General Science Unit 1
Name given by Leeuwenhoek to the microorganism he viewed through his microscope.
machine that separates seeds, hulls and foreign materials from cotton in quantity.
scientist engaged in applying scientific principles to the invention or manufacture of machines.
Enlargement of material when heated.
Device for producing electricity.
An explosive substance used in gunnery and blasting.
A man-made hill or ramp.
The manufacture of goods.
The change from an agricultural to industrial society in England 1750-1850.
A device for viewing things which are invisible to the unaided human eye.
A measure of pressure exerted on material.
Application of science to practical uses.
The measure of stress at the moment of tearing apart.
A device that uses running water to grind grain.
Capable of being broken by bacteria action.
Process of reproducing many identical organisms from pre-existing genes.
Twisted strand of molecules in a cell nucleus containing genes and hereditary information.
Study of cellular structure of organisms and microorganisms.
The contamination of the earth.
a device used by the ancient Egyptians to fill their irrigation ditches in the Nile River.
Technology is ___ science that makes ___ science useful and practical.
Science extends our understanding of ____.
Technology has given rise to _____.
____ are always used in technology.
The maximum stress which a material can withstand when it is pulled apart is its ____.
In ____ useful products are made.
Bridge building is the business of ____.
Men and women where originally created by ____ as extremely intelligent beings.
One example of technology in the Bible is the construction of the ____ by Noah.
_____ has shown that ancient people had understanding of scientific principles, had understanding of mathematics, and developed technologies which somehow were lost.
To build the pyramids, the Egyptians may have used long _____.
Some of the technology and scientific knowledge of ancient humans were lost when the great library in _____, Egypt, was destroyed.
The ____ was a more effective weapon than the normal bow because it used a reel, giving more power to the bow string, it was held horizontally, it shot a bolt rather than an arrow, it could shoot harder and farther.
Grinding wheat and saw lumber were made easier by the used of _____.
The ___ was possible because of the many inventions of the Middle Ages.
One of the most momentous inventions of history was ____.
Gutenberg’s printing press
An important invention developed late in the Renaissance by Antony van Leeuwenhoek was the ____.
The first book produced with moveable type was ____.
Chinese technology invented _____.
Which two men developed the steam engine
The Christian physicist who invented the generator was ____.
The major source of power for post-Renaissance industry prior to the invention of the generator was ____.
Technological advances speeded up the ____ century.
____ has helped industrial nations to increase life spans.
_____ launched the first satellite: Sputnik.
Advances in rocketry and space travel have resulted in improvements in ____ .
The scientific study of cells or microorganism is called _____.
The physical traits of an individual are inherited through information stored _____ in the ____.
The process of duplication from pre-existing genes is called ____.
Technological advances in microbiology which indicates;
cells and microorganism are extremely complex, life could not originate solely by chemical combinations
What factors are required for cloning
DNA, a living organism or plant
Some major concerns of physical science are ____.
space exploration and national defense
Some major concerns of earth science are ___, ___, and ___.
pollution, mineral location, new energy sources
Some major concerns of life science are ____ and ____.
microbiology advances, cloning procedures
The purpose of ____ is to solve problems and meet needs.
If used with godly wisdom, the earth has ____ resources to sustain its human population.
All scientist agree that ___ will be used up in a few decades.
One problem caused by ____ is that of pollution.
The greatest problem facing the use of nuclear power plants is ___.
disposal of radioactive wastes
Types of fossil fuels include ____, ___ and ____.
oil, coal, natural gas
Philosophy is not considered science because it lacks _____.
Alchemy was practiced ____.
in the Middle Ages
Besides using some measure of science, alchemists resorted to using __ to do what science seemed unable to accomplish.
The time of the revival of learning in areas such as the Bible, art, and true science is called;
The astronomer who agreed with the heliocentric theory and was imprisoned for his investigation was ______
A Christian Renaissance scientist, considered possibly the greatest scientist of all time was ___.
Law of gravitations
Three laws of motion
Showed spontaneous generation to be false
Partial gas pressure laws
The French biologist ___ proposed that; physical traits acquired after birth could be given to offspring.
It is stated by come evolutionary scientists today that small dinosaurs eventually developed wings from jumping out of trees and then passed this acquired skill on to their descendants. ___ developed this theory
___ theory of evolutionary development has been proven to be false.
The two elements discovered by Marie Curie are ___ and ___
Albert Einstein discovered the mathematical relationship between __ and ____.
steps of scientific method;
define the problem, propose a hypothesis, conduct a literature search, devise an experiment to prove or disprove, state conclusions.
It is generally ____ to disprove a hypothesis.