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Da Vinci anatomy Essay

Lying on ones back
Supine/Dorsal Recummbent
Lying Supine (face up) with head of table tilted down 40 degrees
Trendelenberg
Lying on back, thys & knees apart and flexed. Perineum is exposed
Lithotomy
Lying on ones side
Lateral Recummbent/Lateral Decubitus
Towards the head or superior part of a structure
Cranial/Superior
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Posterior
Toward or at the midline of the body; on the inner side of the body trunk
medial
farther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachemnt of a limb to the body trunk
distal
away from the body surface; more internal
deep
a vertical line from the middle of the clavicle
mid-clavicular line
a vertical line down the middle of the sternum
midsternal line
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
anterior
away from the midline of the body; on the outer side of
lateral
away from the head or toward the lower part of a structure or the body; below
inferior (Cauldad)
Closer to the origin of the body part or the point of attachemnt of a limb to the body trunk
Proximal
Toward or at the body surface
proximal
a verticle line along the anterior axillary fold
anterior axillary line
cavity enclosing the heart
pericardial cavity
Cavity that is subdivided into the pleural cavities, mediastinum, and pericardial cavity
thoracic cavity
cavity separated from the superior thoracic cavity by the dome-shaped diaphram
abdominopelvic cavity
enter
small intestine
gast
stomach
lapar
abdomen, flank
vas
vessel, duct, or canal.

refers to any fluid conveying structure

card (ium)
heartvess
pneumon
lung
phren
respiratory diaphram
thorac
chest
cyst
bladder, sac (usually refers to urinary bladder)
neph
kidney
pyel
pelvis of the kidney
ren
kidney
ureter
ureter
ureth
urethra
vesic
urinary bladder
colp
vagina
hyster
uterus
oophor
ovary
salping
fallopian tube, uterine tube
-ectomy
removal, excision, extraction, extirpation
-itis
infection, inflammation
-opexy
fixation or immobilazation
-oplasty
surgical reshaping
(-0)ostasis
control/stop
-ostomy
new opening or drainage
-otomy
incision/cutting into
contra-
against/opposite
extra, exo, ex-
outside
hemi-
half
infra-
inferior/below
inter-
between
intra/endo-
within/inside
para-
beside/alongside/parallel to
peri-
surrounding
post
posterior/behind
retro
below
sub-
less than total/under
supra-
superior, above
transect
to cut across/cross section
hemisect
divide part of a structure
dissect
to separate and expose parts of
ligate
to tie closed (using suture, etc.)
coagulate
to clot. to change from liquid to gel or solid
enucleate
to bring or peel out. to remove without cutting
incise
to cut with a knife or scissors
divide
seperate
skeletonize
to reduce to basic element
vascular/avascular
containing vessels/not containing vessels
thermal/athermal
pertaining to heat/without heat
resect/exise
partial or total removal
pedicle
vessel surrounding by tissue
suture
a strand or fiber used to sew parts of the living body.

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Monocryl’ absorbable monofilament suture. Vicryl : absorbable braided suture.

anastomosis
joining of two tubular structures in order to direct the flow of one structure into another
describe the target anatomy
the center point of the working area
ideal distance from da Vinci endoscopic port to target anatomy
10-20cm
minimum distance distance between da Vinci instrument ports
8cm
minimum distance between accessory ports
5cm
describe the “no port zone”
keep the area between the da Vinci ports and the target anatomy clear of accessory ports
midsternal line
a verticle line down the middle of the sternum
midclavicular line
a verticle line from the middle of the clavicle
anterior axillary line
a vertical line along the anterior axillary fold
mid axillary line
a verticle line at mid point between anterior and posterior axillary line
posterior axillary line
a verticle line along the post axillary fold
parietal
pertaining to the walls; usually refers to peritoneum
visceral
pertaining to organs; usually refers to the covering of the visceral (internal organs).
viseral serosa
serous fluid separates the serosae
an
anal canal
angi
vessel
arter
artery
cec
cecum
celio
body cavity
chole
gall, bile
cholecysty
gallbladder
choledoch
common bile duct
col
colon
crani
skull, cranium
cyst
sac
duoden (duodenum)
first part of small intestine
enter
small intestine
esophag
esophagus
gastr
stomach
hem, hemat
blood
hepat
liver
ile (ileum)
third (most distal) of small intestine
jejun (jejunum)
second part of small intestine
lapar
abdomen, flank
lith
calculus, stone
lysis
breakdown, distruction
mast
breast, mammary gland
pancreat
pancreas
phleb
small vein
proct
rectum
rect
rectum, structrues related to the rectum
splen
spleen
vas
vessel, duct or canal.

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refers to any fluid conveying structure

ven
vein
bronch
bronchus
card (ium)
heart
pneumon
lung
pulmon
lung, structures related to the lung
phren
respiratory diaphram
thorac
chest
trach
trachea
cyst
bladder, sac (usually refers to urinary bladder)
nepher
kidney
pyel
pelvis of the kidney
ren
kidney
ureter
ureter
urethr
urethra
vesic
urinary bladder
colp
vagina
hyster
uterus
metrium
uterus
oophor
ovary
salping
fallopian tube, uterine tube
contra-
against, opposite
extra-, exo-, ex-
outside
hemi-
half
infra-
inferior, below
inter-
between
intra-, endo-
within/inside
para-
beside/alongside/parallel to
peri-
surrounding/around
post-
posterior/behind
retro-
posterior, behind
sub-
less than total/under
supra-
above/more than
laparoscopy
using a viewing tube to see inside of the abdomen and pelvis. can be used to diagnose or for surgical treatment
pedicle
vessel surrounded by tissue

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Da Vinci anatomy Essay
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Lying on ones back Supine/Dorsal Recummbent Lying Supine (face up) with head of table tilted down 40 degrees Trendelenberg
2018-07-19 07:11:32
Da Vinci anatomy Essay
$ 13.900 2018-12-31
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