What is an epic poem?
a long poem narrating the heroic exploits of an individual in a way that reveals the beliefs central to the culture of his society.
The story of an epic usually involves adventures of what?
gods that intervene or interfere in the lifes of men to change of course of events.
A epic poem always has a?
What are the traits of the epic hero?
Larger than life in stature (he’s big), capable of great deeds of strength and courage. Adventurous, performs superhuman deeds.
Are all epic heros great warriors and national heroes>
What is the style of writing in an epic poem?
Explain the narrative style.
Speaker is talking about events he witnessed or heard. He talks about events and characters outside main narrative.
What is the language like in a narrative style?
It’s formal. Characters make long, formal speeches.
Epic poems were originally written or were they sung or read?
They were originally sung and recited…not written.
Speaker in epic poem used repetition and images?
What are epic similes and metaphors?
They compare something or some action in the eipic to some natural action or image (landscape, seasons, everyday activities)
What is an ephitet? Give an example
It is a short phrase regularly applied to a person or thing. Used for meaning or rhythm. Ex. Rosy-fingered dawn or wise Odysseus
What is the epic invocation and where does it come in the poem?
It is at the beginning. Its the announcement in first person of the subject of the poem and a brief description of the main action of the poem.
What is a muse?
A goddess of the arts.
Who is the muse of epic poetry?
What is medias res? What does that have to do with epic poems?
It means in the middle of things. Epic poems begin in the “middle of a story” …at a critical point in the story and then the poem goes back to explain the beginning of the story later in the poem.
What are flashbacks?
Points in the story where they go back in time to explain what happened in the beginning of the story. Flashbacks are used to add meaning to the poem.
Give some examples of classic epics>
Epic games, trip to Underworld, vision of future, epic journey,
Give some examples of modern comparisons.
Star Wars, Raiders of Lost Ark, Batman, Spiderman
What does Odyssey mean? Who wrote the Odyssey and the Illiad?
It means the tale of Odysseus. It was written by Homer
What does a hero do?
He lives and dies for the sake of honor
What does arete mean
what does aristeia mean
display of skill or prowess
many turnings or many ways…used to describe Odysseus
ancient Greek city state
describe tragic and comic impulses
tragedy = truth is to die
comedy = somehow escaping looks inevitable.
extension of metaphysical space and time (parousia)
Gods enter into human history to work with the hero to establish a new order or world.
Equalizing of Masculine and Fem forces
Epics begin in a state of inequalibility. The purpose of the epic is to bring balance.
to make or create a new world, universe, culture, nation