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Music Appreciation Essays

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Music Appreciation – Terms from Middle Ages, Renaissance and Baroque Periods

Polyphony more than one pitch played at the same time, what we typically call harmony parallel organum first type of polyphony, here the cantus firmus and the other higher harmony mirrored each other Ars Antiqua Middle Ages school of music from 1100-1300, literally means old art, stemmed directly from the Gregorian Chant Troubadours French musicians…

Music Appreciation Pt. 7

Composers in the twentieth century drew inspiration from all except: American marching band music The combination of two traditional chords sounding together is known as a polychord Among the unusual playing teechniques that were widely used during the twentieth century is the _____, a rapid slide up or down a scale. glissando Which of the…

Music Appreciation – Exam 2

c. basso continuo The most characteristic feature of baroque music is its use of a. gradual dynamic changes b. monophonic texture c. basso continuo d. simple singable melodies d. violinist Antonio Vivaldi was famous and influential as a virtuoso a. harpsichordist b. opera singer c. lutenist d. violinist b. subject The main theme of a…

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Music Appreciation Exam II The Middle Ages/The Renaissance

1. Gregorian chant: is monophonic in texture 2. Gregorian chant takes its name from Pope Gregory I, who was alleged to have written most chants in the sixth century: True 3. Gregorian chant was the official music of the Roman Catholic church for more than 1,000 years and it was set to sacred Latin texts…

Music Appreciation Unit 2: Middle Ages/ Renaissance

the ___ is a stately dance in duple meter similar to the pavane passamezzo one of the major characteristics of ars nova music is its use of syncopation the renaissance in music occurred bw 1450 and 1600 during the middle ages women were not permitted to sing in church Machaut’s compositions consist mainly of love…

Middle Ages Music Appreciation

What is the time span of the middle ages? 450-1450 What do people call 450-1000? The Dark Ages Feudalism social system that existed in Europe during the Middle Ages in which people worked and fought for nobles who gave them protection and the use of land in return. Nobility sheltered in fortified castles; knights in…

Music Appreciation: The Middle Ages and The Renaissance

Understand how the church affected the development of early music. • Spread of Christianity leads to spread of learning • Monks and monasteries kept scholarship and literature alive • The arts flourish in newly established cultural centers • Most artistic endeavors were inspired, encouraged, and paid for by the Church. • Cathedrals were marvels of…

Music Appreciation-The Middle Ages and the Renaissance

Characteristics of the Middle Ages Everything was done anonymously Everyone (including rulers) was illiterate -Exception: Priests, nuns, bishops, ect Two Divisions of the Middle Ages Romanesque Period (450-1000 AD); otherwise known as the “Dark Ages” Gothic Period (1000-1450 AD); otherwise known as the “High Middle Ages” Two Areas of Power in the Middle Ages The…

Music Appreciation: Middle Ages/ Renaissance Exam 2

Pope Gregory 1 founder of western music reorganized the catholic liturgy, gregorian chant Middle Ages dates 450-1450 dark time taxation, very poor 3 main classes of middle ages Nobles (knights in castles, waited for war) Peasants (most people, very poor) Clergy (most powerful, church monks dictated everything) Who made the music of Middle ages? monks…

Music Appreciation Pt. 2 & Pt. 3

Roman Catholic church texts that remain the same from day to day throughout most of the year: Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, and Agnus Dei Mass ordinary Scales containing seven tones with an eighth tone duplicating the first an octave higher, but with patterns of whole and half steps different from major and minor scales; used…

Music Appreciation-Renaissance

Renaissance Songs/Music *Josquin des Prez: Ave Maria *Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina: Pope Marcellus Mass *Thomas Weelkes: As Vesta Was Descending *John Dowland: Flow My Tears Renaissance Term used to describe the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries in Europe, a period of geographic exploration and adventure as well as intellectual curiosity and individualism Humanism The dominant intellectual…

Music Appreciation: The Middle Ages and The Renaissance and Baroque

monophony • only one line is performed at a time polyphony • music with more than one line sounding at a time • Composing music with multiple independent lines first arose in the 10th century, and became popular around 1200 • Most early polyphonic compositions were written to celebrate major feasts • Paris is where…

Music appreciation, middle ages, renaissance

Hildegard of bingen was abbess of the convent at rupertsberg, the first woman composer to leave a large number of works that have survived, a visionary and mystic active in religious and diplomatic affairs the development of the English madrigal can be trace to 1588 and considered a result of the publication in London of…

Music Appreciation: Quiz #2

Word painting/text painting musical pictorialization of words from the text as an expressive device; a prominent feature of the renaissance madrigal. Making the music directly reflect the meaning of the words. Genre: Italian madrigal text consisted of short poem of lyric, often including emotional words. Love and unsatisfied desire were popular topics of the madrigal….

Music Appreciation 105

pastoral and light Which best describes the character of Farmer’s “Fair Phyllis”? antiphonal The singing style used at St. Mark’s in Venice, which featured groups singing in alternation and then together from locations of the church (stereo effect), was called: all the above (the building of great cathedrals, the founding of universities, the rise of…

Music Appreciation: Middle Ages, Renaissance, and Baroque

Church- Catholic -Most of the important musicians were priests and worked for the church -Women were not allowed to sing in the Church -Church frowned upon the use of instruments Fugue A polyphonic composition based on one main theme called a subject. Counter Subject when the subject in one voice is constantly accompanied in another…

Music Appreciation

A musical sound is represented by a symbol called a(n): note Measures mark off groupings of beats, each with a fixed number that coincides with the meter. True A repeated rhythmic pattern in which an accented beat is followed by two unaccented beats is in: triple meter The metrical pattern in which a strong beat…

Music Appreciation – Knowledge Test (Chapter 1)

During which historical period did the United States become a major musical force? Twentieth century During which historical period were new, atonal, compositional techniques adopted? Twentieth century Which of the following is true when referring to the Romantic period? Defying convention was more important than following it. This family of instruments reached its present-day form…

Music Appreciation

Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra Bretten, 1946; Classical; Triple meter opening, then duple and compound; Homophonic except for the polyphonic ending; Togetherness of whole symphony, then highlights separate pieces of the symphony (woodwinds, brass, percussion), and then the whole symphony together again. Alleluia, O virga mediatrix Hildegard of Bingen, Middle Ages; Chant; Sacred; Monophonic;…

Music Appreciation: Test 2

The Middle Ages (Early) After Roman Empire falls, migration, wars. The Middle Ages (Later) Period of cultural growth; Crusades (1096-1291) The Middle Ages (class distinctions) Nobility, peasants, clergy. (Roman Catholic church powerful; monks held a virtual monopoly on learning. ) The Middle Ages (14th Century) Hundred Years’ War and Bubonic Plague (feudal system and church…

Music Appreciation–Middle Ages, Renaissance, Baroque, 20th century

Dates of the Middle Ages 450-1450 Dates of the Renaissance 1450-1600 Dates of the Baroque Period 1600-1750 Characteristics of the early Middle Ages (up to 1000 A.D.) -the church was the center of music and learning -no movement between classes -3 groups: rich, surfs/servants, monks/priests/nuns Characteristics of the late Middle Ages (1000-1450 A.D.) -Founding of…

Music Appreciation

Secular European Music we do not know how the earliest sounded because it was not written down Gregorian Chant the oldest notated European music–monophonic Monophonic it may be sung by a soloist or by a group singing in unison A Capella that’s how the Gregorian chant was sung Vocal Music the first written European music…

Music appreciation week 3

Notation -Europeans came up with the idea of putting sound to paper Commodity Notation allows us to think of a song or other musical work as a product Social activity Music allows individuals to feel closely connected to a group and to express their feelings both recreationally and spiritually Sacred purpose Sound to inspire the…

Music Appreciation – 2. Middle Ages and Renaissance

Know the characteristics of the Gregorian Chant? • Melody sung without accompaniment. From the sacred Latin text. • It conveys a calm, otherworldly quality • Its rhythm is flexible, without Meter or beat • The melodies tend to move by step without a narrow range of pitches. • Monophonic • Melodies were meant to enhance…

Music Appreciation Final Exam: Chapters 1 & 2

A succession of single tones or pitches perceived as a unit is called: a. an interval b. a melody c. a harmony d. a chord b A unit of meaning within the larger structure of a melody is called a: a. phrase b. stanza c. cadence d. climax a Musical punctuation, which is similar to…

Music Appreciation – Middle Ages and Renaissance

Middle Ages – dates 450-1450 A.D. Renaissance – dates 1450-1600 A.D. Renaissance meaning rebirth Middle Ages – Gregorian Chant a melody with simple harmonic accompaniment – monophonic (only one line of music) Guillaume de Machaut was a well-known composer during what period of music? Middle Ages A Cappella A term used to describe unaccompanied choral…

Music Appreciation Final

sound in time music is exclusively the art of highness or lowness of a sound pitch is the quality of note what is another name for pitch Italian in which language are dynamics generally described pianissimo which dynamic indication is the softest mezzo forte, mezzo piano, piano which of the following lists of dynamics shows…

Music Appreciation: quiz

Ars Nova A new style of composition that flourished in France that is more refined and complex than the old style Ars Antiqua. The advent of rhythmic notation made this possible. Included secular and religious music. Ars Nova flourished from roughly the Roman De Fauvel (1310-14) and the death of Machaut (1377). Also includes Francisco…

Music Appreciation Review 1

Syncopation Placement of accents away from their normal stresses in the meter Sound in time What music can be defined as the art of Beats How musical time is measured Triple meter grouping ONE two three, ONE two three Measure or Bar Each occurrence of a repeated pattern of a principal strong beat and one…

Music appreciation midterm

half step. The distance from any note on a keyboard to its nearest neighbor in either direction is a(n) consonance In music, the opposite of dissonance is subdominant The fourth step of a diatonic scale is called the polyphony A texture that involves melody used in two or more lines simultaneously is called organized sound…

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