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AP Euro; Renaissance and Reformation

Renaissance “Rebirth” coined by Georgio Vasari, The revival of letters, and then of art, from 14th to 16th centuries city-states a city with political and economic control over the surrounding countryside printing press invented by Johann Gutenberg in 1454; first book was Gutenberg Bible; changed private and public lives of Europeans; used for war declarations,…

the Early Renaissance: Donatello

donatello studied roman sculptures, learned perspective from brunelleschi brunelleschi created dome of florence cathedral, used perspective florence capital of humanism and renaissance van eyck created gothic painting, started using oil pant in his paintings patronage support of the arts given by a patron, happened frequently in the city states masaccio first to define and use…

Middle Ages – Renaissance – Reformation

What was true of Europe in the Middle Ages? Most people were Roman Catholic, lived short and brutal lives, and land was the primary source of wealth NOT – Most people lived in cities What led to the development of feudalism? The constant invasions of Western Europe What was the bargain made between a lord…

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Harlem Renaissance Info. Part One

Even though the Civil War ended, the verdict of the Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court case was one of the reasons causing the black population to move to the North. Initials: SEH Source: http://tv.biography.com/tv/classroom/harlem-renaissance Paragraph: II The Harlem Renaissance lasted from 1918 to 1937. Initials: SEH Source: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/255397/Harlem-Renaissance Paragraph: II The “Great Migration” (1916 –…

spanish renaissance

rejas wrought iron grilles large palace designed for phillip 2 by juan bautista de toledoand eventually completed by juan de herrera is a classic example of spanish renaissance style known as desornamentado el escorial wood walnut is most used followed by oak, pine, and chestnut artesonado a ceiling of geometric carved wooden panels braccio lantern…

Early Renaissance Painting

The Last Supper, Andrea Castagno Ceiling of the Palazzo Ducale, Andrea Mantegna St. James Led to His Martyrdom, Andrea Mantegna Dead Christ, Andrea Mantegna La Primavera, Sandro Botticelli The Tribute Money, Masaccio The Holy Trinity, Masaccio Madonna Enthroned, Masaccio oculus the round central opening of a dome trompe l’oeil French term for trick of the…

Protest & Black Arts Movement

black arts movement 1960-1975; presents ideals inherited from the harlem renaissance; embraces revolution black nationalism sense of belonging to a community greater than your own; not a closely gov. tied nationalism more of a cultural tie; goal was to show how personal/political are one; reflects african ideals/history values of black nationalism black power, afrocentrism, self…

Black Death, Renaissance, Scientific Revolution

Black Death A deadly plague that swept through Europe between 1347 and 1351 Bubonic Plague disease brought to Europe from Asia during the Middle Ages. It killed 1/3 of the population and helps end Feudalism. Venice An Italian trading city on the Ariatic Sea, agreed to help the Byzantines’ effort to regain the lands in…

TEST 4 – Sculpture

Bas Relief – Relief sculpture with a shallow depth Characteristics of Archaic Sculpture – Enigmatic smile – Column-like – Clenched fists – One foot forward Kouros Archaic Kore Archaic Characteristics of Hellenic Sculpture – Sophic – Idealized faces Discus Thrower Myron Hellenic Contrapposto – Stance with weight shifted to one leg Polykleitos – Wrote a…

Renaissance and REFORMATION Unit EXAM Printing Press and Martin Luther

Who Invented the Printing Press? Gutenberg What was the result of the Printing Press? It was cheaper The Church was the first buyer, and the best seller was the indulgences Martin Luther is famous for his? 95 Theses-complaints especially against the indulgences, nailed them on the Wittenberg Church Door What was the result of Martin…

Renaissance Era and Vocal Music

Music Publishing in the Renaissance The invention of the printing press influenced music publishing. Leading centers of music publishing included Antwerp, Amsterdam, and Venice Dates of the Renaissance Era ca 1450-ca 1600 Renaissance Musical Style Captured the spirit of humanism and secularism, new harmonic language, greater use of 3rds and 6ths, expanded contrapuntal textures, closer…

english 3 Renaissance/ poems

Where and when did the Renaissance begin? Italy; 17th century Meaning of renaissance rebirth what was the renaissance? the awakening of a whole new range of interests of human beings and the world they lived in famous Italian renaissance artists Petrach(created 14 line sonnet) Giotto(painter) Brunelleschi(architecture) Donatello(sculpture) DaVinci Michelangelo Features of Renaissance Art Individualism, balance…

Harlem Renaissance Poets

Countee Cullen Born May 30, 1903 and died on January 9, 1946. He was an African-American poet who was a leading figure in the Harlem Renaissance. He was perhaps the most representative voice of the Harlem Renaissance. Gwendolyn Bennett Born on July 8, 1902, in Giddings, Texas, she found success as a poet, fiction writer…

New England Renaissance Vocab List 2 SYNONYMS

Exude Emanate, project, radiate Sublime Transcendent, splendid, magnificent Transient Fleeting, ephemeral, transitory Opaque Impervious, obscure, nebulous Superfluous Gratuitous, redundant Peevish Irritable, petulant, cross Tremulous Skittish, quavering, timorous Deferential Reverent, obsequious Ostentatious Grandiose, brazen, flamboyant, pretentious Sagacious Erudite, perceptive, discerning, astute

ch 23 (Renaissance Instruments and Instrumental Music)

Buxheim Organ Book *one of the largest sources of Renaissance organ music; written about 1470, it contains 256 mostly anonymous compositions *most are arrangements of sacred and secular vocal music *written in keyboard tablature, a combination of note symbols (for the fast-moving upper part) and pitch letter names (for the lower parts) *for the first…

Composers/Names Medieval and Renaissance Music

Hildegard von Bingen (1098-1179) A nun and abbess in Germany, known as the Sybill of the Rhine. She was the first well-known woman composer and was also known as a writer, poet, philosopher, Christian mystic, and visionary. Maddalena Casulana (c. 1540-1590) An Italian composer who was the first woman known to have published her own…

English Theatre and Italian Renaissance

Tudor Line Founded by Henry VII and lasted throuh Queen Elizabeth’s rule in 1603. Gammer Gurton’s Needle Early secular farce based on medieval and Roman ideas performed at Christ’s College. Inns at Court Additional training centers for young lawyers where they were taught music, dancing and social graces. Gorboduc The first English tragedy and written…

AP Euro Plague and Renaissance

John Wycliffe English theologian whose objections to Roman Catholic doctrine anticipated the Protestant Reformation (1328-1384) Dante Alighieri ) ***An Italian poet of the Middle Ages ***Wrote the Divine Comedy *** Jan Hus The leader of the Czech religious reforms, and the spiritual founder of the Protestant reformation in the 1500’s. He was convicted by the…

Learning Curve Period 7 Qs

What was the impact of the Great Depression on female employment in the United States? Female employment increased as women sought to contribute to the family income. What gave African Americans the confidence to insist on citizenship rights in the United States after World War I? Millions of them had loyally supported the war effort,…

Chapter 19

Know important terms and review questions on pg. 417 What does “period style” refer to? A term used to designate a single item or a complete arrangement style prevalent in a specific country at a particular time in history. Why learn how people throughout history used fresh flowers? As you gain knowledge of floral styles…

Praxis II 5044 Literature Timeline

1st century: WL Beginnings-100 C.E. Ancient World Literature The Epic of Gilgamesh, Hebrew scriptures, teachings of Confucius, Buddhist texts, creation myths, Homer’s The Iliad, Sophocles’s Oedipus Rex, Aristophanes’s Lysistrata, Aristotle’s Organum, Virgil’s The Aeneid, Ovid’s Metamorphoses, and Plato’s The Republic. 10th century: WL 100 C.E.-1650 Medieval and Early Modern World The New Testament of the…

Renaissance Hall of Fame

Peter Henlein Inventor of the Pocket watch Jean Fouquet Created the Portrait Miniature Masaccio Tana Painted “The Tribute Money” Johannes Gutenberg Created the world’s first printing press and his first book printed was the Bible. Geoffrey Chaucer Famous writer who wrote The Canterbury Tales. Francois Viete This man was a famous mathematician Famous for the…

Humanities Renaissance 10 Facts

The British Museum has been free to everyone for more than 250 years fact 1 Only a small proportion of Michelangelo’s drawings survived fact 2 Michelangelo was born in Florence in 1475 fact 3 The figure of David stands just over 4 meters tall fact 4 Michelangelo was called back to Florence in 1501 to…

(I) The Renaissance Poem: The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd (Raleigh)

Besides a poet, what else was Walter Raleigh? An avid explorer who traveled and explored all around the world. What is the rhyme scheme of the poem? ABAB, CDCD, EFEF, etc.. What kind of writing style did Raleigh use is his poems most typically? Prose What kind of form were his poems usually in? 6…

Italian Renaissance

Filippo Brunelleschi 1377-1446 Architect, goldsmith, and sculptor; Dome of Florence Cathedral (1420-1436); One of three leaders in development of perspective; First Renaissance architect to use classical orders appropriately Lorenzo Ghiberti 1378-1455 Sculptor, author, metalworker; North bronze doors of the baptistery of Florence Cathedral (1403-1424) ; East bronze doors of the baptistery of Florence Cathedral, AKA…

Chapter 14: 14th-Century Italian Art Proto-Renaissance/Late Medieval Italy

Bonaventura Berlinghieri. “Panel from the Saint Francis Altarpiece.” Late Medieval style, ca. 1200 -Altarpiece -holes in hands and feet are markers of Saint Francis -more interest in telling story than representing reality (nothing is to scales, not a lot of dimension) -two angels are flanking him -frontal poses, lack of modeling, and prominent halos -gold…

Chapter 7: The Renaissance of Mathematics: Cardan and Tartaglia

Little ice age Climate became wetter and colder in Europe Black death Bubonic plague, carried by brown rates, killing nearly a third of the population Hundred Years’ War Dragged on for generations before either side won a permanent victory Free Companies of mercenaries Pillaged the countryside and held for ransom those whom they captured New…

Early Christian Art – High Renaissance

“Portraits of the four tetrarchs” –Early Christian Art (337-526) “Portrait of Constantine” (from “Basilica Nova”) –Early Christian Art (337-526) “Basilica Nova” (Rome, Italy) –Early Christian Art (337-526) fig. 7-78 (p. 204) “Old Saint Peter’s” (Rome, Italy) –Early Christian Art (337-526) fig. 8-9 (p. 218) “The Parting of Abraham and Lot” (from “Santa Maria Maggiore”) –Early…

Art History 2 Midterm Terms

Alberti, Leon Battista architect and theorist, made a remarkable contribution to architectural design. He was the first to study seriously the ancient Roman architectural treatise of Vitruvius, and his knowledge of it, combined with his own archaeological investigations, made him the first Renaissance architect to understand classical architecture in depth. In Alberti’s most influential theoretical…

AP EURO (Renaissance)

Italian Renaissance humanists promoted a revival in classical literature and a new philological approaches. Some furthered the values of secularism and individualism. Name some and give examples. Petrarch; father of humanism he celebrated Ancient Rome and was somewhat secular in his teachings. Lorenzo Valla; he outed the church for lies and was a humanist Niccolo…

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