federalism Essay is a form of government in which a national government and smallersubdivisions ofthis are in charge.
In the United States, there is the centralgovernment accompanied by the 50state governments. The national government dealswith issues that affect the entire nation. Everything else is left up to the individual state governments. Thesegovernments know their states well and can set up laws to better suit the peoplewithin them. It is for this reason that Federalism works much better in a largenation. In a large nation, there are bound to be diverse needs which can be metby the state government.Order now
This subdivision of government also leaves the nationalgovernment to deal with much broader topics that involve the whole nation,without having to concentrate on these individual needs. The political system that Federalism is based on democracy. A democracy is agovernment run by the people, in which either people themselves make the lawsand enforce them as a governmental body, called a direct democracy, or theyelect representatives to express the views of the people, known as arepresentative democracy. There are two types of representative democracy,presidential and parliamentary.
. The social system of Federalism under this democracy is summed up fairlywell by Carl Becker, a distinguished political historian. Becker said that thebasic beliefs surrounding a democracy are within the creativity andindividuality of the people. Because of this freedom of individuality, politicalparties have come about, in which people with the same political views can jointogetherand support each other, two examples being the Republican and Democraticparties in the US. Aside from letting individuals speak out, democracies see all humans asequals and government will only exist if these people agree that it is workingwell.
Although democracies have not been common in history, the ones that didexist succeeded in governing their people well, such as the one in the UnitedStates today. The economy that works best with Federalism is capitalism. Thiseconomy began with the theoryof laissez faire, or a hands off economy. What thismeans is that once the economy starts rolling, the government does not rule overit. It is left alone to change and govern itself. This economy is based oncompetition between the citizens of the nation, called free enterprise.
Peoplewant to earn as much money as they can, but in order to do this they need towork hard to compete with everyone else who have the same motives. Pricesfluctuate based on supply and demand. The government does not set a specificprice for any goods or services. A perfect form of capitalism has never beenaccomplished, but the modern day United States is very close. Under Federalism, the military is not mandatory.
People can join if they wantto, but do not have to, unless the country is at war and they are drafted. Amilitary seems to grow particularly well in a Federalist society. Currently, theFederalist military of the United States is the largest in the world. Militaryis also not idealized, meaning it is not the most important part of Federalism.In the US, the president is also the head of the military, showing thatgovernment comes before the army.Category: History .