The desire to change places and the level of life is one of the main characteristics of a human being. This desire in today’s realities is called immigration.
Immigration (from the Latin immigrate – to infiltrate) –is an entry into a country or region for a permanent or temporary, but the long-term residence of people from other countries or regions.
But to date immigration has become a big global problem, discussed at all international forums and summits, especially in the field of economy, trade and business.
The reasons to immigrate
There are a lot of reasons that cause people to leave their homes and immigrate to other countries. They have more economic, political, national and religious nature.
People leave the borders of their homeland, leaving behind their native country, in search of better opportunities in education and careers. Many people want to improve their well-being, career growth, business growth and migrate to another country with the intention to earn more money and find a comfortable place for old age. Some people are forced to immigrate because of war, hostility, prejudice or even persecution. And others are moving just because they can and won’t do it, these people are looking for adventure or just want to make something new in their lives.
Immigration is often seen as either an act of courage or a poor man`s escape. It is really needed to be a courageous person to give up everything and go abroad to work, especially when on the horizon there is not a hint of improvement in their home country. So many people decide to quit all, run away and become an immigrant.
The essence of immigration
Life abroad is often difficult. The difficulties of finding work, adapting, renting a house (problems with it are obvious because of the lack of credit history), opening accounts, obtaining insurance and surviving in a new environment can hardly simplify a person’s life. The migrant is faced with the need to get used to a new habitat, language, and an increase in the cost of living. Not to mention the fact that the family and close friends are far away. Similarly, newly arrived people often experience complexes associated with a sense of their own inferiority to the local population, which affects self-esteem, performance and even health. The complex develops against the background of comparing oneself with the environment, lack of knowledge of the language, lack of a home, necessary documents, work, social status and other social benefits.
Being a global challenge, migration always carries a threat to the stable development of those countries where migrants arrive. Forced unemployment, lack of money, occupation and any social status push migrants to obtain money and material goods. Especially migration has many negative consequences for the host country if we are talking about illegal immigration. Almost every day, from the developed countries there are reports that a group of persons who, circumventing the law, tried to get to where they can live with dignity, are detained. Stronger illegal immigration processes often pose a threat to the recipient countries, given that labor markets are severely affected. The incomes of illegal immigrants are not taxed, which leads to a loss of profits, and the population of the host country is often at risk of serious diseases. Also, the leaders of many countries of the world are concerned that illegal migrants have a negative impact not only on the socio-economic but also criminal situation. The relevance of illegal migration becomes important in connection with the activation of international extremist and terrorist organizations, as well as the expansion of the scale of drug smuggling. Thus, a direct link between illegal migration and drugs has long been established, which has become a headache for many governments around the world.
Learn more about the effect of immigration
Until intolerance became an urgent problem, the government did not think about such a condition as, for example, the compulsory knowledge of the language of the country hosting the migrant, the knowledge of national values and tolerance for them.
In connection with the above events, in countries where a large number of immigrants are flocking, the interesting situation is aggravated.
To date, more than a million people are coming to the United States. This is mainly due to the possibility of implementing labor and commercial activities, raising their standard of living and the standard of living of their children.
This is not surprising, because the US is universally recognized as the center of attraction for professionals, where representatives of the professional elite from poorly developed countries flock to. Surprisingly, as an undisputed leader in the number of illegal and legal migrants, America remains one of the most developed countries in the world.
It is obvious that immigrants have a great influence on society, politically, economically and culturally. But those who oppose immigration do not understand that these immigrants can bring and benefit.
Often they play a decisive role in the presidential election and vote for the best of the candidates, which can help people improve their living standards and living conditions.
Due to external migration (emigration and immigration), there is a mechanical increase in the population of the country. People who move, contribute to the spiritual and cultural development of the host country.
Many economists believe that immigration increases productivity and smooths certain failures in the labor market. Since these people help states cope with the shortage of labor resources in all spheres. And if we talk about legal immigrants, they support the economy through the payment of taxes and their expenses in the host country and promote the development of international relations, establishing friendly contacts, developing trade between countries.
As we can see, the phenomenon of illegal migration brings a big danger. And it will take place while there is a difference in living standards, income, political situation between countries, while the services of smugglers and cheap labor are in demand. Because of this, entire states, their populations, and their national identity are under threat.
Therefore, in the current situation, many countries are forced to review their migration policies and take measures aimed at tightening the conditions for finding representatives of various ethnic groups in their territory. There are ideas that there should be a separate authority that will monitor illegal immigrants in the country.
That’s why every year it becomes more difficult and more difficult to migrate to the United States or Europe. Requirements for immigrants are getting tougher, and immigration officials are more cautious about who they have admitted to their country.
But doctors and teachers will not have to leave in search of a better life in other countries if in their own they will have a high-paying job and a high standard of living. Whole families will not have to leave their homeland if it is safe for them and their children. But unfortunately, the government does nothing to solve this problem.
Therefore, the best way to solve the problem is to provide jobs and improve the standard of living in each country.