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Renaissance flashcards

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Chapter 13 Arts flashcard

Prohibition The period from 1920 to 1933 when the sale of alcoholic beverages was prohibited in the United States by the 18th Amendment Speakeasy An illegal bar where alcohol was sold during the prohibition era. These were dark and sordid clip joints. In 1922 there were 5000 speakeasies in New York, in 1927 there were 30 000. Bootlegger This was a term used to describe people that smuggled alcohol into the U.S. from Canada and the Caribbean. These people would often hide the liquor in their boots. Clarence Darrow A famed criminal defense lawyer for Scopes, who supported evolution. He caused William Jennings Bryan to appear foolish when Darrow questioned Bryan about the Bible. Scopes Trial 1925 Tennesse trial where teacher John Scopes was charged with teaching evolution; Darrow...

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Castiglione’s book flashcard

According to Castiglione's book, The Book of the Courtier, a noble should do all of the following EXCEPT Farm the land Luther taught that the selling of indulgences was wrong The division of Christianity in Germany into Catholic and Lutheran was recognized by the Peace of Augsburg Machiavelli encouraged rulers and would-be rulers to believe that Human nature was self-centered. King Henry VIII did all of the following EXCEPT conquer lands in France Luther taught that justification by faith (being made right before God) was The central idea of protestanism The third estate was made up of all the following EXCEPT nobles John Calvin believed in the the "eternal decree" of an all-powerful God. All of the following are associated with painting during the High Renaissance EXCEPT Machiavelli Paintings and sculptures of the Renaissance were more realistic Leonardo da Vinci...

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Renaissance Economy (1300-1525)

Medici Family powerful banking family based in Florence; loaned money to various kings throughout Europe; Florence's golden florin becomes standard European currency; Florentine merchants traded and loaned money Venice and Genoa major merchant cities Merchant capitalism weakened power of nobility ...

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Music Hist Renaissance Quiz

6 Fundamentals of Renaissance Music 1.Sound is smooth and homogenous 2.Harmony = still, primarily based on modes 3.*Imitation* 4.Mass movements, motets, secular songs 5.Instrumental music = serious + imitative OR light + dancelike 6.Motets + Madrigals use ⇒ Word Painting 3 changes of the Middle Ages -focus on individuals -real world>spirituality -travel, printed books Renaissance people Michelangelo Leonardo da Vinci Renaissance Literature Petrarch, Cervantes, Rabelais, Shakespeare Renaissance religion Martin Luther (GER) King Henry 3 (ENG) inventions printing press telescope microscope architecture Florence Cathedral St. Peter's Basilica (Rome) Fontainebleau (France) Medieval music highly contrasting and independent lines of late medieval polyphony Renaissance music overall sound is much smoother and more homogenous, with less contrast imitation form of polyphony in which all the musical lines present the same musical phrases one after the other 3 types of composition -liturgical music (church services) -Secular songs (nonreligious) -Motets (Latin text, sacred but not liturgical) mass long service with many different...

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Social Studies 7th Chapter 11 Section 2

What are some basic ideas of humanism? emphasized the actions and abilities of humans, people earning fame for their accomplishments How did ancient texts and statues affect Renaissance scholars? inspired interest in Greeks and Romans What set Dante apart from earlier Italian writers? He wrote in Italian instead of Latin Why may a historian call Niccolo Machiavelli "the first modern Italian"? because his interest in practical politics could be considered modern What are three techniques for showing perspective? background figures smaller, lines diagonal, colors to show distance What are some characteristics of art by Raphael, Botticelli, and Titian? Raphael - people with clear personalities; Botticelli - used fine detail; Titian - scenes from classical myths Name one Renaissance achievement in each category of mathematics, architecture, astronomy, and cartography. Mathematics - symbols; Architecture -...

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Renaissance video notes

The _____________ is the name historians have given the events that led to the formation of many types of Protestant churches during the 16th century. Reformation The Italian astronomer who proved the theories of Copernicus was named______________ Galileo The entire historical period between the fall of the Western Roman Empire and the Renaissance is called the ___________________. Middle Ages The Germanic tribes that settled in Britain after the Romans departed were called the _________. Anglo-Saxons The plays of the Renaissance English writer______________ are still very popular today. William Shakespeare In the beginning, the Renaissance movement was greatly inspired by scholars called ___________ who were devoted to the study of the lost cultures of ancient Greece and Rome. Humanists The paintings of the Renaissance are more _____________ than those produced during the medieval...

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renaissance art: common symbolism

apple/fruit sin/disobedience book scriptures/prophecy of scriptures broom domestic arts of cooking, sewing, tending to home candle show gods presence chalice wine of the eucharist dead tree original sin/dead bc of sin dice/cards reference to vice dog faithfulness/fidelity dog (hound) hell dove holy spirit garden fertility. enclosed- virginity jingle bells folly and foolishness knot unity lamb sacrificial animal of the old testament left vs right convention of opposites/ two sides of christ light penetrating glass virgin birth lilly purity lorraine vs latin cross transformed cross olive branch world/control of the world palm branch martyr resurrection banner white flag/shield ruins physical decay of world/spiritual decline shoes removed holiness of event skull death spears/swords/clubs/axes passion and crucifixion of christ tablets foundation of western mortality tallith fringed prayer shawl with bands of blue or black by jewish men at prayer titulus title placed above the head of christ tree trunk passion and suffering of christ bow and arrow cupid or diana cave/grotto feminine image with phallic implications golden apple reward from famous beauty contest, associated with venus honeycomb extreme sensuousness, when offered it is a metaphor for sweetness of...

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Week 25 The Renaissance

Petrarch The father of Humanism Michelangelo Renaissance artist who sculpted David and the Pieta' Newton Discovered the law of universal gravitation vernacular The everyday language of the people Humanism Renaissance movement based on ancient Greek and Roman philosophy backwards The way Leonardo da Vinci wrote in his notebook Printing Press Invention that made producing books faster and cheaper Venice "Queen of the Adriatic" Gondolas Narrow boats popular among tourists in Venice Crusades Major events that led to the Renaissance ...

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Art 223 Exam #2: Early Renaissance Architecture in Florence

Dome of the Florence Cathedral -Filippo Brunelleschi -1420-1436 -Florence, Italy -by 1420, the decorative Gothic surface of the exterior was largely complete. Nave, choir and transepts built; and the size of the octagonal base was built -masons worked from movable scaffolding -"great hoist' using oxen -Exterior: white marble ribs divide the dome into eight sections -structurally the external ribs extend from exterior to interior and provide the basic skeletal structure that is important to the dome's stability -dome was built with inner and outer shells. This made the dome lighter and easy to access during construction -outward thrust is contained by a series of encircling "chains" hidden within the structure -round windows instead of gothic ones -harmony, clarity, and simplicity in surface decoration he designed for the clerestory...

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Renaissance- Copernicus

Galieo and Copernicus Who believes in the heliocentric theory? The Catholic Church Who believed in the geocentric theory? Copernicus enters the university of Krakow. What happened to Copernicus in 1419? On the Revolution of the celestial spheres (his book) was published. Copernicus died the same year. What happened to Copernicus in 1543? Copernicus book was banned in the Church. What happened to Copernicus's book on 1616? The ban was lifted off of his book. What happened to Copernicus's book in 1835? He used to church to advance his studies for his book. He used the cathedral tower to study AND observe the stars. At this point in time, the church was fine with it. What did Copernicus use the church for? And was the church fine with it? early 16th century When did Copernicus finish...

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Art 101: Northern Renaissance 15th Century

The Characteristics of the Northern Renaissance. No Flattery, Highly detailed, Use of symbolism. True or False: The North Renaissance used a lot of symbolism? True How many types of craftsmen are involved in the production of a manuscript? 4. Parchment, Scribes, Illuminators, Binders What type of Illusion is found in Holbein's "The Ambassadors" The skull: meaning nobody can escape death. True or False: Are unflattering, highly detailed portrayals characteristics of the Northern or Italian Renaissance? True Who painted Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride? Jan Van Eyck Symbols in Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride: Removed Shoes shows the room is a holy place Symbols in Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride: A Single Burning Candle Symbolizes the eye of God Symbols in Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride: A Broom Representing domesticity/child birth Symbols in Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride: The...

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Medici: Godfathers of the Renaissance

Albizzi The rivaling banking family of the Medici's. They had Cosimo arrested and locked him in a tower. They were going to kill him, but Cosimo escaped. Artists Seventy percent of all Renaissance artists lived and worked in Florence. Lots of them were commissioned by the Medici family. Bribing Medici bribed the guards when he was imprisoned by the Albizzi in order to escape. Bricks Brunelleschi personally layed bricks down on the dome of the Florence Cathedral because the brick masons didn't believe that his revolutionary theory would work. Classical Manuscripts Manuscripts Cosimo and his father were searching for. Reading them were punishable by excommunication from the church. Columns Brunelleschi used columns as support for the first time in 1000 years, creating a revolution in architect. Concrete Brunelleschi couldn't use the same technique...

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Create 10 individual artist flash cards with facts about Renaissance artists and your favorite piece created by said artist

Michelangelo Michelangelo: Early Life and Training. Michelangelo Buonarroti (Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni) was born on March 6, 1475, in Caprese, Italy. Leonardo da Vinci The name Leonardo da Vinci translates to Leonard from the town of Vinci. • Leonardo was raised by his single father. • Leonardo was one of the first Italians to use oil paint . • He was left-handed • Leonardo da Vinci left many paintings unfinished and destroyed most of his work. • Two of his works, the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper, are the most famous, most reproduced and most parodied portrait and religious painting of all time. • Leonardo was a vegetarian who loved animals and despised war, yet he worked as a military engineer to invent advanced and deadly weapons. •...

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The Renaissance Theater

How old was the art of drama by the time Shakespeare was born? 3 centuries Why was building a permanent theater such a radical idea? Because plays were normally at improvised spaces Who built the first public theater? When? What was it called? James and Richard Burbage built the The Theater in 1576 Name some of the other permanent theaters of Shakespeare's Day? The Curtain, The Rose, The Swan, The Fortune, The Red Bull, and the Hope Where were the first two permanent theaters located? They were located in northern suburbs to not attract too much attention Which of the London's theaters was the most famous? Why? The Globe because it was owned by the company which Shakespeare belonged to How do we know what this theater may have looked like? There were...

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Unit 7 art flashcard

jan van eyck the painter of the arnolfini wedding who had an extraordinary mastery of detail fra angelico an italian monk who never retouched a painting for the fear of tampering with the will of god michelangelo sculpted pieta, a famous marble sculpture of mary and christ masaccio painted the holy trinity, and is considered the first important artist of the renaissance rogier van der wyden painted descent from the cross on a triptych the period of "rebirth" in europe during the fifteenth century in italy was called the _______ renaissance in flanders during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries __________ was developed as a new method of painting oil paintings __________ made a discovery known as linear perspective filippo brunelleschi a great artist of the high renaissance _________ painted the last supper on a monastery wall...

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Study Guide (Renaissance, Black Death, Renaissance Art)

Mercantile Related to commerce or trade Patron Someone who gives money or other support to a person or group Lorenzo de Medici A man who spent large sums of money on artistic and architectural projects Where did the Renaissance begin? Florence, Italy Why did the feudal system weaken? The feudal system weakened when trade and industry began to grow Why were peasants and nobles drawn to the city? Peasants believed they were promised paid work. Nobles saw opportunities to make money by buying property and holding public office. What partially replaced the study of the Catholic Church? Secular subjects grew in popularity. This included law, medicine, philosophy and science. What did the Renaissance bring the interest of? The Renaissance brought increased curiosity to the ancient civilizations of Greece and Rome. What were Italian City-States purpose? Italian city-states...

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Renaissance poetry notes

Again "Re" means Birth "Naissance" means Rebirth "Renaissance" altogether means Greece and Rome During the Renaissance time period, there became a renewed interest in ancient _____ and _____. Knowledge, art, and architecture There was also a rebirth in classical ____, ______, and ______. 15th-17th century In England, when did the Renaissance time period begin and end Tudors During the Renaissance, what family was in power of the English throne? Henry the eighth Was a catholic until his wife, Catherine of Aragon, could not produce a son. Could not receive an annulment from the pope. The church Henry remarried anyway and seized all property owned by whom? Protestant Henry turned England into a _____ nation Catholic Henry VIII's successors tried to convert the nation back to a _____ nation Elizabeth I Henry VIII's daughter who solidified England as a Protestant nation Intelligent and wise. Arts Elizabeth...

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Burke vs. Burckhardt

Burckhardt Claims Renaissance was an actual period Burckhardt Claims the common man went from identifying as a part of a group to an individual Burckhardt Claims people were dazed by Faith Burckhardt Credits Petrarch as an extraordinary Renaissance man Burckhardt People weren't afraid to be themselves Burke Says Burckhardt over elaborated by adding individualist ideas to the standing ones of restoring arts Burke Says Petrarch was actually quite medieval Burke Says there's more than one Renascene Burke Says it wasn't an actual time period ...

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Unit 2- Humanism, The Renaissance, and The Protestant Reformation Questions

What changes occurred in the late (high) Middle Ages that would enable the Renaissance to take place? In the high middle ages invasions slowed, trade increased and there was good agricultural production that attracted many new people. The population grew and new cities were created. There was wealth and relative peace which enabled the Renaissance to take place. The Renaissance started in Italy in Venice and Florence. Due to banking, ship building and arms manufacturing Venice was a prosperous port city. The port facilitated trade, gave access to consumers and raw materials and gave them naval supremacy. Venice also had exclusive trade treaties w/the Byzantines, the government controlled shipping. The government also hired mercenaries and taxed conquered people. Florence was a...

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ARTH111 Ch8

What culture shift of the Middle Byzantine periods is reflected in the humanized image of the Virgin of Vladimir, seen in your text? A desire for a more immediate and personalized religion What distinguishes a codex from a scroll? Individual pages were bound together How does the Cathedral of St. Mark in Venice differ from the church of Hagia- Sophia? Each dome maintains it owns separate vertical The names of Christian churches included all of the following except a reference to the current bishop or church official Pilgrimage churches often attracted visitors in part because they had relics Miniatures from the Paris Psalter are characteristics of Macedonian Renaissance art in their return to a Classical use of modeling and rendering of space A composition known as Deesis features Christ along with Mary and...

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SOL -WHI Maps though 1500

Aztec Empire # 14 lead by emperor Montezuma, the _____ dominated central Mexico until Cortes and the Spanish conquistadors took over Songhai # 12 West African empire that conquered Mali and controlled trade from the 1400s to 1591. Mayans #15 Mesoamerican civilization of Central America and southern Mexico. Achievements include mathematics, architecture, and a 365 day a year calendar Tenochtitlan K - capital city of the Aztec empire,located where Mexico city stands now Inca # 13 located in Andes Mts. of South America capital of Cuzco strong central government with a king as ruler advanced system of highways (roads and bridges) Mughal Empire #10 - The Taj Mahal was built under Shah Jahan, who brought this empire to the brink of bankruptcy. Moscow D - capital of Russia Timbuktu M - a city in central Mali...

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World History: Renaissance & Reform

The Renaissance was known as the rebirth of ? Art and Learning The focus of human potential and achievements was also known as? Humanism Was is the Medici family famous for being religious reformers, writers, artists, or rulers/supporters of art? Rulers/supporters of art What was the first full-sized book Gutenberg printed? The Bible In what way did Leonardo da Vinci use perspective in all of his drawings and paintings? Leonardo da Vinci used perspective lines in the drawing of the last supper because it leads the focus onto jesses' face. They were comprehensive lines. The calm sinner in the painting as in Jesus. Many people have painted the last supper but Leonardo's painting was more on the people or the apostles. Luther protested the practice of selling indulgences. What was...

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World History (Renaissance)

Europe's economy grew after the Black Death—since the plague didn't damage farmland, buildings, ships, machines, or gold, people could use these things to grow and make new products. TRUE After Marco Polo's soldiers made the Silk Road safe again, trade between China and Europe increased. FALSE Much of the trade between Asia and Europe at the time was organized by Italian merchants. TRUE The four Italian cities of Rome, Florence, Milan, and Pisa became huge trading centers and played important roles in world trade. FALSE Italian trade cities were important because they either had ports on the Mediterranean Sea or were manufacturing centers. TRUE Italy was a unified country with an oligarchic government made up of the heads of rich merchant families from each city. FALSE The Medici family in Florence used...

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A True Renaissance Man

According to legend, Leonardo learned so well from his apprenticeship with Master del Verrochhio that the master thought that Leonardo could paint better than himself. "Leonardo da Vinci was an amazing apprentice." Explain this idea:____________________. Milan Last Supper While working for the Duke of _______________, da Vinci did a wall-sized fresco in the monastery dining hall of a Biblical scene called, "The ______________." Mona Lisa perspective sfumato Like da Vinci's other most famous painting ("____________________"), he used both realistic depth through ________________ and the hazy background technique known as _______________. cadavers Leonardo knew what the insides of human bodies looked like because he dissected ___________________, another word for dead human bodies! one dozen anatomy Although da Vinci left only about ___________ completed works of art in his lifetime, he was known for his detailed...

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AP Euro Chpt 11

Napoleon's invasion of Egypt was part of the same development as Catherine the Great's seizure of Crimea Which of these illustrate the influence of Romanticism on religion? revivals Complete the analogy: Rococo artists are to Renaissance models as Romantic artists are to the Middle Ages In 1805, which two countries joined the British against the French? Austria and Russia Which of these was closely connected with English Romanticism? Methodism What treaty gave France control of areas north of Rome? Pressburg What figure surprising came to wield great influence at the Congress of Vienna? Metternich - Austria THe concordat and the Spanish nationalism both reflect which of these? Catholicism as a force in European affairs Revolutionary policies regarding what organization garnered the most domestic opposition? church What resulted from the Haitian uprising? Haiti independence What Empire was formally dissolved in 1806? Holy...

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[NDSU] ARCH 322 Exam 1

Architect for Chateauvau Le Vicomte Louis Le Vau Jules Hardonouin-Mansart Les Invalides Landscape Architect at Vaux Le Vicomte Andre Le Notre Christopher Wren's initial concept for St. Paul's The "Warrant" Design "Blenheim" Sir John Vanbrugh Author of the Decameron Boccaccio Architect of the Piazza at St. Peter's, Rome Gian Lorenzo Bernini Assitant to both Wren and Van Brugh Nicholas Hawksmoor Commissioned by Ferdinand and Isabella Tempietto "Prodigy" house of the English pre-Renaissance Hardwick Hall 16th century architect from Vicenza Andrea Palladio Andrea Palladio's architectural theory text I Quattro Libri Dell'Architettura Bernini's papal stairway to the Vatican Scala Regia Italian poet of the early Renaissance Petrarch The capitol in Rome Campidoglio "Man is the measure of all things" Protagorus Architect of San Carlo Alle Quatro Fontane Francesco Borromini Alberti's architectural theory text De Re Aedificatoria Bavarian pilgrimage church by Zimmermann Die Wies Architect for Chateau D'Anet Philibert De L'Orme Prime Minister to Louis XIV Nicolas Fouquet Client-approved design for St. Paul's, London The "Great...

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Harlem Renaissance/Blues

New Negro Gives African Americans a positive identity both socially and intellectually Louis Armstrong It Wonderful World Coleman Hawkins Jazz saxophonist the helped promote the big band sound of the 40's W.E.B. DuBois Soul of Black Folk Zora Neal Hurston Their Eyes Were Watching God Marcus Garvey Back to Africa campaign Duke Ellington Take the A Train Bessie Smith Heavily influenced the 60's vocalist Janis Joplin Langston Hughes "The new negro was in vogue" Cotton Club All white establishment that feature famous black musicians Billie Holiday Strange Fruit Apollo Theater One of the oldest and most famous venues that was known for featuring African American entertainers Harlem Area of NY City which was an intellectual and social movement for African Americans WC Handy Considered by some to be the father of the blues Robert Johnson Sold his soul to the devil at the crossroads to play guitar Son House Blues player...

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Music history renaissance

three changes from MA to Renaissance individualism/ more focus on the real world than spirituality/ ease of travel and printed books, mingling of cultures Types of vocal music in Renaissance chanson, madrigal, motets, acapella, anthem, mass (liturgical) cantus firmus when composers take a line of chant and use it as a base for a new song (remix) What are the fundamentals of Medieval music based on modes, no modern scales plain chant in uinson with no harmony or accompaniment stylized courtly love songs were popular instruments were many and varied polyphony was invented organum taking a line of music and adding intervals of 4, 5 octaves to create polyphony What are 3 types of Renaissance compositions liturgical, secular, motets Name two early Renaissance composers John Dunstable (England) Guillame Dufray (France) name the most popular string instrument of the Renaissance lute What...

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Theatre of the Renaissance

Renaissance means "rebirth" 1. Italian Renaissance What was happening during the renaissance: 1. Exploration 2. Inventions 3. Scientific Revolution (Galileo) 4. Literature (humanism) 5. Art Versimilitude the appearance of truth Neoclassical Ideals 1. must be based in reality, therefore no fantasy or supernatural events 2. No soliloquies 3. no violence 4. evil must be punished 5. unities of time, place, and action -most take place within 24hr period, restricted to one location, can only involve one central story 6. 5-act structure 7. most maintain purity of form 8. function of drama is to teach moral lesson Intermezzi -Inbetween 5 acts -included Tableau Vivants- recreate art with real people-reinactments -They were important because they evolved into different theatrical forms: opera, ballet, court masques. Commedia dell'arte "comedy of the professional artists" • free-form, improvisational comedy • no set text; loose scenarios (800) • stock characters Straight characters- unmasked • The Innamorati (the lovers) o...

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Music Appreciation: Medieval and Renaissance

The Middle ages 450-1450 dark ages 476-800 Priests most important musicians in the middle ages Monks in monasteries Who had a monopoly on learning in the middle ages Hildegard of Bingen Most important woman composer of the middle ages Gregorian Chant Monophonic melody Church modes ike the major and minor scales in that they consist of seven tones and an eighth tone that duplicates the first an octave higher Ordo virtutum A dramatic play written by Hildegard Voni Bingen. About the devil fighting for souls love,crusades,dancing Trouvere songs dealt with the following themes_______________ rhythm troubadour and trouvere's lacked in Jongleurs(Juggler) wandering minstrels, performed music and acrobates in castles,taverns,and towns Estampie Medieval instrumental dance that features a series of sections, each played twice with two different endings, Ouvert and Clos. monks in monastery choirs began to add a second melodic line to Gregorian chant What was...

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