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World History Ancient Civilizations Through the Renaissance (Holt McDougal) Chapter 5 Vocabulary Ancient India

Monsoons
– seasonal wind patterns that cause wet and dry seasons
Sanskrit
– the most important language of ancient India
Caste system
– divided Indian society into groups based on a person’s birth, wealth or occupation
Hinduism
– largest religion in India today
Reincarnation
– process of rebirth
Karma
– effects that good or bad actions have on a person’s soul
Jainism
– based on the teachings of Mahavira (born around 599 BC)
Nonviolence
– avoidance of violent actions
Sikhism
– roots in the teachings of Guru Nanak (1400s AD)
Fasting
– going without food
Meditation
– focusing of the mind on spiritual ideas
The Buddha
– the “Enlightened One” Siddhartha Gautama
Buddhism
– religion based on the teachings of the Buddha
Nirvana
– state of perfect peace
Missionaries
– people who work to spread their religious beliefs
Chandragupta Maurya
– 320s BC military leader, founded Mauryan Empire
Asoka
– 270 BC Candragupta’s grandson, strong leader, Mauryan emperor
Candra Gupta II
– 375 AD emperor, Gupta Society highpoint under his rule
Metallurgy
– the science of working with metals
Alloys
– mixtures of two or more metals
Hindu-Arabic numerals
– numbers we use today
Inoculation
– injecting a person with a small dose of a virus to help him or her build up defenses to a disease
Astronomy
– the study of stars and planets
Subcontinent
– a large land mass smaller than a continent

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World History Ancient Civilizations Through the Renaissance (Holt McDougal) Chapter 5 Vocabulary Ancient India
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Monsoons
- seasonal wind patterns that cause wet and dry seasons
Sanskrit
- the most important language of ancient India
2017-12-08 10:25:52
World History Ancient Civilizations Through the Renaissance (Holt McDougal) Chapter 5 Vocabulary Ancient India
$ 13.900 2018-12-31
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