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Diabetes And Physical Activity Essay

Health implications of diabetes type I Physical Activity What is physical
activity? Why do we need physical activity in our lives? Physical Activity and

Diabetes (Epidemiology)
For our seminar topic “physical activity and disease” we chose
diabetes as the focus of our research. Since diabetes is such a complex disease
with many different forms, we decided to focus on diabetes type I. This is known
as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). This type of diabetes includes
people who are dependant on injections of insulin on a daily basis in order to
satisfy the bodies insulin needs, they cannot survive without these injections.

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OVERVIEW OF DIABETES TYPE I What is diabetes type I? In order to understand the
disease we firstly need to know about insulin.

Insulin is a hormone. The role of
insulin is to convert the food we eat into various useful substances, discarding
everything that is wasteful. It is the job of insulin to see that the useful
substances are put to best use for our well-being. The useful substances are
used for building cells, are made ready for immediate expenditure as energy and
also stored for later energy expenditure. The cause of diabetes is an absolute
or lack of the hormone insulin. As a result of this lack of insulin the
processes that involve converting the foods we eat into various useful
substances does not occur.

Insulin comes from the beta cells which are located
in the pancreas. In the case of diabetes type I almost all of the beta cells
have been destroyed. Therefore daily injections of insulin become essential to
life. Health implications of diabetes type I One of the products that is of
vital importance in our bodies is glucose, a simple carbohydrate sugar which is
needed by virtually every part of our body as fuel to function. Insulin controls
the amount of glucose distributed to vital organs and also the muscles. In
diabetics due to the lack of insulin and therefore the control of glucose given
to different body parts they face death if they don’t inject themselves with
insulin daily.

Since strict monitoring of diabetes is needed for the control of
the disease, little room is left for carelessness. As a result diabetic patients
are susceptible to many other diseases and serious conditions if a proper course
of treatment is not followed. Other diseases a diabetic is open to:

Cardiovascular disease, stroke, Peripheral artery disease, gangrene, kidney
disease, blindness, hypertension, nerve damage, impotence etc. Basically there
is an increased incident of infection in diabetic sufferers. Therefore special
care needs to be taken to decrease the chances of getting these other serious
diseases. PHYSICAL ACTIVITY What is physical activity? (Bouchard 1988) States
that physical activity is any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles
resulting in energy expenditure.

Therefore this includes sports and leisure
activities of all forms. Why do we need physical activity in our lives? Physical
activity and exercise helps tune the “human machine”, our bodies.

Imagine a car constantly driven only to stop for fuel. It would be a client for
all sorts of damage, rusting, oil leaking, dehydration and the chances are most
likely it would die in the middle of the road not long after. This is what the
body would be like if we didn’t exercise at all. We would be and as a result of
todays lifestyle many of us are, the perfect target to all kinds of diseases and
infections.

For those of us who are carrier of some disease or illness we are
still encouraged to exercise by our physicians if we have the strength to. This
is to help make our organs, muscles, bones and arteries more efficient and
better equipped to fight against the disease or illness. This is our way of
counter attacking. And if we are still healthy then we reduce the chances of
getting an illness or a disease. PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND DIABETES (EPIDEMIOLOGY)

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Recently insulin injections have become available to dependant patients. However
in the pre-insulin era physical exercise was one of the few therapies available
to physicians in combating diabetes.

For an IDDM carrier to benefit from
exercise they need to be well aware of their body and the consequences of
exercising. If an IDDM carrier has no real control over their situation and just
exercise without considering their diet, time of insulin intake, type of
exercise, duration of the exercise and the intensity, then the results can be
very hazardous to the patient. In the first journal article that I used for this
part of .

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Diabetes And Physical Activity Essay
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Health implications of diabetes type I Physical Activity What is physical activity? Why do we need physical activity in our lives? Physical Activity and Diabetes (Epidemiology) For our seminar topic "physical activity and disease" we chose diabetes as the focus of our research. Since diabetes is such a complex disease with many different forms, we decided to focus on diabetes type I. This is known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). This type of diabetes includes people

2019-02-12 07:30:55
Diabetes And Physical Activity Essay
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