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Renaissance flashcards

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Art 101: Northern Renaissance 15th Century

The Characteristics of the Northern Renaissance. No Flattery, Highly detailed, Use of symbolism. True or False: The North Renaissance used a lot of symbolism? True How many types of craftsmen are involved in the production of a manuscript? 4. Parchment, Scribes, Illuminators, Binders What type of Illusion is found in Holbein's "The Ambassadors" The skull: meaning nobody can escape death. True or False: Are unflattering, highly detailed portrayals characteristics of the Northern or Italian Renaissance? True Who painted Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride? Jan Van Eyck Symbols in Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride: Removed Shoes shows the room is a holy place Symbols in Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride: A Single Burning Candle Symbolizes the eye of God Symbols in Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride: A Broom Representing domesticity/child birth Symbols in Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride: The...

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Medici: Godfathers of the Renaissance

Albizzi The rivaling banking family of the Medici's. They had Cosimo arrested and locked him in a tower. They were going to kill him, but Cosimo escaped. Artists Seventy percent of all Renaissance artists lived and worked in Florence. Lots of them were commissioned by the Medici family. Bribing Medici bribed the guards when he was imprisoned by the Albizzi in order to escape. Bricks Brunelleschi personally layed bricks down on the dome of the Florence Cathedral because the brick masons didn't believe that his revolutionary theory would work. Classical Manuscripts Manuscripts Cosimo and his father were searching for. Reading them were punishable by excommunication from the church. Columns Brunelleschi used columns as support for the first time in 1000 years, creating a revolution in architect. Concrete Brunelleschi couldn't use the same technique...

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Create 10 individual artist flash cards with facts about Renaissance artists and your favorite piece created by said artist

Michelangelo Michelangelo: Early Life and Training. Michelangelo Buonarroti (Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni) was born on March 6, 1475, in Caprese, Italy. Leonardo da Vinci The name Leonardo da Vinci translates to Leonard from the town of Vinci. • Leonardo was raised by his single father. • Leonardo was one of the first Italians to use oil paint . • He was left-handed • Leonardo da Vinci left many paintings unfinished and destroyed most of his work. • Two of his works, the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper, are the most famous, most reproduced and most parodied portrait and religious painting of all time. • Leonardo was a vegetarian who loved animals and despised war, yet he worked as a military engineer to invent advanced and deadly weapons. •...

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The Renaissance Theater

How old was the art of drama by the time Shakespeare was born? 3 centuries Why was building a permanent theater such a radical idea? Because plays were normally at improvised spaces Who built the first public theater? When? What was it called? James and Richard Burbage built the The Theater in 1576 Name some of the other permanent theaters of Shakespeare's Day? The Curtain, The Rose, The Swan, The Fortune, The Red Bull, and the Hope Where were the first two permanent theaters located? They were located in northern suburbs to not attract too much attention Which of the London's theaters was the most famous? Why? The Globe because it was owned by the company which Shakespeare belonged to How do we know what this theater may have looked like? There were...

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Unit 7 art flashcard

jan van eyck the painter of the arnolfini wedding who had an extraordinary mastery of detail fra angelico an italian monk who never retouched a painting for the fear of tampering with the will of god michelangelo sculpted pieta, a famous marble sculpture of mary and christ masaccio painted the holy trinity, and is considered the first important artist of the renaissance rogier van der wyden painted descent from the cross on a triptych the period of "rebirth" in europe during the fifteenth century in italy was called the _______ renaissance in flanders during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries __________ was developed as a new method of painting oil paintings __________ made a discovery known as linear perspective filippo brunelleschi a great artist of the high renaissance _________ painted the last supper on a monastery wall...

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Renaissance Economy (1300-1525)

Medici Family powerful banking family based in Florence; loaned money to various kings throughout Europe; Florence's golden florin becomes standard European currency; Florentine merchants traded and loaned money Venice and Genoa major merchant cities Merchant capitalism weakened power of nobility ...

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Music Hist Renaissance Quiz

6 Fundamentals of Renaissance Music 1.Sound is smooth and homogenous 2.Harmony = still, primarily based on modes 3.*Imitation* 4.Mass movements, motets, secular songs 5.Instrumental music = serious + imitative OR light + dancelike 6.Motets + Madrigals use ⇒ Word Painting 3 changes of the Middle Ages -focus on individuals -real world>spirituality -travel, printed books Renaissance people Michelangelo Leonardo da Vinci Renaissance Literature Petrarch, Cervantes, Rabelais, Shakespeare Renaissance religion Martin Luther (GER) King Henry 3 (ENG) inventions printing press telescope microscope architecture Florence Cathedral St. Peter's Basilica (Rome) Fontainebleau (France) Medieval music highly contrasting and independent lines of late medieval polyphony Renaissance music overall sound is much smoother and more homogenous, with less contrast imitation form of polyphony in which all the musical lines present the same musical phrases one after the other 3 types of composition -liturgical music (church services) -Secular songs (nonreligious) -Motets (Latin text, sacred but not liturgical) mass long service with many different...

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Social Studies 7th Chapter 11 Section 2

What are some basic ideas of humanism? emphasized the actions and abilities of humans, people earning fame for their accomplishments How did ancient texts and statues affect Renaissance scholars? inspired interest in Greeks and Romans What set Dante apart from earlier Italian writers? He wrote in Italian instead of Latin Why may a historian call Niccolo Machiavelli "the first modern Italian"? because his interest in practical politics could be considered modern What are three techniques for showing perspective? background figures smaller, lines diagonal, colors to show distance What are some characteristics of art by Raphael, Botticelli, and Titian? Raphael - people with clear personalities; Botticelli - used fine detail; Titian - scenes from classical myths Name one Renaissance achievement in each category of mathematics, architecture, astronomy, and cartography. Mathematics - symbols; Architecture -...

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Renaissance video notes

The _____________ is the name historians have given the events that led to the formation of many types of Protestant churches during the 16th century. Reformation The Italian astronomer who proved the theories of Copernicus was named______________ Galileo The entire historical period between the fall of the Western Roman Empire and the Renaissance is called the ___________________. Middle Ages The Germanic tribes that settled in Britain after the Romans departed were called the _________. Anglo-Saxons The plays of the Renaissance English writer______________ are still very popular today. William Shakespeare In the beginning, the Renaissance movement was greatly inspired by scholars called ___________ who were devoted to the study of the lost cultures of ancient Greece and Rome. Humanists The paintings of the Renaissance are more _____________ than those produced during the medieval...

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renaissance art: common symbolism

apple/fruit sin/disobedience book scriptures/prophecy of scriptures broom domestic arts of cooking, sewing, tending to home candle show gods presence chalice wine of the eucharist dead tree original sin/dead bc of sin dice/cards reference to vice dog faithfulness/fidelity dog (hound) hell dove holy spirit garden fertility. enclosed- virginity jingle bells folly and foolishness knot unity lamb sacrificial animal of the old testament left vs right convention of opposites/ two sides of christ light penetrating glass virgin birth lilly purity lorraine vs latin cross transformed cross olive branch world/control of the world palm branch martyr resurrection banner white flag/shield ruins physical decay of world/spiritual decline shoes removed holiness of event skull death spears/swords/clubs/axes passion and crucifixion of christ tablets foundation of western mortality tallith fringed prayer shawl with bands of blue or black by jewish men at prayer titulus title placed above the head of christ tree trunk passion and suffering of christ bow and arrow cupid or diana cave/grotto feminine image with phallic implications golden apple reward from famous beauty contest, associated with venus honeycomb extreme sensuousness, when offered it is a metaphor for sweetness of...

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Week 25 The Renaissance

Petrarch The father of Humanism Michelangelo Renaissance artist who sculpted David and the Pieta' Newton Discovered the law of universal gravitation vernacular The everyday language of the people Humanism Renaissance movement based on ancient Greek and Roman philosophy backwards The way Leonardo da Vinci wrote in his notebook Printing Press Invention that made producing books faster and cheaper Venice "Queen of the Adriatic" Gondolas Narrow boats popular among tourists in Venice Crusades Major events that led to the Renaissance ...

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Art 223 Exam #2: Early Renaissance Architecture in Florence

Dome of the Florence Cathedral -Filippo Brunelleschi -1420-1436 -Florence, Italy -by 1420, the decorative Gothic surface of the exterior was largely complete. Nave, choir and transepts built; and the size of the octagonal base was built -masons worked from movable scaffolding -"great hoist' using oxen -Exterior: white marble ribs divide the dome into eight sections -structurally the external ribs extend from exterior to interior and provide the basic skeletal structure that is important to the dome's stability -dome was built with inner and outer shells. This made the dome lighter and easy to access during construction -outward thrust is contained by a series of encircling "chains" hidden within the structure -round windows instead of gothic ones -harmony, clarity, and simplicity in surface decoration he designed for the clerestory...

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Renaissance- Copernicus

Galieo and Copernicus Who believes in the heliocentric theory? The Catholic Church Who believed in the geocentric theory? Copernicus enters the university of Krakow. What happened to Copernicus in 1419? On the Revolution of the celestial spheres (his book) was published. Copernicus died the same year. What happened to Copernicus in 1543? Copernicus book was banned in the Church. What happened to Copernicus's book on 1616? The ban was lifted off of his book. What happened to Copernicus's book in 1835? He used to church to advance his studies for his book. He used the cathedral tower to study AND observe the stars. At this point in time, the church was fine with it. What did Copernicus use the church for? And was the church fine with it? early 16th century When did Copernicus finish...

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Women Renaissance Painters

Self-Portrait Sofonisba, Anguissola 1555 Oil on Copper Miniature Women Renaissance Painters Noil me Tangere Fontana, Lavinia 1581 oil on Canvas Women Renaissance Painters Self Portrait Sonfonisba, Anguissola 1561 Oil on Canvas Women Renaissance Painters Bernard Campi painting Sofonisiba Anguissola Sofonisiba Anguissola Oil on Canvas ca.1550 Women Renaissance Painters Christ and Canaanite Woman Lavinia 1576-7 oil on Canvas Women Renaissance Painters ...

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Ch 8 The northern renaissance

Ropa An outer gown or surcote made either sleeveless or with one of the following types of sleeve: A short puffed sleeve or a long sleeve puffed at the top and fitted for the rest of the arm's length Spanish work Fashionable embroidery that oriented in spain, consisted of delicate black silk figures often applied to the neck band and wrist of mens shirts and women's chemises Lacis Decorative technique in which artisan embroiders patterns on a net background Lace Differs from either cutwork or filet in that it is constructed entirely from threads, dispensing any backing fabric, two types include bobbin or pillow lace and needle point lace Needlepoint lace Made by embroidering over base threads arranged in a pattern and connecting these base threads with a series...

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Art History: Italian High Renaissance

Raphael. Italian. Madonna of the Meadow, 1505. High Renaissance. Raphael. Italian. School of Athens, 1512. High Renaissance. Raphael. Italian. Personification of Philosophy, above theSchool of Athens, 1512. High Renaissance. Raphael. Italian. Galatea, 1513. High Renaissance. Leonardo da Vinci, Italian. Self Portrait Drawing, Left. C. 1512—15. Vitruvian Man, Right. 1485--90 High Renaissance. Leonardo da Vinci, Italian. Last Supper, 1495-98. High Renaissance Leonardo da Vinci, Italian. Mona Lisa, 1503—05. High Renaissance Leonardo da Vinci, Italian. Madonna of the Rocks, 1483. High Renaissance Leonardo da Vinci. Italian. Drawing for the St Anne Altarpiece, 1505--07. High Renaissance. Michelangelo, Italian. Pieta, 1498—1500. High Renaissance. Michelangelo, Italian. David, 1501--04. High Renaissance. Michelangelo, Italian. Moses (for the tomb of Pope Julius II), 1513--15. High Renaissance. Michelangelo, Italian. Bound Slave (for the tomb of Pope Julius II), 1513—15. . High Renaissance. Michelangelo, Italian. Sistine Chapel Ceiling, 1512.. High Renaissance. Michelangelo, Italian. Creation of Adam, Sistine Chapel Ceiling, 1512.. High Renaissance. Michelangelo, Italian. Fall and Expulsion of Adam&Eve,...

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Renaissance and Shakespeare Test Study Guide

When was Shakespeare born? April 23, 1567 Where was Shakespeare born? Stratford-Upon-Avon Whom did he marry? How old was he? How old was she? Married Anne Hathaway; he was 18; she was 26 How many plays did he write? 37 plays How many sonnets did he write? 154 sonnets How many words is he credited for creating? over 1500 What does Shakespeare's epitaph read? "Good friend for Jesus' sake forbear/ To dig the dust enclosed here!/ Blest be the man that spares these stones/ And curst be he that moves my bones!" When did Shakespeare die? April 23, 1616 What caused The Globe to burn down? A cannon in Henry VIII Who was allowed to perform in a play? Men Who played the women? Boys Who says "You should be women, and yet your beards forbid me to interpret that you are...

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English Midterm (Langston Hughes/Harlem Renaissance)

Where was Langston Hughes born? Joplin, Missouri Who raised Langston Hughes? His grandmother Langston Hughes facts (Know at least 5) -Went to Columbia University -Dropped out of Columbia -Died at 65 from surgery -Earned a bachelor's degree at Lincoln University What type of music influenced Langston Hughes writing? Jazz Who are some writers, artists, and musicians of the Harlem Renaissance? -Wallace Thurman -Zora Neale Hurston -Claude McKay -Jean Toomer When did the Harlem Renaissance take place? 1920s Who was Harlem originally marketed for? Wealthy White What is the New Negro? A 1925 essay by Alain Locke encouraging black to adopt the arts What were some goals of the Harlem Renaissance? To control production, prices, producers, and member welfare Why didn't the Harlem Renaissance last longer? The Great Depression Why is this time period called the Harlem Renaissance? They have more advanced tools, but still use the same...

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APAH Chapter 19 Early Renaissance Art Vocabulary

allegory work of art, which possesses a symbolic meaning in addition to a literal interpretation altarpiece a painted or sculpted panel set on an altar of a church annunciation the announcement of the Incarnation by the angel Gabriel to Mary chiaroscuro the use of dramatic contrasts of dark and light to produce modeling confraternities organizations constituting of laypersons who dedicated themselves to strict religious observance franciscan order monastic order that influenced art through its stress on nature and the primacy of personal experience humanism not religious, placing focus on the study and progress of human nature and the center of interests. international gothic style a style of 14th and 15th century painting, begun by Simone Martini. This style is characterized by elegant and intricate interpretations of naturalistic subjects, and minute detailing and patterning in drapery...

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Harlem Renaissance

Aaron Douglas Did his "own thing" and didn't follow the typical "norm" Displayed life of Africans in his painting Painted music, freedom, dancing, and slavery Inspired other artists' style, became president of Harlem Artists Guild Educated others on African-American art style Palmer Hayden Didn't originally want to be an artist, he wanted to be a musician Work "The Janitor Who Paints" used a blackface stereotype Most of his work portrayed the blackface stereotype and were protest paintings Encouraged others to accept the blackface stereotype Jacob Lawrence Parents' divorce led him to Harlem Famous for the "Great Migration Series" Famous series showed African-American migration Used bold colors to draw attention to certain things in the painting Often used shapes to convey emotion Aaron Douglas Palmer Hayden Jacob Lawrence Cotton Club Opened by Jack Johnson Spread black culture through music and dance The Savoy...

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Early-Late Renaissance Barron’s AP Art History Q and A

This work dates from: 1425 The work is an oil painting for private devotion unlike Italian renaissance painting, this northern European work has wings that fold closed over the main scene the people kneeling on the left are donors of the painting This painting represents a humanization of Biblical subjects by having the scene take place in a contemporary interior An example of an artist(s) associated with the International Gothic style of painting would be the Limbourh brothers an example of a polytych would be the ghent altarpiece A characteristic of oil paint is that it produces a shiny emamel-like surface this work was painted by van eyck a painting dome is grisaille looks like sculpture Holbein worked at the court of Henry VIII Which of the following painting is still in situ? The burial of count orgaz The marriage of Italian monumentality and...

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Western Civ. Age of the renaissance

Renaissance Rebirth (rebirth of Greco-Roman Civilization) 1000 year period between the middle of the 14th century and the Decline of the Roman Empire seen as the middle period Jacob Burckhardt (1818-1897) Swiss historian and Art Critic "Civilization of the Reaissance in Italy" (1860) Viewed Renaissance in Italy as the birthplace of Modern Europe Saw the Renaissance as a distinct period of history Renaissance was 1) Revival of antiquity 2) Perfecting of the individual 3) Secularism (moving away from the catholic church) Age of recovery Rediscovery of culture and classical antiquity Rebirth of Greco-Roman culture Italians becoming interested in their own illustrious past Synthesis of Greco-Roman & Christian ideologies Emphasis on individual ability "high regard for human dignity and worth and a realization of individual potentiality" A movement of the elite Secularism and Urban society Northern Italy as mostly a land of independent city-states Increasing...

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AP Euro: Women’s History

The Renaissance (3 points) 1. In "The Courtier," Baldassare Castiglione wrote that the perfect court lady should be well-educated and charming. Women, however, were not expected to seek fame as men did. 2. Christine de Pizan was a prolific author who wrote a history of famous women and is now remembered as Europe's first feminist. 3. Isabella d'Este was the most famous Renaissance woman. Her life illustrates that being a patron of the arts was the most socially acceptable role for a well-educated Renaissance woman. The Reformation (4 points) 1. Martin Luther believed that Christian women should strive to be models of obedience and Christian charity. 2. The Protestant Reformation reduced access to convents, thus changing the role of sixteenth-century women. 3. Quakers regularly allowed women to...

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Renaissance Healthcare

Renaissance rebirth of the science of medicine Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci artists who used dissection to draw the human body more realistically development of the printing press allowed knowledge to be spread to others Andreas Vesalius published the first anatomy book Isaac Judaeus wrote the first book on dietetics Michael Servetus described the circulatory system in the lungs; explained how digestion if a source of heat for the body Roger Bacon promoted chemical remedies to treat disease; researched optics and refraction (bending of light rays) average lifespan during the Renaissance 30 to 40 years ...

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Italian Renaissance

Alberti Eliminated Gothic architecture, West Facade of Sant' Andrea had Roman arch and Corinthian pilasters, achieved Renaissance ideal by combining ancient forms with Christian uses Michelangelo David's contrapposto pose recalls statues from Greece and Rome, like many classical status he is nude, Renaissance ideals of ideal human body, strength, bravery Raphael School of Athens depicts gathering of ancient philosophers from various eras, admiration of ancient philosophers like Plato and Aristotle, Renaissance ideals of order, unity, and symmetry, realism and perspective Christine de Pizan First European woman writer, first feminist, spoke out against "masculine myths" about women Isabella d'Este most famous Renaissance woman, art patron with huge collection-demonstrated the most socially acceptable role for a well-educated Renaissance woman Baldassare Castiglione "universal man" and ideal courtier should be polite, charming, witty, be able...

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Study Guide (Renaissance, Black Death, Renaissance Art)

Mercantile Related to commerce or trade Patron Someone who gives money or other support to a person or group Lorenzo de Medici A man who spent large sums of money on artistic and architectural projects Where did the Renaissance begin? Florence, Italy Why did the feudal system weaken? The feudal system weakened when trade and industry began to grow Why were peasants and nobles drawn to the city? Peasants believed they were promised paid work. Nobles saw opportunities to make money by buying property and holding public office. What partially replaced the study of the Catholic Church? Secular subjects grew in popularity. This included law, medicine, philosophy and science. What did the Renaissance bring the interest of? The Renaissance brought increased curiosity to the ancient civilizations of Greece and Rome. What were Italian City-States purpose? Italian city-states...

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Renaissance poetry notes

Again "Re" means Birth "Naissance" means Rebirth "Renaissance" altogether means Greece and Rome During the Renaissance time period, there became a renewed interest in ancient _____ and _____. Knowledge, art, and architecture There was also a rebirth in classical ____, ______, and ______. 15th-17th century In England, when did the Renaissance time period begin and end Tudors During the Renaissance, what family was in power of the English throne? Henry the eighth Was a catholic until his wife, Catherine of Aragon, could not produce a son. Could not receive an annulment from the pope. The church Henry remarried anyway and seized all property owned by whom? Protestant Henry turned England into a _____ nation Catholic Henry VIII's successors tried to convert the nation back to a _____ nation Elizabeth I Henry VIII's daughter who solidified England as a Protestant nation Intelligent and wise. Arts Elizabeth...

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Burke vs. Burckhardt

Burckhardt Claims Renaissance was an actual period Burckhardt Claims the common man went from identifying as a part of a group to an individual Burckhardt Claims people were dazed by Faith Burckhardt Credits Petrarch as an extraordinary Renaissance man Burckhardt People weren't afraid to be themselves Burke Says Burckhardt over elaborated by adding individualist ideas to the standing ones of restoring arts Burke Says Petrarch was actually quite medieval Burke Says there's more than one Renascene Burke Says it wasn't an actual time period ...

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Unit 2- Humanism, The Renaissance, and The Protestant Reformation Questions

What changes occurred in the late (high) Middle Ages that would enable the Renaissance to take place? In the high middle ages invasions slowed, trade increased and there was good agricultural production that attracted many new people. The population grew and new cities were created. There was wealth and relative peace which enabled the Renaissance to take place. The Renaissance started in Italy in Venice and Florence. Due to banking, ship building and arms manufacturing Venice was a prosperous port city. The port facilitated trade, gave access to consumers and raw materials and gave them naval supremacy. Venice also had exclusive trade treaties w/the Byzantines, the government controlled shipping. The government also hired mercenaries and taxed conquered people. Florence was a...

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ARTH111 Ch8

What culture shift of the Middle Byzantine periods is reflected in the humanized image of the Virgin of Vladimir, seen in your text? A desire for a more immediate and personalized religion What distinguishes a codex from a scroll? Individual pages were bound together How does the Cathedral of St. Mark in Venice differ from the church of Hagia- Sophia? Each dome maintains it owns separate vertical The names of Christian churches included all of the following except a reference to the current bishop or church official Pilgrimage churches often attracted visitors in part because they had relics Miniatures from the Paris Psalter are characteristics of Macedonian Renaissance art in their return to a Classical use of modeling and rendering of space A composition known as Deesis features Christ along with Mary and...

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