Seattle General Strike (1919)
A strike that arose from the general discontent that many workers felt post-WWI. Contributed to red scare, and was denounced as a communist movement. The Mayor threatened to use armed police.
Widespread fear of communism and other politically radical ideas.
(A. Mitchell) Palmer
Attorney General who rounded up many suspects who were thought to be un-American and socialistic; he was nicknamed the “Fighting Quaker” until a bomb destroyed his home; he then had a nervous breakdown and became known as the “Quaking Fighter.”
Palmer Raids (1919)
Raids led by influential attorney-general of the time on houses of suspected communists/radicals.
Sacco and Vanzetti
These were two Italian immigrants who were arrested in connection with a shooting in Massachusetts. After a controversial trial, which many deemed unfair, they were sentenced to death.
Racist, anti-immigrant clan that held much influence in the 1920s. Used violence and scare tactics to achieve its goals. (Was HORRIFIC)
A term that describes America’s withdrawn attitude in the 1920s.
Emergency Quota Act of 1921
1921 legislation that limited immigration to 3% of the people of their nationality living in the US in 1910.
Immigration Act of 1924
This was passed in 1924–cut quotas for foreigners from 3 % to 2% of the total number of immigrants in 1890–purpose was to freeze America’s existing racial composition –prevented Japanese from immigrating, causing outrage in Japan.
The banning of the sale and consumption of all alcoholic products.
18th Amendment (1918)
Constitutional amendment that banned the sale and consumption of alcohol.
Volstead Act (1919)
This law established a Prohibition Bureau within the Treasury Department. It was under-budgeted and largely ineffective, especially in strongly anti-prohibition states
“Bars” of the prohibition era; these were illicit places of social gathering.
“the noble experiment”
A derisive name given to the prohibition movement, which called attention to the unlikelihood of its success.
The act of making and transporting alcoholic liquor for sale illegally
Nicknamed “Scarface” and one of the most notorious gangsters in history, this man earned the title of “Public Enemy No. 1” for his many illegal exploits in Chicago.
Violent organized crime members who took over the job of supplying alcohol to speakeasies.
United States pragmatic philosopher who advocated progressive education (1859-1952)
Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion (or a religious branch, denomination, or sect).
American fundamentalist minister; he used colorful language and powerful sermons to drive home the message of salvation through Jesus and to oppose radical and progressive groups.
A highly publicized trial in 1925 in which a teacher violated a Tennessee state law by teaching evolution in high school. In the trial, William Jennings Bryan argued on the side of fundamentalism, while Clarence Darrow argued for evolution.
Defended John Scopes during the Scopes Trial. He argued that evolution should be taught in schools.
The Man Nobody Knows
1925 book by advertiser Bruce Barton- set forth provocative thesis that Jesus was the greatest adman of all time.
“The Sultan of Swat!” “The Great Bambino!” “The Colossus of Clout!” This man was one of the most famous baseball players in history; Reflected a new trend of celebrating sports heroes in the 1920s.
United States prizefighter who was world heavyweight champion (1895-1983)
United States manufacturer of automobiles who pioneered mass production (1863-1947)
American mechanical engineer, who wanted to improve industrial efficiency. He is known as the father of scientific management, and was one of the first management consultants
A management theory using efficiency experts to examine each work operations and find ways to minimize the time needed to complete it
First affordable car built by Henry Ford; sturdy, reliable, inexpensive, only came in black
A system of standardized mass production attributed to Henry Ford
These two siblings and bike mechanics created the first functioning flying machine.
This man achieved worldwide renown when he became the first person ever to complete a transatlantic flight.
Name for the 1920s, because of the popularity of a new type of American music that combined African rhythms, blues, and ragtime.
a communication system based on broadcasting electromagnetic waves
Birth of a Nation
Controversial but highly influential and innovative silent film directed by D.W. Griffith. It demonstrated the power of film propaganda and revived the KKK.
The Jazz Singer
1927 – The first movie with sound; this “talkie” was about the life of famous jazz singer; Al Jolson.
United States nurse who campaigned for birth control and planned parenthood.
Carefree young women of the 1920s that behaved and dressed in a radical fashion
(1856-1939) Founder of psychoanalysis, created the first comprehensive theory of personality. Tied many psychological processes to sexual desire.
He led the Universal Negro Improvement Association and his “Back to Africa” movement inspired racial pride in the 1920s.
Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA)
An association that promoted black pride and black unity. It also encouraged African Americans to move permanently to Africa.
Group of writers in 1920s who shared the belief that they were lost in a greedy, materialistic world that lacked moral value. They often chose to flee to Europe
(F. Scott) Fitzgerald
One of the 20th-century’s literary stars, his writing chronicled the Jazz Age. He wrote “This Side of Paradise, and his novel “The Great Gatsby” is considered an American masterpiece. (Married a woman named Zelda!)
This American author saw combat in Italy. His “The Sun Also Rises” and “A Farewell to Arms” reflected postwar disillusionment. Ended up committing suicide.
A period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished
A leading poet of the Harlem Renaissance. He wrote “The Negro Speaks of Rivers” and “My People”
To buy stock by paying only a fraction of the stock price and borrowing the rest.
An American banker, industrialist, philanthropist, art collector and Secretary of the Treasury from March 4, 1921 until February 12, 1932. Believed in a government “hands-off” approach to the economy.