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english 3 Renaissance/ poems

Where and when did the Renaissance begin?
Italy; 17th century
Meaning of renaissance
rebirth
what was the renaissance?
the awakening of a whole new range of interests of human beings and the world they lived in

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famous Italian renaissance artists
Petrach(created 14 line sonnet) Giotto(painter) Brunelleschi(architecture) Donatello(sculpture) DaVinci Michelangelo
Features of Renaissance Art
Individualism, balance and proportion, use of perspective
individualism
the expression of art that was mainly expressed through the creativity of the artists who expressed their religious beliefs
Balance and Proportion
the renaissance artists tried to show people, trees, buildings and mountains in their proper sizes
Use of Perspective
the impression of depth and distance on the flat surface of the painting , The ways of using mathematical laws in planning a painting, Oil based paints became more popular because they didn’t dry so fast
Geniuses of Renaissance art
Raphael: combined religious art with a renaissance spirit… became famous for his Madonnas
Michelangelo: painter, poet and architect and a highly skilled sculpture — pieta– ceiling of the Sistine chapel
Leonardo Da Vinci: highly skilled painted — the last supper— Mona Lisa
Henry VII and elizabeth create which line? How long would it rule
Tudor Line; over a century
Religious Protest during Henry VII’s rule
Protestant Reformation was a protest against the corruption of the church
Martin Luther nailed hi 95 theses to the church door
Henry VIII declares himself the Supreme ruler of the Anglican Church
Anyone who opposed the kind was executed(Sir Thomas Moore)
Who was Henry’s first son?
Edward, successor of his father, died at age of 9
Mary I
Queen of England after the death of her brother Edward, Known as “Bloody Mary” for persecuting protestants; died after 5 years on the throne
Elizabeth I
The next queen after Mary, she had a sharp intellect and excellent Renaissance education, she was a clever diplomat and shrewd politician, studied under Robert Ascham, encourage literary and artistic development
Robert Ascham
Elizabeth’s tutor, leading figure of the humanists
What made England the most powerful country in the world?
their defeat of the Spanish armada
Most distinctive achievement of Elizabethan Literature?
Drama
Elizabethan drama
Introduced non religious characters and plots, originally performed as interludes during parties, all parts played by men
First public theater
erected in shoreditch, just outside of city limits
important renaissance theaters
The Globe, and the Rose
Types of people who attended the theater
all people, the wealthy bought seats, the poor paid a penny to stand in the pit
penny stinkers
those who paid to stand in the pit (poor could not shower well, also went to the bathroom in their pants while they stood in the pit)
Elizabethan taste in art
an interest in ornamentation and artifice- fancy taste in everything, elaborate clothing; Clothing, buildings, gardens, etc. very elaborate
artificial
a word of praise… extension of the word art itself
Sir Francis Drake
a privateer, who helped the English defeat the Spanish Armada
Elizabethan entertainment
Brothels, bearbaiting and public executions
reasons theaters were outside of the city
gambling, brothels, drinking, illegal activities, called the “bad side of town”
James Stuart
Elizabeth’s cousin, son of Mary Queen of Scots, becomes king after Elizabeth’s death
Mary Queen of Scots
executed by Elizabeth for treason, she had the support of the Catholics who thought she was the rightful queen
Why did James persecute Puritans?
Puritans were Protestants but very strict
Parliament had many powerful Puritans
They didn’t support the king’s conquest for money
Charles I
son of James, becomes King after James dies, furthers anti puritan sentiment; Mayflower goes to America
civil war during Charles’s presidency
between puritans(round heads) and supporters of the King(cavaliers). Puritans led by Oliver Cromwell to victory: establish protectorate, close theaters, dilute wine, ban holiday celebrations
Charles II
after the death of his father Charles I, takes his place on the throne
three types of sonnets
Italian: Petrarchan
English: Shakespearean
Spenserian- devised by Edward spencer
English Sonnet
The most popular;
14 lines
3 quatrains and 1 couplet
Usually about love, nature, beauty– not death
Written in Iambic Pentameter
scancion
scanning a line of poetry
Iamb
a pattern of Meter unstressed (u) syllable and a stressed (/) syllable
Edmund Spenser
wrote Amoretti Sequence( means little love poems)
Sir Phillip Sidney
wrote Astrophel and stella series
William Herbert
possibly the young man in Shakespeare’s poems
Emilia Bassano
possibly the dark Lady in Shakespeare’s poems
Christopher Marlowe
Contemporary of Shakespeare, wrote similar poetry. Rumored to be a spy for elizabeth, killed in a bar fight
Sir Walter raliegh
favorite poet of the queen;an explorer; asked the queen to marry him, she refused so he married one of her maids in secret;queen throws him in jail; King James didn’t like him either, throws him back in jail and eventually executes him
Passionate shepherd and his love
By Marlowe, the shepherd asks his love to come with him, and gives her many gifts from nature
The Nymphs reply
By Raliegh in reply to Marlowe; the lady doesn’t believe the shepherd was sincere, his gifts won’t last they will wither and die, if they could stay young forever she would go with him
birthplace of shakespeare
stratford on avon
Birthday/ date of death for shakespeare
april 23 1564/1616
Shakespeares father
John Shakespeare, a glovemaker, probably a guildsman, an alderman, wine importer, had financial difficulties
Shakespeare’s mother
mary arden, one of eight girls, born of a wealthy father
When was shakespeare home
40 days a year, during lent when the theaters were closed
shakespeares wife
ann Hathaway, lived in a cottage with 7 chimneys; married when he was 18, she was 26; only anounced 1 public banns before marriage, she was probably pregnant
Shakespeare’s children
Suzanne, Hamnet(dies young), Judith

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english 3 Renaissance/ poems
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Where and when did the Renaissance begin? Italy; 17th century Meaning of renaissance rebirth
2017-09-08 07:32:46
english 3 Renaissance/ poems
$ 13.900 2018-12-31
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