The creation of the Atomic Bomb Essays is one of the most important historical events in the
field of weaponry. Dont you think you should know some of the history behind this tremendous
making of history? In my research paper, you will not only learn about the creation of the
atomic bomb, you will learn about who the United States used it on first and why, who lead the
project and go into great depth about him, and you will also see loads of pictures of the two first
atomic bombs (and a virtual reality video of the two atomic bombs).
Before I began my project, I will give you a little background information on how the
atomic bomb works. When a special type of uranium is pushed together quickly with neutrons,
its nucleus splits into two pieces, releasing energy. When this happens, it also frees other
neutrons, which then collide with the nearby uranium atoms, making the atoms split.
If there is
enough uranium, this process of splitting atoms keeps happening until all the uranium atoms
have been split. This only takes a fraction of a second to occur. The results of this process are a
nuclear chain reaction that releases amounts of energy never thought possible to be created in
The special type of uranium needed for the a-bomb was U-235. This uranium only exists
in tiny amounts in uranium that is dug up from the earth. Getting the U-235 from the uranium
dug from the ground was a very hard and expensive procedure, so there wasnt a lot of U-235.
In fact, no one was sure on how to get U-235 in large amounts. Some scientists believed that the
amount of U-235 need to make an a-bomb was about two tons, so it would be useless to try and
build an atomic bomb because it would cost too much money and by the time the first atomic
bomb was built, World War II would be over. But later on, a scientists realized that the a-bomb
could be made with a lot less than two tons of U-235, so now Germany and the U.S. were in a
race to make the first atomic bomb.
Atomic bomb research started in the U.
S. when fears of German physicists creating an
atomic bomb from uranium. Since World War II was going on and the U.S. was against
Germany, the U.S.
feared that the German would create this bomb and deploy it on the U.S.,
killing thousands of innocent Americans. Another thing that brought the U.S. to try to make its
own atomic bomb was a letter to President F.
D. Roosevelt from Albert Einstein stating that it
would be probable to create an atomic bomb if the U.S. picked the right person to head the
project ( you will see who this person is later on in my research paper). So the U.S.
decided to try and create an atomic bomb before the Germans had a chance to make one and use
it against the U.S.
The first people who started to research the atomic bomb were not funded by the
government, so their findings were limited. When the U.S. finally started doing research
themselves, they also started to fund others in the U.
S. who wanted to help. The U.S. created
many places for research which remained secret to U.S.
citizens that were not involved with the
research. But when one of the physicists researching the atomic bomb realized that the most
efficient way to work more closely and in secret was to setup one single lab, with living places
around it, where all the scientists, physicists, and all the other people in the project could live
and do research. The physicist who came up with this idea was J. Robert Oppenheimer.
Oppenheimer was chosen for the project not because he was interested in the atomic bomb, he
was chosen because he was widely recognized as an intelligent, pioneering physicists. He was
also chosen to run the Los Alamos lab by Colonel Leslie Groves, despite his lack of leadership
Groves reason for choosing Oppenheimer to run the Los Alamos lab was we (are) not
going to find a better man.
When the Los Alamos lab was built, all the people involved with the atomic bomb,
physicists, mathematicians, chemists, engineers, skilled metalworkers, and every type of person
needed to create such a complex weapon, were moved there, along with their families. Pretty
soon, 120,000 people were .