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American History Unit 10

People in the Middle Ages were members of what three classes?

a. merchants
b. noblemen
c. serfs
d. clergy
e. villagers

b c d
During the Middle Ages, land was owned by _____.
Medieval society began to break down before the Crusades because:

1: noblemen owned all the land and the houses
2: jealousies arose between noblemen of various villages
3: the class system failed
4: each village was self-contained

What group was unconcerned about different life styles because their duty was to care for the souls of the people?
The Crusades were a series of religious wars fought between the Christians and the _____.
The significance of Marco Polo’s trip to the Far East was that he returned with stories of:

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1: the Crusades
2: a modern way of life
3: petty jealousies among landlords
4: the Muhammadan way of life

What events led to the Renaissance?

a. printing press
b. education in reading and writing
c. scientific progress
d. weather

a b c
_____ was the most important invention of the Renaissance and allowed for major reforms in education.
The printing press
One of the main roles of a colony was to _____ goods to the mother country.
In mercantilism, a country’s wealth was determined by how much _____ it had.

1: gold and silver
2: slave labor
3: land
4: military strength

Which was NOT a reason that countries financed sea voyages?

1: to establish new governments
2: to extend their trading networks
3: to find new lands
4: to discover natural resources

Which person caused England to become interested in colonization?
Richard Hakluyt
What happened to the first colony in Virginia?

1: Everyone died from disease.
2: The Indians attacked and killed everyone.
3: It mysteriously disappeared.
4: Survivors migrated to Jamestown.

Why was the Jamestown colony situated where it was?

a. to allow people to watch for approaching ships
b. to make the search for gold and silver easier
c. to explore the land
d. to afford protection from the Indians

a d
Who was the person MOST directly responsible for the survival of the Jamestown colony?
John Smith
What three offices made up Virginia’s representative government?

a. mayor
b. governor
c. sheriff
d. council
e. elected representatives from settlements

b d e
What was the chief motivation for the settling of New England?

1: freedom from taxation
2: religious freedom
3: quest for riches

What leader of the Reformation was very influential in Puritan theology?
John Calvin
What was the name of the agreement the Pilgrims wrote while they were aboard ship on their way to the New World?
Mayflower Compact
Why was Roger Williams banished from Massachusetts?

a. He wanted to establish a system of religious laws.
b. He spoke out against religious laws made by the government.
c. He believed Indians should be paid for land taken over by colonists.
d. He preferred the Puritan church to all other religions.

b c
to avoid English taxes
New York
to offer a refuge for English Catholics
to provide a coastline for Pennsylvania
to serve as a haven for Quakers
to act as a buffer against northern expansion of Spanish colonies
to provide land sales to get rich
George Calvert
James, Duke of York
New York
William Penn
wealthy Quakers
New Jersey
James Oglethorpe
William Penn; originally part of Pennsylvania
Which war settled the question of which country controlled the North American continent?

1: French and Indian War
2: Spanish-American War
3: Revolutionary War
4: War of 1812

Before the war, most English colonies were spread along the _____.
eastern coast
increase in old taxes and new taxes on imported goods to raise money for England
Grenville Program
closed all newly acquired lands west of the Allegheny Mountains to colonists
Proclamation Act of 1763
tax on newspapers, pamphlets, legal paper, calendars, playing cards
Stamp Act of 1765
boycott of goods by English colonists
Declaration of Rights and Grievances
only tax on goods that remained after colonist boycott
tax on tea
closed the port of Boston
Intolerable Acts
allowed British troops in the colonies to be housed and fed by colonists
Quartering Act
The Declaration of Rights and Grievances drawn up by the First Continental Congress denounced:
the Intolerable Acts
Before it recessed, the First Continental Congress agreed to:

1: write a Declaration of Independence
2: take up arms against England
3: meet again if grievances against England were not settled
4: elect George Washington president

The representatives drew up a list of colonial rights, which included:

1: life, liberty, property, taxation control
2: liberty, fraternity, happiness
3: liberty and due process
4: the right to boycott

The representatives anticipated that the Declaration of Rights and Grievances would lead to:
Which one of these men was not a representative to the First Continental Congress?

1: John Adams
2: Lafayette
3: Patrick Henry
4: Joseph Galloway

The bold new idea expressed in the Declaration of Independence was the people had rights not necessarily granted by their government. T/F
foreign mercenaries
document stating why colonists were fighting in Boston
Olive Branch Petition
booklet advocating independence from England
Common Sense
directed by Virginia colonists to present a resolution of independence
Richard Henry Lee
wrote Declaration of Independence
Thomas Jefferson
Frenchman who fought for the colonists
What was the significance of the fall of New York?

1: It signaled the end of the Revolutionary war.
2: Colonists cut down trees to slow Burgoyne’s progress to Saratoga where he lost his entire army.
3: Washington was defeated twice by a large British army.
4: Even though it was the capital city, it did not mean the end of the war. It provided the British with comfortable quarters.
5: Washington surprised the Hessians on Christmas Eve while they were celebrating.

What was the significance of the battles of Trenton and Princeton?

1: They signaled the end of the Revolutionary war.
2: Colonists cut down trees to slow Burgoyne’s progress to Saratoga where he lost his entire army.
3: Washington was defeated twice by a large British army.
4: Even though it was the capital city, it did not mean the end of the war. It provided the British with comfortable quarters.
5: Washington surprised the Hessians on Christmas Eve while they were celebrating.

What was the significance of Burgoyne’s march through New York?

1: It signaled the end of the Revolutionary war.
2: Colonists cut down trees to slow Burgoyne’s progress to Saratoga where he lost his entire army.
3: Washington was defeated twice by a large British army.
4: Even though it was the capital city, it did not mean the end of the war. It provided the British with comfortable quarters.
5: Washington surprised the Hessians on Christmas Eve while they were celebrating.

What was the significance of the capture of Philadelphia?

1: It signaled the end of the Revolutionary war.
2: Colonists cut down trees to slow Burgoyne’s progress to Saratoga where he lost his entire army.
3: Washington was defeated twice by a large British army.
4: Even though it was the capital city, it did not mean the end of the war. It provided the British with comfortable quarters.
5: Washington surprised the Hessians on Christmas Eve while they were celebrating.

What was the significance of the battle of Yorktown?

1: It signaled the end of the Revolutionary war.
2: Colonists cut down trees to slow Burgoyne’s progress to Saratoga where he lost his entire army.
3: Washington was defeated twice by a large British army.
4: Even though it was the capital city, it did not mean the end of the war. It provided the British with comfortable quarters.
5: Washington surprised the Hessians on Christmas Eve while they were celebrating.

What were four weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?

a. Congress had no power to levy taxes.
b. The equal voting powers caused disputes between large and small states.
c. Congress had power to levy taxes but no power to collect taxes.
d. Congress controlled trade but not commerce.
e. No system of courts existed in which to try violators of national laws.
f. The smallest states had more voting power.
g. Congress could not control trade or commerce.

b c e g
The convention for revision of the Articles of Confederation elected _____ as chairman.
George Washington
In the Virginia Plan, the two houses of Congress would be populated:

1: according to the free population of each state
2: by two representatives from each state
3: by nomination of the president of the United States
4: in accordance with the geographical size of each state

William Paterson suggested an alternate to the Virginia Plan that was called the:
New Jersey Plan
The result of the “Great Compromise” was:

1: a House membership based on population and a Senate with equal representation
2: a Senate with membership based on population and a House with equal representation
3: a one-person executive branch
4: a federal government that could amend its Constitution

One important feature of the Constitution is that:

1: it cannot be amended
2: its president is chosen by Congress
3: it does not limit the term of the president
4: it divides power between the federal government and the state and local governments

READ:  AP World History Vocab Chapters 16 & 17
first president of the United States
George Washington
first vice president of the United States
John Adams
first ten amendments to the Constitution
Bill of Rights
established a national banking system
Alexander Hamilton
worked out a treaty with England
John Jay
clarified boundary and navigation disputes with Spain
Pinckney’s Treaty
Which departments did George Washington establish as cabinet posts?

a. foreign affairs
b. treasury
c. war
d. vice president
e. attorney general
f. the Supreme Court

a b c e
Which act established the Supreme Court?
Judiciary Act
What were three of Hamilton’s suggestions in his financial program?

a. that states assume the debts of the federal government
b. establish a national bank system
c. that the government be paid without using income taxes
d. place excise taxes on certain goods for government operating money
e. trade with warring nations
f. establish a method of issuing of government bonds

b d f
The _____ opposed the Constitution of the United States and the idea of a strong national government.
Marbury vs. Madison established the principle that:

1: all Supreme Court appointees must receive their commissions
2: the Supreme Court could declare acts of Congress unconstitutional
3: an outgoing president may not appoint people to the Supreme Court
4: the Supreme Court appointees must be confirmed by the chief justice

To reduce the burden of government, Jefferson:

1: eliminated internal excise taxes
2: fired all Federalist officeholders
3: closed the Bank of the United States
4: repealed the Alien and Sedition Acts

Jefferson’s Republican opponent in the 1800 election was:
Aaron Burr
As a result of Jefferson’s concern about government for the common citizen, many states passed laws that:

1: restricted property ownership
2: encouraged immigration
3: reduced state taxes
4: modified voting restrictions

Negotiations with France to purchase Louisiana were motivated by:

1: Robert Livingston, America’s minister in Paris
2: the closing of the port of New Orleans to American traffic
3: America’s desire for more land
4: England’s seizure of New Orleans during its war with France

Jefferson chose _____ to negotiate the Louisiana Purchase.
James Monroe
The War of 1812 began because the British were interfering with American trade and for what other reason?

1: The British were impressing American seamen.
2: The British had placed an embargo on all American ships.
3: The British declared war on the United States.
4: The British were angry about the alliance the Americans had with Spain.

What were the terms of the treaty that ended the War of 1812?

1: The Americans gained all of the British land in Canada.
2: The nations simply agreed to stop fighting.
3: The British had to stop impressing American seamen.
4: The British had to stop interfering with U.S. trade.

One governmental flaw that was discovered after the War of 1812 was a problem of little money to run the government. T/F
What four examples indicate that nationalism was an important concept during the Monroe Era?

a. the Monroe Doctrine
b. increased importance of the Supreme Court in the federal government
c. the Macon Act
d. an embargo act passed which closed all American ports to all foreign ships and stopped American ships from sailing for any foreign ports
e. Marshall’s broad interpretation of the Constitution
f. President Monroe’s travels throughout the country
g. the Federalist Party gaining support

a b e f
Sectionalism is illustrated in the Northeast’s desire for high protective tariffs because the Northeast was becoming an industrial center and needed available money . T/F
The Missouri Compromise of 1820 maintained the political balance between what two groups?

1: Republicans and Democrats
2: slave states and free states
3: Republicans and Federalists
4: Native Americans and settlers

Andrew Jackson’s philosophy of government might be compared to the philosophy of what president?
Jackson was noted for his strong nationalistic foreign policy. T/F
Because of money gained from sale of western lands, the government was able to pay the national debt. T/F
Under the Missouri Compromise, the state of Missouri was admitted as a _____ state.
Slave codes prohibited slaves from:
owning property
In the United States, slaves were used as:
The emergence of slavery in the United States occurred when:

1: industrialization began in the North
2: western land was open for settling
3: fewer indentured servants were available
4: the Civil War began

The South was rural, and _____ was the main occupation of Southerners.
What was the most important issue that separated the South from the rest of the nation?
elected president in 1860
Abraham Lincoln
southern candidate for president in 1860
John Breckenridge
first state to secede from the Union
South Carolina
president of the Confederacy
Jefferson Davis
state in which the Confederation Convention was held
United States president at the time of the secession
James Buchanan
During the Civil War, what region had the advantage of harboring 90% of the county’s industries?
The North planned to blockade Southern ports as part of the war strategy. T/F
During the Civil War, this region had the advantage of only needing to hold its territory and simply fight a defensive war.
General _____ surrendered to General _____ at Appomattox Court House.
Which major Civil War battle is being described below?

This was the bloodiest one-day battle of the Civil War, with twenty-two thousand men losing their lives. General Lee was able to resist the Union army’s attacks five times and kept the Union from reaching a decisive victory when he and his troops slipped away during a break in the fighting.

1: Battle of Shiloh
2: Battle of Vicksburg
3: Battle of Antietam
4: Battle of Gettysburg

Which Civil War general is being described below?

Near the end of the War, a military victory in Atlanta by this general secured Lincoln’s election to a second presidential term. From Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia, he and his troops burned and killed everything in their path.

1: Sherman
2: “Stonewall” Jackson
3: Lee
4: Grant

What government agency was formed to help African Americans adjust to freedom and to protect their civil rights?
Freedman’s Bureau
In 1866, Congress passed the first Civil Rights Act, which granted citizenship to all people born in the United States except which group?
Native Americans
Poll taxes and literacy tests were methods used to exclude black people from voting. T/F
The United States was strongly in favor of Cuban independence from what country?
What two incidents led to the Spanish-American War?

a. the capture of Manila
b. an insulting letter about President McKinley written by the Spanish Ambassador
c. the battle of San Juan Hill
d. the explosion of the battleship Maine in Havana harbor

b d
A change in the United States’ philosophy about interference in the affairs of European nations came about because of the United States’ interference in the affairs of Spain. T/F
When President _____ declared war on Spain, the U.S. foreign policy switched from isolationism to international involvement.
The last battle of the Spanish-American War was a sea battle under the command of Admiral George Dewey. T/F
responsible for standardized parts
Eli Whitney
responsible for factory assembly lines
Henry Ford
discovered oil
Edwin L. Drake
designer of non-Ford automobile
Ransom E. Olds
invented the airplane
Wilbur and Orville Wright
invented the electric light
Thomas A. Edison
invented the telephone
Alexander Graham Bell
_____ were formed with the goals of eliminating competitors and increasing their own profits.
Large corporations that control the markets of certain products and drive out competition from other companies are called _____.
The _____ made sure that antitrust laws were enforced and also protected small businesses so that they had a chance to survive against powerful corporations.

1: Clayton Antitrust Act
2: Federal Competition Law
3: Federal Trade Commission
4: Sherman Antitrust Act

What was the first organized union in the United States?

1: American Federation of Labor
2: Bureau of Labor
3: Knights of Labor
4: National Labor Union

Which labor union formed in 1886, with Samuel Gompers as president, to provide trade unions with a national voice?

1: American Federation of Labor
2: Knights of Labor
3: National Labor Union
4: U.S. Trade Society

Which of the following seven events led to the Great Depression?

a. farmers not producing enough for market
b. over success of large industries
c. overconfidence in the nation’s prosperity
d. large industries not being as successful as they appeared
e. farmers producing more than they could sell
f. competition from foreign countries
g. not enough confidence in the nation’s prosperity
h. the United States extending loans to foreign countries for the purchase of its products
i. the organization of unions that controlled large industry
j. people buying too much on credit
k. speculative buying on the stock market

c d e f h j k
Teapot Dome Scandal
Albert B. Fall
many scandals during his administration
Warren G. Harding
became president after Harding’s death
Calvin Coolidge
president during the Great Depression
Herbert Hoover
The New Deal was a program promised by _____ during his campaign for the presidency.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
The New Deal set policies that promised to:

a. allow the private sector to solve the nation’s economic problems
b. cure the injustices within the business and the financial communities
c. increase trade through tariff protection
d. give relief to labor and to agricultural groups

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b d
Select the bills sent to Congress implementing Roosevelt’s New Deal.

a. Federal Emergency Relief Act
b. The Social Security Act
c. National Agricultural Recovery Act
d. Emergency Banking Act
e. The Agricultural Adjustment Act
f. Home Loan Bank Act
g. Stock Market Security Act

a b d e
Before the Industrial Revolution, the United States became resentful of England for not sharing its technology with the United States. T/F
The United States corporation system was an outgrowth of the New Deal. T/F
The Federal Trade Commission was responsible for protecting large corporations.
In world affairs, Roosevelt advocated a:

1: policy of isolationism
2: policy of extreme nationalism
3: Good Neighbor Policy
4: policy of expansionism

The act that provided for old-age pensions and unemployment insurance was the:

1: Agricultural Adjustment Act
2: Social Security Act
3: National Industrial Recovery Act
4: Federal Emergency Relief Act

The United States’ status of first place among industrial nations was, in part, a result of:

1: an industrial slowdown in Europe
2: the advent of mass production
3: the growth of the agricultural industry
4: the War of 1812

People moved into cities during the Industrial Revolution because:

1: they wanted high factory wages
2: they had lost their homes during the Depression
3: they were attracted by the abundance of city services
4: they were recruited by city factory owners

When unions were first organized, union leaders:

1: were paid larger salaries than nonunion workers
2: promoted strikes among factory workers
3: were blacklisted by factory owners
4: were seriously listened to by factory owners

A government’s desire to conquer areas beyond its border for wealth and strength is an example of:
The New Deal was a set of policies that promised to:

1: keep the United States out of war
2: expand the United States’ sphere of influence in the world
3: cure injustices within the business and financial communities
4: expand industrialization in the United States

In what ways did Hitler break the Versailles Treaty?

a. built up Germany’s military
b. invaded Poland
c. invaded Austria
d. invaded Italy
e. invaded France
f. invaded Czechoslovakia

a b c f
What major world event occurred on December 7, 1941?

1: Pearl Harbor was bombed by the Japanese.
2: Allied forces stormed the beaches of Normandy.
3: The United States declared war on Germany.
4: The atomic bomb was dropped on Japan.

Hitler’s attacks of smaller countries and military build-ups as a result of economic depression led to Europe’s involvement in World War II. T/F
Which World War II event occurred FIRST?

1: The United States entered World War II on the side of the Allies.
2: The Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor.

Axis Power
Allied Power
neutral country
The Pacific campaign was largely conducted by the navy and the marines. T/F
landed troops in North Africa
Dwight D. Eisenhower
dictator of Germany
Adolf Hitler
leader of Tokyo bombing
James H. Doolittle
president who decided to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima
Harry S. Truman
led military in the Pacific
Douglas MacArthur
How did Cold War issues contribute to the Korean War?

1: Conflict over communism eventually led to the invasion of North and South Korea.
2: Conflict over industrialization eventually led to the invasion of North Korea.
3: Conflict over communism eventually led to the invasion of South Korea.

During the Korean War, who sided with South Korea?
United States
The signing of a peace treaty by North Vietnam, the Vietcong, South Vietnam, and the United States occurred in _____ on January 17, 1973.
How many United States troops were in Vietnam by 1964?
How long had President Kennedy been in office when he was assassinated on November 22, 1963?

1: one year and ten months
2: two years and two months
3: two years and ten months
4: three years

Which of Kennedy’s programs was intended to provide funds for social programs and to help in promoting democratic institutions?
Alliance For Progress
President Johnson’s program to create new jobs and to appropriate money to faltering economic areas was called War on _____.
President Johnson’s health insurance plan for the elderly became known as _____.
Trying to end the _____, some people believe President Johnson sacrificed his political career for the cause of peace.
Vietnam War
Which of these demonstrate President Nixon’s expertise in foreign relations matters?

a. Nixon Doctrine
b. visit to China
c. New Federalism
d. Safeguard program

a b
Which three bills did President Nixon propose to Congress that aided United States citizens?

a. Trade Expansion Act
b. Price Commission
c. Appalachia Bill
d. draft lottery
e. Medicare
f. Environmental Protection Agency

b d f
Ford’s administration was plagued by what problem?
An unpopular move by Ford was the pardoning of what president?
President Carter pardoned all men that had run from the draft during what war?
Vietnam War
Carter based his foreign policy on Christian principles. T/F
Carter negotiated peace between Egypt and what other country?
first woman Supreme Court justice
Sandra Day O’Connor
scandalous crime deal with Iran
missile defense system
Star Wars
Ronald Reagan
Reagan’s economic plan
length of hostage captivity
444 days
The Persian Gulf War was against _____.
George H. Bush’s political philosophy was moderate. T/F
George H. Bush raised taxes. T/F
The _____ won control of both houses of Congress in the 1994 elections.
Clinton’s agenda included unpaid leaves from companies for family needs. T/F
The Republicans suffered a net loss of four seats in the House and Senate after the 2004 election. T/F
What was the most significant event of George W. Bush’s presidency?

1: Orchestrating the War in Iraq
2: Overseeing the Persian Gulf War
3: Outlawing same-sex marriage
4: Ending an economic depression

President Kennedy offered to send military advisors to Korea during the Korean Conflict. T/F
One of the terms of the Vietnam treaty was the provision for free elections in South Vietnam. T/F
President Johnson was the originator of the civil rights legislation that was eventually passed by Congress. T/F
Kennedy won the presidency on the basis of his program for:
a New Frontier
Kennedy’s program that signaled a shift in attitude of the United States toward Latin America was called the:
Alliance for Progress
Lyndon Johnson helped settle a potential railroad strike by:

1: ordering men back to work
2: talking with union leaders
3: calling in federal troops
4: holding negotiations at the White House

Richard Nixon’s plan for dismantling the Great Society programs was called:
New Federalism
During Richard Nixon’s administration, the Supreme Court made two major desegregation rulings. One of them stated that:

1: all public school districts must end segregation
2: all poll taxes must be abolished
3: black people may have equal access to public facilities
4: black people must have equal access to housing

Because of the concerns of the public about pollution, Richard Nixon established:

1: the Nixon Doctrine
2: the Federal Trade Commission
3: the Environmental Protection Agency
4: the New Federalism

What did President Nixon’s policy of Vietnamization mean for the United States?

1: Troops would continue to fight until communism was defeated.
2: The war was to be turned back over to the South Vietnamese.
3: The U.S. was to keep any land conquered while helping in Vietnam.
4: Democracy was to be instituted nationwide in Vietnam.

Which president pardoned Richard Nixon?
The hostages were held by Iran during the Presidency of _____.
The most famous piece of equipment launched from a shuttle in earth’s orbit was the _____ Telescope.
Those who oppose abortion argue that the unborn child has the rights of a human being. T/F
The Right to Life group fights against what?
What group was formed in 1979 as an attempt to organize Christian voters?
Moral Majority
The United States has a trade agreement with Canada and Mexico called:

1: the American Trade Contract
2: the America’s Trade Unit
3: the North American Free Trade Agreement
4: the North-South Amity

Education issues are principally about:

1: the nature and quality of education
2: the amount of funding
3: the squabble over scores
4: the control of education

AIDS is an epidemic that has been overcome. T/F
What country was the scene of the bombing of the United States Marine barracks?
The Caribbean island that United States invaded in 1983 was _____.
The first terrorist bombing of the World Trade Center occurred in what year?
The Soviet leader who changed the Soviet Union was:

1: Boris Yeltsin
2: Mikhail Gorbachev
3: Leonid Brezhnev
4: Alexi Andropov

The republics of the Soviet Union agreed to form a loose association of:

1: satellites
2: counties
3: independent countries
4: colonies

The most significant symbol of the Cold War was:

1: the chancellery
2: the bandstag
3: the Berlin Gate
4: the Berlin Wall

East and West Germany were united in:
Iraq invaded the nation of:
Peace ended in Bosnia when:

1: foreign aid ended
2: communism ended
3: the name changed


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American History Unit 10
People in the Middle Ages were members of what three classes? a. merchants b. noblemen c. serfs d. clergy e. villagers
b c d
During the Middle Ages, land was owned by _____.
2017-08-28 11:29:08
2017-11-20 12:40:45
American History Unit 10
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