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Music 121 Test 1

Music is exclusively the art of
sound in time
Pitch is the quality of
highness or lowness of a sound
What is another name for pitch?
note
In which language are dynamics generally described
Italian
Which dynamic indication is the softest?
pianissimo
Which of the following lists of dynamics shows a change from louder to softer
mezzo forte; mezzo piano; piano
Which term indicates a gradual increase in dynamic level?
crescendo
What is another name for tone color
timbre
Which is not an example of “beating time”
a pianist playing an intricate, syncopated rthym
giving the beat an accent means:
making some of the beats more empathetic than others
Any reoccurring pattern of strong and weak beats
meter
Placement of accents away from their normal places in a meter are
syncopation
Tempo is the term for the
speed at which beats follow one another
A metronome is
a device for keeping the beat
Which set of tempo markings is arranged in order from faster to slower
allegro;moderato;adante
An interval is
the distance or difference between two pitches
The set of seven pitches used in Western Music is called
diatonic scale
The chromatic scale consists of
all white and black keys on the piano and is all half steps
Tunes tend to be
simple and easily singable
The moments at the ends of phrases where a melody pauses or stops all together is called
cadences
The shortest identifiable melodic idea is called a
motive
Motives are by definitions
breif
A chord that s0unds discordant, unstable, or in need of resolution is called
dissonant
A chord that creates a sense of rest can be described as
consonant
The three main textures of Western art music are
monophony,homophony,and polyphony
The texture of a single melody played without accompaniment is
monophony
Homophony occurs
when the melody is heard in one line and the
The texture that combines two or more individual melody lines simultaneously
homophony
The principle of organizing music around a central or home pitch is
tonality
moving from one key to another in the middle of the composition is called
modulation
Though there are exceptions, music in minor mode can sometimes be described as_____, where as that in major mode can sometimes be described as _____
sad; happy
The most important foundation in form is
repetition and contrast
In a piece of music that can be diagrammed as A B A, the A indicates____, and the B indicates_____
repetition and contrast
Which shows the correct order from lowest range to highest range in the violin family?
double bass, cello, viola, violin
The following are all woodwind instruments, EXCEPT:
French Horn
Which lists the brass family in order from the lowest range to the highest range?
tuba, trombone, French horn, Trumpet
Which of these instruments is capable of playing melodies
xylophone
The middle ages, or medieval era, covers the time period of the
600-1450
The early history of Western music was dominated by
the christian church
The single line melodies of the early christian church are known as
madrigals
Another term for Georgian chant is
plainchant
Who is traditionally associated with collecting and codifying the chants of the church
pope Gregory
Which two characteristics do all plainchants share?
All are non metrical and are monophonic
Higdegard of Bigen was all of the following except
a queen
The torubadours, trouveres, and minnesingers were
poets composers and musicians
The few surviving medieval court dances are called
estampies
The earliest type of polophony, dating from around C.E 900 was:
organum
Early polyphony had its beginnings at
Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris
Who were the two great composers of the Notre Dame School?
Leonin and Perotin
An outstanding composer of the French ars nova was
Guillaume de Machaut
What was the new, preferred texture of early Renaissance music
homophony
The five key sections of the polyphonic mass are
Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei
The dates of the Renaissance are
1450-1600
The muscial term for the voices alone is
a cappella
The two techniques were blended to form the compositional style for the mass
imitative counterpoint and homophony
Who was the first mater of the High Renaissance style, including the Mass?
Josquin Desprez
The style of setting words to music using rhythms that approximate human speech is called
declamation
What is the device used by Renaissance Composer of Roman Catholic Church music during the counter-reformation
Giovanni da Palestrina
A short peice of music set to a one stanza poem of a secular nature with each part sung typically by one singer, and having alternating sections of homophony and polyphony, is a
Italian Madrigal
A Stylized dance is one that
was composed to just be played, not to be danced to

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Music 121 Test 1
Artscolumbia
Artscolumbia
Music is exclusively the art of
sound in time
Pitch is the quality of
highness or lowness of a sound
2017-08-29 09:09:17
2017-09-06 05:41:01
Music 121 Test 1
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