llustrated inMartin Luther King’s letter from Birmingham Jail. “Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere””Any law the degrades a person in order to inflate anotherperson to some perceived superiority””We know through painful experience that freedom is nevervoluntary given by the oppressor; it must be demanded by theoppressed.
“These just three of the many notable lines Mr. Martin LutherKing Jr. wrote in his well-known and recognized “Letter from theBirmingham jail”. The letter written in response to the fellowclergymen after they stated that his parading was untimely andunwise.
They went on to call him and instigator. Mr. King was a leader in the African American movement to changethe segregated south. Invoking a tactic know as CivilDisobedience, Civil disobedience originated as a Concord Lyceumlecture delivered by Henry David Thoreau on January 26,1848.Order now
This disobedience is form of protest where people violate alaws they consider unjust. The civil part of the tactic is justthat, civil, not violet. Mohandas K Gandhi used the same set oftactic to gain independence of India from the British. Mr. King called the laws of the segregated south unjust becausehe felt that they did not square themselves with the moral codeof the time.
He went on in his letter to further break down thesteps need to carryout a non-violent campaign. First, therewould be a collection of the facts to determine whetherinjustices were alive. Two, there would be negotiation, to tryand squeal the matter peacefully. Three, there would be self-purification, holding workshops on non-violence, and for fourdirect action. The direct non-violent action came in the form of boycotts,marches, and refusal of services. The Montgomery bus boycottchanged the law allowing blacks to sit were they pleased onbuses, not having to give up their seats to whites and allowingthem to sit in the front of the bus.
Marches were lead on majorcities, Montgomery, Birmingham, Washington D. C. . Sit-ins weredone at lunch counters that refused to serve blacks, making thempick up their food at the back of the restaurant, mush like youwould feed a dog.
The last quote at the top of the page leads me to the groupconclusion, Mr. King and his supporters started, maintained, andfinished in a non-violent method. The white oppressors usedwater canons, dogs and various gases to try and end thedemonstrations. Although they endured get hardship and pain theyin the end changed and help build what we in America, willalways fight for “Freedom” .