The sculpture is a kind of fine art, whose works are three-dimensional and tangible. It is divided into a circular, freely placed in space, and a relief in which volumetric images are arranged on a plane.
An Ancient Kind of Art
This is one of the most ancient art forms. Various forms of sculpture have existed for all the peoples of the world for a long time, for example, women’s figures and reliefs of the Neolithic.
Main Expressive Means
Like any other art, the sculpture reflects in the artistic images the real world, and reflects it in its own way, using special means and methods. The artist expresses a person’s spiritual world and ideas about the surrounding, embodies his aesthetic ideals. Like other types of art, sculpture has its own specifics, which is expressed both in content and in the choice of material and expressive means.
· The main expressive means is a three-dimensional volume-plastic shape. Through it the content of the work is revealed, the sculptor’s intention is conveyed to the viewer.
· The rhythm is of particular importance. It is the repetition of the same motives. Rhythm can serve not only the design of the subject, but also express a certain mood, movement. Light and shadow serve as a means of revealing the artistic and plastic essence of the work. They are located on the surface in accordance with the nature of modeling, as well as with the location of the light source. Light can be artificial and natural.
· In the artistic design of any sculpture, the pedestal, the boundaries of which define the framework of the work, separates the creation itself from the real space that surrounds it. The pedestal should correspond not only to the architectural environment, but also to the nature and style of the work.
· A specific feature of the sculpture and its content is that it depicts mostly a person. in the image of the person himself, the sculptor can reveal the life of society, the characters of people, their moods and actions. The artist always distinguishes those qualities of a person that are worthy of imitation: kindness, courage, intelligence, moral purity, creative impulse.