Balance Lab Your Name Here Chemistry July 21, 2010 Introduction: Using the direct weighing and weighing by difference methods to find weight and mass of chemicals and compounds. Purpose: The purpose of this lab was to become familiar with the three different balances and two different methods used to find the weight and mass of chemicals and compounds in the ChemLab program. The lab was performed by using three different types of balances, and the direct weighing and weighing by difference methods. Materials Used: 2 Centigram Balances 1 High Sensitivity Balance 1 Electronic Balance 2 100ml Beakers
Watch Glass Slugs 5 Copper Slugs Sodium Chloride (NaCl) Experimental Methods: The slugs were measured by both the direct method and by difference methods. First the slugs were measured using the direct method which is done by placing the weight directly onto the centigram balance and reading the results. The slugs were then measured using the by difference method where the slug was placed into a 100ml beaker and weighed then the slug was removed and the beaker was weighed. The first value of the beaker and slug recorded and the weight of the beaker alone was then subtracted from the irst value giving the weight of the slug by difference. Both of these results were received from using first a centigram balance and second the electronic balance. The direct method and the by difference method of weighing were both used when finding the weight of the unknown item in the lab procedure. This was done by first placing the unknown slug into a beaker and measuring both the slug and the beaker then by removing the slug and weighing just the beaker. The beaker weight was then subtracted from the combined weight resulting in the weight of the unknown slug by difference.Order now
The slug was weighed by direct method by being placed directly on the electronic balance. Average mass of the 5 copper slugs was done by first weighing the first slug and recording the value, and repeating the steps each time a slug was added to the electronic balance. Then once all the slugs were added to the electronic balance the final value was divided by the number of slugs which in this case were 5 and the final value was the average weight of each copper slug. Data: Centigram Balance direct weighing 1st Centigram Balance| Directly on 2nd Centigram balance| Slug: 2. 3g| 2. 6g|
Centigram Balance by difference 1st Centigram Balance| Directly on 2nd Centigram balance| Beaker: 49. 2g| 49. 6g| Beaker w/slug: 52. 2g| 52. 2g| Beaker: 49. 6g| 3. 4g| Unknown mass Using Direct weighingBy difference Unk: 24. 72g| Beaker: 49. 6g| Null| Mass w/Beaker 74. 42g| | Calculated mass: 24. 82g| Average Mass of copper slugs 1 Slug: 2. 999g| | 2 Slugs: 6. 005g| | 3 Slugs: 8. 984g| | 4 Slugs: 11. 992g| | 5 Slugs: 14. 958g| | Average Mass of all slugs: 2. 9916g| | Solid Chemicals Centigram Balance| Electronic Balance| Watch glass w/sample: 10. 3g| 11. 100g| Watch glass: 9. 3g| 10. 000g|
Sample by difference: 1. 0g| 1. 100g| Results: The data shown in the chart above is done by simple subtraction. The data was gathered by following the procedure and annotating the values as they read on both the electronic and centigram balances. The data is labeled as it was retrieved following the procedure in the ChemLab program. All values are as they appeared on each perspective scale. Discussion & Analysis: All masses by difference were calculated by taking the mass of the slug and its container subtracted from the mass of the container with out the slug. This can bee seen in the example below.
Mass of beaker = 49. 2gMass of Beaker & Slug= 52. 2g. Calculated mass of Slug= 3. 0g 52. 2g – 49. 2g = 3. 0g. This same formula was applied to the rest of the measurements, although a different scale was used for some experiments although the values changed the formula stayed the same. Conclusion: The purpose of this lab was to become familiar with what a Centigram Balance, Electronic Balance and High Sensitivity Balance was. Along with becoming familiar with the three different types of balances, the methods in which the mass of each item was to have it mass measured was also learned and understood.
At first I was unsure on how these were different but after using the lab program and following the instructions I can now see that different balances are needed for difference situations. Some that may require a more precise measurement where as others may not need such accurate measurements. The Centigram Balance: Direct Weighing Mass of slug on a centigram balance using the direct-weighing technique: _2. 3g_____ * Mass of the same slug directly on another centigram balance: __2. 6g____ Weighing by Difference Weigh the same slug by difference: Mass of the beaker: __49. 2g____ * Mass of the beaker and slug: _52. 2g_____ * Calculated mass of the slug by difference: ___3. 0g___ * Use the other centigram balance to determine the slug mass by difference: * Mass of the beaker: __49. 6g____ * Mass of the beaker and slug: __52. 2g____ * Calculated mass of the slug by difference: ___3. g___ * Weigh an unknown mass on a centigram balance using the direct-weighing technique: * Unknown mass ID#: _1__ * Mass of the unknown: _24. 72g_____ * Weigh the same mass by difference: Mass of the beaker: __49. 6g____ Mass of the beaker and the unknown: ___74. 42g___ Calculated mass of the unknown by difference: 24. 82g____ The Electronic Balance: Mass of the Slug by Direct Weighing and by Difference 1. Direct weighing: Mass of slug: _24. 23g____ By Difference: Mass of the beaker and slug: __74. 823g____ Mass of the beaker: __50. 00g____ Calculated mass of the slug by difference: __24. 823g____ Mass of the Unknown by Direct Weighing and by Difference Direct weighing: * Mass of the unknown: _24. 8235g_____ * By Difference: Mass of the beaker and the unknown: ___74. 8235g___ Mass of the beaker: _50. 0000g_____ Calculated mass of the unknown by difference: 24. 8235g The Average Mass of a Copper Slug with an Electronic Balance Mass of one slug: 2. 999g Mass of two slugs: 6. 005g Mass of three slugs: 8. 84g Mass of four slugs: 11. 992g Mass of five slugs: 14. 958g Average mass of slugs: 2. 9916g Weighing Solid Chemicals with Centigram Balance and Electronic Balance With Centigram Balance: * Mass of the watch glass and the sample: 10. 3g * Mass of the watch class: 9. 3g * Calculated mass of the sample by difference: 1. 0g * With Electronic Balance: Mass of the watch glass and the sample: 11. 100g Mass of the watch class: 10. 000g Calculated mass of the sample by difference: 1. 100g