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Middle Ages Essays

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RIWT TASK1 Example Renaissance and Middle Ages Essay

Incessant and Middle Ages Western Governors University Abstract This paper will explore two periods of art: The Renaissance and The Middle Ages. For this paper I will describe the characteristics and styles of both periods, and the social conditions that influenced each period. I will also compare and contrast the characteristics and styles of both…

Music Appreciation – Terms from Middle Ages, Renaissance and Baroque Periods

Polyphony more than one pitch played at the same time, what we typically call harmony parallel organum first type of polyphony, here the cantus firmus and the other higher harmony mirrored each other Ars Antiqua Middle Ages school of music from 1100-1300, literally means old art, stemmed directly from the Gregorian Chant Troubadours French musicians…

Middle Ages and Renaissance Quiz Review

Feudal System King owns all land Parcels out land among his supporters – given titles such as “baron” Baron pledges military support (knights) and pays taxes Knights receive small parcels of land (manors) in exchange for service Serfs work manors in exchange for protection Trade routes create centers of commerce – growth of cities and…

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Middle Ages – Renaissance – Reformation

What was true of Europe in the Middle Ages? Most people were Roman Catholic, lived short and brutal lives, and land was the primary source of wealth NOT – Most people lived in cities What led to the development of feudalism? The constant invasions of Western Europe What was the bargain made between a lord…

Music Aesthetics Middle Ages & Renaissance

2 ways to know music from past strong oral traditions notation earliest notated music found in Nippur, Iraq 2,000 B.C. Middle Ages/Dark Ages 900-1450. Decline of the Roman Empire and the rise of the Catholic Church. Start of notated music in monasteries neumes symbols used to notate Gregorian chants Medieval Music Characteristics -monophonic (polyphony did…

Music 1101 The middle ages and Renaissance

Middle Ages period 450-1450 Renaissance period 1450-1600 Clergy, pheasants, nobility Clergy Read and write Pheasants- Couldn’t RW Nobility- Couldn’t RW Ars Antiquas Ancient Arts Music in middle ages basically in church, monophonic during this time Gregorian Chant consists of melody set to sacred latin texts and sung without accompaniment; named after Pope gregory 1(the great)…

Enjoyment of Music: Middle Ages, Renaissance, & Baroque

Humanism dominant intellectual movement during the Renaissance; focused on human life and it’s accomplishments; humanists: not focused on afterlife, more on cultures. Gregorian Chant melody set to sacred Latin text & sung w/out accompaniment; monophonic; official music of Roman Catholic church. Hildegard of Bingen visionary and mystic; actively religious; wrote poetry and music; 1st woman…

Music Appreciation Exam II The Middle Ages/The Renaissance

1. Gregorian chant: is monophonic in texture 2. Gregorian chant takes its name from Pope Gregory I, who was alleged to have written most chants in the sixth century: True 3. Gregorian chant was the official music of the Roman Catholic church for more than 1,000 years and it was set to sacred Latin texts…

High Middle Ages, Crusades, 12th Century Renaissance, Scholasticism

When was the High Middle Ages? 1000-1300 A.D. What expanded during the High Middle Ages? Political/ Religious Authorities Economy Population Intellect William the Conqueror d. 1087 A.D. Crusades •European military campaigns •purpose: capture the Holy Land and take over the Muslim population in Jerusalem -> wanted to take back the Christian Holy Land •sent by…

Middle Ages and Renaissance – Funeral Service History

At This Point in Time Important to remember Christianity is accepted, this will shape much of the culture Requiem Mass Simply put, mass for the dead Body Dressed No more simple while linen robes, people buried in finest garb Catafalque Covered platform for over the top burial Soul Shot Donation to the church Clothes of…

World History- Timeline Middle Ages and Renaissance

476 A.D The fall of the Roman Empire. Rome had ruled much of Europe. Now much of the land would fall into confusion as local kings and rulers tried to grab power. This is the start of the Dark Ages or the Middle Ages 570 A.D. Muhammad, prophet of Islam is born. 732 A.D. Battle…

Music Appreciation Unit 2: Middle Ages/ Renaissance

the ___ is a stately dance in duple meter similar to the pavane passamezzo one of the major characteristics of ars nova music is its use of syncopation the renaissance in music occurred bw 1450 and 1600 during the middle ages women were not permitted to sing in church Machaut’s compositions consist mainly of love…

Music Appreciation: The Middle Ages and The Renaissance

Understand how the church affected the development of early music. • Spread of Christianity leads to spread of learning • Monks and monasteries kept scholarship and literature alive • The arts flourish in newly established cultural centers • Most artistic endeavors were inspired, encouraged, and paid for by the Church. • Cathedrals were marvels of…

Middle Ages Music Appreciation

What is the time span of the middle ages? 450-1450 What do people call 450-1000? The Dark Ages Feudalism social system that existed in Europe during the Middle Ages in which people worked and fought for nobles who gave them protection and the use of land in return. Nobility sheltered in fortified castles; knights in…

Music Middle Ages, Renaissance, and Baroque Test

Middle Ages 450-1450 Musicians of Middle ages gegorian chant, hildegard of bingen o Successores gregorian chant monophonic in texture, latin text sung without accompaniment Mass and Office two services in which gregorian chant was used. Steps how gregorian chant moves melodically Hildengard of Bingen Female composer of chant Troubadours French nobles that wrote the first…

Exam II (Renaissance Period, Middle Ages, Baroque Period Chapters)

Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741) Baroque Period Composer;solo concerto “The Spring” from the four seasons “The four seasons” a set of four solo concertos written by Antonio Vivaldi Concerto Grosso Baroque Period Form; -An instrumental piece (Italian) divided into sections (movements) -Unifying factor:Alternation between soft & loud – 1.tutti (loud section or ritornello with strings, woodwinds, harpsichord)…

Music Appreciation-The Middle Ages and the Renaissance

Characteristics of the Middle Ages Everything was done anonymously Everyone (including rulers) was illiterate -Exception: Priests, nuns, bishops, ect Two Divisions of the Middle Ages Romanesque Period (450-1000 AD); otherwise known as the “Dark Ages” Gothic Period (1000-1450 AD); otherwise known as the “High Middle Ages” Two Areas of Power in the Middle Ages The…

Music Appreciation: Middle Ages/ Renaissance Exam 2

Pope Gregory 1 founder of western music reorganized the catholic liturgy, gregorian chant Middle Ages dates 450-1450 dark time taxation, very poor 3 main classes of middle ages Nobles (knights in castles, waited for war) Peasants (most people, very poor) Clergy (most powerful, church monks dictated everything) Who made the music of Middle ages? monks…

Principles of Health Science – Ancient times, Middle Ages and Renaissance and Industrial Revolution and Modern Era

In the primitive era, what did people believe that illness was caused by? Supernatural beings (if people were disobedient, the gods would infect them with illness or disease) Who treated illness in the primitive era? Priests and medicine men (religious ceremonies, evil spirits were driven out the body) What was used as medicine in the…

Music Appreciation: The Middle Ages and The Renaissance and Baroque

monophony • only one line is performed at a time polyphony • music with more than one line sounding at a time • Composing music with multiple independent lines first arose in the 10th century, and became popular around 1200 • Most early polyphonic compositions were written to celebrate major feasts • Paris is where…

MIddle ages-Renaissance Music

Humanism A group of philosophies and ethical persepectives which emphasize the value and agency of human beings Play of Virtues What was Hildegard von bingens most famous work? Feudalism A formal government thatis described as a set of reciprocal legal and military obligaitons amoung warrior Mass Ordinary Text that is the same every mass used…

DEATH AND BURIAL THROUGH THE MIDDLE AGES AND RENAISSANCE

CHRISTIAN INFLUENCES Dead brought to church for Requiem Mass Simplicity and Dignity were important Became more elaborate after 1066 AD Especially for the wealthy CHRISTIAN FUNERALS Tolling the bell Embalming or anointing Wrapping body in fine linen Lying in state Use of black draperies, torches and candles Three day vigil CHRISTIAN FUNERALS Requiem Mass Burial…

Veritas Press Middle Ages, Renaissance, Reformation Timeline

St. Augustine Converts to Christianity 386 AD Barbarian Invasion and Vikings c. 400-1000 AD St. Jerome Completes the Vulgate 405 AD The Council of Chalcedon 451 AD St. Benedict and Monasticism c. 540 AD Justinian the Great 527-565 AD Mohammed and Islam 570-632 AD Charles Martel, Pepin the Short, Charlemagne 714-814 AD Alfred the Great…

Veritas Press Middle Ages, Renaissance, Reformation Timeline

St. Augustine Converts to Christianity 386 AD Barbarian Invasion and Vikings 400-1000 AD St. Jerome Completes the Vulgate 405 AD The Council of Chalcedon 451 AD St. Benedict and Monasticism 540 AD Justinian the Great 527-565 AD Mohammed and Islam 570-632 AD Charles Martel, Pepin the Short, Charlemagne 714-814 AD Alfred the Great 871-901 AD…

Music appreciation, middle ages, renaissance

Hildegard of bingen was abbess of the convent at rupertsberg, the first woman composer to leave a large number of works that have survived, a visionary and mystic active in religious and diplomatic affairs the development of the English madrigal can be trace to 1588 and considered a result of the publication in London of…

Byzantine, Middle Ages and Renaissance Costume

Clavi (Byzantine) Vertical stripes which decorate the front and back of a tunic. Segmentum (Byzantine) Square or round designs on the clavi, medallions Dalmatica (Byzantine) From the orient, long at first, by 3rd century the hem moves to knee where it stays until the 8th century. Tubular sleeves, extra fullness, gathered at neckline into a…

Chapter 2: The Middle Ages and Renaissance

What is the texture of Gregorian chant? monophonic Why is there no clear sense of meter or rhythm in Gregorian chant? precise time values were not notated The Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris is an example of which style of architecture? gothic The foremost composer in 14th century France was… Gillaume de Machaut What…

Music: Middle Ages, Renaissance, and Baroque

When were the Middle Ages? 450-1450 Important Events during Middle Ages Fall of Roman Empire, social upheaval, the Crusades Social Classes (and literacy) during Middle Ages Nobility Peasentry Clergy (only ones literate) Role of Music in Middle Ages churches had MOST of the music, central to religion, also in the court, used to make feel…

Music Appreciation: Middle Ages, Renaissance, and Baroque

Church- Catholic -Most of the important musicians were priests and worked for the church -Women were not allowed to sing in the Church -Church frowned upon the use of instruments Fugue A polyphonic composition based on one main theme called a subject. Counter Subject when the subject in one voice is constantly accompanied in another…

MIDDLE AGES AND RENAISSANCE MUSIC

Priests educated, virtuous, held in high esteem Peasants common people, worked hard for nobility, fought for them, very religious, blind trust nobility land owners, born into nobility, leaders of armies, fought for control of land, extravagant food, music, life, feudalism musicians itinerant, some trained in the church (sacred), minstrels, wandering poets called troubadours or trouveres…

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