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Music 100: Renaissance and Medieval

Gregorian Chant Characteristics
-Unmeasured rhythm (not metrical)
-Avoids leaps and dynamic contrast
-Loudness or softness of music
Types of Chants
-Syllabic (1 note for each syllable)
-Neumatic (2-3 notes per syllable)
-Melismatic (4 or more notes per syllable)
-Early notation
Ordinary of the Mass
-Agnus Dei
Latin vs. Vernacular
-Added voice to chant melody at the fourth and fifth
-Chant melody is known as the tenor “to hold” (Lowest form)
-Earliest form of polyphony
Most Famous Composers at Notre Dame School
-French word for “mot”
-Addition of new text to melismatic organum
Cantus Firmus
-Music based on previous existing music
Counter Reformation
Council of Trent
-Addressed issues of the Reformation
-Perceived abuses in music (Polyphony complicated, text difficult to understand, corruption of chant, secularism)
-Wanted to promote a pure vocal style that respected the integrity of the sacred texts
Italian Madrigal
-Chief form of Renaissance secular music
-Text: short poem of lyric or reflective nature
-Intended for professional musicians unlike English Madrigal
-More complicated than its English counterpart
English Madrigal
-English developed from the Italian madrigal
-Musica Transalpina, 1588
-Simpler and lighter in style
-Refrain syllables (“fa-la-la”)
Word Painting
-Music that further illustrates the text
-Main religious service for Catholic church
-Mass written for the dead
-Single voice
-2 or more independent melodies
-Many voices
-Melody with accompaniment
Characteristics of Medieval Music
-Predominantly sacred
-Predominantly monophonic
-Anonymous composers
Compare and Contrast Medieval and Renaissance Motets
Mulier in Ecclesia Tacet
-Women in the church are silent
-Preferred having little boys singing
A Cappella
-Music without instruments
-Motet where 2 or more voices overlap each other
-“to hold” the melody
Josquin des Prez
-Franco-Flemish origin
-Italian career
-Wrote sacred and secular music
-Italian composer, organist, and choirmaster
-Sistine Chapel Choir (Pope Julius III)
-Wrote mostly sacred music
-Foremost composer of the Ars Nova
-Double careers (Cleric/courtier & Poet/musician)
-Motet, chansons, masses
-Wrote sacred and secular music *
Hidegard Von Bingen
-Nun, mystic, scientist, poet, musician
-1150 founded covent in Germany
-Known for miracles and prophecies
-Works include collections of visions and prophecies, music, and scientific writing
Martin Luther
John Farmer
-Fair Phyllis
-Active in the 1590s in Dublin
-Organist and master of choirboys at Christ Church
-Italian composer
-Published books of madrigals in 1538 that included (Il Bianco e dolce cigno)
-“The White Sweet Swan”
Pope Gregory the Great
-Gregorian chant named after him
-Did not compose the chant
Vocal Parts
Motet in Renaissance
-Single Latin text
-A cappella
-Written for 3, 4, or more voices
-Imitative counterpoint
-Equal voice polyphony
Renaissance Music Style
-A cappella
-Polyphony based on continuous imitation
-Cantus Firmus
-Word Painting
-Mulier in ecclesia tacet
Difference between Ave Maria and Sicut Cervus
Difference between Medieval motet and Renaissance motet
-Medieval motet is polytextual
-Renaissance is a single Latin text
-Medieval could have instruments
-Renaissance was a cappella
Origin of First Madrigal
Medieval Dates
Renaissance Dates
Which is life hereafter?
Which was reliance on senses?
Difference between Gaude Maria and Ave Maria

Sacred, could have secular
Based on chant
Tenor instrumental

-Ave Maria

Sacred text
Imitative counterpoint
A cappella

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Music 100: Renaissance and Medieval
Gregorian Chant Characteristics
-Monophonic -Unmeasured rhythm (not metrical) -Avoids leaps and dynamic contrast
-Loudness or softness of music
2017-10-17 08:59:03
Music 100: Renaissance and Medieval
$ 13.900 2018-12-31
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