“n AgainstWomen in the 90’s?””Does the Military Continue to Have Sexual Harassment and Discriminatio Essayn AgainstWomen in the 90’s?”Yes, the military does have sexual harassment and discrimination againstwomen in the nineties.
“Firestone and co-researcher Richard J. Hurns analyzeda 1988 DOD Survey of men and women in the military and found that 51. 8 % of menand 74. 6% of women reported either experiencing or knowing of sexual harassment. Amoung the women surveyed, 70.
1% had experienced sexual talk or behavior atthe work place that created an offensive, hostile or intimidatingenvironment. Amoung the men, 36. 9% gave the same answer. “(1) The percent ofwomen being sexually harassed is much higher than the percent of men beingharassed. Even though it is not tolerated, it still happens regardless of theconsequences, even in the nineties. While some women’s experiences have been similar to those of black men,their integration into the military has also differed in several ways.Order now
Becauseof our society’s fundamental belief that protecting the home and going to warare a man’s work, men from minority groups have often been accepted morereadily in the military than the women. Women have been viewed as outsiders ina male environment. Discrimination and harassment occurs for women because weare entering an all male dominated area. Some areas are still restrictedbecause of it. For example: serving in direct combat capacities such as armor,infantry, and special forces–branches from which much of the senior leadershipis drawn. In 1994, the annual Navywide Personnel Survey included questions onwomen’s role for the first time.
Some 65 percent of officers and almost 50percent of enlisted respondents said they did not think women were fullyaccepted in combat roles. While approximately 80 percent said harassment wasnot tolerated at their command, almost half of all respondents disagreed thateveryone is treated equally in promotions and advancements. (2) Some of this isbases on the presumed physical and psychological characteristics of women whichmay interfere with their performances of some military jobs. For example: thephysical strength of women. People believe that women are not strong enough tolift and carry heavy equipment or wounded fellow soldiers and that we lackendurance to perform these tasks over a lengthened period of time. Also, thereis the idea that women can not perform strenuous tasks quickly, like loadingheavy shells into a weapon.
And combat is not for the weak and slow. Although allowing women in combat remains a top priority, women are nowserving in virtually every other occupational capacity in all four branches ofthe military. A large number of previously restricted areas to women have beenopened in the Army and Marine Corps, and the Air Force has women training nowfor all previously closed career fields. Even the Navy is improving, which isa shock on its own. Even with increasing sexual harassment cases, the rising number of womenbeing recruited is not due to any idealistic vision of the right of women toserve their country in uniform.
One might say this trend is driven by the needto recruit an increasingly intelligent, well-educated, and fit military in theface of data that reflects the shrinking amount of qualified male candidates. By current estimates, there are 191,399 women on active duty in all fourbranches of the US Armed Forces, accounting for approximately 12. 7 % of allactive duty Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Personnel. As of September 1995,women accounted for 13.
2 % of all officers and 12. 6% of all enlisted personnel. Approximately 16 percent of all active duty Air Force Personnel (officers andenlisted) are women, followed by 13 percent of the Army, 12 percent of the Navy,and about 4. 6 percent of the Marines. (3)Sexual harassment is believed to be increasing, but one must remember alot of sexual harassment goes unreported. It is a shame women are afraid toreport cases for fear of being thrown out of their job, or just plain lack ofknowledge on where to go or what to do.
Women can get the feeling of nottrusting anyone in the military command easier than women for two reasons. One,99 percent of commanding ranks are taken by men, and two, men are more likelyto help men than women. A woman can not get help from a commanding officerthat’s a woman, because the commanding officer is probably in a rut of her own.Women should join forces .