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Poetry Essays

Art Essay / Literary Arts Essays  / Poetry Essays

Poetry is a special organization of artistic speech, which is distinguished by rhythm and rhyme-the poetic form; it is a lyrical form of reflection of reality. This term is used in the meaning of a work of different genres in verse, which conveys the subjective relation of the individual to the world.

Stages of Poetry Development

  • Primitive poetry as a tool of ritual. Quite often primitive poetry remained aloof from universal recognition. Such an attitude was a consequence of the fact that language as a means of communication was not at a sufficient level of development, the developing element of primitive man could not have a full-fledged generation in the form of poetry. With the amplification of society, there was a complication of social processes, which in turn initiated the development of language.
  • The baggage of images. With the development of the language, the human perception of the world became more complicated, as many phenomena and sensory experiences could all be more easily conveyed with the help of words.
  • The development of literature in general. Any stage was characterized by features of the social and political system in the state.

The Poetry of the Main Cultural Epochs

  • Renaissance. From this period begins the direct development of poetry, the main genres are the poem and poetic drama. Love and pastoral lyrics acquire universal acceptance and the classical forms of sonnets, canons, sestinas, terza rimas spread throughout Europe.
  • Rationalism. The main genres are high (ode, heroic poem) and low (comedy, satire, fable, and idyll). In other words, prose and poetry satire develops.
  • Sentimentalism. Sentimentalism comes in the 18th century as a replacement for strict regulation and aristocracy. The goal of the authors was to touch the feelings of readers, showing the unhappy fate of the heroes of their “tearful” comedies, elegies, messages.
  • Romanticism. The emergence of romanticism can be associated with the amplification of ideas of sentimentality and the rise of anti-feudal movements. There is a great interest in folklore, the genre forms of the historical novel, the fantastic story, the lyric poem, the ballads are updated and improved, the language is saturated with figurative expressions and other kinds of ornaments.
  • Realism. The desire for truthful and objective reflection and reproduction of reality in forms that correspond to reality itself, together with the revolutionary views, has become the basis for the formation and development of critical realism which was also reflected in the poetry of that time.
  • Decadence. This direction made a revolution in the poetic worldview. Decadence is characterized by alienation from life, rejection of social struggle, propaganda of the concept of “art for art,” pessimism, mysticism, individualism. The main idea of decadence was to impress the reader not only with the help of the meaning of the work but also with the help of a certain set of sounds in words, inadequate images.
  • Modernism. Modern trends in literature are characterized by a mixture of classical currents. The eternal quest for artistic expression leads to the adoption of absolutely different trends in poetics. On one line of the poem there can be glimpses of the author’s meaning, and, at times, the most absurd things.

Rime of the Ancient Mariner

In Samuel Taylor Coleridge"s poem The Rime of the Ancient Mariner, the author uses the story of a sailor and his adventures to reveal aspects of life. This tale follows the Mariner and his crew as they travel between the equator and the south pole, and then back to England. The author"s use of symbolism lends the work to adults as a complex web of representation, rather than a children"s book about a sailor. First, in the poem, the ship symbolizes the body of man. The ship experiences trials and tribulations just as a real person does. Its carrying the Mariner symbolizing the individual soul and crew shows that Coleridge saw the body as a mere vessel of the soul. This...

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Study of Poetry and A Poet’s Ability to Forsee The Future The world is changing and evolving at an astounding rate

The world is changing and evolving at an astounding rate. Within the last one hundred years, the Western community has seen advances in technology and medicine that has improved the lifestyles and longevity of almost every individual. Within the last two hundred years, we have seen two World Wars, and countless disputes over false borders created by colonialists, slavery, and every horrid form of human suffering imaginable! Human lifestyles and cultures are changing every minute. While our grandparents and ancestors were growing-up, do you think that they ever imagined the world we live in today? What is to come is almost inconceivable to us now. In this world, the only thing we can be sure of is that everything will change....

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Poetry and Piano

SOUND and written word; two abstract concepts, but hidden are many underlying similarities. Like the hybrid pluot mix of a plum and apricot, taking two different fruits and finding a delightful product by intertwining them. To appreciate the similarities, we must first consider the differences. The piano is a musical instrument that unlike poetry, is tangible. You can touch and feel the cool keys as your hands glide over them as well as feel the resisting pressure as you press the peddle under your foot. Poetry on the other hand, while capable of being seen, you cannot touch the words themselves. Who of you can say what the word that feels like? The piano is also a harmonious instrument that is often...

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Let me go; take back thy gift” The poem ‘Tithonus’ is based on a Greek myth about Tithonus

"Let me go; take back thy gift" The poem 'Tithonus' is based on a Greek myth about Tithonus, a beautiful youth and beloved of Eos, the Goddess of Dawn. At the request of Eos, the Gods grant Tithonus immortal life, but unfortunately not immortal youth. Tithonus' request gave him immortality, but the poem is a yearning for death and a release from immortal life. The poem opens with Tithonus despising the curse of immortality bestowed upon him by Eos. The "woods decay", vapour condenses and the earth takes away its burden, man works on the ground and then lies beneath it, and even the glorious swan dies after "many a summer". Only Tithonus lives. "Me only cruel immortality Consumes". He has...

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To His Coy Mistress Metaphysical poetry

Metaphysical poetry was originally a style of poetry to describe the poet John Donne"s work, but then later extended to a school of 17th century poets. The verse deals with the use of philosophy to explain the human drama in the universe. Their poetic style and method is what linked the poets together. Here, the poets Andrew Marvell, who wrote "To His Coy Mistress", George Herbert who wrote "Love" and John Donne who wrote "The Sun Rising" all fit into the metaphysical grouping. All the poems include an argument within themselves. The poem "To His Coy Mistress" is structured within a syllogistic framework - which begins with an initial premise, then introduces a qualification to the premise, and ends with a...

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At first glance, Beowulf appears to be an epic exclusively about Christian values, and how it influenced the Anglo-Saxons of this time

At first glance, Beowulf appears to be an epic exclusively about Christian values, and how it influenced the Anglo-Saxons of this time. Moreover, a tale about how Christian principles always defeat the forces of evil, and how all thanes and kings are saintly. However, as the book further develops, it becomes more apparent that this epic intertwines the ideals of both paganism and Christianity. Although the Beowulf poet makes many Christian references in the book through his extensive knowledge of the Bible, the main points he uses to explain the Anglo-Saxon society is through the principles of pagan religion. Such abundant references to material rewards, earthly fame, wyrd, and wergild prove that he is pagan. Fame, glamour, and material rewards entice...

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A.E. Housman: Scholar and Poet

Alfred Edward Housman, a classical scholar and poet, was born in Fockbury in the county of Worcestershire, England on March 26, 1859. His poems are variations on the themes of mortality and the miseries of human condition Magill 1411. Most of Housman's poems were written in the 1890's when he was under great psychological stress, which made the tone of his poems characteristically mournful and the mood dispirited Magill 1411. "In the world of Housman's poetry, youth fades to dust, lovers are unfaithful, and death is the tranquil end of everything Magill 1412. Throughout his life, Housman faced many hardships. The loss of his mother at age 12 shattered his childhood and left him with tremendous feelings of loneliness, from which...

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Are There Ciphers in Shakespeare?

Introductory Note: his is an introduction to an ingenious and creative cipher system to be found in the works of William Shakespeare. Here it is necessary to explain that cryptography is a very old technique. Even in antiquity the rule was, whenever the name of a place or person must be repeated in a message, it must always be misspelled. Therefore Bacon"s name is never spelled correctly, and there are many alternate forms, but see the 25 letter solution to the dedication of the 1623 Folio which includes "BEKAANBACON" adjoining. Sometimes the name is preceded by "F" or "FS," as he abbreviated his first name in his signature. Bacon was himself a cryptographer, if not a cryptanalyst as his brother Anthony...

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Babi Yar – Analysis of the Poem

Yevtushenko speaks in first person throughout the poem. This creates the tone of him being in the shoes of the Jews. As he says in lines 63-64, "No Jewish blood is mixed in mine, but let me be a Jew . . . " He writes the poem to evoke compassion for the Jews and make others aware of their hardships and injustices. "Only then can I call myself Russian. " lines 66-67. The poet writes of a future time when the Russian people realize that the Jews are people as well accept them as such. If you hate the Jews, he asks, why not hate me as well? True peace and unity will only occur when they have accepted...

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Metaphysical Poetry

"Movement across or through space becomes a process of colonization of that space. " During the period of Milton"s Paradise Lost as well as myriad of poets construction of an epoque submerged in metaphysical literature, a number of significant events both socio-political, entwined with a systematic religious metamorphism of the sixteenth and seventeenth century led to a time of unrest and discovery. The creators and author"s of work of this periods placed their emphasis not specifically on a level of morality or self understanding but rather a rediscovery of the body and soul, almost a form of existensionalism or physical cosmos with a geography. "All things are subject to the Mind...

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Beowulf and Society

The earliest known manuscript of Beowulf is thought to have been written in the tenth century, however, the poem had most likely been told as an oral tradition for centuries before that. In fact, the poem's events date back to the sixth century. However, because there is only one manuscript of Beowulf still in tact very little is known about the poem or its author. The poem does, however, give us great insight into the culture of the people who composed and told this epic tale. Because the poem was performed orally mainly between the eighth and tenth centuries, but dealt with subject matter of centuries earlier, it is difficult to decipher and separate the cultural context involved in the poem...

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Beowulf And Monster

Beowulf is the epic story of a young hero who battles the monster Grendel and his mother. Beowulf, a prince of the Geats, the son of Ecgtheow who voyages to Heorot, the hall of Hrothgar, king of the Geats and the great grandson of the hero . There at Heorot, Beowulf destroys the monster Grendal, who for twelve years has haunted the hall by night and slain all he found therein. When Grendal's mother, in revenge, makes an attack on the hall, Beowulf seeks her out and kills her in her home beneath the waters. There are many different events in this story. First, there is the pagan warrior system. In this system, the relationship between the lord and his men,...

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Barbauld’s Prophecy and Blake’s Imagination The Romantic Era was a time of widespread cultural, social, and political reform

Barbauld"s Prophecy and Blake"s Imagination The Romantic Era was a time of widespread cultural, social, and political reform. Industrialization was taking the place of the agrarian lifestyle, which introduced problems such as higher poverty, a larger segregation of class, and overworking of both adults and children. The wars in America and France paved the way for political upheaval by introducing new ways of thinking and radicals who wanted change. With all of this turmoil and chaos many writers turned to escapism, which involved both imagination, and prophecy. Imagination and prophecy are merely two ways the writers of this time thought, hence, being deemed the Romantic Era. Anna Laetitia Barbauld"s Eighteen Hundred and Eleven displayed a great deal of prophecy while...

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Adrienne Rich Biography

What I know, I know through making poems Passion, Politics and the Body in the Poetry of Adrienne Rich Liz Yorke, Nottingham Trent University, England This paper is largely extracted from my book Adrienne Rich, which is to be published by Sage in October this year...

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Rob A Life: Hamlet by Shakespeare

In his book Poetics, Aristotle writes that a tragic hero is a great man who is neither a paragon of virtue and justice nor undergoes the change to misfortune through a real badness or wickedness but because of some mistake. Thus, a tragic hero is neither a villain nor a model of flawlessness he is good and decent. Such a person falls through a weakness of character, an error of sorts. As shown by his actions in Shakespeares play Hamlet, the character of Hamlet is a prime example of an Aristotelian tragic hero. Hamlets tragic flaw is his uncertainty on how to act or proceed. Shakespeare makes it known to the reader that Hamlet has not come to terms with the...

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A Mid Summer Night’s Dream

In Shakespeare"s, MIDSUMMER NIGHT"S DREAM, he wrote about a tragedy that he turned into a comedy. He did this to show his audience how stupid humans can act upon their emotions. There are three plots that tie together with one main situation. There is Hermia and Lysander, two star crossed lovers that can"t be together. Hermia"s father wants her to marry Demetrius who Hermia"s bestfriend Helena loves. Demetrius loves Hermia and try"s to pursue her. Then there is Oberon and Titania the King and Queen of the fairies. Oberon is jealous of Titania because she has an Indian boy that she"s spending all her time with. He wants the baby and they have a quarrel about it. So as revenge he...

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18th Century Poem Analysis

These works are acknowledged as, "The Rape of Lock" and "The Eve of St. Agnes. " Alexander Pope takes his readers on a hatred filled epic. A robust piece of literature and love induced psychoses in, "The Rape of Lock. " On the other hand, "The Eve of St. Agnes" told a tale of life, love, death, and eternal fate in heaven. These two brilliant writers have given two magnificent poems. Pope exhibits many characteristics of a narcissistic human being. His independence in life shows through his writings in fiction. Which inevitably portray his deeper feelings of life. Popes" efforts here are of outstanding quality. However, his poem did fail to convince Arabella to résumé her engagement to Lord Petre. Most...

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Beowulf Epic Story

In the epic story of Beowulf, the hero is Beowulf. He shows physical strength in the story by defeating Grendel. In line 219 of Grendel's mother, it tells how Beowulf killed her. "...

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Beowulf Epic Story

In the epic story of Beowulf, the hero is Beowulf. He shows physical strength in the story by defeating Grendel. In line 219 of Grendel's mother, it tells how Beowulf killed her. "...

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Beowulf As A Hero

Beowulf is "the strongest of the Geats -- greater / and stronger than anyone anywhere in this world" ll.110-111. Even though he is famous for his massive strength, Beowulf has other attributes that are noticeable other than his strength. These attributes, arrogance, bravery, and a strong love for his people are what make Beowulf become such a powerful, epic hero. Beowulf is arrogant. He constantly brags about his supreme strength. The "strongest man alive" lets people know that he is the most powerful person around by saying, "no strength is a match for mine" l.267. Beowulf does not think that he could ever be destroyed by anything. He obviously never questiones how his fighting ability would be when he was around...

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Blake’s Songs Of Innocence And Experience Analysis

In William Blake's Songs of Innocence and Experience, the gentle lamb and the dire tiger define childhood by setting a contrast between the innocence of youth and the experience of age. The Lamb is written with childish repetitions and a selection of words which could satisfy any audience under the age of five. Blake applies the lamb in representation of youthful immaculateness. The Tyger is hard-featured in comparison to The Lamb, in respect to word choice and representation. The Tyger is a poem in which the author makes many inquiries, almost chantlike in their reiterations. The question at hand: could the same creator have made both the tiger and the lamb? For William Blake, the answer is a frightening one....

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Analysis Of One Perfect Rose

In her poem "One Perfect Rose," Dorothy Parker misleads the reader throughout the first and second stanzas into believing this poem is a romantic tribute to a tender moment from her past through her word choice and style of writing. However, the tone of the entire poem dramatically changes upon reading the third and final stanza when Parker allows the reader to understand her true intention of the poem, which is a cynical and perhaps bewildered view of the memory. And, with this shift in the tone in the third stanza, there is a shift in the meaning of the entire poem, leading the reader to believe that the first two stanzas were not, in fact, sweet but instead a...

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Ballads Of Today

Uncle Sam"s song, I Don"t Ever Wanna See You Again is a song about a guy who gets his heart broken by his girlfriend. In this song Uncle Sam is singing directly to a girl who was once the love of his life. He tells her that he never wants to see her again because she was a secret lover of his best friend. This song is a lot like a ballad in many ways. It uses a refrain, which is called the chorus in the lyrics. The line, "I don't ever wanna see you again," is used repeatedly through out the song. Lines two and four rhyme, which is the basic format for the quatrains. It is about disappointed...

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Beowulf – Analysis of the Epic

The Anglo-Saxon epic Beowulf is the most important work of Old English literature, and is well deserved of the distinction. The epic tells the story of a hero, a Scandinavian prince named Beowulf, who rids the Danes of the monster Grendel, a descendent of Cain, and of his exploits fighting Grendel's mother and a Dragon. Throughout the epic, the Anglo-Saxon story teller uses many elements to build a certain depth to the characters. Just a few of the important character elements in Beowulf are Wealth & Honor, Biblical & Paganistic, and Man vs. Wild themes. Many of the characters in Beowulf are, like in most epics, defined by their status. But, in addition to status, the Anglo-Saxon culture also adds an element...

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Beowolf And Grendel

Apart from Wealth, Honor, and Paganistic vs. Biblical themes and motifs, character is also shown through a certain Man vs. Wild motif. This motif shows the difference between mankind's ways good, and evil's wild nature evil. Grendel for one, is totally wild and is therefore shown as evil. His wild home, "Grendel, who haunted the moors, the wild marshes, and made his home in a hell not hell but earth." shows his wild, untamed, and therefor evil nature. Grendel's wilderness is countered in mankind's ways, especially Beowulf's. Beowulf is tame and civilized, the epitomy of goodness and purity. Beowulf doesn't fight evil in a wild manner, rather, as shown in his first battle with Grendel. First off, Beowulf is pure and shows this...

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Beowulf Picture

Beowulf is steeped in a pagan tradition that depicts nature as hostile and forces of death as uncontrollable. Blind fate picks random victims; man is never reconciled with the world. Beowulf ends a failure. There is some truth in this conclusion, but for the most part, someone who didn't have a well-lived life has most likely portrayed it. Beowulf is steeped in a pagan tradition, but not one that depicts nature as hostile. The setting in the beginning is portrayed as, "...

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Poetry is the awakening of our conscience

Poetry is the awakening of our conscience. In 'A Walk by Moonlight' Derozio illustrates how, on a casual walk, he is "allied to all the bliss, which other worlds we're told afford". The walk and observation makes him question life and introspect as well. The poem starts with pleasant memories of the previous night. Derozio feels blessed with a gift. In the future, when his mind is in turmoil and anxiety, he can ponder and contemplate upon this moment and find a "happy spot" in his memories to rest. He says that there are some memories in our past which we keep looking to, "soft hours" which are far away and "vague" but they never "burn out" and disappear. And when...

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Alfred Housman

Alfred Edward Housman, a classical scholar and poet, was born in Fockbury in the county of Worcestershire, England on March 26, 1859. His poems are variations on the themes of mortality and the miseries of human condition Magill 1411. Most of Housman's poems were written in the 1890's when he was under great psychological stress, which made the tone of his poems characteristically mournful and the mood dispirited Magill 1411. "In the world of Housman's poetry, youth fades to dust, lovers are unfaithful, and death is the tranquil end of everything Magill 1412. Throughout his life, Housman faced many hardships. The loss of his mother at age 12 shattered his childhood and left him with tremendous feelings of loneliness, from which...

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Antigone And Power

"Power corrupts, and absolute power corrupts absolutely," said Lord Acton generations ago. In the Greek tragedy Antigone, written by Sophocles, there was a character named Kreon, the antagonist, who was the king of Thebes. Thebes was an autocratic state where Kreon had absolute power. Throughout the course of the play, Kreon abused his privilege of absolute power; and this caused him to suffer greatly, even though he was warned by a few people of his bad deeds. What Sophocles commented on absolute power was that one should not abuse it. If it was abused, he or she had to expect bad consequences. This was indicated by what happened to Kreon when he abused his power. Kreon settled a decree that prohibited...

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Antigone: The Tragic Hero

There has always been a bit of confusion as to the tragic hero of the Greek Drama Antigone. Many assume that simply because the play is named for Antigone, that she is the tragic hero. However, evidence supports that Creon, and not Antigone, is the tragic hero of the play. Examining the factors that create a Greek Tragedy, and a tragic character, it is clear that the tragic hero is in fact Creon. First, take into account the timeframe in which Antigone was written. During the time of Sophocles, women were considered second class citizens. They would not even be permitted to act in the drama Antigone. It seems unlikely that Sophocles would choose a woman as the tragic hero of...

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