During the Renaissance, there was a revival of interest in
Who sculpted David and painted the Sistine Chapel?
How was Renaissance art different from the art of the Middle Ages?
It was more realistic and portrayed some non-religious subjects.
How did Italy’s location help make it the starting point of the Renaissance?
Its location on the Mediterranean Sea allowed trade with the Muslim world.
In The Prince, Macchiavelli advises rulers to
be ruthless in achieving goals
What did Rabelais, Shakespeare, and Cervantes have in common?
They each wrote in the vernacular
The printing revolution meant that
exposed educated readers to new ideas and places.
The northern Renaissance began in the cities of
Rubens, van Eyck, and Bruegel were all
northern Renaissance painters
Which Renaissance ideal did Shakespeare’s work explore?
complexity of the individual
Luther’s ideas spread mostly in
Germany and Scandinavia
What is one belief Luther held that differed from Church practices?
He believed Christians could be saved only by faith
John Calvin believed the world was divided into
saints and sinners
Which of the following was a factor leading to the Reformation?
anger at the worldliness of the Church
To escape religious persecution, some Calvinists
sailed to the Americas
Which statement best describes the religious persecution of the 1500s and 1600s?
Persecution was widespread
Anabaptists called for
religious toleration and separation of church and state
Which of the following best describes the Catholic Reformation?
Church abuses were reduced
In 1545, the Council of Trent
established the direction of Catholic reforms
Who was executed for opposing the Act of Supremacy?
Why was Copernicus’s theory revolutionary?
It contradicted the teachings of classical thinkers
Why did scientists begin to repeat their experiments?
to refine and improve their hypotheses
Which two men revolutionized scientific thought in the 1600s?
Bacon and Descartes
One of Newton’s contributions was his
explanation of the movement of planets
Galen’s ancient works were incorrect in terms of