What purpose did feudalism serve for medieval society?
The purpose the Feudalism served for the medieval society was a fair way to give and receive protection from the outside invaders (Vikings).
What was the main role of serfs in the feudal system?
The main role of serfs in the feudal system was to collected resources/fill a job for lords/knights.
Describe the manor system. What was it based on?
The manor system was based on a self-sufficiency and farming.
Explain the mutual obligations of members of the feudal system. (Kings, Lords, Knights, Serfs)
Kings give land to Lords for loyal fighters. Lords sell land to Knights for protection of land. Knights give protection and shelter to serfs who fill jobs, to give food.
What was a Crusade?
A crusade was a series of religious wars.
What was the chief goal of the Crusades?
To take back the holy land from the Muslims.
Who was Pope Urban II and what did he want the people to do?
Pope Urban II wanted Christians to fight back against the Muslims.
Identify a major effect of the Crusades.
A major effect of the Crusades were the economic growth it had brought upon Europe, through trading with non Europeans.
What was the Black Death?
The black death was two plagues that killed more then half of Europe.
Explain a result of the Black Death in Europe.
The black death slowed the economic growth rate of Europe, causing the Renaissance to come slower in Europe.
How did the Black Death spread across Europe?
The black death was spread across Europe through the main trade routes and fleas on rats.
What was the Renaissance?
The Renaissance was the rebirth of arts, religion, and other humanistic subjects.
Explain what contributed to the birth of the Renaissance in Italy.
A wealthy merchant class contributed to the birth of the Renaissance, and the closures of the feudal system.
Which Renaissance artist created the Pieta?
The Renaissance artist Michelangelo created the Pieta.
Identify artwork created by Leonardo daVinci.
Artwork created by Leonardo daVinci is The Mona Lisa.
Why did Martin Luther criticize the Catholic Church?
Martin Luther criticized the Catholic Church for selling indulgences.
What was an indulgence?
An indulgence was sold by the Catholic Churches to shorten the time in purgatory.
What did Johann Gutenberg invent? What impact did this invention have on society?
John Guttenberg invent the printing press. The printing press impacted the society in spread of knowledge, easier access to books and cultures.
How did Henry VIII react when the Pope refused to annul his marriage?
Henry VIII reacted by taking over the Church of England.
Why was the Church of England established?
Henry VIII established the Church of England so he could not only annul his marriage but be in charge of all of England (now including the church).
Who was Copernicus and what did he propose?
Copernicus was a polish scholar who proposed the idea that the earth was not the center of the universe, that the sun was the center.
Who stressed the use of experiments and observation when seeking knowledge?
Henry Bacon stressed the idea that experiments and observations helped when seeking knowledge. Bacon was credited with the Scientific Method.