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AP Euro Chapter 14

the primary motive for European exploration during the renaissance was
economic, the desire for precious metals and new ares of trade
When he began to envision his voyage across the Atlantic, columbus had a copy of
Marco Polo’s travels
the religious crusading motive for exploration was strongest in
Spain and Portugal
the Pole Star as a navigational devise was useless
south of the equator
during the lifetime of Prince Henry the Navigator, Portuguese sailors
began to explore the west african coast
Portugal became the early leader in European expansion largely through
defeating mulsim opposition in establishing trade opportunities with india
when vasco de gama reached india, he announced he was searching for
“christians and spices”
in the 1440s, among the first profits the Portuguese derived from their maritime exploration and returning ships came from the sale of
african slaves
the development of a Portuguese maritime empire encompassing malacca and the malay peninsula was achieved in part through
ruthless and murderous attacks on arab settlers in the region
Spanish expansion and exploration of the new world was best exemplified by
the conquest of the Aztec Empire by Cortes
John Cabot, a Venetian, sailed for
England
The first known circumnavigation of the earth was by
Ferdinand Magellan
the Treaty of Tordesillas divided
the new world between spain and portugal
the mesoamerica civilization which existed at the time of european exploration was the
aztec
the major european diseases that resulted in high rates of mortality among the natives of the new world was
smallpox
it is estimated that the population of Mexico declined between 1519, when it was roughly 11 million to ________ in 1600
2.5 million
the capital of the aztec empire was
tenochitlan
in reality, the encomienda made the natives of the new world
slaves of the spanish
the major critic of the spanish treatment of the american natives was
bartolome de las casas
the European nation that established a settlement at africa’s cape of good hope was the
dutch republic
the triangular trade connected
the americas, europe, and africa
between the 16th and 19th c. the nubmer of african slaces shipped to the new world is estimated at
25 million
the african slave trade
increased number of wars in Africa because of the increasing demand for prisoners who could be sold as slaves
portugal’s handicap in its attempt to dominate southeast asian trade was that
the kingdom was too small, lacking a sufficient population to govern an empire
the european nation that took over the spice trade from portugal was
the dutch republic
the mainland states of southeast asia had vetter success in resisting european encroachment than did the spice island sand malay states because
they were more cohesive politically with strong monarchies
india’s mughal dyansty was
mongol in origin
the major western rival to the british in india in the 17th c. was
France
the british east india company official who fought off the French threat to India was
Sir Robert Clive
the local british population in india’s fort william was imprisoned in the
“black hole of Calcutta”
the european nation that had the first direct contact with China since marco polo was
portugal
the first eurpean nation to establish formal diplomatic relations with china was
russia
the chinese dynasty which replaced the ming in the 17th c. and which came from Manchuria was the
Qing
which empire was described as “an old, crazy, first-rate man of war” but because of incompetent leadership was destined to be “dashed to pieces on the shore”
the chinese empire
japan was closed to all eurpean trade except for _____________ at the port of ____________
the Dutch/Nagasaki
the most valuable product from the west indies was
sugar
the major difference between england’s north american colonies and those of france was that
the english colonial population was much greater than the european population of new france
The asiento
gave britain the right to transport slaves to Spanish latin america
one of the major economic problems of the 16th c. in Europe was
inflation
the inflation of the 16th and early 17th
caused a decline in the standard of living for wage earners and those on fixed incomes
the financial center for europe in the 17th was
amsterdam
mercantilism includes all of the following ideas EXCEPT
colonies were not desirable because they consumed too many natural resources
mercantilism includes all of the following ideas EXCEPT
colonies were not desirable because they consumed too many natural resources
which of the following was NOT a result of European expansion and exploration
the introduction of smallpox into Europe
by the end of the 17th c.
local, regional, and intra-European trade was considerably greater than international trade
Before the 19th c. which nation or continent was least affected by European power and influence
China and Japan
an extensive multiracial society appeared first in
latin america
Catholic Christianity failed to take root in China in the 17th and 18th c. because of
opposition by the pope to “ancestor worship”
what was NOT part of the Columbian exchange
potatoes from Europe and olive trees from the new world
The most famous map projection in history is
that of Geradus Mercator

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AP Euro Chapter 14
Artscolumbia
Artscolumbia
the primary motive for European exploration during the renaissance was
economic, the desire for precious metals and new ares of trade
When he began to envision his voyage across the Atlantic, columbus had
2017-11-08 13:06:34
AP Euro Chapter 14
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