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Renaissance flashcards

Renaissance- Copernicus

Galieo and Copernicus Who believes in the heliocentric theory? The Catholic Church Who believed in the geocentric theory? Copernicus enters the university of Krakow. What happened to Copernicus in 1419? On the Revolution of the celestial spheres (his book) was published. Copernicus died the same year. What happened to Copernicus in 1543? Copernicus book was banned in the Church. What happened to Copernicus's book on 1616? The ban was lifted off of his book. What happened to Copernicus's book in 1835? He used to church to advance his studies for his book. He used the cathedral tower to study AND observe the stars. At this point in time, the church was fine with it. What did Copernicus use the church for? And was the church fine with it? early 16th century When did Copernicus finish...

Medici: Godfathers of the Renaissance

Albizzi The rivaling banking family of the Medici's. They had Cosimo arrested and locked him in a tower. They were going to kill him, but Cosimo escaped. Artists Seventy percent of all Renaissance artists lived and worked in Florence. Lots of them were commissioned by the Medici family. Bribing Medici bribed the guards when he was imprisoned by the Albizzi in order to escape. Bricks Brunelleschi personally layed bricks down on the dome of the Florence Cathedral because the brick masons didn't believe that his revolutionary theory would work. Classical Manuscripts Manuscripts Cosimo and his father were searching for. Reading them were punishable by excommunication from the church. Columns Brunelleschi used columns as support for the first time in 1000 years, creating a revolution in architect. Concrete Brunelleschi couldn't use the same technique...

Renaissance video notes

The _____________ is the name historians have given the events that led to the formation of many types of Protestant churches during the 16th century. Reformation The Italian astronomer who proved the theories of Copernicus was named______________ Galileo The entire historical period between the fall of the Western Roman Empire and the Renaissance is called the ___________________. Middle Ages The Germanic tribes that settled in Britain after the Romans departed were called the _________. Anglo-Saxons The plays of the Renaissance English writer______________ are still very popular today. William Shakespeare In the beginning, the Renaissance movement was greatly inspired by scholars called ___________ who were devoted to the study of the lost cultures of ancient Greece and Rome. Humanists The paintings of the Renaissance are more _____________ than those produced during the medieval...

renaissance art: common symbolism

apple/fruit sin/disobedience book scriptures/prophecy of scriptures broom domestic arts of cooking, sewing, tending to home candle show gods presence chalice wine of the eucharist dead tree original sin/dead bc of sin dice/cards reference to vice dog faithfulness/fidelity dog (hound) hell dove holy spirit garden fertility. enclosed- virginity jingle bells folly and foolishness knot unity lamb sacrificial animal of the old testament left vs right convention of opposites/ two sides of christ light penetrating glass virgin birth lilly purity lorraine vs latin cross transformed cross olive branch world/control of the world palm branch martyr resurrection banner white flag/shield ruins physical decay of world/spiritual decline shoes removed holiness of event skull death spears/swords/clubs/axes passion and crucifixion of christ tablets foundation of western mortality tallith fringed prayer shawl with bands of blue or black by jewish men at prayer titulus title placed above the head of christ tree trunk passion and suffering of christ bow and arrow cupid or diana cave/grotto feminine image with phallic implications golden apple reward from famous beauty contest, associated with venus honeycomb extreme sensuousness, when offered it is a metaphor for sweetness of...

Art 223 Exam #2: Early Renaissance Architecture in Florence

Dome of the Florence Cathedral -Filippo Brunelleschi -1420-1436 -Florence, Italy -by 1420, the decorative Gothic surface of the exterior was largely complete. Nave, choir and transepts built; and the size of the octagonal base was built -masons worked from movable scaffolding -"great hoist' using oxen -Exterior: white marble ribs divide the dome into eight sections -structurally the external ribs extend from exterior to interior and provide the basic skeletal structure that is important to the dome's stability -dome was built with inner and outer shells. This made the dome lighter and easy to access during construction -outward thrust is contained by a series of encircling "chains" hidden within the structure -round windows instead of gothic ones -harmony, clarity, and simplicity in surface decoration he designed for the clerestory...

Art 101: Northern Renaissance 15th Century

The Characteristics of the Northern Renaissance. No Flattery, Highly detailed, Use of symbolism. True or False: The North Renaissance used a lot of symbolism? True How many types of craftsmen are involved in the production of a manuscript? 4. Parchment, Scribes, Illuminators, Binders What type of Illusion is found in Holbein's "The Ambassadors" The skull: meaning nobody can escape death. True or False: Are unflattering, highly detailed portrayals characteristics of the Northern or Italian Renaissance? True Who painted Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride? Jan Van Eyck Symbols in Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride: Removed Shoes shows the room is a holy place Symbols in Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride: A Single Burning Candle Symbolizes the eye of God Symbols in Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride: A Broom Representing domesticity/child birth Symbols in Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride: The...

Create 10 individual artist flash cards with facts about Renaissance artists and your favorite piece created by said artist

Michelangelo Michelangelo: Early Life and Training. Michelangelo Buonarroti (Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni) was born on March 6, 1475, in Caprese, Italy. Leonardo da Vinci The name Leonardo da Vinci translates to Leonard from the town of Vinci. • Leonardo was raised by his single father. • Leonardo was one of the first Italians to use oil paint . • He was left-handed • Leonardo da Vinci left many paintings unfinished and destroyed most of his work. • Two of his works, the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper, are the most famous, most reproduced and most parodied portrait and religious painting of all time. • Leonardo was a vegetarian who loved animals and despised war, yet he worked as a military engineer to invent advanced and deadly weapons. •...

The Renaissance Theater

How old was the art of drama by the time Shakespeare was born? 3 centuries Why was building a permanent theater such a radical idea? Because plays were normally at improvised spaces Who built the first public theater? When? What was it called? James and Richard Burbage built the The Theater in 1576 Name some of the other permanent theaters of Shakespeare's Day? The Curtain, The Rose, The Swan, The Fortune, The Red Bull, and the Hope Where were the first two permanent theaters located? They were located in northern suburbs to not attract too much attention Which of the London's theaters was the most famous? Why? The Globe because it was owned by the company which Shakespeare belonged to How do we know what this theater may have looked like? There were...

Unit 2- Humanism, The Renaissance, and The Protestant Reformation Questions

What changes occurred in the late (high) Middle Ages that would enable the Renaissance to take place? In the high middle ages invasions slowed, trade increased and there was good agricultural production that attracted many new people. The population grew and new cities were created. There was wealth and relative peace which enabled the Renaissance to take place. The Renaissance started in Italy in Venice and Florence. Due to banking, ship building and arms manufacturing Venice was a prosperous port city. The port facilitated trade, gave access to consumers and raw materials and gave them naval supremacy. Venice also had exclusive trade treaties w/the Byzantines, the government controlled shipping. The government also hired mercenaries and taxed conquered people. Florence was a...

Music history renaissance

three changes from MA to Renaissance individualism/ more focus on the real world than spirituality/ ease of travel and printed books, mingling of cultures Types of vocal music in Renaissance chanson, madrigal, motets, acapella, anthem, mass (liturgical) cantus firmus when composers take a line of chant and use it as a base for a new song (remix) What are the fundamentals of Medieval music based on modes, no modern scales plain chant in uinson with no harmony or accompaniment stylized courtly love songs were popular instruments were many and varied polyphony was invented organum taking a line of music and adding intervals of 4, 5 octaves to create polyphony What are 3 types of Renaissance compositions liturgical, secular, motets Name two early Renaissance composers John Dunstable (England) Guillame Dufray (France) name the most popular string instrument of the Renaissance lute What...

AP Euro Chpt 11

Napoleon's invasion of Egypt was part of the same development as Catherine the Great's seizure of Crimea Which of these illustrate the influence of Romanticism on religion? revivals Complete the analogy: Rococo artists are to Renaissance models as Romantic artists are to the Middle Ages In 1805, which two countries joined the British against the French? Austria and Russia Which of these was closely connected with English Romanticism? Methodism What treaty gave France control of areas north of Rome? Pressburg What figure surprising came to wield great influence at the Congress of Vienna? Metternich - Austria THe concordat and the Spanish nationalism both reflect which of these? Catholicism as a force in European affairs Revolutionary policies regarding what organization garnered the most domestic opposition? church What resulted from the Haitian uprising? Haiti independence What Empire was formally dissolved in 1806? Holy...

Music Appreciation: Medieval and Renaissance

The Middle ages 450-1450 dark ages 476-800 Priests most important musicians in the middle ages Monks in monasteries Who had a monopoly on learning in the middle ages Hildegard of Bingen Most important woman composer of the middle ages Gregorian Chant Monophonic melody Church modes ike the major and minor scales in that they consist of seven tones and an eighth tone that duplicates the first an octave higher Ordo virtutum A dramatic play written by Hildegard Voni Bingen. About the devil fighting for souls love,crusades,dancing Trouvere songs dealt with the following themes_______________ rhythm troubadour and trouvere's lacked in Jongleurs(Juggler) wandering minstrels, performed music and acrobates in castles,taverns,and towns Estampie Medieval instrumental dance that features a series of sections, each played twice with two different endings, Ouvert and Clos. monks in monastery choirs began to add a second melodic line to Gregorian chant What was...

Music Quiz (Renaissance/Baroque)

church music what type of music was common in middle ages? 450-1450 what time period covered the middle ages? functional, not for entertainment middle age music was considered: rhythm always in 3 what made the rhythm of middle age music holy? monophonic, vocal what were characteristics of early middle age music? homophonic, instrumental, entertainment what were characteristics of late middle age music? pope gregory I who was the gregorian chant named for? gregorian chant how music was presented in middle ages: unfamiliar scales, otherworldly church modes were: organum what instrument was used in middle ages? non-religious, entertainment what was secular music? chant-plainsong what type of music has a single line melody, monophonic, scaler, no meter, cadence points, and one syllable per note? hildegard of bingen first women composer (nun)? one or more long notes with a melody what is a drone? 13th century when did instrument pieces begin? leonin &...

Architecture of the Italian Renaissance courts

Urbino (duchy) fuled by Montefeltro Montefeltro Family before 1508 Federigo da Montefeltro 1422-82 Ducal palace 1447-1460 Mantua (duchy) ruled by Gonzaga Gonzaga family Ludovico Gonzaga (1412-78) Rimini ruled by the Malatesta Family Malatesta family Sigismondo Malatesta, lord of Rimini Castel Sismondo militaristic, medieval defensive castle Ferrara ruled by Este family Este family Ercole d'Este 1431-1505 Palazzo dei Diamanti 1493-1504 built by Ercole for his brother Sigismondo d'Este Architect: Biagio Rossetti Naples (Kingdom) ruled by Aragonese dynasty 1443-1503 King of Alfonso of Aragon 1396-1458 Castel Nuovo main entrance (triumphal arch), 1453-71 Milan ruled by Sforza family 1450-1535 Ludovico Sforza 1452-1508 Castel Sfrozesco S. Maria presso S. Satiro (perspective choir) 1478 Bramante perspective choir ...

Buildings to Know- Renaissance Architecture

Palazzo Medici Michelozzo Florence, Italy 1450-1500,1444-1484 Palazzo Rucellai Alberti Florence, Italy 1450-1500,1446-1451 Alberti Florence, Italy 1450-1500,1446-1451 Pienza Pienza, Italy 1450-1500 Urbino, Palazzo Ducale Urbino Italy 1500s (early) St Pietro in Montorio (Tempietto) Bramante 1481-1500 Palazzo Branconio Raphael Rome, Italy 1500-1550 Palazzo del te' Giulio Romano Mantua, Italy 1524-34 Palazzo Bevilacqua Sanmicheli Verona, Italy 1530-1550 Biblioteca Marciana Sansovino Venice, Italy 1500-50, 1537-1553 Basilica Palladiana Palladio Venice, Italy 1550-1600,1549-1614 Il Redentore (church) Palladio Venice, Italy 1550-1600,1577-1592 Villa Rotonda Palladio Vicenza, Italy 1550-1600, 1567- Dome of Florence Cathedral Brunelleschi Florence, Italy Early 1400s Ospedale Innocenti Brunelleschi Florence, Italy 1400-1450, 1419-1445 Church of S. Lorenzo Brunelleschi Florence, Italy 1400-1450, 1419-1459 Old Sacristy Brunelleschi Florence, Italy 1400-1450,1421-1440 Tempio Malatestiano Alberti Rimini, Italy 1450-1500, 1450-68 Santa Maria Novella Alberti Florence, Italy 1450-1500, 1456-1470 Sant'Andrea Alberti Mantua, Italy 1450-1500,1472-1490 ...

Renaissance and Art in Italy (Chapter 2 sections 1&2)

Early Renaissance period 1300-1400 define renaissance a cultural movement that represents new ideas, a change from the middle ages What is considered to be the beginning of the modern period? Renaissance define reformation religious revolution/rebellion against the catholic church, leading to the creation of new christian churches How did the renaissance view the individual and what impact did this have on Western views of the roles of men ad women? Beginning with the Renaissance, the world beings to divide with men playing a more public role and women playing a more domestic role renaissance timeline 1300-1600 Who was the "father of the Renaissance" Petrarch What does the word Renaissance mean? rebirth of culture What was the renaissance? rebirth of interest in the world inspired by Greece and Rome During the renaissance, there was a desire to balance both...

The Twenties Quiz/ Chapter Review

Define bull market. How did it affect the investment activities of Americans? A period of rising stock prices; the bull market of the 19203 led more Americans to buy stock on credit, which put them in debt and artificially increased stock values. Who was Andrew Mellon? What economic goals did he achieve? Secretary of the Treasury under President Harding; he reduced government spending and created a Treasury surplus, What was the eighteenth amendment? Which lawmakers supported it? It forbade the manufacture, distribution, and sale of alcoholic beverages anywhere in the United States. Lawmakers who represented mostly rural constituencies supported the amendment. Define modernism. Explain how modernist ideas could be viewed in literature. Modernism was a perspective that challenged traditional values. Modern writers created characters who did not...

Renaissance and Shakespeare Test Study Guide

When was Shakespeare born? April 23, 1567 Where was Shakespeare born? Stratford-Upon-Avon Whom did he marry? How old was he? How old was she? Married Anne Hathaway; he was 18; she was 26 How many plays did he write? 37 plays How many sonnets did he write? 154 sonnets How many words is he credited for creating? over 1500 What does Shakespeare's epitaph read? "Good friend for Jesus' sake forbear/ To dig the dust enclosed here!/ Blest be the man that spares these stones/ And curst be he that moves my bones!" When did Shakespeare die? April 23, 1616 What caused The Globe to burn down? A cannon in Henry VIII Who was allowed to perform in a play? Men Who played the women? Boys Who says "You should be women, and yet your beards forbid me to interpret that you are...

APAH Chapter 19 Early Renaissance Art Vocabulary

allegory work of art, which possesses a symbolic meaning in addition to a literal interpretation altarpiece a painted or sculpted panel set on an altar of a church annunciation the announcement of the Incarnation by the angel Gabriel to Mary chiaroscuro the use of dramatic contrasts of dark and light to produce modeling confraternities organizations constituting of laypersons who dedicated themselves to strict religious observance franciscan order monastic order that influenced art through its stress on nature and the primacy of personal experience humanism not religious, placing focus on the study and progress of human nature and the center of interests. international gothic style a style of 14th and 15th century painting, begun by Simone Martini. This style is characterized by elegant and intricate interpretations of naturalistic subjects, and minute detailing and patterning in drapery...

Early-Late Renaissance Barron’s AP Art History Q and A

This work dates from: 1425 The work is an oil painting for private devotion unlike Italian renaissance painting, this northern European work has wings that fold closed over the main scene the people kneeling on the left are donors of the painting This painting represents a humanization of Biblical subjects by having the scene take place in a contemporary interior An example of an artist(s) associated with the International Gothic style of painting would be the Limbourh brothers an example of a polytych would be the ghent altarpiece A characteristic of oil paint is that it produces a shiny emamel-like surface this work was painted by van eyck a painting dome is grisaille looks like sculpture Holbein worked at the court of Henry VIII Which of the following painting is still in situ? The burial of count orgaz The marriage of Italian monumentality and...

AP Euro: Women’s History

The Renaissance (3 points) 1. In "The Courtier," Baldassare Castiglione wrote that the perfect court lady should be well-educated and charming. Women, however, were not expected to seek fame as men did. 2. Christine de Pizan was a prolific author who wrote a history of famous women and is now remembered as Europe's first feminist. 3. Isabella d'Este was the most famous Renaissance woman. Her life illustrates that being a patron of the arts was the most socially acceptable role for a well-educated Renaissance woman. The Reformation (4 points) 1. Martin Luther believed that Christian women should strive to be models of obedience and Christian charity. 2. The Protestant Reformation reduced access to convents, thus changing the role of sixteenth-century women. 3. Quakers regularly allowed women to...

World History (Renaissance)

Europe's economy grew after the Black Death—since the plague didn't damage farmland, buildings, ships, machines, or gold, people could use these things to grow and make new products. TRUE After Marco Polo's soldiers made the Silk Road safe again, trade between China and Europe increased. FALSE Much of the trade between Asia and Europe at the time was organized by Italian merchants. TRUE The four Italian cities of Rome, Florence, Milan, and Pisa became huge trading centers and played important roles in world trade. FALSE Italian trade cities were important because they either had ports on the Mediterranean Sea or were manufacturing centers. TRUE Italy was a unified country with an oligarchic government made up of the heads of rich merchant families from each city. FALSE The Medici family in Florence used...

renaissance inventions

when was the first mechanical clock invented? In the early 1300's true/ false the invention of the first mechanical clock began to measure time in hours? true who invented the pendulum? Galileo when was the metallic gear created? the 1600's what does the metallic gear do? use of the screw in assembling clocks were used first. what invention enabled iron to be produced in significant quantities? the blast furnace when was gun powder invented? January 1,850 A.D. when was the printing press invented? January 1,1456 who invented the printing press? John Gutenberg Who invented the toilet? Sir John Harrington what year was the telescope invented? 1608 who invented the telescope? Hans Lippershey who and when made improvements on the telescope? In 1668 Sir Isaac Newton made improvements on the telescope. what year was wall paper invented? 1496 in the first paper mill in England. where was the first...

Machiavelli and Renaissance philosophy

Machiavelli's job writer and philosopher where Machiavelli lived Florence, Italy time period of Machiavelli's life 1400's and 1500's (Renaissance) family of important patrons in Florence The DeMedecis major reason for the wealth of Florence during the Renaissance banking philosophy the study of ideas about knowledge, truth and the meaning of life important cultures of the Classical period ancient Greece and Rome two great periods of art and learning Classical period and the Renaissance famous classical philosophers Socrates, Plato and Aristotle Plato's idea of the best form of government society should be led by a philosopher Aristotle's idea of the best form of government purpose of government should be to educate people and keep them safe time period that was rediscovered during the Renaissance Classical period Book which contains Machiavelli's most famous ideas The Prince The form of The Prince a letter of advice to an Italian prince,...

Art History: Italian High Renaissance

Raphael. Italian. Madonna of the Meadow, 1505. High Renaissance. Raphael. Italian. School of Athens, 1512. High Renaissance. Raphael. Italian. Personification of Philosophy, above theSchool of Athens, 1512. High Renaissance. Raphael. Italian. Galatea, 1513. High Renaissance. Leonardo da Vinci, Italian. Self Portrait Drawing, Left. C. 1512—15. Vitruvian Man, Right. 1485--90 High Renaissance. Leonardo da Vinci, Italian. Last Supper, 1495-98. High Renaissance Leonardo da Vinci, Italian. Mona Lisa, 1503—05. High Renaissance Leonardo da Vinci, Italian. Madonna of the Rocks, 1483. High Renaissance Leonardo da Vinci. Italian. Drawing for the St Anne Altarpiece, 1505--07. High Renaissance. Michelangelo, Italian. Pieta, 1498—1500. High Renaissance. Michelangelo, Italian. David, 1501--04. High Renaissance. Michelangelo, Italian. Moses (for the tomb of Pope Julius II), 1513--15. High Renaissance. Michelangelo, Italian. Bound Slave (for the tomb of Pope Julius II), 1513—15. . High Renaissance. Michelangelo, Italian. Sistine Chapel Ceiling, 1512.. High Renaissance. Michelangelo, Italian. Creation of Adam, Sistine Chapel Ceiling, 1512.. High Renaissance. Michelangelo, Italian. Fall and Expulsion of Adam&Eve,...

Music Appreciation ch. 16-20

Which of the following does NOT characterize secular music-making in the Renaissance? women were discouraged from performing music in the home The expressive device that Renaissance composes used to pictorialize words musically is called: word-painting Which of the following was the most important secular genre of the sixteenth century? the madrigal Where was the madrigal first developed? Italy The vivid depiction of a text through music, known as word-painting, is a hallmark of the: madrigal Why are the madrigals of Arcadelt so important? they brought a new level of expression to the madrigal Madrigals with simper and more accessible texts were especially favored in: England Which of the following best describes the character of Farmer's Fair Phyllis? pastoral and light Who invented the printing press? Johannes Gutenberg The invention of the printing press allowed: books to become available to...

board Game- Harlem Renaissance

What is the Harlem Renaissance? An African American literary awakening of the 1920s, centered in Harlem. What did James Weldon Jonson do as the executive secretary of the NAACP? He led the group during an active period in its history and pursued a writing career that inspired younger members of the Harlem group. Who are the leading poets of the Harlem Renaissance? Claude McKay and Countee Cullen What did McKay and Cullen do? - McKay produced a large body of work including Harlem Shadows and was a voice of protest against the suffrages of African Americans in white society. - Cullen is bests known for his 1925 collection of poems called Color. He also brought to light the talents of fellow writers in Caroling Dusk: An Anthology...

SS.912.A.5.6: Analyze the influence that Hollywood, the Harlem Renaissance, the Fundamentalist movement, and prohibition had in changing American society in the 1920s.

Hollywood Emergence of film that reflected the decade Harlem Renaissance NYC rebirth of African American culture Great Migration 400,000 African Americans who moved north to find better jobs Fundamentalist People who believed in maintaining traditional American values Scopes Trial Trial in which evolution challenged creationism Prohibition Time period in which alcohol was illegal Flappers Women who challenged gender norms by wearing different clothing Volstead Act Law that enforced Prohibition 18th Amendment Change to the constitution making it illegal to manufacture or sell alcohol 19th Amendment Change to the constitution giving women the right to vote ...

Italian Renaissance

The Renaissance in Italy (and Europe) Socio-Political Shifts • More centralized power • Rise of merchant class • Cultural / Artistic / Literary Developments • Humanism • More secular influence in the visual arts • New techniques and materials: oil paints; perspective • Printing Press • Science / Technology • Earth revolves around sun (controversy!) • Telescopes • Exploration and Colonization Types of Performance Drama: Comedy and Tragedy • Intermezzi • Pastorals • Opera • Commedia dell'arte (we'll come back to this one!) Changes in Architecture, Design, & Technology Proscenium Arch • Audience Seating • Opera Houses: Pit, Boxes Galleries • Perspective • Sebastiano Serlio (1475-1554) • Three basic settings • Angled wings • + backdrop or shutters • Raked stage Design and Technology Changing Scenery • Periaktoi • Nicola Sabbattini • Shift to flat wings • Groove System • Giacomo Torelli: • Pole-and-Chariot • Special Effects • Lighting Dramatic Criticism Neoclassical Ideals • Goals of Drama: • "to teach, move, and delight" (Scaliger) •...

Shakespeare,Renaissance,Queen Elizabeth, and Elizabethan Theater

Shakespeare was A great British playwright and poet Shakespeare's birthday April 23 Shakespeare was christened in Stratford-Upon-Avon, England Shakespeare's wife Anne Hathaway Shakespeare married when he was how old 18 Shakespeare has how many kids 3 Name of Shakespeare's kids Susanna, Hamlet,Judith Which of Shakespeare's kids were twins Hamlet and Judith Shakespeare's name first appeared in print in the year 1592 Shakespeare's died on April 23 As well as a writer Shakespeare was also an actor Shakespeare was part of an acting troupe called Lord Chamberlain's Men Shakespeare is the part time owner of the Globe Theater What types of plays did Shakespeare write Comidies, Tragedies, and histories The Renaissance began in 14th century Italy Renaissance means rebirth During the renaissance only royalty could wear purple because it was expensive to make the dye Types of marriages in the Renaissance time period Arranged marrigaes In the Renaissance time period, women had no legal rights Queen Elizabeth was The queen...

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