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Alexander the Great Essay

By Drew Coy

Spencerville Adventist Academy

Alexander the Great Essay is often said to be the greatest conqueror and
best military leader to ever walk the face of the earth. He conquered many
territories, creating one of the largest empires in history. He was a very
kind and generous man, and he also had a good sense of humor. All of his
troops respected and liked him, and almost all of his captured territories
served him willingly, because he was kind to them, and protected them from
any attacks. Alexander was not a pushover, however.

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He massacred any
opposition of his rule (usually with little loss of life on his side), and
he brutally silenced anyone who refused to obey him. He was not a leader
like Darius of Persia, who watched his army battle from miles away, or from
the very back, Alexander rode right up in front with his army, and stayed
with his soldiers even in the heaviest fighting. Sadly his power crumbled
after his death, because he left no successor to his empire.

On July 20, 365 BC, Olympius, the wife of King Philip the Second of
Macedonia, gave birth to a son and named him Alexander. This boy would
eventually become the greatest military leader in history. On the day of
his birth, it is said that the temple of Artemis burned down, thus
indicating a good omen for Alexander’s future greatness.

The true date of
his birth is unknown, but the most widely accepted one is July 20, because
he centered many important events on or very near that date later in
life.1

As a child, Alexander often became discouraged when he heard that his
father had conquered another territory. He worried that nothing would be
left for him. He spent much of his childhood around his father’s army, so
by the age of thirteen, he had become very mature. I think the story of how
Alexander captured his prize horse, Bucephalus, at the age of thirteen
demonstrates his maturity and bravery. Philip had bought an incredibly
beautiful horse, but he was so fierce, no one could touch him.

Just when
the men were ready to give up, Alexander arrived and bet thirteen talents
(a lot of money for a thirteen-year-old) that he could tame the horse. He
calmly approached the horse and realized that it was afraid of its own
shadow. By riding Bucephalus into the sun and slowly turning him around, he
was able to ride the horse. This horse became his best friend and when he
died, Alexander named a city after him.2

Alexander’s mother, Olympias, was a princess of Epirus (a captured
city) who after seeing her city fall, fell in love with Philip, and later
married him. She was said to be brilliant, hot-tempered and extraordinarily
beautiful.

She taught Alexander that the great Achilles was his ancestor,
and that he should strive to be like him. She had Alexander read the
Illiad, the story of the feats of Achilles, and to his dying day he always
kept a copy of this story with him. Achilles became Alexander’s role model,
and his ambition was to be as brave, kind, and mighty as Achilles.
Alexander’s Father, Philip, was king of Macedonia and ruler of many
territories. He was said to have once been handsome until the effects of
war took their toll, scarring him horribly. He was an incredible military
commander, very ambitious, and a good speaker and leader.

Alexander was
said to have his mother’s good looks and cunning, and his father’s ambition
and military prowess. 3 4

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Alexander parents always wanted the best for their son. They hired
some of the finest tutors around, including the brilliant Aristotle, who
began to teach Alexander around the age of thirteen. Aristotle taught
Alexander the ways of the Greeks, which he incorporated into his life
thereafter. Alexander found interest in philosophy, ethics, other
countries, politics, plants animals, military, and a wide range of other
subjects. After Aristotle, his parents employed Alexander’s uncle,
Leonidas.

Alexander hated Leonidas because he was very strict, so this
tutor did not last very long. Alexander’s final tutor was a man named
Lysimachus. He taught the young prince the cultural aspects of the world
around him, and gave him an appreciation for fine arts such as music,
poetry and drama. He also taught Alexander to play the lyre. By his late
teens, Alexander had become very intelligent and well rounded young man.5

Alexander rose to power quickly, and at an early age.

His .

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By Drew Coy Spencerville Adventist Academy Alexander the Great Essay is often said to be the greatest conqueror and best military leader to ever walk the face of the earth. He conquered many territories, creating one of the largest empires in history. He was a very kind and generous man, and he also had a good sense of humor. All of his troops respected and liked him, and almost all of hi

2019-02-12 08:08:37
Alexander the Great Essay
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