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Euro Essays

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AP Euro Timeline

1300 (1285-1314) Philip IV of France. 1328 – Flanders woring-class revolt (1305-1337) Giotto’s paintings mark emergence of artistic renaissance. (1330-1384) John Wyclif (1337-1453) Hundred Year’s War. England Vs. France. (1300-1450) “Little Ice Age” = European economic depression (1347 – 1720) Black Death 1350 1350 – Petrarch begins to develop humanism (1350-1450) Height of the Hanseatic…

AP Euro Chapter 12

Debate about Women A debate about women’s character and nature that would last for centuries Communes Sworn associations of free men in Italian cities led by merchant guilds that sought political and economic independence from nobles Humanism A program of study designed by Italians that emphasized the critical study of Latin and Greek literature with…

AP Euro/Western Civ: SUPER REVIEW

What philosophy of the Renaissance brought a new emphasis on the study of humanking and questioned many prior beliefs? Humanism Name “The Father of Humanism”,called the first man of the Renaissance? Fransisco Petrarch What invention caused the cost of warfare to rise greatly and brought a major weakening in the system of feudalism, aiding monarchs…

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AP Euro Renaissance Art List-LB

What art movements took place between the 19th century up to modern day? Realism, Impressionism, Post Impressionism, Cubism, Expressionism, Dada and Surrealism, Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Post Modernism and Deconstructivism realism -mid 19th century Describe Post Impressionism Charecterized by vivid colors and attempts to evoke more emotion and feeling from pieces. It rejected the Impressionist…

AP Euro; Renaissance and Reformation

Renaissance “Rebirth” coined by Georgio Vasari, The revival of letters, and then of art, from 14th to 16th centuries city-states a city with political and economic control over the surrounding countryside printing press invented by Johann Gutenberg in 1454; first book was Gutenberg Bible; changed private and public lives of Europeans; used for war declarations,…

AP Euro Plague and Renaissance

John Wycliffe English theologian whose objections to Roman Catholic doctrine anticipated the Protestant Reformation (1328-1384) Dante Alighieri ) ***An Italian poet of the Middle Ages ***Wrote the Divine Comedy *** Jan Hus The leader of the Czech religious reforms, and the spiritual founder of the Protestant reformation in the 1500’s. He was convicted by the…

AP EURO (Renaissance)

Italian Renaissance humanists promoted a revival in classical literature and a new philological approaches. Some furthered the values of secularism and individualism. Name some and give examples. Petrarch; father of humanism he celebrated Ancient Rome and was somewhat secular in his teachings. Lorenzo Valla; he outed the church for lies and was a humanist Niccolo…

AP Euro Final Part 1

“little ice age” Changes in weather patterns that occurred in Europe. This shortened growing seasons. Had disastrous weather conditions, including severe storms and constant rain. It destroyed harvests and caused food shortages, resulting in hunger and starvation. -LATE MIDDLE AGES Black Death A disaster that struck Asia, North Africa, and Europe. Originated from Asia. Said…

Ap euro trashket ball chapter 13

Who is the father of the Renaissance Petrarch Characteristics of Renaissance art Realism, 3D perspective on a 2D surface, focus on religious, classical mythology individual/family portraits guilds The organization of artisanal production into trade- based associations, each of which received a Monopoly over it straight in the right to train apprentices and hire workers secular…

AP Euro – Renaissance Themes

What was the philosophy of the Medieval world? Renaissance? Medieval: Scholasticism Renaissance: Humanism What were the economics of the Medieval world? Renaissance? Medieval: Manorialism, bartering Renaissance: Merchants, money What were the politics of the Medieval world? Renaissance? Medieval: Feudalism Renaissance: Italian city-states, Northern Europe nation states What art ideas or themes influenced medieval art? Renaissance…

AP Euro Renaissance art and key characteristics

Humanism The holyAdoration of Grecco Roman culture, and man/ his emotions. A strong belief in human ability. Idolizing man instead of God. Virtú The idea that humans have untapped potential. A man of virtú has developed that potential. Emerging Individualism The idea that people want to be known for their contributions. Era of extreme contrasts…

AP Euro Chapter 10: Renaissance & Discovery

Leonardo da Vinci Most famously known for his Mona Lisa , Leonardo exhibited the Renaissance ideal of the Universal person. Michelangelo Created the sculpture David and the frescoes in the Vatican Sistine Chapel. Also started a new style “mannerism” Jacquerie Revolt of the French peasantry Lollards Followers of John Wycliffe (d. 1384) who questioned the…

AP Euro Renaissance

1453 Printing press, fall of Constantinople Individualism a social theory favoring freedom of action for individuals over collective or state control. Humanism An outlook or system of thought attaching prime importance to human rather than divine or supernatural matters. Humanist beliefs stress the potential value and goodness of human beings, emphasize common human needs, and…

AP Euro Renaissance and Reformation Vocab

Humanism The study of writings and ideals based on the classical past. Humanist writers took ideas from writers in Ancient Greece and Rome. Christian humanism Humanism with a focus on early Church writings instead of ancient Greek and Roman literature. Individualism Emphasis on the individual rather than the community as a whole. Virtu Displaying coourage…

AP Euro

Lorenzo valla (1406-1457) On Pleasure, and On the False Donation of Constantine, which challenged the authority of the papacy. Father of modern historical criticism. Giotto Florentine painter who gave up the stiff Byzantine style and developed a more naturalistic style Donatello (1386-1466) Sculptor. Probably exerted greatest influence of any Florentine artist before Michelangelo. His statues…

AP Euro: Ch. 11 The Italian Renaissance

City-States Self-governing political units centered upon an urban area. During the 15th and 16th centuries, these took on various forms of government, including republics such as Venice and oligarchies such as Milan Civic Humanism The use of humanistic training and education in the service of the state. Many humanists became advisors to princes or republican…

AP Euro Renaissance Test (1)

Renaissance the period of European history at the close of the Middle Ages and the rise of the modern world. Jacob Burckhardt Italians were “firstborn among sons of modern Europe” Developed the revival of antiquity, perfected the concept of the individual, defined the era with secularism. Offered an interpretation of the Renaisssance that illustrates the…

AP Euro: The Renaissance, Italian Renaissance, The Italian City-States

rebirth The word Renaissance means______________in French. achievement, life The Renaissance was a period of artistic and cultural________________in Europe from the fourteenth to the sixteenth century. It was characterized by a number of distinctive ideas about____________, specifically secularism, individualism, humanism, and materialism generations, golden age The spirit of the Renaissance influenced European society for_________________, making the…

AP Euro Renaissance to the French Revolution

Renaissance The great period of rebirth in art, literature, and learning in the 14th-16th centuries, which marked the transition into the modern periods of European history quattrocento Italian for fifteenth century(1400s). It was in this period in Italy that the Renaissance really gathered full steam. city-states a city and its surrounding farmlands, with its own…

AP Euro: Renaissance and Reformation

Georgio Vasari sixteenth-century painter, architect, and writer. He described the new era as a “rebirth,” coining the term “renaissance” Renaissance “rebirth”; following the Middle Ages, a movement that centered on the revival of interest in the classical learning of Greece and Rome; center in Florence individualism A cultural orientation in which independence, autonomy, and self-reliance…

AP Euro – Renaissance/ Exploration

civic humanism a group of humanists who believed education should promote individual virtue and public service condottieri military brokers who the despots went for mercenary armies Court of Star Chamber intended to end biasness in the English court or powerful nobles who used intimidation or bribery to win favorable verdicts in court cases; created by…

AP Euro: Isms

Individualism (Renaissance), stressed personality, uniqueness, genius, and full development of one’s talents and capabilities, quest for glory Humanism (Renaissance, Italian), studied the Latin classics to learn what they revealed about human nature, emphasized human beings, their achievements, interests, and capabilities, lay phenomenon, conscious of differences between themselves and the ancients, viewed humanity from a strongly…

Chapter 12 Renaissance AP Euro Flashcards

The Italian Renaissance was primarily a. a mass movement of the peasants. b. characterized by a preoccupation with religion. c. a product of rural Italy. d. a recovery or rebirth of antiquity and Greco-Roman culture. e. a religious reform movement. d. a recovery or rebirth of antiquity and Greco-Roman culture. The word “Renaissance” means a….

AP Euro Exam Multiple Choice (Renaissance and Reformation)

B. The term “Renaissance”, a rebirth, is misleading becuase a) The Quattrocento gave rise to an elite culture b) the Middle Ages saw the development of Europe’s Institutions c) It borrowed from the cultures of Ancient Greece and Rome d) it developed outside the heart of Europe in the Italian Peninsula e) It was supported,…

AP Euro- Units 4 and 5

“The Book of the City of Ladies” defended the rights of women, particularly the right to education, and was written by A. Pope John II B. Joan of Arc C. Heloise D. Christine de Pizan D The Golden Bull of 1356 in Germany A. Made Emperor Charles IV the first in a line of hereditary…

AP EURO: Renaissance

Girolamo Savonarola a Dominican friar in Florence who preached against sin and corruption and gained a large following; he expelled the Medici from Florence but was later excommunicated and executed for criticizing the Pope; wanted to overthrow the Medici Dynasty Pope Alexander VI A corrupt Spanish Renaissance pope whose immorality sparked debate about the integrity…

AP Euro- Renaissance Lives

Petrarch A devoted classical scholar who is considered the “Father of Humanism”, a philosophy that helped spark the Renaissance. He studied law but realized his passion was literature Jan Hus One of the earliest known religious thinkers and reformers who was looked up to for his unswerving commitment in the face of the church’s cunning…

AP Euro CH 13-15 (Copied MC)

D Martin Luther initially criticized the Roman Catholic church on the grounds that it… A. Supported priests as religious teachers B. Sponsored translations of the Bible into vernacular languages C. Reduced the number of sacraments D. Used indulgences as a fund-raising device E. Formed close associations with secular rulers E “Religion supplies the pretext and…

AP Euro Finals

The father of Renaissance Humanism Petrarch. Believed strongly in classicism, and believed any works not in true Latin were inaccurate. Lorenzo Valla. Painter of the Sistine chapel. Michelangelo. A document which changed the role of Humanists during the Renaissance. Leonardo Bruni’s The New Cicero. Used a strong military and an alliance with the church to…

Chapter 13,14,15 Euro

Which of the following best describes the status of Renaissance women? Women managed their households and had a certain degree of autonomy in their daily live Which of the following best describes a way in which the ideas of Machiavelli contradicted most late medieval theories of politics? Machiavelli asserted that morality should not be the…

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