is a series of stories passed down from generation to generation through storytelling, as opposed to writing them down.
elements that many of the Native American stories have in common
A hero’s journey, A trickster God interferes, Nature changes, Worlds are created
things that distinguish Puritan writing
Focus on God and the Bible, The hardships of life in the colonies, Symbolism of everyday events, Inward reflection, Simple and plain style
Religious Political Writing
essays, letters, speeches, pamphlets, and poetry believing that religious law should be state law. instead of having a separate set of laws to govern the settlements and colonies, the Ten Commandments and other Christian laws should simply be the way the land was governed. blended politics and religion, and included sermons.
Secular Political Writing
essays, letters, speeches, pamphlets, and poetry believing in the idea of the separation of church and state. looked at politics as a separate entity from religion, believed that people should obey their religious laws as long as the religious laws did not interfere with the non-religious laws of the land
Born in England, her and her parents moved to present-day New England when she was a kid. Her father helped found the town of Lancaster (in what is now Massachusetts). when war broke out between the Native Americans and the English settlers, her and her children were captured and taken as prisoner. After her release, she wrote a book about her experiences, titled “The Sovereignty and Goodness of God”
Widely considered to be the first American Best seller, sparked the literary genre of captivity narrative.
James Fenimore Cooper
a famous American writer whose most famous book, The Last of the Mohicans, followed a group of Indians and English settlers during the French and Indian War. The story explores complex relationships between white European settlers and American Indians. influenced further American writers
came to the New World in 1606, as part of a group hired by the Virginia Company of England. His strong work ethic and negotiation skills made him a leader among the settlers in the Jamestown colony. His explorations of Virginia and New England led him to write many books on the geography of the colonies.
Most famously, though, his explorations and his position in the Jamestown colony led him into many interactions with American Indians, particularly the Powhatans. He wrote of these interactions in his two most famous books, “A True Relation of Such Occurrences and Accidents of Note as Happened in Virginia” and “The Generall Historie of Virginia, New-England, and the Summer Isles”.
In the second of these books, he tells the most famous story associated with him. This is the story of the Powhatan chief’s daughter, Pocahontas
a Puritan lawyer who helped found the colony at Massachusetts Bay. most enduring legacy in American politics and writing began before he even arrived in America. En route to America, he gave a lay sermon called A Modell of Christian Charity, which laid out plans for how the Puritans would live and conduct their faith once they arrived in America. His other famous work is a diary of his life in the colonies, published under the title The History of New England. The diary became a major resource for historians studying New England in the 1630s and 1640s. Coined the phrase “City on a Hill” in describing America.
wrote several pamphlets and books during his lifetime on topics as diverse as linguistics, religion, and politics. His book ”The Bloudy Tenent of Persecution, for Cause of Conscience” is his most famous work. The book is written as a conversation between truth and peace, and in it, he makes an argument for states to uphold the freedom of people to follow their conscience
The Federalist Papers
a collection of essays in support of the Constitution of the United States. They were written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay in order to persuade New York State to ratify the Constitution. All 85 papers were published under the pen name “Publius”.
America’s first poet and the first female poet to be published in both the Old and New Worlds. Her Puritan faith influenced much of her writing, though sometimes in very different ways. In ‘Verses Upon the Burning of Our House’, she depends on her faith to get herself through the hardship of losing possessions. But she also criticizes the Puritan belief in the inferior nature of women in her poem ‘In Honour of that High and Mighty Princess, Queen Elizabeth’.
the first African American poet. Bought as a slave when she was very young, she became a celebrated writer of the colonies. Her poems, including ‘On Being Brought from Africa to America,’ both celebrate religion and examine race issues at a time when slavery was still the norm in America.
an early American philosopher and minister who was involved in the 18th century religious revival known as the Great Awakening. His sermon Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God warned sinners that they were going to Hell unless they repented and asked Christ for mercy. The sermon highlights such Puritan ideals as predestination and the tendency towards simple language.
an influential Puritan minister in early America. His book, Pillars of Salt, started a trend of true crime books, and his religious history of the colonies, Magnalia Christi Americana, tells the story of the colonies from a Puritan view. As a history book, it is heavily biased, but it still influenced many later American writers and shaped the way Americans view the early days of America and the Salem Witch Trials
St. Jean de Crevecoeur
a French aristocrat who moved to America in the 1700s and became a farmer. He wrote a fictional “collection of letters from an American farmer” to an English gentleman. In these letters, he describes life in the years leading up to the Revolutionary War and explores what makes America unique and what it means to be American.
an important figure in American history, whose work as a statesman, inventor, and scientist greatly added to America’s advancement. In addition, he became known as an influential writer. His Poor Richard’s Almanack included many lines that are still quoted today, and The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin served as a template of style and substance for future memoir writers.
a famous writer during the American Revolution. His pamphlet Common Sense was written for average Americans and helped spark the Revolutionary War. When the war was underway, he wrote a series of sixteen pamphlets collectively known as The Crisis in America, which encouraged Americans to keep fighting for their freedom from England.