Capital Punishment has been part of the criminal justice system since the
earliest of times. The Babylonian Hammurabi Code(ca. 1700 B.C.) decreed death
for crimes as minor as the fraudulent sale of beer(Flanders 3).
could be put to death for disclosing the location of sacred burial
3). However, in recent times opponents have shown the death penalty to be
racist, barbaric, and in violation with the United States Constitution as
“…cruel and unusual punishment.” In this country,although laws governing the
application of the death penalty have
undergone many changes since biblical times, the punishment endures , and
controversy has never been greater.
A prisoner’s death wish cannot grant a right not otherwise possessed.
Abolitionists maintain that the state has no right to kill anyone; . The right
to reject life imprisonment and choose death should be respected, but it
changes nothing for those who oppose the death at the hands of the state.
The death penalty is irrational- a fact that should carry considerable weight
with rationalists. As Albert Camus pointed out, ” Capital punishment..
always been a religious punishment and is reconcilable with humanism.” In
other words, society has long since left behind the archaic and barbous”
customs” from the cruel
“eye for an eye” anti-human caves of religion- another factor that should
raise immediate misgivings for freethinkers.
State killings are morally bankrupt. Why do governments kill people to show
other people that killing people is wrong? Humanity becomes associated with
murderers when it replicate their deeds.
Would society allow rape as the
penalty for rape or the burning of
arsonists’ homes as the penalty for arson?
The state should never have the power to murder its subjects. To give the
state this power eliminates the individual’s most effective shield against
tyranny of the majority and is inconsistent with democratic principles.
Family and friends of murder victims are further victimized by state
killings. Quite a few leaders in the abolishment movement became involved
specially because someone they loved was murdered. Family of victims
repeatedly stated they wanted the murderer to die. One of the main reasons- in
addition to justice- was they
wanted all the publicity to be over.
Yet. if it wasn’t for the sensationalism
surrounding an execution, the media exposure would not have occurred in the
first place. Murderers would be quietly and safely put away for life with
absolutely no possibility for parole.
The death penalty violates constitutional prohibitions against
cruel and unusual punishment. The grotesque killing of Robert
Harris by the state of California on April 21,1992, and similar
reports of witnesses to hangings and lethal injections should leave
doubt that the dying process can be- and often is -grossly
inhumane, regardless of method(Flanders 16).
The death penalty is often used for political gain.
During his presidential gain, President Clinton rushed home for the Arkansas
execution of Rickey Ray Rector, a mentally retarded, indigent black man.
Clinton couldn’t take the chance of being seen by voters as ” soft on crime.”
Political Analysts believe that when
the death penalty becomes an issue in a campaign, the candidate favoring
capital punishment almost inevitably will benefit.
Capital punishment discriminates against the poor. Although murderers come
from all classes, those on death row are almost without exception poor and
were living in poverty at the they were arrested. The majority of death-row
inmates were or are represented
by court-appointed public defenders- and the state is not obligated to provide
an attorney at all for appeals beyond the state level.
The application of capital punishment is racist. About 40 percent of
death-row inmates are black, whereas only 8 percent of the population as a
whole are black(Flanders 25). In cases with white victims, black defendants
were four to six times more likely to receive death sentences than white
defendants who had similar
criminal histories. Studies show that the chance for a death sentence is up to
five to ten times greater in cases with white victims than black
victims(Flanders 25). In the criminal justice system, the life of a white
person is worth more than the life of
a black person.
The mentally retarded are victimized by the death penalty.
Since 1989, when the Supreme Court upheld killing of the mentally retarded, at
least four such executions have occurred. According to the Southern Center for
Human Rights, at least 10 percent of death row inmates in the United States
are mentally retarded(Long 79).
Juveniles are subject to the death penalty. .