The theater is the main kind of spectacular art. The generic concept of the theater is divided into the types of theatrical art: drama, opera, ballet, pantomime, etc. The origin of the term is associated with the ancient Greek theater, where this term meant places in the auditorium. However, today the meaning of this term is extremely diverse.
Theatrical art has specific features that make its works unique, unparalleled in other kinds and arts.
First of all, this is the synthetic nature of the theater. Its works easily include almost all other arts: literature, music, fine arts (painting, sculpture, graphics, etc.), vocals, choreography, and also use numerous achievements of the most diverse sciences and fields of technology. For example, the scientific development of psychology formed the basis for acting and directing creativity, as well as research in the field of semiotics, history, sociology, physiology, and medicine (in particular, in teaching scenic speech and the stage movement). The development of different branches of technology makes it possible to improve and transition to a new level of stage mechanics; sound and noise economy of the theater; light equipment; the emergence of new scenic effects.
Hence follows the next specific feature of theatrical art and this is the collectivity of the creative process. However, here we are talking not only about the joint work of the numerous theater staff from the cast to the representatives of technical workshops. In any work of theatrical art, there is one more authoritative and important co-author. This is the viewer, whose perception corrects and transforms the play, differently arranging accents and at times drastically changing the general meaning and idea of presentation. Theatrical performance without a spectator is impossible because the very name is connected with the spectator seats. Audience perception of the performance is a serious creative work, regardless of whether the public realizes it or not.
Thus, we can talk about the following feature of the theatrical art. This is its momentary: every performance exists only at the moment of its reproduction. This feature is inherent in all types of performing arts.