On August 6, 1945 the atomic bomb was dropped on the Japanesecity of Hiroshima. The Enola Gay, piloted by Colonel Tibbetts, waschosen to make the mission.
The mission was recorded as successful byCapt. William S. Parson at 9:20 A. M. This was an extremelycontroversial military strategy in the United States.
Was the UnitedStates justified in the dropping of the atomic bomb? Yes, they werejustified for many reasons. The primary reason was, that it would stopthe war. Why is it that this war needed to be stopped so badly? Eventhough in some ways it was helping our economy, it was very costly inboth money and lives. Also, the United States soldiers were undergoingharsh treatment by the unmerciful Japanese. Another reason the warneeded to be stopped was to defend ourselves from another attack onU. S.Order now
soil, which in turn would kill many of our U. S. citizens. This iswhy the war needed to be stopped; thus, justifying the use of theatomic bomb. World War II was the costliest war in history, in termsof lives lost.
No exact figures exist, but approximately between 15and 20 million military personnel were killed. Of these, 292,000 wereAmericans and 6,000 innocent United States citizens were murdered byour enemies. It has been estimated that if the United States had notdropped the bomb and had invaded Japan instead, the United Stateswould have lost about a million soldiers. The Japanese suicidalfighting strategies greatly effected this number. The Japanese wouldrather die than surrender. This is demonstrated by the battle ofSaipan.
At this battle over half of the population of Saipan walkedoff a cliff instead of surrendering to the United States. This wasoften very effective. Many times when a Japanese soldier decided toblow himself up instead of surrendering he would kill many Americanswith the same blast. Also the kamikaze techniques of the Japanesefighters killed many soldiers.
If this war would have continued wecould have lost thousands more. Also up to this point we spent 300billion dollars on war efforts. Many materials and other objects weredamaged. Any estimate on how much money was lost in damages would befutile. This number would have continued to rise if it had not beenfor the use of the atomic bomb. The horrendous atrocities thatoccurred during World War II were unmerciful as well as unnecessary.
During one invasion of China, the rape of Nanking, the Japanese killed100,000 Chinese civilians. They were burned, butchered, and raped. Sometimes the Japanese would tie a big group of them together and usethem for bayonet and sword practice. After the fall of Bataan thesoldiers were forced to go on a death march. During this march manyunheard of things happened to the soldiers. A soldier was often killedfor trying to get a drink of water.
If a soldier fell down theJapanese would either bayonet them or knock them unconscious. Oncethey were knocked unconscious, the Japanese then forced anotherAmerican soldier to bury the unconscious soldier alive. One soldieronce commented, “The worst time was once when a burial victim withabout six inches of earth over him suddenly regained consciousness andclawed his way out until he was almost sitting upright. Then I learnedto what length a man will go to hang onto his life.
The bayonets beganto prod me in the side and I was forced to bash the soldier over thehead with the shovel and then finish burying him. ”(Kappler, Pg. 168)This harsh treatment to innocent civilians and our soldiers needed tostop. The atomic bomb was a way to stop it.
On December 7, 1941,”A day that will live in infamy,” Pearl Harbor was deliberatelyattacked by the Japanese. Reports indicate that 2400 people werekilled and 1300 were wounded. The reason Japan bombed Pearl Harbor wasbecause that was where all of our Navy ships were positioned. Theywere hoping to take out the Navy and were almost successful. Theaircraft carriers were expected to be in the harbor, but luckily werenot.
Although the attack may have been a military success in the mindsof the Japanese it became a huge mistake in the final analysis. Onereason it was a mistake was it caused the U. S. to enter the war. Wewere the ultimate cause to Japan losing the war.
Secondly it made theAmericans angry and determined to destroy the Japanese. Manycongressmen volunteered for active .