a narrative poem of popular origin
a mournful poem, esp. one lamenting the dead
a long narrative poem telling of a hero’s deeds
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
A type of poem characterized by brevity, compression, and the expression of feeling.
a poem that tells a story
a lyric poem usually marked by serious, respectful, and exalted feelings toward the subject
A 14 line peom divided into three 4-line stanzas and one 2-line stanza; Follows abab cdcd efef gg rhyme scheme.
The original Italian sonnet form divides the poem’s 14 lines into two parts, an octave (first eight lines) and a sestet (last six lines).
a pause or break within a line of poetry
a stanza consisting of two successive lines of verse
a run-on line of poetry in which logical and grammatical sense carries over from one line into the next
Foot (the type pattern)
A metrical unit composed of stressed and unstressed syllables.
Iamb (one type of foot)
An unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one, as in to-DAY.
Meter (the number of patterns)
The measured pattern of rhythmic accents in poems.
An eight-line unit, which may constitute a stanza; or a section of a poem, as in the octave of a sonnet.
A four-line stanza in a poem, the first four lines and the second four lines in a Petrachan sonnet. A Shakespearean sonnet contains three quatrains followed by a couplet.
A six-line unit of verse constituting a stanza or section of a poem; the last six lines of an Italian sonnet.
A division or unit of a poem that is repeated in the same form–either with similar or identical patterns or rhyme and meter, or with variations from one stanza to another.
The repetition of consonant sounds, especially at the beginning of words.
The repetition of similar vowel sounds in a sentence or a line of poetry or prose.
The use of words to imitate the sounds they describe. Words such as buzz and crack are onomatopoetic.
The matching of final vowel or consonant sounds in two or more words.
The pattern of words that sound alike on the ends.
The recurrence of accent or stress in lines of verse.
The repetition of a similar phrase, line, or group of lines repeated throughout a poem usually in the same place and usually after every stanza.
a rhyme created by two or more words in the same line of verse.
The use of a line, word, or group of words more than once
A brief reference to some person, historical event, work of art, or Biblical or mythological situation or character
Speaking directly to a real or imagined listener or inanimate object; addressing that person or
thing by name.
The associations called up by a word that goes beyond its dictionary meaning. Poets, especially, tend to use words rich in connotation.
A form of language use in which writers and speakers convey something other than the literal meaning of their words. Examples include hyperbole or exaggeration, litotes or understatement, simile and metaphor, which employ comparison, and synecdoche and metonymy, in which a part of a thing stands for the whole.
The dictionary definition of a word.
A figure of speech involving exaggeration.
Image and Imagery
An image is a word or phrase that appeals to one or more of the five senses. Imagery is the writer’s use of words to re-create sensory experiences, such as to create a picture in your mind.
A comparison between essentially unlike things without an explicitly comparative word such as like or as.
The endowment of inanimate objects or abstract concepts with animate or living qualities.
A figure of speech involving a comparison between unlike things using like, as, or as though.
An object or action in a literary work that means more than itself, that stands for something beyond itself.
The implied attitude of a writer toward the subject and characters of a work.
The central message or life application of the work.
a humorous play on words
(Ex. Mercutio : My dream told me that dreamers often lie.
Romeo: They lie in bed while they dream about the truth.
passing reference or indirect mention
(Ex. Queen Mab)