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Artscolumbia / Media arts  / Film

The film is a collection of photographic images (frames) sequentially arranged, connected by a single plot and intended for playback on the screen

Complexity of the phenomenon

In the cinema art, the aesthetic properties of literature, theatrical and visual arts, and music are synthesized on the basis of strictly inherent, expressive means, of which the photographic nature of the image, which allows reconstructing with any certainty any pictures of reality, and editing, is the main one. The visibility of the images embodied on the screen and the availability of films to the broad masses, together with all other possibilities, determine the significance of cinema as the most important of all arts.

The creation of a film is usually a complex creative and production process in which the work of artists of different specialties is combined. These professions include:

·         a screenwriter (scriptwriter, director, who determines the interpretation and implementation of the idea and guides the work of the rest of the production;

·         actors who embody images of heroes;

·         an operator, which formalizes the action of the means of compositional, light and color interpretation of frames;

·         an artist who finds an illustrative characteristic of the environment of action and the costumes of the characters (and in the animation the external characterization of the heroes);

·         a composer and others.

The creation of films and their demonstration require a highly organized technical base and is associated with large material costs. The cinematography is not only an art field but also a special branch of industry and commerce. Consequently, in bourgeois countries, monopoly capital not only took over the cinema economy (production and rental of films, exploitation of the network) but also established a rigid ideological control over the content of the films being screened and demonstrated.

Film Types

During the development of the cinema art, its four main types were formed:

1.      Artistic cinematography which embodies adapted works of prose, drama, poetry with the means of performing art. The possibilities of epic, lyric and drama are available for artistic cinematography, but in films that have a narrative character, there are always traits that bring them closer to the drama, in particular, the dramatic conflict.

2.      Documentary cinematography, which is a special kind of figurative journalism, based primarily on direct fixation of reality. Documentary cinematography has the full breadth of the possibilities of journalistic genres of literature and journalism. It combines both works of figurative journalism and information films.

3.      Animated cinematography, which “gives life” to graphics or puppet characters. Images of graphics and volumetric animation are created by shooting fixed sequence phases of motion of drawn or puppet characters. It pays special attention to the creation of films for children.

4.      Popular science cinematography which uses the means of these three types for the dissemination of scientific knowledge. Popular science cinematography acquaints viewers with the life of nature and society, scientific discoveries, and inventions, recreates the course of creative searches for scientists and artists, and demonstrates physicochemical and biological processes. To solve these problems, it uses both purely didactic and artistic means, depending on the theme and task of the movie.

The film X-Men-the Movie

  Once this has happened the trailer has grabbed our attention. In order to further excite and impress us the trailer also shows the power of nature and the ability of a man, so small in comparison and in this case Tom Cruise, to conquer nature. We are drawn into the adventure and want him to succeed. In the trailer the scenes move quickly onwards which stimulates the feeling of pace and action. There are long shots with panoramic views of the landscape. This gives us a feeling of the large scale of nature and therefore, almost subconsciously, of the large scale of the film. We are left with the feeling that no expense has been spared for our enjoyment. There are...

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The film “SUPERMAN”

"SMALLVILLE" (2001 to present day) tell the story of the character Clark Kent, who becomes the super hero Superman. "Superman" tells the story of his life in Metropolis, and "Smallville" charts his early life as a teenager, in Smallville, Kansas. Although about the same person, these two texts are very different and this essay will explore these differences through media, genre and music. The medium used in Superman is film, this film was aided greatly by some huge advances in the film industry at the time. At this point in the 1970's, televisions were widely available and most families had one and because of this, what was on in the cinemas, had to compete with what was on TV. Dolby sound...

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Write a review of the film ‘Hero’

  Other techniques such as when archers shoot a bombardment of arrows, hundreds of them, at a calligraphy school in order to kill the assassin duo residing there. Another technique used is when the camera turns to the school, the audience sees the torrent of arrows bombarding and going through the calligraphy walls and hitting the students. It had a comical effect as the students kept on working as well as the teacher while the arrows kept on hitting them, only later after the barrage had stopped, the students hit would rise up and start working again. A nice bit of comic relief. All the time the archers were launching arrows, they were chanting, as well as the music being dramatic. As...

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The film “Clueless” is made by Paramount Pictures

  The next scene after Dionne gets into an argument with her boyfriend shows Cher walking down a path in a dominant and central position, in the background shots people are shown responding to her and making way. There is often a sense of space surrounding her, i. e. in the party scene later on in the film where it is crowded; she still stands out from the crowd. In the debate scene as Cher begins to talk the camera pans members of the class. The girls putting on Makeup, and the boys using Mobile phones shows their lifestyle and values. The lack of interest in the actual debate is shown despite their enthusiastic applause for Cher at the end. This helps...

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The fifth element

  Let's change the beat. " which is exactly was done with Lucia di Lammermoor. Since it is the "baddy" of the story who says this, perhaps Besson is challenging the idea of a futuristic baroque. The film reflects today's culture in that it is what today's culture wants to see, however it is science fiction, and futuristic, and as such could be considered a warning, a kind of mild distopia which lingers in the future unless we change our ways. In true Baroque style, Besson found where the boundaries were with opera music, and pushed them. Never has an opera song been paired with an electronic beat, perhaps this is because they would be appealing to fans of neither genre; opera...

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Taxi driver

  Yet, it does not come soon enough for Travis who can't take any more of this 'open sewer' of a city. The sphere of Iris as the sought-for person is particularly interesting as it breaks many conventions. Turner notes that the object of rescue, Iris, does not wish to be rescued. In A Cinema Without Walls, Taxi Driver is described as "a movie about a partially psychotic individual's self-characterization of himself as the savior of [Iris] whom he seems to substitute for his displaced passion for [Betsy] the female handler of a political candidate [Palantine]. " This raises an interesting point that it is Travis who has made Iris into an object to be rescued. This can effect the audience by...

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Starship Troopers

  Also, even though the humans are basically the evil race killing off the others, the director makes them the minority in the battle. They are the underdogs with less ammunition and less manpower to overcome the bugs. This underdog usage makes the audience side with the humans instead of the bugs. To top off the fascist and pro-military themes, the sets where the battles take place closely resemble WWII cities in ruins. This can obviously allude to the idea of Hitler's fascist regime during WWII against the Jews. Another theme yet somewhat contradictory upon first glance of the film is the amount of feminist roles in the film. Two characters really come out as being feminist, Dizzy the girl in love...

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Stanley Kubrick – Use of Shadows in his films

    Strangelove seems like nothing more than a comedy satire, it is a metaphor into the ridiculousness of the Cold War. If the one man who is responsible for the attack on another country goes insane and the attack cannot be stopped, what would you do? This is what is questioned in the film. In A Clockwork Orange, The Shining and Full Metal Jacket, the dark side of human nature is revealed. These films show the insanity of different characters and how their insanity affects those around them. Each film is deeply expressive, as they show, in great depth, themes that are important to humans: Survival. In the films, the survival of the CULTURAL FRAME: Each film also features science and technology...

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Shrek – review

  She acts strange when sunset comes near. She does this in a number of occasions. She decides to camp while they are on there way to Farquad's kingdom and during the wedding vowels with Farquad, she wants to skip it when she see the sun setting. One example of Princess Fiona's feistiness is Shrek rescues her, but doesn't slay the dragon, which he is meant to do first. Fiona speaks to Shrek in a modernised way with a different tone to her voice: You didn't slay the dragon? " Shrek responds: "It's on my to-do list. " This is a fine example, especially when Shrek plays the same game as her. It is obvious that Shrek and his sidekick Donkey are...

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Ocean’s Eleven

Todorov's theory consisted of six main elements they were: normality; disturbance; attempt to solve the solution; further complication; resolution and finally the lesson learnt. Another example of a narrative structure was a simple three-point element, which consisted of Equilibrium- the forces of potential conflict are in equal balance; secondly Disturbance- someone or something upsets the equilibrium and creates a problem. The situation becomes more complicated as they story progresses and finally the Resolution- the problem is solved and a new different, equilibrium is to established. The new equilibrium is different because life has been changed by what has happened. Like stories, a film's narrative is structured so that we know the main situation that occurs and the main plot. Paragraph 5...

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Schindler’s list

The Germans were good at keeping records, when the Germans captured a country they gathered up the Jews and put them onto ghettos and then into camps either to work or to die. This proves scenes in the film were the Jews wore a yellow star and were they were moved into the ghettos as quickly as possible. In source eight it shows a map of the Germans rounding up the Jews and putting them into death camps. Himmlers Order of 19th July 1942, telling the Germans that the deadline was on 31st December 1942 as the final date when the Jewish population must have been depart from the general government. This piece of evidence proves that it was planned and...

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Schindler’s List

  With the casting of shadows, this makes Helen look even more vulnerable and attractive. Goeth moves around a lot yet he always seems to have his face covered by darkness which shows how whatever he does, he will never leave the "dark side". Then we see Schindler actually kissing the singer and the light on his face is very proportional due to the use of the close-up shot. With the smashing of a light bulb at the Jewish marriage to complete the ceremony, it also is a trigger for Goeth to unleash an unholy rage on a woman who doesn't speak to him through fear. Plus, each time Goeth's anger grows, the faster the interchanging between the three settings is. As...

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Romance films are great entertainment but a negative influence

Does watching romantic films affect the viewer's interpretation of romance, love and relationships? Watching romantic films creates an enormous amount of negative influence on the viewer's interpretation of what love and relationships should be like. These films give a false sense of reality in terms of marriage, dating, having children and how to manage a relationship. Viewers all to frequently try to relate their personal life to that of a dramatized screenplay and they are left searching for that happy ending indefinitely; the viewers are using these films as a guide on life. Have you ever been sucked into a romance film so deeply that can almost put yourself in one of the character's shoes? If you have, I need you...

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Sex and the City: Feminist Fake?

"Carrie: Are we simply romantically challenged, or are we sluts? (2:3)" The previous statement, by the infamous Carrie Bradshaw, summarizes the portrayal of women, specifically Carrie Bradshaw herself and Samantha Jones, in Sex and the City. The situations given to the two different women, between the other two characters, deter from the edge of chauvinist and feminist. When viewers are posed with the question of what comes to mind when the words "Sex and the City" are mentioned, a typical response is sex, fashion, men, and feminism. The unusual mix of contradicting words conjure a scary thought - the nouveau, independent woman must be outspoken, almost in a vulgarity of the sense, in matters of fashion, relationships, the workplace, and even...

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Truman, The Ideal Man?

In the same motion as putting on his jacket Truman reaches for his suitcase. He walks through his perfect house nice, tidy and spacious. Exiting the front door he sees his neighbors across the road "Morning Truman", "Morning, and in case I don't see ya good afternoon, good evening and goodnight". The white picket fences run down the street further then the eye can see it's a perfect street of perfect houses with perfect neighbors in a perfect world. This isn't one of your typical Jim Carey movies; it's a Peter Weir (Director) masterpiece. Truman Burbank (Jim Carey) plays a middle class husband who lives in a world inside a world. He lives in a studio where everything is fake and everyone fakes...

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Society the Film Portrays

In this study I will make specific references to Ken Loach's 2002 film 'Sweet Sixteen', which holds significance in relation to the censorship debate and especially the Censors attitudes towards strong language. Film censorship in any country or context is a multifaceted debate, which when looked at in detail, is as much to do with psychology and politics, as it is the art of film making itself. And if set against the continuingly shifting attitudes and beliefs of our diverse society, the issue of censorship and indeed the modernisation of it, is extremely complex. Therefore, to provide a context for my study to be based within, I will explore the comparisons of both domestic and international censorship and look at...

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Tarantino and Scorsese considered auteurs

The auteur debate was initiated by Jean-Luc Godard and Francois Truffaut, 2 key French New Wave directors. Both Scorsese and Tarantino are considered by many to be auteurs, many film critics and others in the industry have stated that with films made by both these directors can be identified as theirs before being told so. This is a true auteur; someone who can make all their films along the same guidelines, and put their stamp on every scene of every film. They bring their character, thoughts, feelings and interests to their films, the films seen personal to the director. Tarantino is probably seen as the most famous auteur, most people, whether they've watched his films or not, know he has a certain...

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Film The Matrix

Total Film described 'The Matrix' as the 'sci-fi film of the millennium'. How can you account for its success? The sci-fi, or science fiction, genre is one that has been popular among authors, directors and their audiences alike for many years. The genre first started to gain mainstream popularity in the nineteen forties. There were great numbers of sci-fi books published, and indeed many films made after the pioneering book '1984', written by George Orwell. This was groundbreaking in its advanced ideas about the future of the planet. Amongst these early films were 'Devil Girl from Mars', 'Cat Women on the Moon', 'The Forbidden Planet' and 'Attack of the 50ft Woman'. Later there were also many sci-fi television series, for example...

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Vanilla Sky by Cameron Crowe

To effectively examine how to analyse film form I have chosen to study 'Vanilla Sky'1 Directed by Cameron Crowe,Vanilla Sky is a film that resides within many genres; a culmination of romance, drama, thriller, and science fiction with elements of a black comedy. It is a "...

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The conventions of alien invasion films

Alien invasion films are a sub genre of science fiction. The conventions of a typical alien invasion film are habitually set in a large commonly known city in America. We normally see efficacious leaders and famous landmarks moreover the audience is commonly omniscient. However in War of the Worlds the conventions are that it is set in rustbelt America and the audience is following a broken down dysfunctional family, while they struggle through the invasion so it is almost like the audience is part of the family. A hero is always around to save the day in most alien invasion films, nevertheless Ray Ferrier is not a hero at all he is just a typical dad of two children who...

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A Night to Remember

The first thing that I noticed when watching the film was that it was not in chronological order. The introducing scene is of the wreck of the Titanic from a submarine, we know that the people are searching for something valuable because they have a robot that is scouting the ship. This shows that the events that had taken place many years ago were no longer of any importance to us and to show that there are no longer any strong feelings towards the events. The opening scene makes us think about the disastrous events and about the many shattered dreams that were carried by the passengers in 1912. We are then introduced to a survivor of the Titanic. This shows...

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Titanic A film review

Today most people would rather watch a film than read a book. A film is a much more relaxing and, for some, enjoyable way of knowing a story, event, novel or play. Unlike a book, where you have to interpret the story and characters yourself, a film portrays the characters and scenery for you. The director is the person that makes sure the actors are portraying their part correctly and to their full potential, another main concern of the director is to make enough money from the film to pay for it, and still make a profit. For the film to make money it needs to be successful, and to be successful it needs promotion, good clarification of the story...

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Genre British Film Institute

Classifying films according to genre was one of the earliest methods of organising the production and marketing of films by Hollywood. It allows for standardisation and product differentiation in a market flooded by competitors. However genre is more than an industry device. It is a fluid and changing state of film conventions. It is virtually impossible to find a film that belongs to a single genre as most incorporate many different styles. 'Silence of the Lambs' (1991), for example, may appear to be the classic example of a horror movie yet it includes the sub genres of psychological drama, crime and thriller. In this way it is seen to be 'generically instable' or forming a 'generic constellation'. Genres, although possessing distinctive...

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The Haunting a chilling film

What technique does Robert Wise use, particularly in the opening sequence to make 'The Haunting' (1963) a chilling film? What other features strike you as important to the film's success? There have been two major versions of 'The Haunting': one in 1963 (the original) and another in 1999. The first version was an amazing hit and claimed almost cult status, while the second was a flop on it's opening day. It had nowhere near the same impact on the public as the original did thirty-six years before. The 1999 production of the film had all the modern benefits of a big budget, famous Hollywood actors and actresses and special effects created using computers. Even at the time of the release of the original...

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What aspects of a film might determine its genre?

'Genres' are the categorisation of different films depending on their type. Generally, there are several core genres such as horror, comedy, western, sci-fi, and so on. 'Sub-genres' are developments of the main genres, often combining more than one, for example a romantic comedy combines the genres of romance and comedy. It is increasingly difficult for filmmakers to define an original genre nowadays, and to create their own unique cinematic style. Most filmmakers conform to using existing themes and formulas, which is essentially what defines a genre. An example of this is within the horror genre, where we often see knives, a psychopathic killer, and dark, mysterious environments. The film Halloween (John Carpenter, 1978) utilises all of these elements, with "Michael Myers"...

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The trailers for Men in Black

Write an analysis of the trailers for 'Men in Black', 'Unbreakable' and 'The Little Mermaid', focus particularly on the target audience and genre of each trailer. A trailer is a collection of the most significant scenes of a film put together as part of a 'teaser campaign' to attract a particular audience. There are many factors used in trailers that make it suitable for the target audience and also depict the genre of the film. There are different types of trailers used to entice audiences. Some trailers tell you a brief summary of the film, whereas others just show scenes without a voiceover to support it as part of a teaser campaign. The significant scenes normally include powerful scenes that show the...

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Write an analysis of the film clip

The film clip starts with a scene taking place in a victorian opera theater. It is probably set in the late 18th century as we can see from the setting. The setting plays highly important role in most of films as it tells us, in this film, what kind of people in the society they are, without hearing their conversation. Ladies are wearing long night dresses, and gentlmen are wearing suits with flowers on their left chests as such. The costumes simply refers to the clothes that characters wear. Costume in narrative cinema is used to signify character, or advertise particular fashions, or to make clear distinctions between characters. In the clip, costumes suggest they are in an upper class...

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Role in a horror movie

I am going to look at two films from the horror genre "The Blair witch" and "Panic room" to what extent do these challenge any of the following women's roles, conventions of the horror, ideologies before September the 11th? The Blair witch project follows many of the horror conventions despite its originality and I am going to explain what some of the main key aspects are. The location is placed in an isolated setting this creates suspense and danger of being trapped in a remote location of nowhere to go. The fact that this is filmed as a project documentary highlights the fact that they are investigating where they shouldn't and are looking for danger already setting enigma codes that something bad...

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Specific reference a film

Pulp Fiction (US, 1994) was directed by Quentin Tarintino, and stared, amongst others; John Travolta, Samuel L. Jackson, Uma Thurman and Bruce Willis. It is a film that has provoked much discussion, ever since it was first released, mostly because of it's use of violence, but also over many other topics too. As Marjorie Baumgarten of The Austin Chronicle newspaper puts it: "...

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British film industry

British films are widely defined as ' feature-length films which are expected by their makers to receive theatrical distribution and for which either the financial or creative impulse comes from Britain. The guiding principle is to identify films that directly contribute to British film culture or to the culture of the British film industry.' In the past scores of British films have never made it to the cinema being described as 'lacking quality' and being 'average and unambitious'. However recently people have commented on the 'makeover' in British Cinema. This 'makeover' refers to the increased popularity and commercial success of British Cinema in the UK and in some cases the US box offices. Also some British films have gained some excellent reviews...

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