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Drama Essays

Art Essay / Literary Arts Essays  / Drama Essays

The dramatic genus of art has three main genres: tragedy, comedy, and drama in the narrow sense of the word.

Tragedy

The tragedy is a dramaturgic genre based on the tragic collision of heroic characters, its tragic outcome and full of pathetic.

The tragedy depicts reality as a cluster of internal contradictions; it reveals the conflicts of reality in an extremely strained form. This is a dramatic work, which is based on an irreconcilable life conflict leading to the suffering and death of the hero. Thus, in the confrontation with the world of crimes, lies, and hypocrisy, the bearer of advanced humanistic ideals, the Danish prince Hamlet tragically perishes. In the struggle that the tragic heroes lead, the heroic traits of the human character are revealed with great completeness. The genre of the tragedy has a long history. It originated from religious cult rites, was a stage play of myth. With the advent of the theater, the tragedy was formed as an independent genre of dramatic art.

Comedy

Comedy is a kind of drama in which characters, situations, and actions are presented in ridiculous forms or imbued with comic overtones. Comedy originated back in ancient Greece. Art theorists have differently decided the question of the social purpose of the comedy. In the Renaissance, its role was limited to the correction of morals.

Tragicomedy

Tragicomedy refuses the moral absolute of comedy and tragedy. The worldview underlying it is related to the sense of the relativity of existing life criteria. Revaluation of moral principles leads to uncertainty and even the rejection of them; the subjective and objective beginnings are blurred; unclear understanding of reality may cause interest in it or complete indifference and even recognition of the illogicality of the world.

The modern tragicomedy does not have clear genre features and is characterized by a “tragicomic effect”, which is created by showing reality in both tragic and comic coverage, a mismatch between the hero and the situation; insolubility of internal conflict, a sense of the absurdity of being.

Drama

Drama as a genre appeared after the tragedy and comedy. Like tragedy, it tends to recreate acute contradictions. As a kind of dramatic genus, it became widespread in Europe during the Enlightenment and at the same time was conceived as a genre.

Drama is a play with an acute conflict, which, unlike the tragic one, is not so sublime; it is earthier, ordinary, and somehow solved. Specifics of the drama consist, firstly, in that it starts with modern, and not antique, material, and secondly, the drama asserts a new hero who rebels against his fate and circumstances.

The difference between drama and tragedy is in the essence of the conflict: the conflicts of the tragic plan are insoluble because their resolution does not depend on the personal will of the hero. The hero finds himself in a tragic situation involuntarily, and not because of a mistake he made. Dramatic conflicts, unlike the tragic ones, are not insurmountable. At the heart of them lies the clash of characters with such forces, principles, traditions that confront them from the outside. If the hero of the drama perishes, then his death is an act of voluntary decision, and not the result of a tragically hopeless situation.

Arcadia by Tom Stoppard

Throughout the play Arcadia by Tom Stoppard there is a distinct difference between the characters who have a science background and those who do not. One of the recurring themes is that those characters and actions of those characters which are against science often lead to conflict and disaster. Even those characters that are of logical thinking for the most part are prone to disaster when they let go of this rational thinking and give in to their irrational side. Bernard is a main character who is not a scientist and has basically no scientific background. From the moment he is introduced, he is portrayed as eccentric and odd. Here Bernard is described for the first time: Bernard, the visitor, wears...

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Othello Shakespeare Essay

In the play Othello, Shakespeare uses Iago, Cassio, Roderigo, and Othello to represent hatred, loyalty, love, and jealousy in mankind. Hatred being the thing of envy and ambition presented it self in may different forms. Loyalty being one of the forms, hatred presented itself as friendly and gracious. Loyalty also took on another form because with love one will be willing to do anything to obtain it. Jealousy taking on another form of hatred has control of over one s actions. Shakespeare makes the commentary that every male specie is different. Iago was filled with hate in which he used to play on others mind. Iago stated to Roderiga, why, by making him uncapable of Othello s place: knocking out his...

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Arthur Miller’s Crucible Essay

When we think of the United States we think of equality and justice for all people no matter how far back you go back in our history. Sadly, this hasn’t always been the case, in this land of hope and freedom peoples lives have been taken unjustily to pursue outlandish stories of witchcraft. Native people have been removed from their home land, forced to travel thousands of miles under harsh conditions just so settlers could push on to the gold rich lands. The witchcraft trials epicted in Arthur Miller’s Crucible and the removal of the Cherokee Nation from Northern Georgia to Okalahoma are only a couple events that blacken part of our great nation’s history. Even though the Salem witch trials...

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William Shakespeares Taming of the Shrew Essay

William Shakespeares Taming of the Shrew is one of the most classic comedies throughout all of literature. Several stage productions have been professionally done, and each version has it positive sides and negative sides. This paper will be about comparing and contrasting the two versions I have seen. I have seen the Elizabeth Taylor version that Ill be calling the movie version and I have seen the one we watched in AP English. Even though both versions are telling the same story the way in which they do it and the directors interpretation are very different from each other. Both versions of the play I have seen have several similarities, but really are more different from each other than similar. One...

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20th Century Drama ‘Talking Heads’ by Alan Bennett

The monologues I have studied are 'A Cream Cracker under the Settee' and 'A lady of Letters'. The monologues have been written by Alan Bennett who is a playwright as well as a film director. A monologue is a long speech by one person. They are usually used to represent the loneliness of one. The two monologues have been described as being modern day tragedies meaning that there is nothing that goes right in the characters lives and usually ends with a sad ending. 'A Cream Cracker under the Settee' is about a character called Doris. The character of Doris has been played by an actress called Thora Hird. Doris is an old aged widow that lives by herself. Her old...

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Lord Of The Flies – A gift For The Darkness – Chapter Analysis

When Ralph tells Piggy what they saw, he is quite skeptical. Ralph tells him that the beast had teeth and big black eyes. Jack says that his hunters can defeat the beast, but Ralph dismisses them as boys with sticks. Jack tells the other boys that the beast is a hunter, and says that Ralph thinks that the boys are cowards. Jack says that Ralph isn"t a proper chief, for he is a coward himself. Jack asks the boys who wants Ralph not to be chief. Nobody agrees with Jack, so he runs off in tears. He says that he is not going to be part of Ralph"s lot. Jack leaves them. Piggy says that they can do without Jack, but...

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Evil has always been in everyone’s lives

Evil has always been in everyone's lives. Some people have it more than others. There are places in the world where evil almost takes over. It crops up in all kinds of places, all over the world. In these texts, "Macbeth", "Frankenstein" and "The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" there is a definite theme of evil throughout. In this essay I will write about what evil there is specifically in each of these texts. I will start with "Macbeth" because it has the most overriding evil out of the three. In the play Macbeth, by William Shakespeare, the leading character is Macbeth. He is a good, loyal nobleman in Scotland. At the beginning he has the title of...

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Literary Devices Used In Macbeth Essay

Imagine how dull a Shakespearean play would be without the ingenious literary devices and techniques that contribute so much to the fulfillment of its reader or viewer. Macbeth, by William Shakespeare, is a tragedy that combines fact and legend to tell the story of an eleventh century king. Shakespeare uses numerous types of literary techniques to make this tragic play more appealing. Three literary devices that Shakespeare uses to make Macbeth more interesting and effective are irony, symbolism, and imagery. One technique that Shakespeare uses is irony. Verbal irony is when a character says one thing but means the opposite. When a reader understands the irony of what a character is saying, then he can truly understand the nature and intentions...

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The Crucible- Act Four

The scene in Act Four of The Crucible, by Arthur Miller, defines the characterization, themes, and conflicts of the play. The scene takes place in a court dungeon where John Proctor, is confronted by his wife Elizabeth for the first time in many months. The couple is imprisoned on having been falsely convicted of practicing witchcraft. While Elizabeth has been held with the rest of the members of the community, John has been isolated in a dark, dingy, dungeon. He is to be hung for his “crimes” the very next morning. The court officials send Elizabeth in to convince John to confess in writing that he accusations against him are true and that the verdict is just. The conversation that takes...

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William Shakespeares Macbeth Essay

Women are not always the affectionate, compassionate, and nurturing people that humanly instincts make them out to be. On the contrary, they are sometimes more ruthless and savage than their male counterparts. A good example of this idea is in William Shakespeare’s Macbeth. Through the use of various feminine roles throughout the play, Shakespeare manages to portray how dramatically important the witches are, along with how imminent greed and power can eventually grasp hold of Lady Macbeth’s morals, and thrust her into a state of emotional stupor. Shakespeare begins the play with the witches for several reasons. First, the fact that they are witches portrays many evil themes since witches are a universal symbol for an advocate of the devil. They...

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Willey Russell’s play, “Our Day Out”

In Willey Russell's play, "Our Day Out" the deprivd youth of inner city Liverpool are treated to an exciting day out to Wales. They are so poor they cannot aford a proper breakfast or even school uniform. Four teachers r responsible for them. First there is the kind, gentle and understanding Mrs. Kay, described as a "mother hen". Mr Briggs, the strict disciplinerian is sent to watch over the trip. The young teachers and lovers Susan and Colin do not play a larg part, but add humour to the play. But, after an incident at the beach, both Mrs. Kay and Mr. Briggs change. The playright makes it clear that different teaching methods and ideas clearly suit different classes, and that...

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The play ‘An Inspector Calls’ was written in 1945, but the play was set in 1912

The play 'An Inspector Calls' was written in 1945, but the play was set in 1912. After living through two world wars, Priestley writes this play trying to get across his point that unless the world becomes socialist there will be another World War. By setting the play earlier than it was written Priestley has to ignore all the events that have happened in the time between 1912 and 1945, for example, The Titanic and World War 1 and World War 11. Priestley portrays this by using irony in the form of Mr Birling talking about Titanic … "she sails next week – forty six thousand eight hundred tons – New York in five days – and every luxury – and...

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The Tragedy of Julius Caesar Essay

William Shakespeares play, The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, is mainly based on the assassination of Julius Caesar. The character who was in charge of the assassination was, ironically, Marcus Brutus, a servant and close friend to Julius Caesar. But what would cause a person to kill a close friend After examining Brutus relationship to Caesar, his involvement in the conspiracy, and his importance to the plot, the truth can be revealed. Marcus Brutus, a servant and close friend to Caesar, has a strong relationship with Caesar but a stronger relationship with Rome and its people. Brutus is very close to Caesar. In Roman times, the only way for someone to get close to a person of high rank is if he/she...

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Ibsen’s “A Doll’s House”, Act Two Scene 6

In Ibsen's "A Doll's House", in Act Two Scene 6, Nora's deceptive behaviour and desperation reaches its climax due to the arrival of the letter. This is because the letter contains the means she used to get hold of the money. During the time when the play took place, society frowned upon women asserting themselves. Women were supposed to play the role in which they supported their husbands, took care of their children and made sure that everything around the house was perfect. Work, politics and decisions were left to the males. Nora broke the law and decided to borrow money to pay for her husband's treatment. She did not borrow the money in the 'right' way instead she forged...

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The opening scene of Act Two marks the dramatic turning point of the play “A View from the Bridge”

The opening scene of Act Two marks the dramatic turning point of the play. In this scene, Catherine confronts Rodolfo over Eddie's allegation that Rodolfo only wants to marry Catherine to be an American. However it is soon revealed that Rodolfo truly loves her. The two characters sleep together for the first time, a fact that Eddie finds out when he returns home drunk, which results in a devastating confrontation between the central characters. The seriousness and the intense emotions displayed in this scene, plus Arthur Miller's use of dramatic devices, make this scene very dramatically effective. It is a turning point in the play because it is the first time Catherine and Rodolfo sleep together, symbolising Catherine's transformation from a...

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A doll’s house analysis

In this scene, how does the dramatist effectively expose characters, relationships and issues so as to make the audience keen to see the rest of the play? Act one scene one from 'a doll's house' by Henrik Ibsen is effective in many ways for enrapturing its audience. Henrik Ibsen successfully manages to introduce many themes and issues alone into the first scene. The scene focuses solely on the two characters Nora and Torvald. Our first impressions are that they are a happily married couple but there are many clues, which hint at the marriage Nora and Torvald have. It appears Torvald controls Nora. Ibsen seems to suggest Nora is a vivacious and cheerful character who is very spirited. Her humming and...

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William Shakespeare, the world’s most famous playwright, Romeo and Juliet

William Shakespeare, the world's most famous playwright, Romeo and Juliet, the greatest love story ever told. For over four hundred years this play has been performed for audiences of all ages. Containing famous lines such as; "Romeo, Romeo wherefore art thou Romeo" And "A plague on both your houses" This play has been studied time and time again by students in schools and universities world wide, so is very well known. For a person to play the lead role, Romeo, who the play revolves around, comes with extremely high expectations. Many people know the lines to the famous scenes so there will be a lot of pressure on him to get them spot on. The actor needs to be well experienced but also...

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The Importance of Alfieri in ‘A View From the bridge’

Alfieri plays various roles throughout the play and is probably the most important person but, not as a character. As the narrator, Alfieri sets the scene, 'this is the slum that faces the bay on the seaward side of Brooklyn Bridge', and usually speaks in places of time gaps for example after Eddie just meets with Rodolpho and Marco, Alfieri narrates and the scene continues a few hours after where it left. Alfieri tells the story to make it clearer to understand and links scenes to events. Alfieri also acts as a commentator in the play because unlike a traditional narrator, Alfieri is a character, a person, and has opinions which he shares with the audience and looks at the events...

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The film dick Tracey, The painting “Murder” by Paul Cezanne, The Yorkshire Ripper and The play “The real inspector hound” Analysis

In this evaluation I am drawing conclusions from the coursework I have completed. This involved undertaking a critical analysis of a variety of art forms that explore the theme of murder mystery. I will be considering how well the art form examples studied have been used in expressing this theme and the methods they have used to do that. In the context of the murder mystery theme there are four pieces of work to discuss involving visual arts, dramatic arts and verbal arts. The pieces are: a€? The film dick Tracey a€? The painting "Murder" by Paul Cezanne a€? The Yorkshire Ripper a€? The play "The real inspector hound" by Tom Stoppard The Theme Murder and mystery are compelling themes that...

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Mrs. Warren’s Profession by George Bernard Shaw

I saw the play on 30th October 2002 at The Strand Theatre. The play is a revival of a Bernard Shaw production. It was directed by Peter Hall and starred Brenda Blethen as Mrs Warren. The play is set in the late 19th Century. It's about a young woman Vivvie Warren who discovers that her mother was a prostitute and still runs brothels. She also finds out that her current love-interest is her half-brother. She leaves her country home to become a businesswoman in London and support herself. The plot is mainly to do with society's hypocrisy. This play, like much of George Bernard Shaw's work, is intended to stir moral passion in the audience and highlight corruption in society. Shaw's plays...

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The Crucible in 1953

When Arthur Miller wrote the play, "The Crucible" in 1953 the contemporary audience could relate to the play due to the media coverage that was occurring at the time. This era was concerned with the political movement communism, for example the McCarthy trials. These were court hearings where people were accused of being involved with communism. Miller's play was seen by the contemporary audience as relevant because of the effects of mass hysteria- the destruction of the community in Salem. Miller felt that the play had relevance although he didn't no write it for that. The play is set in Salem, Massachusetts, involving a small community of Puritans. Puritans lived by the Bible and believed if you followed the teachings you were...

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The drunken party at Olivia’s garden

This play is all about desire. The whole context is about strangers falling in love in n instant and all this pent up unrequited love causes the lonely characters to act unusually, thus, providing a foundation for a potentially funny play. I am going to write about, and analyse, two scenes from the play, where I will talk about the physical and vocal quality's and how the technical quality's coincided with them to create a magical dreamland where everything can and does happen. The drunken party at Olivia's garden: physical quality's; This scene is an excellent scene to write about in terms of physical movement on stage. The movement on stage was very well choreographed and was very effective. During this scene,...

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20th Century Drama ‘Talking Heads’ by Alan Bennett

The monologues I have studied are 'A Cream Cracker under the Settee' and 'A lady of Letters'. The monologues have been written by Alan Bennett who is a playwright as well as a film director. A monologue is a long speech by one person. They are usually used to represent the loneliness of one. The two monologues have been described as being modern day tragedies meaning that there is nothing that goes right in the characters lives and usually ends with a sad ending. 'A Cream Cracker under the Settee' is about a character called Doris. The character of Doris has been played by an actress called Thora Hird. Doris is an old aged widow that lives by herself. Her old...

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A rewiew of “Сhallote Salmon” performed by horse and bambo

This play was the story of the, life of charlotte salmon. It showed her life from child hood to adult hood and then her death, and also important event in her short life that affected her and in turn affected us. The play had a very dramatic story line as charlotte salmon had a very dramatic life. In the play we saw charlotte forming close relation ships with the characters around her and yet at some point they were all taken from her, firstly her mother: they used several actors to show they many different frames of mind she was in, one calm and playing with her daughter, then frantic using all the levels and space on the stage trying in...

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Before and around Shakespeare’s time Jews were portrayed on stage as stock characters

Before and around Shakespeare's time Jews were portrayed on stage as stock characters. They were played by Christians dressed up in long cloaks, wearing a skullcap with a long beard. They spoke in exaggerated tones and accents and made lots of arm movements. They were figures of fun, the comedy relief, and they were viewed as money grabbing misers. They often died on stage or if not they were severely punished. Whatever happened they always lost one way or another, and more often than not bad things happened to their wives and daughters. I think in not putting the Shylock scene at the end of the play, when people left the theatre they were not thinking of how Shylock lost everything...

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Medea

This play was the story of the, life of Сharlotte Salmon. It showed her life from child hood to adult hood and then her death, and also important event in her short life that affected her and in turn affected us. The play had a very dramatic story line as charlotte salmon had a very dramatic life. In the play we saw charlotte forming close relation ships with the characters around her and yet at some point they were all taken from her, firstly her mother: they used several actors to show they many different frames of mind she was in, one calm and playing with her daughter, then frantic using all the levels and space on the stage trying in...

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Robert Bolt’s A Man For All Seasons

Robert Bolt's A Man For All Seasons, was an interesting play regarding the life and times of St. Thomas More, specifically the events that led to his death. More objected to the Kings decision to appoint himself head of the Church of England. More had the opportunity to exonerate himself of any charges by swearing an oath of loyalty to the king, but he chose not to. Through the various reactions to More's silence, the true personalities of other characters are shown. Throughout the play, silence plays an important role in allowing the reader to better understand More and his beliefs. In Act Two, More makes it clear that he is going to be silent in regards to his opinions about...

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For my GCSE practical, we chose to create a piece of improvisation in which I was a performer

For my GCSE practical, we chose to create a piece of improvisation in which I was a performer. I had previously been a stage manager and so it was interesting to be in a position to see a play from a completely different perspective, as an actor. Our devised piece, Hangman was written and is set in the modern day; the 21st Century, as are many soaps of today, for example Eastenders or Coronation Street. A typical setting for many currently popular plays is the 1960's or 70's, Kes adapted from the book by Barry Hines to the play by Lawrence Till perfromed by the National Youth Theatre , Billy Liar By Keith Waterhouse and Willis Hall and Abigail's Party By...

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Blood Brothers written by Willy Russell

On the 27th of June, we travelled down to the Phoenix Theatre in London, the play we saw is called Blood Brothers and is written by Willy Russell. The play is set in Liverpool and was written in the 1980's. The 1980's was known as Thatchers Britain. It was a time where unemployment was high and robbery, lies and deceit were all quite common. The play reflects all these things and also shows the barrier between the different "classes" of people or "ratings" as we could call them. Issues There were quite a few issues that stood out from the story line. This was something that to me made it an interesting play. It isn't like a corny program aimed at reducing crime,...

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The play Hamlet, by William Shakespeare

The play Hamlet, by William Shakespeare, was written in the early 17th century, during the Elizabethan era. In this time period, women were expected to marry at a young age and have children to carry on the family name; this was to be their only role in life. Women were not believed to be rational and intelligent human beings. For centuries, women have been imprisoned within this box, constricted and restrained by the male view of what women's role in life is. They are mothers, daughters, girlfriends, and wives but never philosophers, business people, investors, owners, doctors or lawyers; they were thought to not be capable in such occupations. In Hamlet, Shakespeare uses this age-old idea and because of that the...

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