The ancient Romans, heirs, and successors of Greek culture, began to name rhythmically unorganized speech prose.
The prose is originally all non-fiction works (philosophical, scientific, journalistic, informational, and oratorical), later it began to be called the most diverse genres of literary and artistic texts from a short miniature to an epic. A characteristic feature is the absence of the established system of compositional repetitions inherent in poetry. In terms of style, it is the opposite of poetry and verse. Thus, this is oral or written speech, not divided into commensurable segments – verses. That is if in poetry the text is divided into certain segments; in prose, on the contrary, everything is integral. It is an ordinary, unmeasured speech, it can be either oral or written. Prose has no dimensions and it is not divided into proportional segments, its rhythm is the ratio of sentences or periods between themselves.
It was born long ago, even in ancient times, and by the end of the XIX century, it had the opportunity to become an absolute leader in literature. Famous artistic works, in particular novels and stories, are usually emotionally reserved and saturated with intellectual and philosophical content.
Rhythm in it is semantic; it is determined by the alternation of semantic units. The prose is divided into sentences, phrases, words, that is, into semantic segments of different lengths. Rhythmic pauses between units of rhythm are not the same. At the same time, verse beginnings can appear in such texts. Meters, rhymes and many other phenomena characteristic of the verse can also be used. But in general the rhythm in prose is secondary, external; it is easy to do without it.
The novel. It includes works of great shape, having a rather complex and very developed plot.
The story is a smaller work, designed to tell the reader about any particular event from the life of the hero.
The epic is a work of a rather large form with huge time and event volumes.
The narrative is a work of small form, containing a description of a particular event at a particular moment in time.
The novella is a small work, but with a clear structure and genesis.
The essay is a small-sized work that expresses the author’s attitude to any event or issue. A clear composition structure is absent.
The biography is a work containing a story about the life and activities of a particular person.
Initially, the business, journalistic, religious, preaching, scientific, memoirs and confession forms of text were developed. Art prose is predominantly epic, intellectual in contrast to lyrical and emotional poetry (but lyrical text and philosophical lyrics are possible); originated in ancient literature; from 18 came to the fore in the composition of verbal art.
In some sense, prose can be understood as a genre free from any framework, rules, and standard structures. It is this lack of classical canons that made it possible for authors with a world-wide name to develop their own unique literary style. For this reason, the main ways to assess the prosaic text is its language, convenience, and ease of reading, plot design and development, in some cases, philosophical or scientific overtones.