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APUSH Ch.21

Speakeasies
Secret bars where alcohol could be purchased illegally
Bootleggers
Smugglers of illegal alcohol during the Prohibition era
Fundamentalism
A Protestant movement grounded in a literal interpretation of the bible
Clarence Darrow
Defended John Scopes during the Scopes Trial. He argued that evolution should be taught in schools.
Scopes Trial
A highly publicized trial in 1925 when John Thomas Scopes violated a Tennessee state law by teaching evolution in high school
Flapper
Young women of the 1920s that behaved and dressed in a radical fashion
Double standard
Set of principles granting greater sexual freedom to men than to women
Babe Ruth
United States professional baseball player famous for hitting home runs
Gertrude Ederle
United States swimmer who in 1926 became the first woman to swim the English Channel
Charles A. Lindbergh
Celebrity hero who was the first to fly solo across the Atlantic in a small single engine plane. He success gripped the public’s imagination.
The Jazz Singer
The first major film with sound
George Gershwin
United States composer who incorporated jazz into classical forms and composed scores for musical comedies
Sinclair Lewis
United States novelist who satirized middle-class America in his novel Main Street
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Writer of “This Side of Paradise” and “The Great Gatsby” who coined the term “Jazz Age”
Edna St. Vincent Millay
Wrote poems celebrating youth and a life of independence and freedom from traditional constraints
Ernest Hemingway
Author who criticized the glorification of war in his books “The Sun Also Rises” and “A Farewell to Arms”
James Weldon Johnson
NAACP leader and Harlem Renaissance writer; he wrote poetry and, with his brother, the song “Lift Every Voice and Sing.”
UNIA (Universal Negro Improvement Association)
Marcus Garvey’s self-help organization that proposed leading blacks to Africa.
Marcus Garvey
Founder of United Negro Improvement Association ; promoted resettlement of American blacks to own “African homeland”
Harlem Renaissance
A period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished
Claude McKay
A poet who was a major figure in the Harlem Renaissance movement; also a Jamaican immigrant
Langston Hughes
Well known for making the Harlem Renaissance famous because of his poems that described the difficult everyday lives of working-class African Americans
Zora Neale Hurston
African American writer and folklore scholar who played a key role in the Harlem Renaissance
Paul Robeson
African American actor and singer who promoted African American rights and left-wing causes
Louis Armstrong
Leading African American jazz musician during the Harlem Renaissance; he was a talented trumpeter whose style influenced many later musicians.
Duke Ellington
Born in Chicago middle class. moved to Harlem in 1923 and began playing at the cotton club. Composer, pianist and band leader.
Bessie Smith
African American blues singer who played and important role in the Harlem Reniassance and became the highest payed black artist in the world in 1927

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APUSH Ch.21
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Speakeasies
Secret bars where alcohol could be purchased illegally
Bootleggers
Smugglers of illegal alcohol during the Prohibition era
2017-08-29 09:09:18
2019-01-11 07:49:07
APUSH Ch.21
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