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Art History Test 2

a. the establishment of strong nation-states under powerful kings
The early middle ages are associated with all of the following EXCEPT:
a. the establishment of strong nation-states under powerful kings
b. the lingering effects of the Roman Empire’s collapse
c. the expansion of Germanic tribes across Europe
d. the spread of Muslims and Islamic influence into Europe
b. abstract geometric and floral patterns
Of what do early Islamic paintings mainly consist:
a. depictions of Muhammad dictating the Koran
b. abstract geometric and floral patterns
c. landscapes and still lives
d. images of Allah seated in heaven
c. sahn and qibla
Two features all mosques share are the
a. qibla and hadj
b. hadj and mihrab
c. sahn and qibla
d. mihrab and muezzin
d. a tower from which a crier calls Muslims to prayer
What is a minaret?
a. a small niche indicating the direction toward Mecca
b. an enclosed courtyard inside a mosque
c. a prayer wall
d. a tower from which a crier calls Muslims to prayer
a. a small niche indicating the direction toward Mecca
What is a mihrab?
a. a small niche indicating the direction toward Mecca
b. a prayer wall
c. an enclosed courtyard inside a mosque
d. a tower from which a crier calls Muslims to prayer
c. the construction of a Christian cathedral inside it
In the sixteenth century, the Great Mosque of Cordoba was damaged by:
a. a fire set by a radical priest
b. an occupying army
c. the construction of a Christian cathedral inside it
d. an earthquake
b. Germanic
The culture of northern Europe in the early Middle ages could best be described as:
a. Hellenistic
b. Germanic
c. Roman
d. Muslim
a. Ireland
The “Hiberno” in Hiberno-Saxon artwork refers to:
a. Ireland
b. Germany
c. England
d. Denmark
a. Book of Kells
Probably the most famous medieval Hiberno-Saxon manuscript is the:
a. Book of Kells
b. Book of Aachen
c. Book of Alcuin
d Book of Tunc
b. vellum
Illuminated manuscripts were often made on high-quality calfskin parchment known as:
a. scriptorium
b. vellum
c. crucifexerant
d. clerestory
c. surface depth
Illuminated manuscripts evidenced all of the following qualities EXCEPT:
a. interlacing patterns
b. optical illusions
c. surface depth
d. religious symbolism
d. He replaced Latin with German as the language of scholarship
Which of the following statements about Charlemagne is FALSE?
a. he established a unified code of laws for his empire
b. he instituted a program to improve education in his realm
c. he established a political organization based on that of ancient Rome
d. He replaced Latin with German as the language of scholarship
d. emperors of Rome
The equestrian statuette of Charlemagne from Metz exemplifies the Frankish king’s attempt to identify himself with:
a. gods of Roman mythology
b. Germanic kings who overran the Roman empire
c. early apostles of Jesus Christ
d. emperors of Rome
a. Odo
Who designed the palace chapel at Charlemagne’s imperial capital?
a. Odo
b. Alcuin
c. Columba
d. Charles Martel
b. central planning
What architectural feature did Charlemagne’s palace chapel share with the Church of San Vitale in Ravenna?
a. a cruciform layout
b. central planning
c. elaborate, Byzantine frescoes
d. a vast number of columns
c. Aachen
In the late 8th century, Charlemagne moved his capital to which city, where he had an impressive palace chapel built?
a. Venice
b. Paris
c. Aachen
d. Rome
c. houses for the physical remains of saints
In the middle ages, Christians often made pilgrimages to reliquaries, which are best defined as:
a. mineral spring baths
b. military outposts in the Holy Land during the Crusades
c. houses for the physical remains of saints
d. monasteries where devout monks could be asked to pray for divine intercession
d. Compostela
Located in northwestern Spain, one of the most popular pilgrimage sites was a shrine to Santiago at:
a. Leon
b. Burgos
c. Rocesvalles
d. Compostela
a. France
Which region of Europe housed the most innovative works of the Romanesque period?
a. France
b. Germany
c. Italy
d. Spain
b. Vikings
The Normans were descended from the:
a. Celts
b. Vikings
c. Magyars
d. French
c. urban renewal
The Romanesque perido can be characterized as a period of:
a. wars and civil unrest
b. economic decline
c. urban renewal
d. strong imperial rule
b. Conques
The earliest surviving example of a pilgrimage church was dedicated to Sainte Foy and built at:
a. Arles
b. Conques
c. Limoges
d. Bordeaux
d. an ambulatory
In order to accommodate large crowds without interfering with the duties of the clergy, the builders of Sainte-Foy extended the side aisles around the transept and apse to create:
a. an abutment
b. a chevet
c. a nave
d. an ambulatory
a. the replacement of wooden roofs with stone barrel vaults
Which important new architectural development appeared in Romanesque churches?
a. the replacement of wooden roofs with stone barrel vaults
b. the introduction of ionic columns to support higher walls
c. the addition of a central dome atop the church
d. the addition of a transept to create a cruciform plan
d. radiating vaulting
The three main vaulting systems of Romanesque churches include all of the following EXCEPT:
a. rib vaulting
b. groin vaulting
c. barrel vaulting
d. radiating vaulting
d. a series of images creating a religious narrative
In the context of a medieval church, what is a program
a. the choice of vaulting for the church
b. the rules that governed the clergy who occupied the church
c. a figurative set of Gregorian chants sung before each service
d. a series of images creating a religious narrative
c. tympanum
What is the name of the half-circle atop a portal that depicts a religious scene in Romanesque architecture?
a. trumeau
b. mandorla
c. tympanum
d. lintel
b. to the right of Christ
In christian iconography such as in the Last Judgment on the portal of Sainte-Foy, those who will be save are depicted
a. to the left of Christ
b. to the right of Christ
c. immediately below Christ
d. immediately above Christ
a. a circle of light encompassing the whole body of a divine figure
What is a mandorla?
a. a circle of light encompassing the whole body of a divine figure
b. an artistic motif that depicts a baby as a little adult
c. an arch made from a series of small stones
d. a musical instrument played to accompany Gregorian chants
a. an altarpiece with three sections
What is a triptych?
a. an altarpiece with three sections
b. a three-sided decorated column
c. the long hall into which a Romanesque portal opens
d. a Romanesque motif showing all three incarnations of the Christian God: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit
b. lively, naturalistic depictions of saints
Romanesque illuminated manuscripts demonstrate all of the following characteristics EXCEPT:
a. the animated quality of letters
b. lively, naturalistic depictions of saints
c. intertwining human, animal, and floral forms
d. the use of flattened space
a. the Norman invasion of England in 1066
What historical event does the Bayeux Tapestry commemorate?
a. the Norman invasion of England in 1066
b. the legendary conversion of Constantine in the fourth century
c. the coronation of Charlemagne in 800
d. the fall of Rome in 476
d. an embroidery
The Bayeux Tapestry is actually not a tapestry; rather, it is
a. a frieze
b. a capital decoration
c. an illuminated manuscript
d. an embroidery
b. naturalism
Romanesque art overall exhibits all of the following features EXCEPT:
a. flat space
b. naturalism
c. inorganic figures
d. lively, decorative stylization
a. secular character
An unusual feature of the Bayeux Tapestry compared to other Romanesque art is its:
a. secular character
b. use of decorative borders
c. static and stylized figures
d. combination of human and animal imagery
a. the New Testament
The tympanums of the Royal Portal at Chartres depict scenes from:
a. the New Testament
b. the Old Testament
c. French history
d. Classical mythology
b. Cologne
Until 1890, the tallest building in the world was a Gothic cathedral located where?
a. Chartres
b. Cologne
c. Reims
d. Salisbury
b. High Gothic statues were more naturalistic
As reflected in the differences between the door jamb statues on the west side of Chartres and those on its south, HIgh Gothic differed from early Gothic in that:
a. High Gothic statues were more stylized
b. High Gothic statues were more naturalistic
c. High Gothic statues were fully frontal
d. High Gothic statues were less individualistic
c. they were built primarily in rural areas
Which of the following statements about cathedrals is FALSE?
a. By definition, they served as the seats of bishops
b. they were owned by towns or cities
c. they were built primarily in rural areas
d. they developed their own schools and universities
a. the Virgin Mary
To whom were most French and Gothic Cathedrals dedicated?
a. the Virgin Mary
b. Jesus
c. Saint Peter
d. a local saint important to the Cathedral was built
b. blue and red
What were the most common colors used in Gothic stained-glass windows?
a. red and gold
b. blue and red
c. gold and green
d. blue and gold
c. armature
What is the term for the iron frame that holds together individual units in a stained-glass window?
a. web
b. tracery
c. armature
d. colonette
b. wall
Which of the following elements is NOT a part of a Gothic structure’s skeleton
a. buttress
b. wall
c. pier
d. rib
c. luminosity and height
High Gothic cathedrals were measured according to which two criteria?
a. luminosity and length
b. height and spaciousness
c. luminosity and height
d. spaciousness and length
a. twelve
Each series of images circling the rose window on the north transept of Chartres consists of how many images?
a. twelve
b. three
c. ten
d. fourteen
b. the lineage of the French kings
Which of the following groups is NOT represented in the arches of the Royal Portal of Chartres?
a. the Seven Liberal Arts
b. the lineage of the French kings
c. Old Testament Kings and Queens
d. McLaren has a smelly butt
c. rounded arches
Which of the following architectural features was NOT a standard part of Gothic architecture
a. rib vaults
b. compound piers
c. rounded arches
d. flying buttresses
a. web
What term is used to identify the infilling, or surface of a vault?
a. web
b. rib
c. facade
d. jamb
d. Italy
Which region of Europe adopted the Gothic style last and abandoned it the soonest?
a. France
b. Germany
c. Spain
d. Italy
c. laypeople positioned below saints and clergy
Which of the following organizing principles is typical of Gothic manuscript illuminations
a. clergy and laypeople positioned to the left of saints
b. clergy and laypeople positioned below the saints
c. laypeople positioned below saints and clergy
d. clergy and laypeople positioned to the right of saints
d. Sugar
Who is credited with inventing the Gothic style?
a. Gabriel
b. William
c. Denis
d. Sugar
c. France
Where did the Gothic style originate?
a. Germany
b. Spain
c. France
d. Italy
b. it was so named because of its German origins and distinctly Germanic traits
Which of the following statements about Gothic architecture is FALSE?
a. it was based partly on musical and mathematic ratios
b. it was so named because of its German origins and distinctly Germanic traits
c. It was designed to reflect both spirituality and the divine rights of kings
d. it exploited a belief in the miraculous and mystical effects of light
a. figures’ faces turned away from the picture plane
Which of the following elements is more characteristic of the work of Giotto than the work of Duccio, as exemplified in their respective renditions of the Kiss of Judas?
a. figures’ faces turned away from the picture plane
b. long, curvilinear planes
c. exterior choreographed quality to the various figures in the scene
d. a cluttered landscape to accentuate the sparse numbers of figures
b. Lorenzetti
Who painted Allegories of Good and Bad Government (1338-1339)?
a. Giotto
b. Lorenzetti
c. Pisanco
d. Duccio
c. was more cluttered and richly drawn
An important difference between the work of Duccio and that of Giotto is that Duccio’s work
a. gave figures and objects a sense of weightlessness
b. exhibited block-like sculptural forms instead of elegant ones
c. was more cluttered and richly drawn
d. used gold lines rather than shading to define form
d. Mary
Who was the central and largest figure in Duccio’s Maesta?
a. Jesus
b. John the Baptist
c. St. Peter
d. Mary
b. depiction of hell
The most medieval element of the Arena Chapel is the
a. bodily proportions of the infant Jesus
b. depiction of hell
c. theatrical composition
d. use of gazes to focus the viewer’s attention on certain elements of the scene
c. uses fewer figures in order to enhance the dramatic essence of the scene
An important distinction between the Nativities and Annunciations depicted by Pisano and Giotto is that Giotto’s rendering:
a. shows Mary staring straight forward, drawing the viewer into the scene
b. clutters the scene with more persons and more narrative
c. uses fewer figures in order to enhance the dramatic essence of the scene
d. evidences the strong influence of classical Roman poses
d. a gironata
The patch of a fresco painting that an artist completed in a day was called
a. an arriccio
b. a sinopia
c. an intonaco
d. a gironata
a. included flat, round halos that do not turn with the heads of the figures
In their respective renderings of Madonna Enthroned, both Cimabue and Giotto:
a. included flat, round halos that do not turn with the heads of the figures
b. depicted the infant Jesus with the proportions of an infant
c. use draperies to suggest organic weight and form
d. provide a naturalistic rather than a stylized depiction of human form
c. gesso
In late medieval wooden panel painting, before paint was applied the wood was prepared with several layers of:
a. predella
b. tempera
c. gesso
d. giornata
d. Padua
The Arena Chapel, site of giotto’s best preserved work, is located in:
a. Venice
b. Florence
c. Naples
d. Padua
d. Cimabue
Who is generally regarded as the last great Italian painted in the Byzantine tradition?
a. Giotto
b. Pisaro
c. Duccio
d. Cimabue
b. an indifference to nature
All of the following elements were part of the Renaissance EXCEPT:
a. the rise of humanism
b. an indifference to nature
c. the celebration of individual artists
d. the artistic illusion of three-dimensional space
a. the middle class
During the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, artists generally came from
a. the middle class
b. the peasantry
c. the aristocracy
d. the ranks of wealthy commoners
d. poses and draperies that show a clear Classical Roman influence
Cimabue’s Madonna Enthroned exhibits all of the following characteristics EXCEPT:
a. the Christ Child depicted in the form of an adult
b. long, thin human fingers
c. the use of gold in a manner reminiscent of Byzantine art
d. poses and draperies that show a clear Classical Roman influence
b. revival of interest in Greek and Roman arts and letters
A defining characteristic of the Renaissance was a:
a. skeptical form of rationalism that rejected most aspects of Christianity
b. revival of interest in Greek and Roman arts and letters
c. self-conscious attempt to throw off the shackles of tradition and create and entirely new artistic style
a. Italy
The Renaissance first began to emerge in what region?
a. Italy
b. Germany
c. Spain
d. France
d. a bulky, masculine figure in David
Donatello’s David contains all the following elements EXCEPT:
a. implicit homosexual imagery
b. a revival of antique forms
c. complex religious and political allegories
d. a bulky, masculine figure in David
d. the increased use of stained glass windows
Which is NOT an important development in Early Renaissance art and architecture?
a. the development of illusionism
b. the increased popularity of the equestrian portrait
c. the invention of one-point perspective
d. the increased use of stained glass windows
a. a languid, placid style
Hugo’s Portinari Altarpiece exhibits all of the following characteristics EXCEPT
a. a languid, placid style
b. rich, deep colors
c. ordinary objects imbued with Christian meaning
d. patrons depicted as larger than saints
c. Alberti
Who authored both On Architecture and On Painting, the first Renaissance text on art theory?
a. Donatello
b. Botticelli
c. Alberti
d. Ghirlandaio
c. mathematically superior perspective compared to contemporary Italian works
The Ghent Altarpiece exhibits all the following characteristics EXCEPT
a. exquisite details created by oil pain applied with tiny brushes
b. the figure of God whose importance is indicated by both position and size
c. mathematically superior perspective compared to contemporary Italian works
d. the use of elongated, individualized figures instead of idealized ones
a. Ghirlandaio
Which Florentine painter’s Adoration of the Shepherds (1485) visually attests to the influence of Northern paining on the Italian renaissance?
a. Ghirlandaio
b. Hugo
c. Masaccio
d. Piero
a. van Eyck
Which artist may have painted himself both as the Man in the Red Turban and as an observer shown in a mirror’s reflection in the Arnolfini Portrait?
a. van Eyck
b. Rogier
c. Masaccio
d. Donatello
b. Botticelli
Whose Birth of Venus exemplifies the Early Renaissance’s renewed interest in pagan mythology
a. Rogier
b. Botticelli
c. van Eyck
d. Mantegna
c. Rogier
Which artist’s Descent from the Cross (c. 1435 is imbued with the desire of contemporary religious movements, particularly associated with Thomas a Kempis to achieve mystical communion with Christ’s life and message?
a. van Eyck
b. Campin
c. Rogier
d. Chirlandaio
d. interest in meticulous and naturalistic detail
Fifteenth-century Northern painting as a whole is most characterized by its
a. early abandonment of Gothic traditions
b. fascination with Classical mythological subject matter
c. experimentation with tempera paintings techniques
d. interest in meticulous and naturalistic detail
b. a single viewpoint uniting all three panels of the triptych
Campin’s Merode Altarpiece exhibits all the following characteristics EXCEPT
a. the illusion of three-dimensional space
b. a single viewpoint uniting all three panels of the triptych
c. sharp, precise details
d. a bourgeois setting containing everyday secular objects
c. is more angular and gawky
Verrocchio’s statue of David differed from Donatello’s in that Verrocchio’s
a. is more erotic
b. shows David having triumphed over Goliath
c. is more angular and gawky
d. is a nude
d. Mantegna
Which painter employed illusionistic techniques to create immersive illusionistic environments in rooms such as the Camera Picta for the Ducal Palace in Mantua?
a. Campin
b. Piero
c. Alberti
d. Mantegna
a. pointed window arches
Which is NOT a feature of the Rucellai Palace?
a. pointed window arches
b. Tuscan, Ionic, and Corinthian pilasters
c. a vertical progression similar to that of the Roman Colosseum
d. a symmetrical faqade
b. a shield
Castagno’s Youthful David was painted on:
a. canvas
b. a shield
c. a banner
d. a wall
c. a rejection of spirituality in favor of monumentality
Filippo Lippi’s tondo of the Madonna and Child with Scenes from the Life of Saint Anne contains all the following elements EXCEPT
a. references to antique forms
b. orthogonal floor patterns to establish perspective
c. a rejection of spirituality in favor of monumentality
d. delicate, curvilinear draperies
c. it condenses two narrative moments within one frame
Which of the following statements about Uccello’s Sir John Hawkwood is FALSE?
a. It as painted on the wall of a cathedral
b. it adopts a double perspective system in its depiction of pedestal and horse and rider
c. it condenses two narrative moments within one frame
d. it commemorates a secular soldier of fortune
c. Roman portrait busts on ancient coins
Piero’s portrait of Federico da Montefeltro was inspired by:
a. the Roman statue of Marcus Aurelius
b. the Augustus of Prima Porta
c. Roman portrait busts on ancient coins
d. the Doryphoros
b. Alberti
Who designed the Rucellai Palace in the mid-fifteenth century?
a. Brunelleschi
b. Alberti
c. Ghiberti
d. Uccello
d. Saint Mary’s virginity
In works like Piero’s Annunciation, the Christian icon of the porta clause-or “the closed door”- refers to
a. the expulsion of Adam and Eve from the Garden of Eden
b. Jesus’ conquest over death
c. the portal to Hell
d. Saint Mary’s virginity
a. Florence
What city served as the intellectual, financial, and artistic center of Renaissance Italy throughout most of the 1400s?
a. Florence
b. Naples
c. Venice
d. Rome
a. the fifteenth century
To what does the term quattrocentro refer?
a. the fifteenth century
b. a famous Florentine school for artists
c. a type of painting
d. the use of linear perspective to create the illusion of depth
d. the wool refiner’s guild
A competition to design a set of doors for the Florence Baptistery was supervised and judged by:
a. the Florentine government
b. the Medicis
c. the Catholic Church
d. the wool refiners’ guild
b. Brunelleschi
Which highly influential Renaissance architect first gained fame as a sculptor, a career he allegedly abandoned after losing a contest to design the Florentine Baptistery doors?
a. Ghiberti
b. Brunelleschi
c. Vasari
d. Masaccio
d. Vasari
Who wrote the seminal Lives of the MOst Eminent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects (1550), an important source of information about Renaissance artists?
a. Ghiberti
b. Mantegna
c. Campin
d. Vasari
a. the use of complex mathematical ratios based on musical harmonies
Brunelleschi’s architectural works exhibited all the following qualities EXCEPT:
a. the use of complex mathematical ratios based on musical harmonies
b. the use of circles and squares in building plans
c. the use of Classical rather than Gothic piers
d. the use of round arches rather than pointed ones
c. Brunelleschi
Which artist is credited with the Italian invention of linear or one-point perspective?
a. Masaccio
b. Gentile
c. Brunelleschi
d. Donatello
a. a Byzantine fondness for complex and exotic imagery
Masaccio’s Holy Trinity for the church of Santa Maria Novella contains all the following elements EXCEPT:
a. a Byzantine fondness for complex and exotic imagery
b. the creation of illusionistic space via orthogonals
c. representations of two of the donors who commissioned the piece
d. a symbolic reminder of death’s inevitability
b. through gradations in light and shade
How does the technique of chiaroscuro suggest volume?
a. through the use of orthogonals
b. through gradations in light and shade
c. through the position of objects in relation to each other
d. through the size of objects in relation to each other
d. Gentile
Whose Procession and Adoration of the Magi (1423) for an altarpiece demonstrates the continuing influence of Byzantine and INternational Gothic styles in Italian art even after the Renaissance had begun?
a. Masaccio
b. Donatello
c. Brunelleschi
d. Gentile
d. on a flayed skin in his Last Judgement
Michelangelo’s work included a portrait of himself:
a. as David in the sculpture of that name
b. as Jesus in his Pieta
c. as Adam in the Creation of Adam
d. on a flayed skin in his Last Judgement
b. his depiction draws more on Classical imagery than medieval Christian imagery
How does Michelangelo’s depiction of hell differ from those of earlier Christian artists such as Giotto?
a. His depiction of hell is markedly more chaotic than his depiction of heaven and earth
b. his depiction draws more on Classical imagery than medieval CHristian imagery
c. His depiction shows hell across the entire bottom of the frame instead of just on the left
d. his depiction of hell is filled only with monstrous and demonic forms, not human ones
d. Giovanni Bellini
Which artist’s use of soft light and chiaroscuro in works like the San Giobbe Altarpiece as well as the clarity of forms in works like his portrait of Doge Leonardo Loredan put him at the forefront of the HIgh Renaissance in Venice?
a. Raphael
b. Andrea Mantegna
c. Giorgione
d. Giovanni Bellini
d. it abandoned the tradition of the family-run artists’ workshop much more quickly than Rome or Florence
Which of the following statements about fourteenth and fifteenth century Venice is LEASE accurate?
a. it enjoyed a remarkable stretch of political stability and continuity when compared to other Italian states
b. Its artistic style showed the influence of Gothic, Byzantine, and International styles
c. Its location atop a body of water affected its artists’ use of light
d. it abandoned the tradition of the family-run artists’ workshop much more quickly than Rome or Florence
d. their limited range of subject matter
Titian’s paintings are known for all of the following traits EXCEPT:
a. daring compositional arrangements
b. the psychological insight they show into their characters
c. their warm colors, deepened by layers of glaze
d. their limited range of subject matter
a. rich, textured fabrics
The content of Titian’s Pesaro Madonna demonstrates the artist’s fondness for
a. rich, textured fabrics
b. sweeping natural landscapes
c. exact symmetry
d. darkened settings
a. Titian
Which artist explored erotic themes in both the Rape of Europa and the Venus of Urbino?
a. Titian
b. Raphael
c. Gentile Bellini
d. Giorgione
d. calm and restrained
Which of the following terms best describes Raphael’s work in comparison with that of Leonardo and Michelangelo?
a. contorted
b. anxious
c. ambiguous and mysterious
d. calm and restrained
b. Leonardo
The Renaissance artists best known for his anatonmical drawings, including drawings of fetuses in wombs, is
a. Michelangelo
b. Leonardo
c. Titian
d. Botticelli
c. “the smiling one”
The Mona Lisa’s nickname, La Gioconda, literally means
a. “the unknowable one”
b. ” the private joke”
c. “the smiling one”
d. “the wife of Francesco del Giocondo”
a. poised tensely for battle against Goliath
Michelangelo’s David depicts the figure
a. poised tensely for battle against Goliath
b. in the midst of slinging a stone at Goliath
c. in a moment of private triumph after winning his battle against Goliath
d. receiving accolades for his victory over Goliath
d. Hellenistic
The proportions of Michelangelo’s David are best described as
a. Byzantine
b. Classical
c. Archaic
d. Hellenistic
b. Raphael
Which artist used himself and his contemporary artists as models for the philosophers in his school of Athens?
a. Titian
b. Raphael
c. Gentile Bellini
d. Giorgione
b. defining figures through delicate gradations of light and shade
The painterly technique of sfumato could best be defined as the practice of:
a. bringing figures into sharp relief through stark contrasts in color
b. defining figures through delicate gradations of light and shade
c. incorporating symbolic elements of geometry and numerology into the composition and subject matter of the painting
d. interrelating figures into their architectural or natural surroundings
a. Jesus portrayed with adult proportions
Leonardo’s Madonna and Child with Saint Anne exhibits all the following characteristics EXCEPT:
a. Jesus portrayed with adult proportions
b. a triangular composition
c. the interrelation of the figures and the landscape between them
d. the use of chiaroscuro and sfumato
b. a figure of Judas indicated by his isolated location
Leonardo’s Last Supper contains all the following elements EXCEPT:
a. depictions of each apostles’ psychological reaction to Jesus’ news
b. a figure of Judas indicated by his isolated location
c. the symbolic use of light
d. the symbolic use of geometry and numerology
c. practical
Which of the following adjectives LEAST accurately describes Leonardo’s artistic nature
a. investigative
b. experimental
c. practical
d. preliminary
d. Leonardo
All the following artists contributed substantially to the new St. Peter’s in Rome EXCEPT:
a. Bramante
b. Michelangelo
c. Raphael
d. Leonardo
b. central plan
Influenced by Classical antiquity, HIgh Renaissance artists adopted what layout for buildings such as St. Peter’s in Rome?
a. Romanesque
b. central plan
c. basilica
d. Gothic
a. Titian
Who was the dominant High Renaissance artist in Venice?
a. Titian
b. Leonardo
c. Bramante
d. Raphael
c. Rome
Which city served as the center of the Italian art world during the HIgh Renaissance?
a. Florence
b. Naples
c. Rome
d. Venice
b. divine punishment for sin
The Counter-Reformation responded to the challenge of Protestantism by emphasizing
a. Christ’s role as a merciful redeemer
b. divine punishment for sin
c. the essential good of humankind
d. the benevolent qualities of nature
a. juxtaposition of fixed and agitated poses, and of gloomy and pastel colors
A striking quality of the Entombment at the Church of Santa Felicita in Florence is its:
a. juxtaposition of fixed and agitated poses, and of gloomy and pastel colors
b. accentuation of the fleshiness of the human figures
c. rejection of the sculptural, carved appearance of drapery made popular by Michelangelo
d. creation of a well-definied space in which all of the human figures appear distant from each other
c. elongated, exaggerated human bodies in complex poses
Which of the following qualities is characteristic of Mannerist art?
a. symmetrical arrangements that create an overall aura of stability
b. open spaces with human figures overwhelmed by natural landscapes
c. elongated, exaggerated human bodies in complex poses
d. the close study, imitation , and idealization of nature
b. Pontormo
Who painted Entombment for the Church of Santa Felicita in Florence?
a. Giambologna
b. Pontormo
c. Bronzino
d. Tintoretto
d. figura serpentinata
In Madonna and child with Angels (c 1535), Mary’s body twists gracefully in a form known as:
a. figura pieta
b. figura rossi
c. figura putto
d. figura serpentinata
d. Parmigianino
Francesco Mazzola is better known as:
a. Giambologna
b. El Greco
c. Pontormo
d. Parmigianino
c. Parmigianino
Who painted Madonna of the Long Neck?
a. Pontormo
b. Giambologna
c. Parmigianino
d. Anguissola
b. portraits
Sofonista Anguissola was best known for painting:
a. landscapes
b. portraits
c. obscure religious allegories
d. rural scenes
c. Bronzino
Who painted Venus, Cupid, Folly, and TIme?
a. Tintoretto
b. Cellini
c. Bronzino
d. Parmigianino
a. erotic imagery
The painting Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time exemplifies the Mannerist fondness for:
a. erotic imagery
b. Christian allegory
c. natural landscapes
d. somber colors an dsubjects
b. Corinthian
The columsn on the facade of San Giorgio Maggiore are
a. Ionic
b. Corinthian
c. Doric
d. Composite
c. Spain
In which of the following countries did the Protestant Reformation gain the LEAST ground?
a. England
b. Norway
c. Spain
d. Switzerland
d. Cellini
Which Mannerist artist was charged with two murders and wrote an autobiography while under house arrest for sodomy?
a. Tintoretto
b. Vasari
c. Berlioz
d. Cellini
a. Cellini
Which Mannerist artist was known for his sculpted work with gold and enamel, such as a salf cellar he made for King Francis I?
a. Cellini
b. Vasari
c. Bronzino
d. Fidolfi
d. it makes greater use of open space
How does Giambologna’s Mercury differ from the Davids of Donatello and Verrocchio?
a. It differs little from one viewpoint to another
b. it presents smooth, fleshy surfaces
c. it presents a more rigid pose
d. it makes greater use of open space
d. Giambologna
Which Flemish sculptor was an exception to the ule that Mannerism was a primarily Italian style?
a. Cellini
b. El Greco
c. Parmigianio
d. Giambologna
b. art should appeal to reason rather than the emotions
At the Council of Trent, the Roman Catholic Church decided on all the following rules regarding art EXCEPT:
a. art should emphasize the parallels between Old and New Testaments
b. art should appeal to reason rather than the emotions
c. art should be didactic and ethically correct
d. art should portray religious subjects accurately and ignore Classical events
c. he changed the painting’s title
How did Paolo Veronese respond when the Holy Tribunal attacked him for including vulgar and “heretical” imagery in his lLast Supper?
a. he burned the work and begged for mercy
b. he painted over the offending material
c. he changed the painting’s title
d. he endured torture and imprisonment rather than repent
a. Tintoretto’s work was more inclined toward mystical melodrama
How did Tintoretto’s Last Supper differ from those of Veronese and Leonardo?
a. Tintoretto’s work was more inclined toward mystical melodrama
b. Tintoretto’s work demonstrated a greater interest in the psychology of the subjects
c. Tintoretto’s work reveal a closer operation of nature
d. Tintoretto placed the table at which Jesus sat parallel to the picture plane
a. a close proximity between the material world on earth and the spiritual world of Heaven
The subject matter and composition of the Burial of the Count of Orgaz shows:
a. a close proximity between the material world on earth and the spiritual world of Heaven
b. the punishment inevitably doled out to sinners who pursue worldly wealth
c. a fondness for playful eroticism even in seemingly dour occasions
d. an implicit argument that the material world is the only reality and no soul lives on after death
b. El Greco
Who painted the Burial of the Count of Orgaz?
a. Tintoretto
b. El Greco
c. Parmigianino
d Bronzino
d. Spain
From 1577 onward, El Greco worked in whic country with which he is most associated?
a. Italy
b. France
c. Greece
d. Spain
c. stained-glass windows
The Villa Rotunda at Vicenza exhibits all the following features EXCEPT:
a. a domed central chamber
b. strict symmetry
c. stained-glass windows
d. porticoes enclosed by walls pierced by an arch
d. square
Palladio’s villas typically were based on plans of what shape?
a. cross
b. circle
c. pentagon
d. square
d. Palladio
Who wrote Four Books of Architecture (1570)?
a. Vitruvius
b. Tintoretto
c. Cellini
d. Palladio
b. by superimposing a tall facade on a shorter, wider one
How did the design of the church of San Giorgio Maggiore solve the problem of relating the facade to an interior with a high central nave and lower side aisles?
a. by elevating the side aisles to match the nave
b. by superimposing a tall facade on a shorter, wider one
c. by lowering the nave to match the side aisles
d. by removing the facade completely
a. the broken pediment
What architectural feature used by Palladio became a characteristic aspect of Baroque architecture?
a. the broken pediment
b. the flying buttress
c. the vaulted arch
d. the cruciform layout
a. Palladio
Who designed the church of San Giorgio Maggiore?
a. Palladio
b. Ruiz
c. Tintoretto
d. Veronese

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Art History Test 2
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a. the establishment of strong nation-states under powerful kings
The early middle ages are associated with all of the following EXCEPT: a. the establishment of strong nation-states under powerful kings b. the lingering effects of the Roman Empire's collapse c. the expansion of Germanic tribes across Europe d. the spread of Muslims and Isl
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