India’s nuclear tests are a wake-up call to the world, and particularly to the nuclear weapons states. India’s tests got the world’s attention. The country that was really woken up by these tests was Pakistan.
These tests have refueled the conflict between Pakistan and India. The two countries have fought three wars, two of them over the disputed region of Kashmir. The region is small, but nestled in the foothills of the Himalayas, its strategic importance and beauty make it a prized possession. Great Britain carved the Muslim state of Pakistan out of Indian territory.
This is the primary source of there conflict. When the English did this they had to force some of the Hindus out of the Muslum Pakistan and likewise for Muslums in India.