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General Science Unit 1

Name given by Leeuwenhoek to the microorganism he viewed through his microscope.
animalcules
machine that separates seeds, hulls and foreign materials from cotton in quantity.
cotton gin
large generator
dynamo
scientist engaged in applying scientific principles to the invention or manufacture of machines.
engineer
Enlargement of material when heated.
expansion
Device for producing electricity.
generator
An explosive substance used in gunnery and blasting.
gunpowder
A man-made hill or ramp.
inclined plane
The manufacture of goods.
industry
The change from an agricultural to industrial society in England 1750-1850.
Industrial Revolution
A device for viewing things which are invisible to the unaided human eye.
microscope
A measure of pressure exerted on material.
stress
Application of science to practical uses.
technology
The measure of stress at the moment of tearing apart.
tensile strength
A device that uses running water to grind grain.
water mill
Capable of being broken by bacteria action.
biodegradable
Process of reproducing many identical organisms from pre-existing genes.
cloning
Twisted strand of molecules in a cell nucleus containing genes and hereditary information.
DNA
Study of cellular structure of organisms and microorganisms.
microbiology
The contamination of the earth.
pollution
a device used by the ancient Egyptians to fill their irrigation ditches in the Nile River.
shaduf
Technology is ___ science that makes ___ science useful and practical.
applying, pure
Science extends our understanding of ____.
creation
Technology has given rise to _____.
industry
____ are always used in technology.
scientific discoveries
The maximum stress which a material can withstand when it is pulled apart is its ____.
tensile strength
In ____ useful products are made.
industry
Bridge building is the business of ____.
civil engineers
Men and women where originally created by ____ as extremely intelligent beings.
God
One example of technology in the Bible is the construction of the ____ by Noah.
ark
_____ has shown that ancient people had understanding of scientific principles, had understanding of mathematics, and developed technologies which somehow were lost.
archaeology
To build the pyramids, the Egyptians may have used long _____.
inclined planes
Some of the technology and scientific knowledge of ancient humans were lost when the great library in _____, Egypt, was destroyed.
Alexandria
The ____ was a more effective weapon than the normal bow because it used a reel, giving more power to the bow string, it was held horizontally, it shot a bolt rather than an arrow, it could shoot harder and farther.
crossbow
Grinding wheat and saw lumber were made easier by the used of _____.
water wheels
The ___ was possible because of the many inventions of the Middle Ages.
Renaissance
One of the most momentous inventions of history was ____.
Gutenberg’s printing press
An important invention developed late in the Renaissance by Antony van Leeuwenhoek was the ____.
microscope
The first book produced with moveable type was ____.
Bible
Chinese technology invented _____.
gunpowder
Which two men developed the steam engine
Newcomen, Watt
The Christian physicist who invented the generator was ____.
Faraday
The major source of power for post-Renaissance industry prior to the invention of the generator was ____.
steam engine
Technological advances speeded up the ____ century.
20th
____ has helped industrial nations to increase life spans.
technology
_____ launched the first satellite: Sputnik.
Russia
Advances in rocketry and space travel have resulted in improvements in ____ .
communication
The scientific study of cells or microorganism is called _____.
microbiology
The physical traits of an individual are inherited through information stored _____ in the ____.
chemically, DNA
The process of duplication from pre-existing genes is called ____.
cloning
Technological advances in microbiology which indicates;
cells and microorganism are extremely complex, life could not originate solely by chemical combinations
What factors are required for cloning
DNA, a living organism or plant
Some major concerns of physical science are ____.
space exploration and national defense
Some major concerns of earth science are ___, ___, and ___.
pollution, mineral location, new energy sources
Some major concerns of life science are ____ and ____.
microbiology advances, cloning procedures
The purpose of ____ is to solve problems and meet needs.
technology
If used with godly wisdom, the earth has ____ resources to sustain its human population.
sufficient
All scientist agree that ___ will be used up in a few decades.
fossil fuels
One problem caused by ____ is that of pollution.
technology
The greatest problem facing the use of nuclear power plants is ___.
disposal of radioactive wastes
Types of fossil fuels include ____, ___ and ____.
oil, coal, natural gas
Philosophy is not considered science because it lacks _____.
experimentation
Alchemy was practiced ____.
in the Middle Ages
Besides using some measure of science, alchemists resorted to using __ to do what science seemed unable to accomplish.
magic
The time of the revival of learning in areas such as the Bible, art, and true science is called;
Renaissance period
The astronomer who agreed with the heliocentric theory and was imprisoned for his investigation was ______
Galileo
A Christian Renaissance scientist, considered possibly the greatest scientist of all time was ___.
Newton
Law of gravitations
Newton
Vaccines
Pasteur
Atomic theory
Dalton
Three laws of motion
Newton
Showed spontaneous generation to be false
Pasteur
Partial gas pressure laws
Dalton
Disease-causing bacteria
Pasteur
The French biologist ___ proposed that; physical traits acquired after birth could be given to offspring.
LaMarck
It is stated by come evolutionary scientists today that small dinosaurs eventually developed wings from jumping out of trees and then passed this acquired skill on to their descendants. ___ developed this theory
LaMarck
___ theory of evolutionary development has been proven to be false.
LaMarck
The two elements discovered by Marie Curie are ___ and ___
radium, polonium
Albert Einstein discovered the mathematical relationship between __ and ____.
matter, energy
steps of scientific method;
define the problem, propose a hypothesis, conduct a literature search, devise an experiment to prove or disprove, state conclusions.
It is generally ____ to disprove a hypothesis.
easier

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General Science Unit 1
Artscolumbia
Artscolumbia
Name given by Leeuwenhoek to the microorganism he viewed through his microscope.
animalcules
machine that separates seeds, hulls and foreign materials from cotton in quantity.
2017-08-28 11:20:39
2017-09-06 05:42:49
General Science Unit 1
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