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Renaissance flashcards

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Chapter 13 Arts flashcard

Prohibition The period from 1920 to 1933 when the sale of alcoholic beverages was prohibited in the United States by the 18th Amendment Speakeasy An illegal bar where alcohol was sold during the prohibition era. These were dark and sordid clip joints. In 1922 there were 5000 speakeasies in New York, in 1927 there were 30 000. Bootlegger This was a term used to describe people that smuggled alcohol into the U.S. from Canada and the Caribbean. These people would often hide the liquor in their boots. Clarence Darrow A famed criminal defense lawyer for Scopes, who supported evolution. He caused William Jennings Bryan to appear foolish when Darrow questioned Bryan about the Bible. Scopes Trial 1925 Tennesse trial where teacher John Scopes was charged with teaching evolution; Darrow...

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Castiglione’s book flashcard

According to Castiglione's book, The Book of the Courtier, a noble should do all of the following EXCEPT Farm the land Luther taught that the selling of indulgences was wrong The division of Christianity in Germany into Catholic and Lutheran was recognized by the Peace of Augsburg Machiavelli encouraged rulers and would-be rulers to believe that Human nature was self-centered. King Henry VIII did all of the following EXCEPT conquer lands in France Luther taught that justification by faith (being made right before God) was The central idea of protestanism The third estate was made up of all the following EXCEPT nobles John Calvin believed in the the "eternal decree" of an all-powerful God. All of the following are associated with painting during the High Renaissance EXCEPT Machiavelli Paintings and sculptures of the Renaissance were more realistic Leonardo da Vinci...

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Music Hist Renaissance Quiz

6 Fundamentals of Renaissance Music 1.Sound is smooth and homogenous 2.Harmony = still, primarily based on modes 3.*Imitation* 4.Mass movements, motets, secular songs 5.Instrumental music = serious + imitative OR light + dancelike 6.Motets + Madrigals use ⇒ Word Painting 3 changes of the Middle Ages -focus on individuals -real world>spirituality -travel, printed books Renaissance people Michelangelo Leonardo da Vinci Renaissance Literature Petrarch, Cervantes, Rabelais, Shakespeare Renaissance religion Martin Luther (GER) King Henry 3 (ENG) inventions printing press telescope microscope architecture Florence Cathedral St. Peter's Basilica (Rome) Fontainebleau (France) Medieval music highly contrasting and independent lines of late medieval polyphony Renaissance music overall sound is much smoother and more homogenous, with less contrast imitation form of polyphony in which all the musical lines present the same musical phrases one after the other 3 types of composition -liturgical music (church services) -Secular songs (nonreligious) -Motets (Latin text, sacred but not liturgical) mass long service with many different...

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Social Studies 7th Chapter 11 Section 2

What are some basic ideas of humanism? emphasized the actions and abilities of humans, people earning fame for their accomplishments How did ancient texts and statues affect Renaissance scholars? inspired interest in Greeks and Romans What set Dante apart from earlier Italian writers? He wrote in Italian instead of Latin Why may a historian call Niccolo Machiavelli "the first modern Italian"? because his interest in practical politics could be considered modern What are three techniques for showing perspective? background figures smaller, lines diagonal, colors to show distance What are some characteristics of art by Raphael, Botticelli, and Titian? Raphael - people with clear personalities; Botticelli - used fine detail; Titian - scenes from classical myths Name one Renaissance achievement in each category of mathematics, architecture, astronomy, and cartography. Mathematics - symbols; Architecture -...

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Renaissance video notes

The _____________ is the name historians have given the events that led to the formation of many types of Protestant churches during the 16th century. Reformation The Italian astronomer who proved the theories of Copernicus was named______________ Galileo The entire historical period between the fall of the Western Roman Empire and the Renaissance is called the ___________________. Middle Ages The Germanic tribes that settled in Britain after the Romans departed were called the _________. Anglo-Saxons The plays of the Renaissance English writer______________ are still very popular today. William Shakespeare In the beginning, the Renaissance movement was greatly inspired by scholars called ___________ who were devoted to the study of the lost cultures of ancient Greece and Rome. Humanists The paintings of the Renaissance are more _____________ than those produced during the medieval...

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renaissance art: common symbolism

apple/fruit sin/disobedience book scriptures/prophecy of scriptures broom domestic arts of cooking, sewing, tending to home candle show gods presence chalice wine of the eucharist dead tree original sin/dead bc of sin dice/cards reference to vice dog faithfulness/fidelity dog (hound) hell dove holy spirit garden fertility. enclosed- virginity jingle bells folly and foolishness knot unity lamb sacrificial animal of the old testament left vs right convention of opposites/ two sides of christ light penetrating glass virgin birth lilly purity lorraine vs latin cross transformed cross olive branch world/control of the world palm branch martyr resurrection banner white flag/shield ruins physical decay of world/spiritual decline shoes removed holiness of event skull death spears/swords/clubs/axes passion and crucifixion of christ tablets foundation of western mortality tallith fringed prayer shawl with bands of blue or black by jewish men at prayer titulus title placed above the head of christ tree trunk passion and suffering of christ bow and arrow cupid or diana cave/grotto feminine image with phallic implications golden apple reward from famous beauty contest, associated with venus honeycomb extreme sensuousness, when offered it is a metaphor for sweetness of...

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Week 25 The Renaissance

Petrarch The father of Humanism Michelangelo Renaissance artist who sculpted David and the Pieta' Newton Discovered the law of universal gravitation vernacular The everyday language of the people Humanism Renaissance movement based on ancient Greek and Roman philosophy backwards The way Leonardo da Vinci wrote in his notebook Printing Press Invention that made producing books faster and cheaper Venice "Queen of the Adriatic" Gondolas Narrow boats popular among tourists in Venice Crusades Major events that led to the Renaissance ...

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Art 223 Exam #2: Early Renaissance Architecture in Florence

Dome of the Florence Cathedral -Filippo Brunelleschi -1420-1436 -Florence, Italy -by 1420, the decorative Gothic surface of the exterior was largely complete. Nave, choir and transepts built; and the size of the octagonal base was built -masons worked from movable scaffolding -"great hoist' using oxen -Exterior: white marble ribs divide the dome into eight sections -structurally the external ribs extend from exterior to interior and provide the basic skeletal structure that is important to the dome's stability -dome was built with inner and outer shells. This made the dome lighter and easy to access during construction -outward thrust is contained by a series of encircling "chains" hidden within the structure -round windows instead of gothic ones -harmony, clarity, and simplicity in surface decoration he designed for the clerestory...

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Renaissance- Copernicus

Galieo and Copernicus Who believes in the heliocentric theory? The Catholic Church Who believed in the geocentric theory? Copernicus enters the university of Krakow. What happened to Copernicus in 1419? On the Revolution of the celestial spheres (his book) was published. Copernicus died the same year. What happened to Copernicus in 1543? Copernicus book was banned in the Church. What happened to Copernicus's book on 1616? The ban was lifted off of his book. What happened to Copernicus's book in 1835? He used to church to advance his studies for his book. He used the cathedral tower to study AND observe the stars. At this point in time, the church was fine with it. What did Copernicus use the church for? And was the church fine with it? early 16th century When did Copernicus finish...

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Art 101: Northern Renaissance 15th Century

The Characteristics of the Northern Renaissance. No Flattery, Highly detailed, Use of symbolism. True or False: The North Renaissance used a lot of symbolism? True How many types of craftsmen are involved in the production of a manuscript? 4. Parchment, Scribes, Illuminators, Binders What type of Illusion is found in Holbein's "The Ambassadors" The skull: meaning nobody can escape death. True or False: Are unflattering, highly detailed portrayals characteristics of the Northern or Italian Renaissance? True Who painted Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride? Jan Van Eyck Symbols in Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride: Removed Shoes shows the room is a holy place Symbols in Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride: A Single Burning Candle Symbolizes the eye of God Symbols in Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride: A Broom Representing domesticity/child birth Symbols in Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride: The...

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Medici: Godfathers of the Renaissance

Albizzi The rivaling banking family of the Medici's. They had Cosimo arrested and locked him in a tower. They were going to kill him, but Cosimo escaped. Artists Seventy percent of all Renaissance artists lived and worked in Florence. Lots of them were commissioned by the Medici family. Bribing Medici bribed the guards when he was imprisoned by the Albizzi in order to escape. Bricks Brunelleschi personally layed bricks down on the dome of the Florence Cathedral because the brick masons didn't believe that his revolutionary theory would work. Classical Manuscripts Manuscripts Cosimo and his father were searching for. Reading them were punishable by excommunication from the church. Columns Brunelleschi used columns as support for the first time in 1000 years, creating a revolution in architect. Concrete Brunelleschi couldn't use the same technique...

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Create 10 individual artist flash cards with facts about Renaissance artists and your favorite piece created by said artist

Michelangelo Michelangelo: Early Life and Training. Michelangelo Buonarroti (Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni) was born on March 6, 1475, in Caprese, Italy. Leonardo da Vinci The name Leonardo da Vinci translates to Leonard from the town of Vinci. • Leonardo was raised by his single father. • Leonardo was one of the first Italians to use oil paint . • He was left-handed • Leonardo da Vinci left many paintings unfinished and destroyed most of his work. • Two of his works, the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper, are the most famous, most reproduced and most parodied portrait and religious painting of all time. • Leonardo was a vegetarian who loved animals and despised war, yet he worked as a military engineer to invent advanced and deadly weapons. •...

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The Renaissance Theater

How old was the art of drama by the time Shakespeare was born? 3 centuries Why was building a permanent theater such a radical idea? Because plays were normally at improvised spaces Who built the first public theater? When? What was it called? James and Richard Burbage built the The Theater in 1576 Name some of the other permanent theaters of Shakespeare's Day? The Curtain, The Rose, The Swan, The Fortune, The Red Bull, and the Hope Where were the first two permanent theaters located? They were located in northern suburbs to not attract too much attention Which of the London's theaters was the most famous? Why? The Globe because it was owned by the company which Shakespeare belonged to How do we know what this theater may have looked like? There were...

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Unit 7 art flashcard

jan van eyck the painter of the arnolfini wedding who had an extraordinary mastery of detail fra angelico an italian monk who never retouched a painting for the fear of tampering with the will of god michelangelo sculpted pieta, a famous marble sculpture of mary and christ masaccio painted the holy trinity, and is considered the first important artist of the renaissance rogier van der wyden painted descent from the cross on a triptych the period of "rebirth" in europe during the fifteenth century in italy was called the _______ renaissance in flanders during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries __________ was developed as a new method of painting oil paintings __________ made a discovery known as linear perspective filippo brunelleschi a great artist of the high renaissance _________ painted the last supper on a monastery wall...

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Renaissance Economy (1300-1525)

Medici Family powerful banking family based in Florence; loaned money to various kings throughout Europe; Florence's golden florin becomes standard European currency; Florentine merchants traded and loaned money Venice and Genoa major merchant cities Merchant capitalism weakened power of nobility ...

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Harlem Renaissance/Blues

New Negro Gives African Americans a positive identity both socially and intellectually Louis Armstrong It Wonderful World Coleman Hawkins Jazz saxophonist the helped promote the big band sound of the 40's W.E.B. DuBois Soul of Black Folk Zora Neal Hurston Their Eyes Were Watching God Marcus Garvey Back to Africa campaign Duke Ellington Take the A Train Bessie Smith Heavily influenced the 60's vocalist Janis Joplin Langston Hughes "The new negro was in vogue" Cotton Club All white establishment that feature famous black musicians Billie Holiday Strange Fruit Apollo Theater One of the oldest and most famous venues that was known for featuring African American entertainers Harlem Area of NY City which was an intellectual and social movement for African Americans WC Handy Considered by some to be the father of the blues Robert Johnson Sold his soul to the devil at the crossroads to play guitar Son House Blues player...

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Music history renaissance

three changes from MA to Renaissance individualism/ more focus on the real world than spirituality/ ease of travel and printed books, mingling of cultures Types of vocal music in Renaissance chanson, madrigal, motets, acapella, anthem, mass (liturgical) cantus firmus when composers take a line of chant and use it as a base for a new song (remix) What are the fundamentals of Medieval music based on modes, no modern scales plain chant in uinson with no harmony or accompaniment stylized courtly love songs were popular instruments were many and varied polyphony was invented organum taking a line of music and adding intervals of 4, 5 octaves to create polyphony What are 3 types of Renaissance compositions liturgical, secular, motets Name two early Renaissance composers John Dunstable (England) Guillame Dufray (France) name the most popular string instrument of the Renaissance lute What...

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Theatre of the Renaissance

Renaissance means "rebirth" 1. Italian Renaissance What was happening during the renaissance: 1. Exploration 2. Inventions 3. Scientific Revolution (Galileo) 4. Literature (humanism) 5. Art Versimilitude the appearance of truth Neoclassical Ideals 1. must be based in reality, therefore no fantasy or supernatural events 2. No soliloquies 3. no violence 4. evil must be punished 5. unities of time, place, and action -most take place within 24hr period, restricted to one location, can only involve one central story 6. 5-act structure 7. most maintain purity of form 8. function of drama is to teach moral lesson Intermezzi -Inbetween 5 acts -included Tableau Vivants- recreate art with real people-reinactments -They were important because they evolved into different theatrical forms: opera, ballet, court masques. Commedia dell'arte "comedy of the professional artists" • free-form, improvisational comedy • no set text; loose scenarios (800) • stock characters Straight characters- unmasked • The Innamorati (the lovers) o...

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Music Appreciation: Medieval and Renaissance

The Middle ages 450-1450 dark ages 476-800 Priests most important musicians in the middle ages Monks in monasteries Who had a monopoly on learning in the middle ages Hildegard of Bingen Most important woman composer of the middle ages Gregorian Chant Monophonic melody Church modes ike the major and minor scales in that they consist of seven tones and an eighth tone that duplicates the first an octave higher Ordo virtutum A dramatic play written by Hildegard Voni Bingen. About the devil fighting for souls love,crusades,dancing Trouvere songs dealt with the following themes_______________ rhythm troubadour and trouvere's lacked in Jongleurs(Juggler) wandering minstrels, performed music and acrobates in castles,taverns,and towns Estampie Medieval instrumental dance that features a series of sections, each played twice with two different endings, Ouvert and Clos. monks in monastery choirs began to add a second melodic line to Gregorian chant What was...

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Music Quiz (Renaissance/Baroque)

church music what type of music was common in middle ages? 450-1450 what time period covered the middle ages? functional, not for entertainment middle age music was considered: rhythm always in 3 what made the rhythm of middle age music holy? monophonic, vocal what were characteristics of early middle age music? homophonic, instrumental, entertainment what were characteristics of late middle age music? pope gregory I who was the gregorian chant named for? gregorian chant how music was presented in middle ages: unfamiliar scales, otherworldly church modes were: organum what instrument was used in middle ages? non-religious, entertainment what was secular music? chant-plainsong what type of music has a single line melody, monophonic, scaler, no meter, cadence points, and one syllable per note? hildegard of bingen first women composer (nun)? one or more long notes with a melody what is a drone? 13th century when did instrument pieces begin? leonin &...

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Artist of Harlem Renaissance

Jacob Lawrence Painter who chronicled the experiences of the Great Migration North through art. Langston Hughes Poet who combined the experiences of African and American cultural roots. Bessie Smith Female Blues Singer. Duke Ellington Jazz Composer Louis Armstrong Jazz Composer Georgia O'Keeffe Artist known for urban scenes and, later, paintings of the Southwest such as flowers, cactus's and animal skulls. F. Scott Fitzgerald Novelist who wrote about the Jazz Age of the 1920's. He wrote The Great Gatsby. John Steinback Novelist who portrayed the strengths and struggles of the poor migrant farm workers in the Great Plains. Wrote The Grapes Of Wrath. Aaron Copland Composer who wrote uniquely American music. George Gershwin Composer who wrote uniquely American music. ...

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renaissance inventions

when was the first mechanical clock invented? In the early 1300's true/ false the invention of the first mechanical clock began to measure time in hours? true who invented the pendulum? Galileo when was the metallic gear created? the 1600's what does the metallic gear do? use of the screw in assembling clocks were used first. what invention enabled iron to be produced in significant quantities? the blast furnace when was gun powder invented? January 1,850 A.D. when was the printing press invented? January 1,1456 who invented the printing press? John Gutenberg Who invented the toilet? Sir John Harrington what year was the telescope invented? 1608 who invented the telescope? Hans Lippershey who and when made improvements on the telescope? In 1668 Sir Isaac Newton made improvements on the telescope. what year was wall paper invented? 1496 in the first paper mill in England. where was the first...

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WH ch. 9 and 11

1096-1204 Crusades 8 Number of crusades First crusade Most successful crusade Third crusade Mist famous crusade (also known as the Kings crusade) Jerusalem The holy city of three major religions Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Three main religions in Jerusalem Palestine Roman name for the Holy Land. Today- Israel Saladin the muslim *** Opened up new trade, new ideas weakened feudalism. Strengthened papacy, opened new horizons Influence of the crusades Gutenberg Who invented the moveable type printing press Frescoes Paintings on wet plaster In the Middle Ages, all paintings were sacred Secular v. Sacred Florence. Rome. Venice. Renaissance cities Florence City where the Renaissance began Rome High Renaissance, da Vinci,Marshall, and michaelangelo Venice Late Renaissance, "queen of the Adriatic" Lute Most popular instrument of Renaissance Church The escape from the hardships of life Reformation October 31,1517. Luther posted 95 theses Renaissance Rebirth of knowledge, culture Humanism Study of the 7 humanities (liberal arts); renewed focus on mans abilities Sistine chapel *** De Medici family Most famous...

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Architecture of the Italian Renaissance courts

Urbino (duchy) fuled by Montefeltro Montefeltro Family before 1508 Federigo da Montefeltro 1422-82 Ducal palace 1447-1460 Mantua (duchy) ruled by Gonzaga Gonzaga family Ludovico Gonzaga (1412-78) Rimini ruled by the Malatesta Family Malatesta family Sigismondo Malatesta, lord of Rimini Castel Sismondo militaristic, medieval defensive castle Ferrara ruled by Este family Este family Ercole d'Este 1431-1505 Palazzo dei Diamanti 1493-1504 built by Ercole for his brother Sigismondo d'Este Architect: Biagio Rossetti Naples (Kingdom) ruled by Aragonese dynasty 1443-1503 King of Alfonso of Aragon 1396-1458 Castel Nuovo main entrance (triumphal arch), 1453-71 Milan ruled by Sforza family 1450-1535 Ludovico Sforza 1452-1508 Castel Sfrozesco S. Maria presso S. Satiro (perspective choir) 1478 Bramante perspective choir ...

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Machiavelli and Renaissance philosophy

Machiavelli's job writer and philosopher where Machiavelli lived Florence, Italy time period of Machiavelli's life 1400's and 1500's (Renaissance) family of important patrons in Florence The DeMedecis major reason for the wealth of Florence during the Renaissance banking philosophy the study of ideas about knowledge, truth and the meaning of life important cultures of the Classical period ancient Greece and Rome two great periods of art and learning Classical period and the Renaissance famous classical philosophers Socrates, Plato and Aristotle Plato's idea of the best form of government society should be led by a philosopher Aristotle's idea of the best form of government purpose of government should be to educate people and keep them safe time period that was rediscovered during the Renaissance Classical period Book which contains Machiavelli's most famous ideas The Prince The form of The Prince a letter of advice to an Italian prince,...

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Buildings to Know- Renaissance Architecture

Palazzo Medici Michelozzo Florence, Italy 1450-1500,1444-1484 Palazzo Rucellai Alberti Florence, Italy 1450-1500,1446-1451 Alberti Florence, Italy 1450-1500,1446-1451 Pienza Pienza, Italy 1450-1500 Urbino, Palazzo Ducale Urbino Italy 1500s (early) St Pietro in Montorio (Tempietto) Bramante 1481-1500 Palazzo Branconio Raphael Rome, Italy 1500-1550 Palazzo del te' Giulio Romano Mantua, Italy 1524-34 Palazzo Bevilacqua Sanmicheli Verona, Italy 1530-1550 Biblioteca Marciana Sansovino Venice, Italy 1500-50, 1537-1553 Basilica Palladiana Palladio Venice, Italy 1550-1600,1549-1614 Il Redentore (church) Palladio Venice, Italy 1550-1600,1577-1592 Villa Rotonda Palladio Vicenza, Italy 1550-1600, 1567- Dome of Florence Cathedral Brunelleschi Florence, Italy Early 1400s Ospedale Innocenti Brunelleschi Florence, Italy 1400-1450, 1419-1445 Church of S. Lorenzo Brunelleschi Florence, Italy 1400-1450, 1419-1459 Old Sacristy Brunelleschi Florence, Italy 1400-1450,1421-1440 Tempio Malatestiano Alberti Rimini, Italy 1450-1500, 1450-68 Santa Maria Novella Alberti Florence, Italy 1450-1500, 1456-1470 Sant'Andrea Alberti Mantua, Italy 1450-1500,1472-1490 ...

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Renaissance and Art in Italy (Chapter 2 sections 1&2)

Early Renaissance period 1300-1400 define renaissance a cultural movement that represents new ideas, a change from the middle ages What is considered to be the beginning of the modern period? Renaissance define reformation religious revolution/rebellion against the catholic church, leading to the creation of new christian churches How did the renaissance view the individual and what impact did this have on Western views of the roles of men ad women? Beginning with the Renaissance, the world beings to divide with men playing a more public role and women playing a more domestic role renaissance timeline 1300-1600 Who was the "father of the Renaissance" Petrarch What does the word Renaissance mean? rebirth of culture What was the renaissance? rebirth of interest in the world inspired by Greece and Rome During the renaissance, there was a desire to balance both...

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Black Death, Renaissance, Art

when did the black death happen? the middle ages (500-1500) what was the society during the black death dominated by? the feudal sytem what is another name for the black death? the bubonic plague How much of Europe's population did the black death kill? 1/3 of the population where did the disease begin? china how did the disease travel? along trade routes to the middle east how did the disease reach europe? ship from sicily how was the european economy? they were in reccession what animal transferred the disease? rats what insect transferred the disease? fleas what were the symptoms of the disease? swollen lymph glands flu like symptoms high fever bad coughing seizures gangrene in the extremities how did the leaders react to the plague? they moved away from the cities what does the renaissance mean? rebirth where did the renaissance begin? italy what happened to the merchant class? they rose up and...

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The Twenties Quiz/ Chapter Review

Define bull market. How did it affect the investment activities of Americans? A period of rising stock prices; the bull market of the 19203 led more Americans to buy stock on credit, which put them in debt and artificially increased stock values. Who was Andrew Mellon? What economic goals did he achieve? Secretary of the Treasury under President Harding; he reduced government spending and created a Treasury surplus, What was the eighteenth amendment? Which lawmakers supported it? It forbade the manufacture, distribution, and sale of alcoholic beverages anywhere in the United States. Lawmakers who represented mostly rural constituencies supported the amendment. Define modernism. Explain how modernist ideas could be viewed in literature. Modernism was a perspective that challenged traditional values. Modern writers created characters who did not...

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Women Renaissance Painters

Self-Portrait Sofonisba, Anguissola 1555 Oil on Copper Miniature Women Renaissance Painters Noil me Tangere Fontana, Lavinia 1581 oil on Canvas Women Renaissance Painters Self Portrait Sonfonisba, Anguissola 1561 Oil on Canvas Women Renaissance Painters Bernard Campi painting Sofonisiba Anguissola Sofonisiba Anguissola Oil on Canvas ca.1550 Women Renaissance Painters Christ and Canaanite Woman Lavinia 1576-7 oil on Canvas Women Renaissance Painters ...

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