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The Golden age of British television

  ITV as a commercial television had an absolutely different goals than BBC, it wanted to catch the people's attention, and they wanted them to watch their advertising, so their main focus was on the entertaining programmes. Instead of creating their own film etc. ITV was mainly buying American shows, for instance westerns such was 'Gun Smoke' or 'Wagon Train'. Despite of this ITV brought some entirely new programmes as well, fantasy, dramas, imaginative and adventurous series. Getting then over the realism in television, presented by examination of the provincial everyday life, British people will get something a bit different. And yet we can see how it had changed them. The Diana Rigg's Emma Peel in 'The Avengers' performed clearly feministic with...

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The French New Wave

La Nouvelle Vague began with a group of 5 filmmakers who had a strong influence of film theory and criticism whilst writing for the magazine Cahiers du Cini?? ma. These 5 filmmakers and critics Truffaut, Godard, Chabrol, Rivette and Rohmer, changed the notion on how film could be made which came from a desire to forge a new cinema, and thus the Nouvelle Vague was born. A group of directors who collaborated and assisted one another and developed a unique sense of form and style and narrative that makes their work instantly recognisable. PHILOSOPHY Existentialism was a major influence, which evolved in France and was particularly associated with Jean Paul Sartre. It expressed the individual, stressed the experience of free choice...

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European art comics

Contrary to this, there are cases where already well-known manga artists give up creating manga and turn to writing. Tatsuhiko Yamagami had actually been a famous manga artist, but he turned to writing short stories or novels. However, he would have never attained as much fame as in his times as a manga artist (Schodt, 1996, p. 288) Moreover, there would be people who hold down two tasks at the same time. Shungicu Uchida, who wrote a semi-autobiographical novel with the provocative title “Father Fucker”, won the Prix Des Deux Magots10 literary award, not for a novel, but for a manga (Schodt, 1996, p. 289). To take more cases, there is Natsuo Sekigawa, and the historical novelist Naoki Inose, both award-winning...

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The cinema spectator gazes, the TV viewer glances

  They appear small because of the medium in which they are presented. It is a safe medium and while it can sometimes be disjoined it is relaxing and unconfrontational. It is very rare that TV takes the viewer away from normality. The reasons why cinema audiences gaze is because they are there for that reason, they are there to be entertained, to be deceived into thinking they are somewhere else or in another time. The context of the cinema experience is why they are not distracted from the big screen where as in the case of the TV viewer there is nothing but distractions. With a few exceptions TV viewers glance unless there is something being shown of special interest. Cinema...

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How english works

This article is about Bee Gees Robin Giv who was involved in an airport bust up when he refused to let security search his bag. This headline consists of no verbs or determiners. It consists of a noun; the noun is Bee, which is the singer actual name. The headline is not Standard English as it is a nonsense headline as it is made up of nonsense words. However it still means something. Headline 2. Beyonce (Noun) in (preposition) Battle (verb) of (preposition) the (determiner) divas (noun). (Lite 24th November 2008) Beyonce attended the awards, where other female singers joined her, which mean she was competing against them. The headlines consist of a verb, which gives us the information of what...

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Alnwick Castle

Nottingham tells Marion of Robins death when she says that he is the only one to save the land. He shows her Robins medallion. The following day in the forest, people search for Robin Ben Guest 10L but the great hero is feared dead. At that moment the special effects show robins shadow being projected onto a smoke screen. This is really good effects but can be emotional for some people. Will Scarlet is jealous of Robin as he also loves Marion. He offers to betray him. We later find out that he is the reason why Robins last words to his father were negative as Will is Robins half brother. Whilst the villagers burry the dead, Robin says his pride...

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The outcomes of La Machine Infernale

  His nai?? vety is what prevents him from seeing the trap he is walking into here : " - Une femme qui pourrait etre votre mi??re! - L'essentiel est qu'elle ne le soit pas". In addition, his charming personality and flirtatious behaviour, "Puis-je vous demander votre nom? " are important in convincing the Sphinx to spare him, and give him the answer to the riddle. Finally, the Sphinx gives i?? dipus her human remains to take as evidence of his success, and therefore helps him on his way towards his tragic end. Had i?? dipus been more sensitive, she might have warned him of the mistake he was making, yet he was too vain to thank her, leading her to encourage...

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The way the viewer experiences art

    To him, television was not a defined and limited medium but was a kind of performance object with which he could perform through his imagination and rage against conformity. By doing so; Nam June Paik hopes challenge idea the idea of television as a medium and domain exclusively controlled by a monopoly of broadcaster. He therefore creates alternatives forms of expression out this familiar and accepted everyday object and presented it as art. He experimented with not only with the medium itself but also played with the forms and formats in which they come in, sometimes even inventing the very tools that he used. One example of such works is, Magnet TV. In this work, Paik made use of powerful externally...

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Hitchcock’s Stylistic innovations

  The camera spirals out from Marion's eye and a tracking shot moves out of the bathroom over to the money. The camera then reframes again to look out of the window to the Bates house. Off screen Norman is heard shouting to mother. Then you see him running towards the motel room. The camera now follows Norman and we watch him wash away all traces of murder. The dual narrative of Psycho was also incredibly shocking as the comtenpary audience, used to a Classic Hollywood Narrative, would have expected to follow the protagonist, Marion until the end of the film. At this point the audience's sympathies lie with Norman. He is a dutiful son trying to help his psychotic mother. When...

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Welty’s Natchez Trace: all obstacles

  The below average temperature also causes her to tremble, probably because she isn't well dressed for her travels: "Finally, trembling all over, she stood free, and after a moment dared to stoop for her cane" (A Worn Path; para. 9). Another important factor for incorporating the Christmas season, could be the spirit of giving and the importance of family that comes with the holidays. Phoenix could have been driven by the atmosphere around her, and it pushed to get the medicine for her grandson as part of the spirit of Christmas and doing good for her family. Although Phoenix Jackson has traveled this journey before, hence the title "A Worn Path, the length of her trip, bumps and hills and dangerous...

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Adler – Graham

In history, negotiation skills were considered as a native talent or instinctive, but nowadays they are regarded as a technique that can be learned (Ghauri 1986). Negotiation process especially requires written and/or verbal communication skills between parties (McCall - Warrington 1984, 13). Business negotiation process can be divided into three groups of variables that are presented in the Figure 1: the background factors, the process and the atmosphere (Ghauri 1996, 5). Figure 1: The process of business negotiations (Modified from the figure of Ghauri 1996, 81) Background factors influence the process of negotiation and the atmosphere. They include objectives that are the final stages parties desire to achieve and environment which means political, social and structural factors relevant to both parties....

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Cultural diversity policy

    Another coordinator of a cultural diversity project said it had helped to foster a 'realisation, understanding and sense of self'. Existing collections are employed to similar ends. In this case, artefacts are treated as a kind of mirror into which visitors gaze in order to see themselves. Rajiv Anand, cultural diversity development officer for the Museums, Libraries and Archives Council, ran a project in West Yorkshire with 16- to 25-year-olds, working with the museum's South Asian collection. The aim was not to appreciate South Asian art. Instead, the project was called 'Who am I? ', and it aimed to use the collections to explore the young people's sense of identity. The group produced a video talking about how they bridged the...

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Cultural competence

  In other words, the way in which culture has been gained, continues in the manner of using it so a work of art would only have meaning and hold interest for someone who possesses the cultural competence or as Bourdieu suggests, 'the code, into which it is encoded'. (Bourdieu, 1984, p. 2) He the goes on to explore the significance of taste for social reproduction and asserts that taste is not an unexplainable subjective experience. According to Bourdieu, tastes can be explained as distinctions or markers of social class. He connects cultural artefacts with culture as everyday living. For example, whilst applying a materialist approach, Bourdieu is able to connect an individual's taste in opera or art to his taste in...

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The Birthday party

    Meg flouts the maxim of quantity, considering and questioning the whereabouts of Stanley, 'Is Stanley up yet? ' 'I don't know', 'I haven't seen him down yet', 'Haven't you seen him down? ' and 'He must be still asleep. ' Again when Meg questions Petey about the lightness or darkness of the morning, 'but sometimes you go out in the morning and it's dark' suggests a sinister and deceitful situation and that Petey may be acting in a dubious manner. Meg doesn't recognize her own inferences to which Petey responds ambiguously. She takes his responses as his intention to communicate rather than his intention. Meg is only aware of the interior, shown by her positioning behind the serving hatch and darning,...

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A plate of Swift served with a generous portion of satire

    The Yahoos are the final topic for consideration. They represent more than just, as Bloom states it, the "trash heap" (658) of societies morals and values. Swift cleverly develops the Yahoos to show the cruelty of the Houyhnhnms. A surface translation of the Yahoos may be that they represent "Swifts criticism of modern man as a degenerate" (Ward 170), but a deeper interpretation shows that the Yahoos actually provide a vice upon which the Houyhnhnms feed. This helps develop Swift's theme that a perfect civilization is non-existent and that the corruption of man, even in the Houyhnhnms, is inevitable. Gulliver believes, partly do to his gullibility, that the Houyhnhnms represent all that is pure and wholly. How can this be true...

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The Western culture

Western-oriented modernism has greatly affected the formation of individual identities and gender relations around the world. This paper will focus on the construction of identity, gender and gender relations within the discourse of Westernization and modernization during the late-Ottoman Empire and early Republican Turkey. It attempts to show how social, political, and cultural institutions shape citizen identity and how redefinitions of them affect identity, gender, and gender roles in society. Examining the Pertev Bey series of three novels by Mi?? nevver Ayai?? li??as primary source and some other various cultural and historical texts of the late-Ottoman and early Republican period in Turkey, this paper aims to search for the terms under which new forms of femininity and masculinity were constructed, especially...

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Cultural revolution

    ' As a result the drug culture of the Sixties died and the religious quest took on a whole new meaning or perhaps one addiction was just swapped for another one. Would it be fair to say 'the Sixties' experienced a 'cultural revolution'? Indeed 'the Sixties' experienced something and if not a 'cultural revolution' what then? The Sixties underwent a different type of revolution to the French revolution or Mao's real 'cultural revolution'. Everything from Women's attitudes changing toward men and vice versa, to sexual liberation, xviiyouth's 'dropping out', 'turning on' and 'tuning in'. Every level of living standard it seems was challenged and affected by the Sixties youthful rebellion. But then does not every generation go through life changing experiences...

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Compare and contrast two ghost stories

    The inclusion of the superstition of Midsummer adds to the suspense of where William actually was on Midsummer night. The grieving within the story is when William goes out of his way to avoid the spring because this is where his son drowned - this shows that the theme of grief in ghost stories is prevalent, no matter when written, people will always grieve for loved ones who have died. Similarly in "Harry" when Mrs. James comes to the realisation that Christine has disappeared she feels grief, this emphasises her love for Christine and how a parent would grieve over a lost child. Grief is also the motivation for Harry's haunting his sister. Symbols are like signposts for the readers. This...

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The color purple and Girl

  Celie's first great and enduring female relationship is with her younger sister, Nettie. Such is the bond between the two sisters that when their stepfather threatens to rape Nettie, Celie offers herself in her place. Celie's life of drudgery and sexual degradation continues into her married life with Albert, a man who she initially fears so much she can only refer to him as Mr. He treats her like a slave and he does his best to end the sisters' relationship by intercepting Nettie's letters. Walker's portrayal of Celie emphasises the hardships of life that a woman can experience and overcome. In contrast, she depicts Nettie, who becomes an African missionary, as a woman who is more of a feminist and...

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National culture?

There are many elements which define and make up the national culture of a country. These can include the Arts, race, religion, language and the Monarchy or Government. There are many aspects of the British culture which are 'typically British', and make people feel particularly British when doing them. For example, when you sing the National Anthem, reading literature by classic British authors such as Dickens, Austen and Shakespeare, supporting British football teams and eating traditional British foods such as 'Bangers 'n' Mash' and 'Fish 'n' Chips'. However, as Britain embraces the culture from other countries it no longer has a monoculture and is increasingly multicultural. This globalisation has led to contrasting opinions that the globalisation has added or taken something...

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The elderly lady walks uneasily on her weak foot

  The city was a mess, a flaming heap of dust and rubble. The worst strike to hit England they say, and the Mounter's house was a picture of destruction. They had hit some of the planes; the bullets had pierced their wings and their fuel tanks. One Mecsherscmitt was lying maimed close to the old train station. Charlotte made her way towards it and saw the pilot within bloody and bruised. But she did not feel pity or sorrow for the man. His clothing was torn, and from his uniform a bright glint flickered in her eyes. She leant forward. Reaching through the shattered glass and right up to the dead man. She grabbed at the glint and it ripped away...

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Frankfurt school on popular culture

  When people watched this film, little did they realise they were watching a modern day twist on a classic. More recently Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice was repackaged and adapted for the big screen. Classical music has been taken and remixed into modern day dance tracks. The dilution and mass production have even been extended to the realms of classical art. Painters such as Munch, Monet and even Van Gogh have been mass produced at all levels from expensive prints to i?? 3. 50 posters for a child's bedroom wall. All are available for the masses to enjoy at their leisure. Benjamin goes on to argue what whilst mass production can lead to consumerism, it can also be liberating for the...

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Explain the difference between culture

  A signal may be considered as an interruption, indicating the presence of an individual in a room, his impatience, agreement, or disagreement with some aspect of the environment. In the case of screaming for help, a critical situation demanding attention, coded to refer to spoken or written language. Signs are usually less germane to the development of words than signals; most of them contain greater amounts of meaning of and by themselves. All known cultures utilize signs to convey relatively simple messages fast and conveniently. Symbols are more difficult than signs to understand and to define because unlike signs and signals, they are intricately woven into an individual's ongoing perception of the world. The symbol has been defined as a device...

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Tell tale heart

Ronald Reagan once said "I am not smart enough to lie. " Lies require a person to be extremely meticulous in fashion. One lie starts a chain reaction leading to more and more lies, and sometimes a different lie for a different person. It is like lying about an alibi in court. In order to stick to the alibi, more and more lies form, and eventually the lawyer finds things that do not match add up. Keeping all of the lies straight is so hard that mistakes are inevitable. In The Tell-Tale Heart, Edgar Allen Poe shows that lying and covering up the truth is essentially impossible unless that person bares no conscience. In one way or another, whether it be...

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Ted Hughes’s examination at the womb door

1. Explain the use of the term "womb-door". The word "womb door" at first seems to have very sexual connotations. The voice of God's nightmare gestates and begins to acquire a physical state. But before it is born, there is yet a trial that the embryo has to go through. This is the embryo's examination at the womb door, a final assessment that the crow must undergo before being born and before entering the world. Womb door signifies the point of crossing into the physical world- a gate where all souls shall gather before they step into life. In my opinion, examination at womb door reminds me of the promise that all souls make to God before coming into the world...

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Szcsenyi krisztina

In this paper I am going to examine Noun Phrases for that I will follow Radford's analysis. In chapter 4 of Radford's "Transformational Grammar" he looks at Noun Phrases. He argues that apart from word-level categories and phrase-level categories, there is also another level between this two. ( For instance: N-bar) In order to support his analysis, he considers English Noun Phrases. The aim of my paper is to try whether the analysis works for the Hungarian language or not. To achieve my aim I had translated all the examples from the chapter and in the end I have showed possible structures for Hungarian Noun Phrases. Redford's first example is: a) The king of England. b) The Hungarian equivalent is: b)...

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Swept by passion

  Nikhil, a man of subtle views and very little opinion, did not have the desire to lead. At the time, this was very feminine. Bimala was forced by the passion to follow a leader, someone filled with masculinity. Bimala and Nikhil make up in a way that does not represent a husband and wife relationship. Nikhil becomes so unsatisfied with the actions of Bimala. Nikhil does not want Bimala to praise him and be his servant but wants her to be a supportive wife that is there for him. Bimala does not understand this because even when filled with passion she was always following someone. Being swept away by passion, Bimala begins to try to rebuild her life first by making...

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How do the two houses, Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross Grange

    He is the exact polar opposite of Heathcliff, with blond hair and a gentle character. Nelly Dean remarks that Edgar Linton is like seeing "a beautiful fertile valley after a bleak hilly coal country" (p. 91). His inheritance, unlike that of Heathcliff, is legitimate and he is an educated and well-mannered gentleman. In the preface written by Emily Bronti?? 's sister Charlotte it says, "for an example of constancy and tenderness remark that of Edgar Linton" (p. 17). Isabella Linton is Edgar Linton's sister, and physically resembles him with her blonde hair and haughty educated persona. She falls in love with Heathcliff, not realising how angry he is. He deliberately makes her life miserable, as she becomes a vehicle for his...

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How does Keats present women in his poetry?

Within Keats' poetry there are some repeating themes, with some poems being constructed around certain ideas. One such is women, and how Keats feels towards them. His poetry reflects different periods of his live, when he feels a certain way about them. Generally, there is a sense of ambiguity about his feelings towards women, as said in the title, he felt a "Gordian complication"- a knot that could not be undone- of feelings, and usually just as a reader feels they begin to know his opinions, the poem seems to move in a contradictory way. In both 'Lamia' and 'The Eve of St Agnes' Keats draws our attention to the fragility of the moment. In both of these narrative poems, he...

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