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Sculpture Essays

Art Essay / Visual Arts Essays  / Sculpture Essays

The sculpture is a kind of fine art, whose works are three-dimensional and tangible. It is divided into a circular, freely placed in space, and a relief in which volumetric images are arranged on a plane.

An Ancient Kind of Art

This is one of the most ancient art forms. Various forms of sculpture have existed for all the peoples of the world for a long time, for example, women’s figures and reliefs of the Neolithic.

Main Expressive Means

Like any other art, the sculpture reflects in the artistic images the real world, and reflects it in its own way, using special means and methods. The artist expresses a person’s spiritual world and ideas about the surrounding, embodies his aesthetic ideals.  Like other types of art, sculpture has its own specifics, which is expressed both in content and in the choice of material and expressive means.

  • The main expressive means is a three-dimensional volume-plastic shape. Through it the content of the work is revealed, the sculptor’s intention is conveyed to the viewer.
  • The rhythm is of particular importance. It is the repetition of the same motives. Rhythm can serve not only the design of the subject, but also express a certain mood, movement. Light and shadow serve as a means of revealing the artistic and plastic essence of the work. They are located on the surface in accordance with the nature of modeling, as well as with the location of the light source. Light can be artificial and natural.
  • In the artistic design of any sculpture, the pedestal, the boundaries of which define the framework of the work, separates the creation itself from the real space that surrounds it. The pedestal should correspond not only to the architectural environment, but also to the nature and style of the work.
  • A specific feature of the sculpture and its content is that it depicts mostly a person. in the image of the person himself, the sculptor can reveal the life of society, the characters of people, their moods and actions. The artist always distinguishes those qualities of a person that are worthy of imitation: kindness, courage, intelligence, moral purity, creative impulse.

Alberto Giacometti: His Purpose Was To Express The Totality Of Life And Find The Real Through External

His purpose was to express the "totality of life" and "find the real through external experiences". He was celebrated for his elongated figures that followed his break from the surrealists. But, who was Alberto Giacometti? Alberto Giacometti was born in 1901 in the Italian speaking town Borgonova, Switzerland. Being the son of Giovanni Giacometti, an impressionist painter, he was encouraged in art at an early age. Giacometti had great confidence in his drafting ability at the age of 10, and at 14 he began sculpting. When he turned twenty, he moved to Paris to continue his studies but shortly returned home. Back home, Alberto Giacometti studied with the famous sculpture Bourdelle. With him he drew and sculpted with models. Though, in 1925 he...

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Donatello as the most important sculptor of the Early Renaissance

Donatello is known as the most important sculptor of the Early Renaissance. The author, John Pope-Hennessy noted him as "one of the greatest artists who ever lived" Pope-Hennessy p. 11. Donatello was a modest person who was very dedicated to his works. Because of his great dedication, he was able to create so much art in so many different varieties Poeschke p. 5. Donatello's origins, his accomplishments, and his impact are important aspects to appreciate the sculptor, Donatello. Donatello was born on 1386 in Florence, Italy by the name Donato di Niccolo di Betto Bardi. ibrary p. 1. His father, Niccolo di Betto Bardi, was a wool comber. It is thought that he learned his career from one of the stone...

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Sculptures Of David

From 1430 to 1623A.D., four sculptures of the Biblical David were created. From the master artists Bernini, Donatello, Michelangelo, and Verrocchio came the most famous David's of the world. Even though infinitely many were made, these surpass the others to become marvels that will live forever. The earliest of the David's, is the work of Donatelloc.1430. This magnificent work is a life-size, nude, bronze, figure of David. The sculpture is portraying the scene after David has cut off the head of Goliath. His foot is raised on the severed head in a stance of contropposto. His sword is in the right hand with the stone in the left. This very smooth and natural looking sculpture was originally part of Medici courtyard...

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Ancient Peruvian Ceramics

The first pottery pieces found in Peru were made somewhere between 1500 and 1000 b. p. The pieces were found in the central Andean region where a religious cult lived. This cult was called Chavín, after the best known ceremonial center, Chavín de Huántar. The religious center was the home to massive temples that were highly embellished with low relief sculptures of gods, animals, and symbols. The pottery found in the area where vessels that were well made and highly decorated with a similar motif as the temples. But the evolution of Peruvian pottery becomes somewhat confusing and complex after this first civilization of potters. There is a division of people into the North Coast and the South Coast. The split...

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John Ahearn, an artist living in the South Bronx

Whose Art Is It? , an essay by Jane Kramer, talked about John Ahearn, an artist living in the South Bronx. Kramer describes John as a white male living in a predominantly African American and Hispanic community. His artworks sparked a great controversy not only in the town but the entire city of New York. His intentions were not to offend anyone but he created such a public outcry against his works that will be look backed upon forever. John Ahearn was an active part of the community. South Bronx is known as a place of suffering, poverty, crime, drugs, unemployment, and Aids Stimpson 18, but this did not stop Ahearn for making his artworks. His earlier works were plaster portraits...

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Holocaust Memorial

Located close to lively South Beach is one of the most haunting pieces of art I have ever seen. The deeply moving Holocaust Memorial in Miami is an art installation that combines the senses of sight, sound and a vivid array of emotions. The structure itself is a walled circle within a semicircle. Within the circle resides the main body of the work, a 42-foot bronze sculpted arm and hand reaching up to God. The wall surrounding the inner circle stands about 10 feet tall. The circle is connected to the outer semicircle by a long corridor. You must walk through the outer area to reach the corridor that leads to the arm. Along the outer semicircle are various other...

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Matisse

A special chapter in the history of modern sculpture could be devoted to artists who are known primarily for their careers as painters, but who have also made groundbreaking contributions to the understanding of three-dimensional form. Henri Matisse, celebrated as one of this century"s greatest colorists, is also now recognized for the brilliant invention he brought to his sculptural compositions. Born in La Cateau-Cambrésis, in northern France, Matisse first studied law before taking up painting at the age of twenty-one, and in 1891 he enrolled at the Académie Julian in Paris. The following year he transferred to the École des Beaux Arts, where he studied under the great Symbolist painter Gustave Moreau. In 1899, Matisse was introduced to André Derain, who in...

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Constantine Brancusi Biography

I found it very difficult to find information on Constantine Brancusi in hard copy, therefore, you will see at the end of my paper that all of my sources are websites. The little information I did locate on the artist was very, very little. Therefore, I combined the small amount of information with some research I found on artists that were strongly influenced by Brancusi. Brancusi"s imprint on contemporary sculptural practice ranges from the dissemination of furniture-oriented sculpture and the emerging topos of architectural folly to new paradigms for public art. At the same time many postwar artists engaging in a dialogue with his legacy have read and productively misread Brancusi"s work. Through the violent but fecund gesture of subjective intervention,...

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Female Gable Figure Dilukai, 19th – early 20th century; Belauan Wood, paint, Kaolin Chinese Clay

The piece of work I selected caught my attention as soon as I set eyes on it. It is "Female Gable Figure Dilukai" a 25 2/3-inch high wooden figure of a nude woman with her legs straddled. The piece seemed to be very crudely done. It appeared to be chiseled, very abstracted and very unrealistic. Her hair appears to be in a bun, her face has no expression. The arms that lead down to her knees and upper torso look detachable. The breasts are triangular and the left breast is lopsided. There is also an additional piece of wood around the lower part of the left arm. The legs are apart and the under half of the leg in a...

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UCLA Bus Trip

William Zorach conceived a sculpture entitled "Victory" that shows an indebtedness to the late classical fourth century B. C. idealized images of Venus, combined with a figural attitude of flight that is perhaps derived from the twisting torso of the conceptions of flight in the winged Victory of Samothrace. The figure exhibits a lustrous surface of sensual light that is reminiscent of the finish on Donatello's bronze image of David. The torso may be viewed at once as a provacative and modern heroic image of the feminine grace of womanhood. Two Lines oblique Down, Variation H" by George Ricky was conceived with a concern for the problems of space and time wherein there is a constant transformation of natural forces of...

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George Sugarman: A Sculpture

A Polychrome Profusion; sculptor George Sugarman, Fine Arts Building, New York, New York BYLINE: RUBINSTEIN, RAPHAEL Best known today for his public art, George Sugarman began his career with formally eccentric painted-wood sculptures. In a revelatory New York exhibition, early pieces were shown alongside the 86-year-old artist"s more recent aluminum work. In the course of 1998, there were a number of important sculpture exhibitions in New York galleries and museums, including the Museum of Modern Art"s Tony Smith retrospective, Dia"s presentation of Richard Serra"s Torqued Ellipses, and a group of David Smith"s late painted-steel works at Gagosian Gallery. For me, however, the most impressive and thought-provoking sculpture show of the year was a concise survey of George Sugarman"s work presented by...

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Donatello’s Bronze David

Thesis: Donatello was one of the most important fifteenth century masters whose bronze David is an enigma that is unlike Donatello's other works in its different style, and unknown time of origin. Donatello was a gifted sculptor who lived in the fifteenth century and had a great impact on not only the Italian Renaissance, but also on the future of art in general. He was an innovator in his time and his sphere of influence enveloped all those around him. Donatello was one of the most important fifteenth century masters whose bronze David is an enigma that is unlike Donatello's other works in its different style, and unknown time of origin. First, Donatello's talents and credentials will be discussed. Secondly, points...

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David Sculptures essay

David, who was destined to be the second king of Israel, destroyed the Philistine giant Goliath with stone and a sling. Donatello, Verrocchio, Michelangelo, and Bernini each designed a sculpture of David. However, the sculptures are drastically different from one another. Each one is unique in its own certain way. Donatello, whose David was the first life-size nude statue since Classical times, struck a balance between Classicism and the realism by presenting a very real image of an Italian peasant boy in the form of a Classical nude figure. Although Donatello was inspired by Classical figures, he did not choose a Greek youth in his prime as a model for his David. Instead, he chooses a barely developed adolescent boy whose...

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Art Paper – Sumerian sculptures

For my final essay, the six works of art I am going to write about are the Sumerian sculptures, Venus de Milo, Mona Lisa, Diptych of Martin van Nieuwenhove, The Oath of Horatii, and the sculpture of David. I believe that these works of art have contributed to changes that are present in our society today. Sculptures as simple as the Sumerian sculptures from ancient Sumer to the more complex sculptures like David, have set guidelines and what the "beautiful" or "important" individual should look like in our society. These works of art have changed social status for certain cultures and brought heroes to life. Art from classical Greece has also influenced icons in our society, like our president. Art has...

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Venus de Milo

[caption id="attachment_21126" align="alignright" width="264"] Venus De Milo[/caption] This graceful statue of a goddess has intrigued and fascinated since its discovery on the island of Melos in 1820. Is it Aphrodite, who was often portrayed half-naked, or the sea goddess Amphitrite, who was venerated on Melos? The statue reflects sculptural research during the late Hellenistic Period: classical in essence, with innovatory features such as the spiral composition, the positioning in space, and the fall of the drapery over the hips. The discovery of a mutilated masterpiece The Venus de Milo was discovered in 1820 on the island of Melos (Milos in modern Greek) in the south-western Cyclades. The Marquis de Rivière presented it to Louis XVIII, who donated it to the Louvre the following...

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Michelangelo – my vision

Michelangelo was a man of many trades who, throughout his life, created, painted, and designed artistic masterpieces. He was a marvel of his time.. "He was celebrated as the greatest artist ever because of his great work in the areas of sculpting, painting, drafter, architecture, and poetry". A genius with his ingenuity and thought process in the way he came up with the ideas that have now become modern masterpieces and wonders to us. Hard work and education to his true passion led to his success and fame in cities all around. He is a man who truly lived life to the fullest. He worked every day of his life and finally rested on his deathbed. Michelangelo was born on March...

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Gothic Architecture in Medieval France

Gothic Architecture in Medieval France As with most modernization, new concepts are often refined versions of previous techniques. Although structural design during the Middle Ages was already advancing at a large scale, distortions of the classical style were not too apparent until the Gothic era occurred. Taking place during a time of turmoil with the Hundred Years' War and the Black Plague, the Gothic age emerged right as European society was forced into a reflective change. With an increase in trade and a growing violation, an associated development of cities also occurred. Since it was more plausible to centralize churches and monasteries within towns, advancements of stone architecture began in order to meet the needs of the general public. First appearing...

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Sculpture in the Indian subcontinent

Sculpture in the Indian subcontinent From Wisped, the free encyclopedia Part of a series on the Culture of India History People Languages Mythology and folklore[show] Cuisine Festivals Religion Art[show] Literature[show] Music and performing arts[show] Media[show] Sport Monuments[show] Symbols[show] Culture portal India portal Bronze Vishnu Gain figure of Thirthankarasuparshvanath, 14th century, marble One of the first representations of the Buddha, 1st-2nd century CE, Kandahar The first known sculpture in the Indian subcontinent is from the Indus Valley civilization (3300-1700 SC), found in sites at Enjoy-dare and Harp in modern- ay Pakistan. These include the famous small bronze female dancer. However such figures in bronze and stone are rare and greatly outnumbered by pottery figurines and stone seals, often of animals or deities...

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Indian Overview Fashion Dress

Harpoon statues, which have been dated to approximately 3000 b. C. E. , depict the garments worn by the most ancient Indians. A Priestley bearded man is shown wearing a toggling robe that leaves the right shoulder and arm bare; on his forearm is an armlet, and on his head is a coronet with a central circular decoration. The robe appears to be printed or, more likely, embroidered or applique©d in a trefoil pattern. The trefoil motifs have holes at the centers of the three circles, suggesting that stone or colored faience may have been embedded there. Harpoon female figures are scantily clad. A naked female with heavy bangles on one arm, thought to represent a dancer, could have been a...

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Leonardo Da Vinci

Leonardo Dad Vinci Leonardo dad Vinci was born in Vinci, Italy on April 15, 1452. He was an Italian artist, painter, sculptor, architect, engineer and a scientist. He was also one of the greatest minds of the Italian Renaissance. Renaissance is the transitional movement in Europe between medieval and modern times beginning in Italy in the 14th century and ending in the 17th century. It was marked by a humanistic revival of classical influence showed it a flowering of the arts, literature and by the beginnings of modern science. The Italian Renaissance is the time period when Italy was the center of the Renaissance. He was born to unmarried parent's who were Seer Piper dad Vinci (he was an official who...

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Middle Age and Renaissance Art Essay

Gothic Art is art of the Middle Ages. Early Middle Age art is also known as the Dark ages (410 AD-ADDED). After the Dark ages came the Medieval era (1066-1485) Then on to the Renaissance era. In the Middle Ages the Roman Empire was spilt into two sections, the Eastern and the Western part of the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire fell, the Western part disintegrated, while the Eastern or Byzantium Empire stayed intact. The art reflects the differences between the development of Catholic Religion and the Byzantium Empire. Byzantium Art had characteristics of religious art, somber tones, flat, one dimensional, no shadows, narrow, and solemn faces. Medieval Gothic Art broke away from Byzantium Art and Romanesque styles. Changes included : Brighter...

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Renaissance and Discovery

Renaissance and Discovery I The Renaissance in Italy A. The renaissance was the period when people began to adopt a rational and statistical approach to reality and rediscovered the worth and creativity of the individual. Most scholars agree that the Renaissance (which meaner "rebirth" in French) was a transition from medieval to modern times. Before the change, Europe was a fragmented feudal society with an agricultural economy with a church who dominated their thoughts and culture. Once the change happened, Europe was a growing nation, an urban economy, and people had new opinions on thought, culture, and religion. The Italian Renaissance began with the deaths of Patriarch (the "father" of humanism) and Biochip (author of the Decadence). With that, the Florentine...

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Baroque Art

Challenge II Baroque Art: What is it and why do we care about it? The Baroque is often thought of as a period of artistic style that used exaggerated motion and clear, easily interpreted detail to produce drama, tension, exuberance, and grandeur in sculpture, painting, architecture, and music. The style began around 1600 in Rome, Italy and spread to most of Europe. It's defined as "a style of European architecture, music, and art of the 17th and 18th centuries that followed mannerism and is characterized by ornate detail. In architecture the period is exemplified by the palace of Versailles and by the work of Bernie in Italy. Major composers include Vivaldi, Bach, and Handel; Carving and Rueben are important baroque...

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Renaissance and Reformation

Renaissance and Reformation Test Humanism- Classical texts from the Greek and Roman culture lead to humanism. Humanism focused on human potential and achievements. People stopped worrying about Christian teachings. Influenced artists and architects. History, Literature, and Philosophy are humanities subjects. Secular- People became concerned with the here and now Predestination- Calling's book/doctrine; Institutes of the Christian Religion states that everyone is sinful by nature and God has known from the beginning who he will save. Council of Trend- Pope Paul Ill 4th step toward reform was to call a great council of hurt leaders to Trend. Catholic Bishops and Cardinals agreed on several doctrines: 1) Church interpretation of the bible was final anyone who substituted there ideas was a heretic 2)...

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Mason-Caree, Renaissance Architecture

Part. B: Matson-Career. Since High Renaissance period was highly influenced by the Roman culture, the Roman orders of columns were applied in the architecture and most building plans and fade were symmetrical. One of the examples which can be brought from Roman times is the Matson-Career. It is an ancient building located in southern France, and considered to be one of the best preserved Roman temples. The three stepped floor was replaced with a tall platform, and the columns along the sides of the temple were converted to engage columns. Roman Architecture: Essential Humanities") Units of measurements were based on the human scale and it was in mathematical proportions. One of the best examples of this is Laurent Library by...

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Pablo Picasso and Stelarc

Introduction- Pablo Picasso and Stellar are two artists who both use shock tactics to create artworks that resonate with the audience. Although ones a modernist and the other a postmodernist, they both share similarities in their subject matter, and that is shock value. Body 1- Pablo Picasso was a Spanish artist who was born in 1881. Picasso was a painter, printmaker, ceramicist, sculptor and stage designer who spent majority of his life living in France. Picasso showed outstanding talent from a young age, who painted in a realistic manner throughout his entire childhood, and into adolescence. Picasso as seen to be one of the most creative artists of the 20th century, who played a major impact influencing young artists. Picasso is...

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European Renaissance & Reformation

Chapter 1 European Renaissance & Reformation Unit 1 - Italy: Birthplace of the Renaissance Revolution - the Italian Renaissance was a rebirth of learning that produced many great works of art & literature. Renaissance art & literature still influence modern thought & modern art. Renaissance - period of European history, 1300-1600, rebirth, a renewed interest in classical culture lead to changes in art, learning, & views of the world. Humanism - Renaissance intellectual movement that focused on studying classical texts, human potential & achievements. Secular - Renaissance society was worldly rather than spiritual & concerned with the ere & now. Patron - a person who supports artists, especially financially. Perspective - an artistic technique that creates the appearance of 3 dimensions...

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Renaissance

Summary about Renaissance Renaissance is the Fresh term was used to describe an entire period of rebirth - "rebirth" of ancient traditional, took as its foundation the art of Classical antiquity, but transformed that tradition by the absorption of recent developments in the art of Northern Europe and by application of contemporary scientific knowledge. It is the painting, sculpture and decorative arts of that period of European history known as the "Renaissance", parallel with developments which occurred in philosophy, literature, music and science. It started in Italy, take place between the 4th and 17th centuries and then spread throughout the European countries in the 16th century. It emerging as a distinct style in Italy. Renaissance art history, especially the Italian Renaissance...

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How Historical Architecture Elements Have Been Destroyed

How historical architecture elements have been destroyed in the buildings of Lass Vegas Lass Vegas is a city in the state of Nevada and the city is extremely populous and internationally known for the fine dining, gaming and shopping (Stern, Peggy and Alan 13). Lass Vegas proclaims itself as the world's capital of entertainments due to its famous hotels combined with casinos. It may seem like all the great architecture of the world is gathered in one place: there's Venice, Caesar Palace, Luxury, New York and Camelot Statue of Liberty, Eiffel Tower, the Leaning Tower of Pisa and etc. Directly low the Eiffel Tower, cicadas buzz in branches of the Roman pines that overlook the waters of an Italian lake. Suddenly,...

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History of Sculpture

Assyrian Black Obelisk of Salamander Ill a large and solid late one. The conquest of the whole of Mesopotamia and much surrounding territory by the Assyrian created a larger and wealthier state than the region had known before, and very grandiose art in palaces and public places, no doubt partly intended to match the splendor of the art of the neighboring Egyptian empire. The Assyrian developed a style of extremely large schemes of very finely detailed narrative low relief in stone for palaces, with scenes of war or hunting; the British Museum has an outstanding collection. They produced very little sculpture in the round, except for colossal guardian figures, often the human-headed lamas, which are sculpted in high relief on two...

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