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Chapter 26 The Roaring Twenties

flapper
flapper
nickname for the stereotypical 1920s woman who bobbed her hair, shortened her skirt, drank and spoke openly.
prohibition
prohibition
the banning of alcohol via the 18th amendment
Al Capone
Al Capone
Nicknamed Scarface; he was the most successful gangster of the Prohibition era
bootlegging
bootlegging
the illegal selling and transportation of alcohol
Scopes Trial
Scopes Trial
A famous trial nicknamed the Scopes Monkey Trial that debated evolution vs. creationism. John T. Scopes was tried for teaching evolution.
drys
drys
Supported Prohibition; opposite of the “wets”
cloche hats
cloche hats
Fashion trends such as close fitting hats that showed off a woman’s bob
21st Amendment
21st Amendment
The amendment that repealed prohibition in 1933.
Harlem
Harlem
Section of New York City where African Americans experience more social freedoms and equality during the 1920s.
Harlem Renaissance
A social, political, and cultural movement in which African Americans were freer to speak and act.
Teapot Dome Scandal
Teapot Dome Scandal
This was a bribery incident that took place in the United States from 1920 to 1923, during the administration of President Warren G. Harding about selling bribes for oil rich lands.
Margaret Sanger
Margaret Sanger
Early feminist and women’s rights activist who coined the term “birth control” and worked towards its legalization.
KKK
KKK
This post Civil War terrorist group reorganized in the 1920s and stressed white, anglo-saxon, fundamentalist protestant supremacy.
The Birth of a Nation
The Birth of a Nation
The film was a commercial success, but was highly controversial owing to its portrayal of black men (played by white actors in blackface) as unintelligent and sexually aggressive towards white women, and the portrayal of the Ku Klux Klan (whose original founding is dramatized) as a heroic force.
Stock Market Crash
Stock Market Crash
Also known as Black Tuesday began in late October 1929 and was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States, when taking into consideration the full extent and duration of its fallout. The crash signaled the beginning of the 13-year Great Depression that affected all Western industrialized countries.
Jazz Age
Jazz Age
This age was a feature of the 1920s when jazz music and dance became popular. The Jazz Age is often referred to in conjunction with the phenomenon referred to as the Roaring Twenties.
The Red Scare
The Red Scare
This began following the Bolshevik Russian Revolution of 1917 during the intensely patriotic years of World War I as Americans feared communism and anarchists.
modernism
Traditional ways of thinking and creating art were being rejected and replaced with new understandings and forms of expression.
Spirit of St. Louis
Spirit of St. Louis
Charles Lindbergh flew this plane in the first solo non-stop trans-Atlantic flight in 1927.
buying on margin
buying on margin
Purchasing stocks on credit
Tommy gun
Tommy gun
The Thompson sub machine gun was invented in 1918 as a trench broom for WWI. When the war ended, this gun was sold to gangsters.
speakeasies
speakeasies
Illegal bars that used a secret word to enter.
Marcus Garvey
Marcus Garvey
Leading spokesman for Negro nationalism and called upon African American to leave the US to return to Africa.
tin lizzie
tin lizzie
Another term for the Model T that was invented by Henry Ford.
hooch
Term for illegal alcohol.
Great Migration
Great Migration
Movement of African American from the Jim Crow south to northern cities.
fundamentalism
Anti-modernism Protestant movement started in the early 20th century that proclaimed the literal truth of the Bible.
Sigmund Freud
Sigmund Freud
Founder of psychoanalysis which suggested that human behavior was motivated by the unconscious mind.
Sacco and Vanzetti Trial
Sacco and Vanzetti Trial
Italian immigrants who were arrested for stealing and murder and convicted on circumstantial evidence. Trial biased against their anarchist ties and sentenced to death in the electric chair.
Warren G. Harding
Warren G. Harding
Promised America a “return to normalcy” after WWI; corruption plagued his presidency as his “Ohio gang” got him into political trouble.
nativism
nativism
Policy of favoring native born citizens over foreign born ones that became wildly popular in the US during WWI.
Calvin Coolidge
Calvin Coolidge
“Keep Cool with Coolidge” was his campaign slogan; known for speaking very few words
Herbert Hoover
Herbert Hoover
President during the stock market crash and felt that economy would soon bounce back
Gertrude Ederle
Gertrude Ederle
First woman to swim across the English Channel
Babe Ruth
Babe Ruth
The Sultan of Swat
George Gershwin
George Gershwin
Famous 1920s composer who wrote Rhapsody in Blue
Louis Armstrong
Louis Armstrong
Nicknamed Reverend Satchel Mouth or Satchmo; famous jazz trumpeter
Jack Dempsey
Jack Dempsey
Famous Irish bare knuckled boxer; heavyweight champion of the world!
F. Scott Fitzgerald
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Famous 1920s author known for his books depicting the lives of the rich during that era.
Bessie Smith
Bessie Smith
Jazz singer who was at once the highest paid singer in the US; chased the KKK away after they threatened her
Langston Hughes
Langston Hughes
Famous Harlem Renaissance author

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Chapter 26 The Roaring Twenties
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flapper
flapper
nickname for the stereotypical 1920s woman who bobbed her hair, shortened her skirt, drank and spoke openly.
2017-08-29 09:10:11
2017-09-06 05:39:44
Chapter 26 The Roaring Twenties
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