We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

Music of Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque Periods

Cantus Firmus
also known as fixed song or a pre-existing melody which forms the basis of polyphonic composition.
Melismatic
is the singing of one syllable of text while moving between several different notes in succession.
Monophony
music consisting of a single melodic line without chordal accompaniment; It is the oldest type of music.
Neume
symbols representing one to four notes used as notation during the Medieval Period.
Polyphony
music consisting of several (two or more) melodic lines, each having individual significance and independence.
Sacred Music
music that was specifically written for use in religious services.
Secular Music
music that was composed for purposes rather than religious.
Syllabic
each syllable of text is matched with one note.
Through-composed
songs in which there is new music to each stanza; the opposite of strophic.
Tonality
system where the musical piece is based on a key center.
Three Periods of Western Music History
Medieval Era, Renaissance Period and Baroque Period.
Gregorian Chant
type of music from the Medieval Era which was mainly used in the Early Christian Church.
Imitative Polyphony
is the distinctive characteristic of Renaissance Music.
Baroque Period
is characterized by grand and elaborate ornamentation of sculptures, theaters, arts and music.
Music Genres which flourished during the Baroque Period
the Concerto, the Fugue, the Chorale and the Oratorio
Music of the Medieval Period (700 – 1400)
is also known as Middle Ages or Dark Ages that started with the fall of Roman Empire.
secular music which was not bound by Catholic traditions emerged.
Monophonic Plainchant
was named after Pope Gregory I, who made this the approved music of the Catholic Church.
Characteristics of Gregorian Chant
Monophonic
Free meter
Modal
Usually based on Latin liturgy
Use of Neume notation
Troubadours
secular music which was not bound by Catholic traditions emerged. most of these songs were performed across Europe by these groups of musicians.
Troubadour Music
Usually monophonic
Sometimes with improvised instruments
Tells of chivalry and courtly love
Originated in France
Written in the French Language
Composer of the Medieval Period
Adam de la Halle
Adam de la Halle, France, 1237-1288
-was also known as Adam le Bossu (Adam the Hunchback)
-one of the oldest secular composers whose literary and musical works include chansons and poetic debates.
jeux partis
poetic debates
Jeu de Robin et de Marion
a musical play that was considered the earliest surviving secular French play with music.
Adam de la Halle’s works
Jeu de Robin et de Marion
La Chanson du roi de Sicile
Music of Renaissance (1400 – 1600)
comes from the word renaitre.
the period of looking back to the golden age of Greece and Rome.
renaitre
rebirth, revival and rediscovery.
Characteristics of Renaissance Music
Mostly polyphonic
Imitation among the voices is common
Use of word painting in texts and music
Melodic lines move in flowing manner
Melodies are easier to perform
Vocal Music of the Renaissance Period
Mass
Madrigal
Mass
is a form of sacred musical composition that sets text of the Eucharistic liturgy into music.
Characteristics of a mass
-Polyphonic
-May be sung in a cappella or with orchestral accompaniment
-Text may be syllabic, neume or melismatic.
syllabic
one note set to each syllable.
neumatic
a few notes set to one syllable.
melismatic
many notes to one syllable.
Five main sections of Mass
Kyrie – “Lord Have Mercy”
Gloria – “Glory to God in the Highest”
Credo – “Apostle’s Creed” and “Nicean’s Creed”
Sanctus and Benedictus – “Holy, Holy” and “Blessed is He”
Agnus Dei – “The Lamb of God”
Kyrie
“Lord Have Mercy”
Gloria
“Glory to God in the Highest”
Credo
“Apostle’s Creed” and “Nicean’s Creed”
Sanctus and Benedictus
“Holy, Holy” and “Blessed is He”
Agnus Dei
“The Lamb of God”
Madrigal
a secular vocal polyphonic music composition which originated from Italy.
Characteristics of Madrigal
Polyphonic
Sung a cappella
Through-composed
Frequently in 3 to 6 voices
Composers of the Renaissance Period
Giovanni PierLuigi da Palestrina
Thomas Morley
Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, Rome, 1525-1594
is said to be the greatest master of the Roman Catholic music during the Renaissance Period.
-Masses (first book)
Thomas Morley, England, 1557-1602
-Morley, the son of the brewer was born in Norwich, East England.
-was the most famous composer of secular music in his time.
-His Musica Transalpina, a collection of Italian madrigals fitted with English text, was published in 1588 by Nicholas Yonge.
Thomas Morley’s Works
“Fire, Fire, My Heart”
“Sing and Chant it”
“Fantasie”
“April is in my mistress’ face”
“It was a lover and his lass”
Music of the Baroque Period (1685-1750)
During this time, the arts highlighted grandiose and elaborate ornamentation.
Baroque
is derived from the word barroco which means “pearl of irregular shape.”
Composers of Baroque Period
George Friedrich Handel
Johann Sebastian Bach
Claudio Monteverdi
Antonio Vivaldi
Characteristics of Baroque Music
Melodies sound elaborate and ornamental
melodies are not easy to sing or remember
primarily contrapuntal textures with some homophony
Dynamic contrast – alteration between loud and soft
Music Genres – operas, oratorios, suites, tocattas, concerto grosso, fugue
Orchestra consists of strings and continuo
Hapsichord and organ are the keyboard instruments that are commonly used
New Forms : binary – AB, ternary – ABC, ground bass and fugue
Dynamic contrast
alteration between loud and soft
Music Genres of Baroque Music
peras, oratorios, suites, tocattas, concerto grosso, fugue
Hapsichord and organ
are the keyboard instruments that are commonly used in Baroque music.
New Forms of Baroque Music
binary – AB
ternary – ABC
ground bass
fugue
Music genres of Baroque Music
Concerto
Concerto Grossso
Concerto
a form of orchestral music that employs a solo instrument accompanied by an orchestra.
Concerto Grosso
a form of orchestral music during Baroque Music Period wherein the music is between small group of solo instruments called concertino and the whole orchestra called tutti.
concertino
small group of solo instruments
tutti
whole orchestra
Johann Sebastian Bach
Germany, March 21 1685 – July 28, 1750
came from a family of musicians
Eisanach – town of musicians where they lived.
started playing violin at 7
Johann Sebastian Bach’s works
Concerto Grosso – Brandenburg Concertos (concerto grosso)
Masses – Mass in B minor
Cantatas – Cantata 208 and 211
Fugues – Fugue in G minor
Tocatta and Fugue in D minor
Works for clavichord and hapsichord – Well Tempered Clavier ( one of his more well-known keyboard improvisations)
Antonio Vivaldi
-Vienna, March 4, 1678 – July 28, 1741
-nicknamed il Prete Rosso (“The Red Priest”) because of his red hair
-Italian
-composed Four Seasons
(Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter)
George Friedrich Handel
Germanym February 23, 1685 – London, April 14, 1759
was the second son from the second marriage of a pastor.
taught himself how to play hapsichord
England’s favorite composer
George Friedrich Handel’s works
“Messiah”
“Samson”
Messiah
-written by Handel within 24 days in London and performed it in Dublin
-most famous work of Handel which has the chorus “Hallelujah”

Choose Type of service

Choose writer quality

Page count

1 page 275 words

Deadline

Order Essay Writing

$13.9 Order Now
icon Get your custom essay sample
icon
Sara from Artscolumbia

Hi there, would you like to get such an essay? How about receiving a customized one?
Check it out goo.gl/Crty7Tt

Music of Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque Periods
Artscolumbia
Artscolumbia
Cantus Firmus
also known as fixed song or a pre-existing melody which forms the basis of polyphonic composition.
Melismatic
is the singing of one syllable of text while movi
2018-08-16 01:02:21
Music of Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque Periods
$ 13.900 2018-12-31
artscolumbia.org
In stock
Rated 5/5 based on 1 customer reviews