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Pierre-Auguste Renoir

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Pierre-Auguste Renoir biography


Pierre Auguste Renoir  (1841–1919)

French painter, born in Limoges. One of the most important of the Impressionists, as a boy he was employed as a painter on porcelain. At Gleyre’s studio in Paris (1861) he met and became friends with *Monet and Sisley.

With them he worked in the open air concentrating on the problems of sunlight and its reflection, for example, on water or human flesh. It was with the latter that Renoir showed his special skill and the exuberant delight that his painting gave him and which he always wished to impart. There is no exotic frailty about his nudes: their flesh is rosy and their limbs are muscular.

For Renoir, love of painting and a love of life were inseparable. A more sophisticated gaiety is seen in La Loge, Les Parapluies and Au Théatre: la Première Sortie. He experimented briefly with pointillism but in general he was a more scholarly painter and more concerned with composition, e.g. his large paintings of Bathers in the 1880s, than many of his contemporary Impressionists.

He spent most of his life between Paris and the French countryside and, though his hands were crippled with arthritis, continued to paint in his garden near Cagnes to the time of his death. He achieved a total of 6000 paintings. He was happily married.

Art history formal analysis Renoir luncheon

Year or Time Period Completed: 1881 4. Medium/Technique/Process used: Oil on Canvas 5. Size: 51 ex. in. 6. Where Produced: The balcony of the Mansion Fairness, Chateau, France and nearby studio of Augusta Renoir. 7. Where located/housed: Phillips Memorial Gallery, Washington, DC. Part Ill - Objective Description of the Art Objects Subject Matter: The subject matter of the painting consists of a group of people assembled on an outside deck that has a wooden railing and a red and white striped canopy. The deck is surrounded by marsh grass and some trees with a river visible beyond them. Upon he river a few boats can be seen, one of them a sailboat. In the immediate foreground there's a square table with...

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Portrait of an Artist: Key Dates in the Life of Pierre Auguste Renoir

1841 Pierre Auguste Renoir is born on Feb. 25 in Limoges, France. 1861 Studies at the studio of Swiss history painter Charles Gleyre, where he meets future Impressionists Frederic Bazille, Claude Monet and Alfred Sisley. Begins painting portraits. 1862 The nascent Impressionists begin painting together in the forests of Fontainebleau, south of Paris. Renoir captures their camaraderie in "The Inn of Mere Antony" (1866). 1863 The core of the Impressionist movement is formed with Edouard Manet as their leader. The group also includes Camille Pissarro, Paul Cezanne and Henri Fantin-Latour. 1865-1873 Renoir increasingly relies on portrait commissions to make a living. 1869 Renoir and Monet produce what many consider to be the first Impressionist landscapes. 1874 The first Impressionist exhibition is held in Paris. The group would hold eight such exhibitions through 1886. 1876 The...

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