was most popular during the Renaissance?
pyramid
The Baroque style is characterized by
fluid
Who is traditionally seen as the inventory of linear perspective?
Brunelleschi
The original architect of Saint Peter’s was
Bramante
What artist was recognized as a portrait artist?
Holbein the Younger
What artist is known for his dramatic compositions often filled with swirling clouds and dim lighting?
Tintoretto
What represents all 4 Evangelists in iconic form before their particular gospel?
Book of Durrow
All are true for Late Byzantine painting except
flat figures
Although Baroque art takes various forms, it is characterized by its attempt to…
involve the viewer
The term Baroque derives from the Spanish and Portuguese word meaning…
an irregular pearl.
In the Dutch Republic in the 17th century what became more popular?
production of small paintings increased to decorate private homes, landscape painting, and genre scenes
Bellini
father of the Venetian style
Correggio
works could be called “Proto-Baroque”
Masaccio
master of scientific perspective
Simone Martini
most famous painter of the Sienese school
Titian
painted for the Pesaro family
Salon
A hall or gallery for exhibiting works of art
Which element is not a characteristic of the Neoclassical style?
Intense Emotion
What post-impressionist artist was noted for the use of Pointillism?
Seurat
Romanticism in the United States surfaced primarily in which type of paintings?
landscapes
What artist stated, “show me an angel, and I will paint one.” ?
Courbet
Which artist became a supreme colorist at the end of his career?
Delacroix
The Realism Period was influenced by
industrialization
What city is the birthplace of the Renaissance?
Florence
What artist developed the “quadro riportato” technique?
Carracci
What artist was an accomplished engraver?
Durer
Gauguin
Post-impressionism movement
Monet
Impressionist painter
Redon
Symbolist painter
Fuseli
Romantic painter
Baroque
art that engaged the viewer physically and emotionally
Mannerism
purposeful distortion as a reaction to the Renaissance
Impressionism
artists concentrated on representing movement and light
Neoclassicism
the reaction of Antiquity
Expressionistic
The outworking of the personal and emotional vision of an internal experience of an artist. An idea is communicated visually through color and distortion.
Characteristics of Fauvism
bold, contrasting color
rough brush strokes
unnaturalistic drawing and perspective
Matisse
brilliant and striking use of color
Derain
Style characterized by striking applications of pure, bright patches of color
Picasso’s Blue Period
style shifted to monochromatic palette, flattened forms, and tragic themes
Picasso’s Rose Period
actor and circus subjects
more tender and delicate
palette is lighter with tones of pink, ochre, and gray
marginalized figures
melancholy mood
Mimesis
The imitation or representation of aspects of the sensible world, especially humanity, in literature and art.
Which artist was the only American born Impressionist?
a) Monet
b) van Gogh
c) Pissaro
d) Cassatt
d
Die Brucke was a subcategory of which movement?
a) cubism
b) Dadaism
c) Constructivism
d) Impressionism
b
Post-Impressionit artists were influenced by which culture?
a) African
b) Egyptian
c) Greek
d) Japanese
d
Which artist stated, “I never painted dreams. I painted my own reality” when grouped with the Surrealists?
a) Miro
b) Kahlo
c) Picasso
d) Stella
b
What artist co-founded Cubism with Picasso?
a) Pissarro
b) Dali
c) De Chirico
d) Braque
d
Picasso was influenced by what culture?
African
What movement was primarily American?
a) Constructivism
b) Futurism
c) Precisionism
d) Purism
c
What movement glorified war?
a) Constructivism
b) Futurism
c) Precisionism
d) Purism
b
Abstract Expressionism is defined by which of the following?
a) emphasis on formalism
b) emphasis on emotion
c) political commentary
d) social commentary
a

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Review
Artscolumbia
Artscolumbia
Bosch
painter of fantastical landscapes and figures
Jan van Eyck
painted a portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and his wife
2017-09-06 05:34:48
Review
$ 13.900 2018-12-31
artscolumbia.org
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