The purpose of this paper is to explain
the causes of teen suicide. This paper will include statistics and some
background information on suicide survivors. Also this report will discuss
some warning signs of teen suicide.
It is important to take the subject of
suicide seriously. It doesn’t seem right that a teenager, who has lived
for such a short time, would choose to die, but those who can’t get over
their depression sometimes do.
Teen suicide is the third leading cause
of death for young people aged 15 to 24 and the fourth leading cause of
death for persons between the ages of 10 and 14 and it seems to be on the
rise. Only accidental deaths and homicide follow it. Some experts believe
that many “accidental” deaths are actually suicides. According to a 1991
Center for Disease Control and Prevention study, 27% of high school students
thought about suicide, 16% had a plan and 8% made an attempt. Suicide affects
teens of all races and social standing. Boys commit suicide more often
than girls do.
It could be because it’s easier to get the tools for suicide,
boys usually use firearms and girls often use pills so since the gun is
more deadly, boys complete suicide. Over the past 15 years, the rate among
girls has scarcely changed, but the rate among boys has tripled. Also,
the rate among non-white males, even though it’s still lower than the white
male rate, has been rising most quickly of all. Suicide remains the second
leading cause of death among whites after accidents and the third among
blacks after homicides and accidents. Teen suicide is now considered a
national mental health problem.
The main two causes for teen suicide is
the mental disease of depression and family problems.
90% of teen suicide
victims have at least one diagnosable, active psychiatric illness at the
time of death, which is most often depression, substance abuse, or behavior
disorders. Only 33-50% of victims was known by their doctors as having
a mental illness at the time of their death, and only 15% were in treatment
at the time of death. The pressures of modern life are greater these days
and competition for good grades and college admission is difficult which
are extra stresses on already unsure teens. Some even think it’s because
there is more violence in the media. Lack of parental interest may make
them feel alone and anonymous. They believe that their parents don’t understand
them and when they try to express their feelings they feel that their parents
either denied or ignored the try to communicate feelings of unhappiness,
frustration, or failure.
Many children grow up in divorced households or
both parent’s work and their families spend little time together. Even
the threat of AIDS is a factor that contributes to higher suicide rate.
Stressful life events, such as the loss of an important person or school
failure, often encourages suicides. People who have worked with depressed
teens see a common pattern of unhappiness, feelings of inner disturbance,
chaos, low self-worth, hopelessness and anger. Suicidal teens generally
feel that their emotions are played down, not taken seriously, or met with
opposition by other people, but it should always be taken seriously.
There are ways of watching for warning
signs of a suicidal person and depression.
Some noticeable things are talking
statements about hopelessness, helplessness,
or worthlessness. They may have a obsession with death or suddenly become
happier and calmer. They have a loss of interest in things they usually
care about. They might stop visiting or calling people that they care about.
They even start making arrangements or putting their affairs in order and
give away their things. Teens should learn that with treatment, depression
ends, but someone who is experiencing deep depression might not be able
to think about that.
They can’t see the way out of the problem and think
suicide is the only choice.
There are 30,000 suicides that occur every
year in the United States and the ” suicide survivors” are the ones that
are left majorly affected and ruined. The people that are mourning over
a suicide victim describe feelings of shock, disbelief, sadness, guilt
and anger. They have episodes of crying, depression, apathy, anxiety, and
sometimes thoughts of suicide themselves. Some survivors experience scary
and disturbing images of death. .